Writing Essays



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Writing Essays

  • Dr. Tamara O’Connor & Sylvia Mooney
  • Student Learning Development
  • Student Counselling Service
  • 896-1407
  • student.learning@tcd.ie
  • http://student-learning.tcd.ie

Session objectives

  • Focus on writing process instead of product
  • Look at the phases of writing
  • Explore strategies for starting writing earlier
  • Understand the importance of structure to an academic essay
  • Review examples
  • Learn about some useful writing resources

Writing Stages/Phases

  • Planning
  • Thinking
  • Researching
  • Writing
  • Editing
  • Think
  • Write
  • Plan

Planning the assignment

  • Understand the question
    • Breakdown
    • Verbs
  • Requirements
    • Length, Wording
    • Referencing
  • Establish Time Frame

Planning time frame

  • List tasks
    • Preliminaries
    • Gathering Information
    • Organising Information
    • Rough outline
    • Draft 1
    • Draft 2
    • References
    • Proofreading
  • Create deadlines
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________
    • _____________

Thinking

  • Brainstorm
    • Ideas
    • What know
    • Try mindmapping
  • Preliminary reading
  • Refine topic
  • Continues throughout process

Discuss the contribution of nursing models to the development of practice

  • Key Words?
    • Discuss
    • Nursing model
    • Practice
  • Key themes & arguments
    • Define model
    • Arguments
    • Advantages & Disadvantages of using models

Structure

  • Introduction
    • outline of essay
  • Main section
    • Main point A
      • details, evidence
    • Main point B
  • Conclusion

Researching

  • Rough outline
  • Gather information relevant to topic
  • Keep good notes
  • Keep references
  • Digest and reflect on information

Writing

  • Start writing early
    • extend outline
    • one idea or section at a time
    • get something down!
  • Write first, rough draft
  • Revise & improve draft
  • How many drafts?

Develop your argument

  • Use source material
  • Compare and contrast
  • Show awareness of complexities
  • Show line of reasoning
  • Your conclusions - based on evidence

References

  • Why?
  • Credit sources of information & ideas
  • Reader can locate for further information if required
  • Demonstrate breadth of reading & knowledge

References

  • When?
    • Direct quotes
    • Paraphrases
    • Statistics/Studies
    • Theories
    • Interpretations
    • Facts

Plagiarism

  • Using someone’s words or ideas and presenting them as your own (Marshall & Rowland, 1998)
  • Inappropriate use of ideas from books, articles, internet, or other students’ work
  • ???

References

  • How?
    • Reference system e.g. Harvard
    • Record sources
    • Take careful notes
    • Reference list
    • In-text citing or referencing

Sample marking criteria

  • Focusing on a topic
  • Structuring an essay
  • Content
  • Formulating arguments
  • Presentation
  • Referencing
  • Evidence of language skills
  • Use of learning resources

Editing

  • Proof read
    • out loud
    • time out
    • peer
  • Write up references
  • Final draft
    • presentation

Submit!

  • Final deadline
  • Checklist
  • Feedback


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