Make a counter-argument to a view that has been expressed, addressing weaknesses in the argument and offering alternatives.
Planning Your Argumentative Essay
1. Clearly state your position. What do you believe about the issue? What are your reasons for believing that way?
2. Consider your audience. What do your readers know about the issue? What are their opinions on it?
3. Gather support for your arguments. Where will you find the information you need? What facts, statistics, examples, anecdotes (personal short story), and quotations support your position? Which evidence is strongest? What support might people who object to your position present? How can you answer those objections?
COUNTER-ARGUMENT Address the opposing viewpoint
Every controversial issue has two sides.
Once you can support your position with research, you need to explore what others think.
PREPARING YOUR ARGUMENTS
Look at the three main reasons for your opinion.
What objections would others have to each of your reasons?
Write these down under each of your reasons. Now you have threearguments and three counter-arguments.
Example of Counter argument with Turn Against and Turn Back
Thesis: The recent Florida bear hunt was an unnecessary measure to reduce the bear population.
Counter argument with Turn Against and Turn Back:
“I realize that the bear population has increased and bears have become a nuisance to populated, residential areas in Florida, however, slaughtering hundreds of bears for sport is an act of animal cruelty. Other humane measures such as proper waste disposal would be more effective.”
What’s your counter argument?
Schools would be better if we brought back the cane as pupils would be afraid to misbehave…
However, if schools used violence as a punishment, pupils may come to believe that violence is an acceptable way of behaving and therefore become more violent themselves
Mobile phones are a waste of money since landlines are much cheaper
Smoking should be banned in all public places because passive smoking damages other people
There should be a law to make people recycle bottles and cans in order to cut down on the waste we produce
People should be allowed to download as much music as they want from the internet because CDs are overpriced