What is Plagiarism?



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  • (Harris, 2001, p.96)

What is Plagiarism?

  • Taking credit for work that isn’t your own!
  • Simply stated,
  • “It is cheating and dishonest”

Plagiarism is…

  • A breach of the Holland College
  • Code of Conduct for Learners!!
  • Consequences may range from…
  • Formal warning
  • Probation
  • Suspension, or
  • Dismissal

Plagiarism includes…

  • Copying an entire paper and claiming it as your own
  • Copying part of a paper and claiming it as your own
  • Copying information from a source and passing it off as your own
  • Cutting and pasting from the web or any other electronic resource and passing it off as your own
  • Paraphrasing without proper MLA citation (author AND page number(s)

Accident or Not It’s Still Plagiarism When…

  • Copying text word for word and failing to put quotation marks around it even if you cite it
  • Inaccurately quoting a source
  • Omitting in-text citations even though the source is cited on the works cited page
  • Failing to include the citation on the works cited page

Tools to Avoid Plagiarism

  • Public domain image used with permission from karenswhimsy.com.

How do I Avoid It?

  • Use your own words and ideas
  • Give credit for direct quotes using quotation marks and citing the source
  • Keep copies of all resources you consult
  • Give credit for websites, photos, diagrams, graphics, multimedia
  • Paraphrases, restating the author’s words or ideas in your own words, must be cited properly
  • To Cite or Not to Cite?
  • (Harris, 2001, p. 155)

Cite unless it’s….

  • Proverbs or sayings
  • e.g., Beggars can’t be choosers
  • Common knowledge (can find a fact in several sources)
  • e.g., Sir John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada.
  • When in Doubt ….. CITE IT!!

Sources to cite

  • Books
  • Journal Articles
  • Web Sites
  • Government Documents
  • Statistics
  • Images
  • Video recordings
  • Interviews
  • Email

Question 1

  • Yes, it’s plagiarism
  • No, it isn’t
  • Don’t know
  • It’s the night before your paper is due, and you haven’t done any work. You buy a paper from an online paper mill and hand it in as your own. Is this plagiarism?

Question 2

  • Yes, it’s plagiarism
  • No, it isn’t
  • Don’t know
  • You use the saying What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas in an essay you’ve written about gambling. You do not put quotes around it, nor do you cite it. Is this plagiarism?

Question 3

  • Yes, it’s plagiarism
  • No, it isn’t
  • Don’t know
  • You find a great idea in an article, so you use it in your paper. You don’t bother to cite the source of the idea because you’ve expressed it in your own words. Is this plagiarism?

Quotations

  • Double quotation marks around short quotations (<=four lines).
  • Longer quotations (>four lines) block indent and omit quotation marks.

Short Quotation (<=4 lines)

  • “An honor code usually consists of a signed statement in which students promise not to cheat and not to tolerate those who do” (Harris 117).

Long Quotation (>4 lines)

  • athletes are searching for anything that will make them more competitive including
  • nutritional supplements, such as vitamins, energy bars and drinks that may compensate for dietary deficiencies, and over-the-counter products like shark cartilage and amino acids, which purport to increase muscle mass, boost energy and endurance, prompt weight gain (or loss), or reduce recovery time between workouts. (Jollimore 54)

Paraphrasing

  • Restating the author’s ideas into your own words
  • Need to do more than just change a word or two
  • Must include author‘s last name and page number of paraphrased section in citation.

Paraphrasing

  • Original text:
  • “Admissions officers agree that whatever the topic, everything rests in the execution. They look for a thoughtful, revelatory essay that enhances the rest of a student’s application” (Flora 24).
  • Sample Paraphrase:
  • A students’ application for admission is based on many things, one being a creative and unique essay (Flora 24).
  •  
  • But what does this all mean?

Essay Development

  • What purpose are you trying to achieve?
  • Describe something
  • Explain something
  • Persuade the reader
  • Support a certain point of view
  • Example (Explain): “Animal symbolism in Inuit art”

Create an Outline

  • History of Inuit art
  • Contemporary Inuit artists
  • Media of Inuit art
    • Sculpture (soap stone)
    • Prints (stencils, lithographs etc.)
    • Walrus and whale bones
  • Animal Symbols used in Inuit art and their meanings

Create an Outline

  • History of Inuit art
  • Contemporary Inuit artists
  • Media of Inuit art
    • Sculpture (soap stone)
    • Prints (stencils, lithographs etc.)
    • Walrus and whale bones
  • Animal Symbols used in Inuit art and their meanings
    • The dancing polar bear
    • The seal
    • The goose

Citation Example

  • The Inuit believe that they return as animals
  • after they have shaken off their human mortal coil.
  • Thus, when you see images of dancing bears
  • in Inuit art, this represents Inuit souls who have
  • returned as polar bears and the dancing
  • represents joy and fun (“About Polar Bears”).
  • “About Polar Bears.” INUIT.NET.
  • ABoriginArt, 2005.Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
    • .

Works Cited Page

  • Acknowledges all the sources you have cited in your project
  • Organized in alphabetical order
  • Strictly follows citation style format
  • (APA, MLA . . . )
  • Works Cited
  • “About Polar Bears.” INUIT.NET.
  • ABoriginArt, 2005.Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
    • .
  • “Change.” New York Times. New York Times,
  • May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.
  • Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the
  • Planet." New York Times. New York Times, 22 May
  • 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.
  • Purdue Online Writing Lab. “MLA Sample Works Cited Page.”
  • Owl at Purdue. Purdue University, 2012. Web.
  • 25 Oct. 2012.
  • Now Some Details (Interesting Stuff!)

