Learner Objective: Students will research castles of Europe and be introduced to terminology used to describe castle construction. Students will research castle siege weapons and correlate the changes in castle design with the advances in weapons design. Students will complete a graphic organizer and a written report detailing their findings.
Item: The student will view the videos Great Castles of Europe and Castle, research castles on selected sites on the Internet, and skim selected books about castles. The student will take notes about castle design and castle siege weaponry design, organizing those notes in the given graphic organizer. The student will then write an essay on the correlation of castle design to weapons design advancement. The student will use correct essay format, punctuation, spelling and grammar.
Castles were primarily structures of war and were built in strife ridden lands. Thus, it was almost inevitable that they would come under attack. Because castles were made with such massive defense fortifications, it was extremely hard to destroy them. Thus, the goal of a siege army was not to destroy a castle, but to penetrate it. However, this task was also extremely hard.
Through the years of the Middle Ages, an arms race occurred that rivals that of our current age. Every time someone built a strong castle, someone else would invent a way to knock it down or penetrate it. Every time a new weapon was invented, a stronger castle design was devised.
Your task for this project is to track and explain this arms race to someone who knows nothing about castles and siege warfare.
You will do this in several steps:
Visit all the castle websites on Mrs. Fuller’s teacher page under the link “Castle websites for ‘If You Build It’” to enhance your knowledge of castle construction and castle warfare.
Keep notes about siege weapons and defenses on the graphic organizer.
Organize all your information into a coherent essay that discusses the development of castle defense and castle siege weaponry as they relate to each other. Be sure to include examples and details that show clearly the research you have done.
Make corrections as needed and type the final draft.
Visit all websites
Visited all websites and took notes from each
Visited all but one website and took notes from each
Visited half of the websites and took notes from each