I. Background and Procedure II. Colonial Literature III. The Crucible

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  • In the Beginning…

Tuesday, Sept 2

  • Edit and Revise your essay.
  • Check spelling, punctuation, and sentence structure.
  • Check grammar.
  • Make sure it is in MLA Format
  • Make sure you used Parenthetical Citations.
  • Once you are finished and ready for me to grade, print, place in your folder and turn your folder into me.

Essential Questions

  • How do the authors and works I will study in this class relate to American history and society at the time?
  • How do I properly format a formal essay?
  • How do I create a works cited page in MLA format?
  • How do I use in-text citations effectively and appropriately to avoid "accidental plagiarism"?
  • How does the literature in early Colonial America reflect the customs and beliefs of the Native Americans and Puritans?
  • What kind of literary styles did the earliest writers contribute to American Literature?
  • How did history have an effect on the types of literature being written?
  • How did McCarthyism influence Arthur Miller to write The Crucible?
  • What was Miller's purpose in writing about the Salem Witch Trials?
  • What are the major themes found in the play?
  • Is Miller's portrayal of the Puritans accurate?
  • What were the primary types of literature during the Revolutionary period?
  • What written and oral language conventions can be found in Revolutionary era literature?
  • How does the literature of the Revolutionary period relate to the state of the colony and the turmoil faced by the colonists?

Group Assignments

  • Please line up, starting in the back of the room by birthdate. January will begin at the back door.
  • Count off by 6. Find your group’s desks, sit down, and prepare to start class.


  • Introduction to Colonial Literature
  • Overview
  • Journal
  • Group Activity

Wednesday, Sept. 3

  • Iroquois Constitution
  • Mayflower Compact

Colonial Literature

  • Overview
  • Societies and Leaders: Iroquois and Bradford
  • Puritan Poetry and Prose


  • What qualities make a good leader? What qualities make a good follower? 5-7 complete sentences.
  • Keep your paper out for the next activity.

Societies and Leaders

  • View The Iroquois Nation and take notes
  • Read about their society---page 41 and take notes
  • Summarize the info from the book and the video.
  • With your table, write one well developed paragraph. Each person will write one on the same paper as their journal to put in their folder.

Read Iroquois Constituion (42-44) or Hodenosaunee Nation: ("people of the longhouse")

  • 1. The Tree of the Great Peace has both literal and figurative meanings. Discuss some of the things it might symbolize to the Iroquois.
  • 2. What advantages do you think the Iroquois gained by establishing the constitution? What disadvantages, if any, might there have been?

The Mayflower Compact

  • Old English
  • First “American” document that spelled out governmental procedure.
  • The Mayflower Compact was drawn up in 1629 with fair and equal laws, for the general good of the settlement and with the will of the majority
  • Being the first written laws for the new land, the Compact determined authority within the settlement and was the observed as such until 1691.

The Mayflower Compact

  • In ye name of God Amen· We whose names are vnderwriten,
  • the loyall subjects of our dread soueraigne Lord King James
  • by ye grace of God, of great Britaine, franc, & Ireland king,
  • defender of ye faith, &c
  • Haueing vndertaken, for ye glorie of God, and aduancemente
  • of ye christian ^faith and honour of our king & countrie, a voyage to
  • plant ye first colonie in ye Northerne parts of Virginia· doe
  • by these presents solemnly & mutualy in ye presence of God, and
  • one of another, couenant, & combine our selues togeather into a
  • ciuill body politick; for ye our better ordering, & preseruation & fur=
  • therance of ye ends aforesaid; and by vertue hearof, to enacte,
  • constitute, and frame shuch just & equall lawes, ordinances,
  • Acts, constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought
  • most meete & conuenient for ye generall good of ye colonie: vnto
  • which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witnes
  • wherof we haue herevnder subscribed our names at Cap=
  • Codd ye ·11· of Nouember, in ye year of ye raigne of our soueraigne
  • Lord king James of England, france, & Ireland ye eighteenth
  • and of Scotland ye fiftie fourth. Ano: Dom ·1620·|

The Mayflower Compact

  • In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France, and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, etc.
  • Having undertaken for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern Parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together in a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini 1620.

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