Capitalization Rules

  • Title of complete works such as journals, newspapers, books, videos, databases, websites – capitalize the first word, last word, and all principle words in the title and put them in italics. Example: The Dangers of the Work Place.
  • Titles of short works such as articles from journals, newspapers and magazines; web pages; short stories; poems – same capitalization rules and use quotation marks instead of italics. Example: “The Thrill of Victory.”
  • Always capitalize the word following a colon [ : ]. Example from a book title: The Sweat off our Brows: Working the Field
  • Don’t capitalize minor words like: and, or, the, is

In-Text Citation (MLA Style)

  • References (citations) in the text must clearly point to specific entries in the Works Cited page.
  • Identify the location of the paraphrased text as specifically as possible.

In-Text Citation (MLA Style)

  • It has been suggested that:
  • For all the progress athletes are making in eating well, many continue to rely on risky dietary supplements, which are often tainted by banned substances such as nandrolone. (Jollimore 54)

In-Text Citation (MLA Style)

  • Two to three authors –
  • (Smith and Simpson 243)
  • (Smith, Jones, and Love 97-98)
  • No author –
  • (History of Rock 54)
  • (“How to build a patio”)

Works Cited (MLA) -Books

  • Author*. Title of Book. Location: Publisher,
  • Year. Medium of Publication.
  • Blicq, Ron. Guidelines for Report Writing.
  • Toronto: Pearson Education
  • Canada, 2001. Print.
  • *Use author’s name as it appears on title page, last name first.

Works Cited (MLA Style) Books with 2 authors

  • Author. Title of Book. Location: Publisher,
  • Year. Medium of Publication.
  • Blicq, Ron, and John Smith. Guidelines
  • for Report Writing.
  • Toronto: Pearson Education
  • Canada, 2001. Print.

Works Cited (MLA) Magazine Articles

  • Author*. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine
  • Day Month Year: Pagination. Medium of
  • Publication.
  • Jollimore, Mary. “Fuel’s Gold: Why Canada’s
  • Athletes Pay so Much Attention to What
  • They Eat.” Time 21 Nov. 2004: 52-61.
  • Print.
  • *Use author’s name as it appears with title on first page of article, last name first

Works Cited (MLA Style) Article from Scholarly Journal

  • Author. “Title of Article.” Name of Journal
  • Volume.Issue (Year): Pagination.
  • Medium of Publication.
  • Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms:
  • The Voice of the Subaltern in
  • Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa
  • Studies in Women's Literature 15.1
  • (1996): 41-50. Print.

What is wrong (2 errors)

  • Reducing crime in the inner city must be a top priority (Brackwood 24).
  • Brackwood, Lee. “Fighting city crime.”
  • The Observer 41.7: (2008). 23-29. Print.

What is wrong (2 errors)

  • Reducing crime in the inner city must be a top priority (Brackwood 24).
  • Brackwood, Lee. “Fighting City Crime.”
  • The Observer 41.7: (2008). 23-29. Print.

Works Cited MLA - Web Page

  • Author. “Title of Page.” Title of Website.
  • Publisher, Date. Medium of Publication.
  • Date of access
  • .
  • Health Canada. “West Nile Virus.”
  • www.hc-sc.gc.ca. Health Canada,
  • 19 July 2004. Web. 12 Nov. 2009.
  • english/westnile/index.html>.

Works Cited (MLA Style) Article from Database

  • Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): Pagination. Database. Medium. Date of Access.
  • Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal 50.1 (2007): 173- 96. ProQuest. Web. 27 May 2009.

What is wrong (2 errors)

  • The cause of the Huron warriors at the Battle of Duck lake was “hopeless and signaled the end of a proud people” (Johnson).
  • Johnson, P. “Attack of the Huron.” Native History 12.8 (2006). 76-104. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Nov. 2009.
  • [Author’s name in article appears as Peter Johnson]

What is wrong (2 errors)

  • The cause of the Huron warriors at the Battle of Duck lake was “hopeless and signaled the end of a proud people.” (Johnson 82).
  • Johnson, Peter*. “Attack of the Huron.” Native History 12.8 (2006): 76-104. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Nov. 2009.
  • *Use author’s name as appears in article.

In-text Citation Examples

  • One interesting way of preparing vegetarian chili
  • is to use plenty of pepper (“How to
  • Make Vegetarian Chili”).
  • Langhamer argued that “courtship between
  • classes was strongly discouraged” (182).

Works Cited

  • "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. eHow, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.
  • Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal 50.1 (2007): 173-96. ProQuest. Web. 27 May 2009.
  • Fig. 1. “Rose Window, Notre Dame Cathedral” by microbe. Flickr.com
  • by Yahoo! Canada, May 2012. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/14824807@N00/7994043433.
  • Fig. 1. “Rose Window, Notre Dame Cathedral”
  • Works Cited
  • microbe. “Rose Window, Notre Dame Cathedral.”
  • Flickr.com. Yahoo! Canada, May 2012.
  • Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
  • 7994043433>.



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