Vapa design Craft Modern Artists Auguste Rodin

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VAPA_Design Craft_Modern Artists

Auguste Rodin

Max Ernst

Louise Nevelson

Niki de Saint-Phalle

Nancy Holt

Umberto Boccioni

Alberto Giacometti

Claes Oldenburg

Eva Hesse

Christo & Jeanne-Claude



Henry Moore

George Segal

Joseph Beuys

Kiki Smith

Man Ray

Alexander Calder

Marisol Escobar

Duane Hanson

Jeff Koons

Bruce Nauman

Nam June Paik

General Resources

General Information

  1. America’s Distinguished Artists: searchable web index of information on artists including current and past exhibitions, biography and critical analysis

  2. Art History Resources on the Web: web index created by Christopher Witcombe, Sweet Briar College, Virginia.

  3. Artcyclopedia

  4. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden - The Smithsonian's museum of international modern and contemporary art includes a collection of modern sculpture. Located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

  5. Kansas City Sculpture Park - Displays 13 Henry Moore sculptures and works by Alexander Calder, George Segal, Isamu Noguchi and other modern masters.

  6. Olga’s Gallery: image database searchable by artist

  7. World Wide Arts Resources: search by artist. Database contains full index of all major artworks plus external links for the artist from Artcyclopedia, ArtOnline, Artchive and other art history resources.

Auguste Rodin

  1. Rodin Web: Everything you wanted to know about Auguste Rodin divided into biography, artworks and images

  2. Musee Rodin: click on links for biography and collection information on artworks. Links are located on left hand side of webpage.

  3. Norton Simon Museum: browsable list of major sculptural works by August Rodin located at Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena.

  4. Auguste Rodin: The Gates of Hell: documentary on creation of Rodin’s Gates of Hell sculptural group (YouTube:

  5. Rodin and Brancusi, Louk Tilanus, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 135, No. 1084 (Jul., 1993), pp. 484-485. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Auguste Rodin: Hands of Genius (2005): documentary film available on Netflix

  7. Rodin: The Gates of Hell (1981): documentary film available on Netflix

Umberto Boccioni

  1. MOMA: gallery information on Boccioni’s sculpture Unique Forms of Continuity in Space

  2. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: background on Boccioni, futurism and futurist sculpture

  3. Smarthistory: podcast lecture on Boccioni’s Unique Forms of Continuity in Space

  4. Umberto Boccioni, Hugh Edwards, The Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 2 (Feb. 1, 1958), pp. 25-28. (JSTOR article; login required)

Constantin Brancusi

  1. Guggenheim Collection: biography of Brancusi and information on major works (Bird in Space and Maiastra)

  2. MOMA: information on Brancusi and images of major artworks. Use the drop down menu (located on the right hand side of the webpage under the words BROSE ARTISTS so navigate through the Brancusi collection.

  3. Tate Modern: Brancusi information pages (four works). Choose “text” to get the full information for each artwork

  4. Brancusi page: biography, analysis of art, images and background on Brancusi’s process. Page is originally in Romanian click on title to get English translation.

  5. Smarthistory: podcast lecture on Brancusi’s Bird in Space

  6. The Beginnings of Brancusi, Barbu Brezianu, Sidney Geist, Art Journal, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Autumn, 1965), pp. 15-25. (JSTOR article; login required)

  7. Rodin and Brancusi, Louk Tilanus, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 135, No. 1084 (Jul., 1993), pp. 484-485. (JSTOR article; login required)

  8. Brancusi: The "Endless Column", Sidney Geist, Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, Aspects of Modern Art at the Art Institute: The Artist, The Patron, The Public (1990), pp. 70-87+95. (JSTOR article; login required)

  9. Brancusi Bird, Athena C. Tacha, Art Journal, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Spring, 1964), p. 230. (JSTOR article; login required)

Man Ray

  1. Man Ray Trust

  2. Man Ray: Prophet of the Avant Garde: American Masters PBS website for documentary available on Netflix

  3. Man Ray at Art History Archive: Biography and good quality images of surrealist photographs from 1920-1940’s.(website recommends Mozilla Firefox to open)

  4. Man Ray documentary by Jean-Paul Fargier [YouTube]

Max Ernst

  1. MOMA: Max Ernst collection at Museum of Modern Art

  2. Max Ernst: A Retrospective: exhibit, image and biographical information on Max Ernst exhibition (2005) at Metropolitan Museum of Art.

  3. Max Ernst Masterpiece: Information on major sculptures by Max Ernst and his fascination with chess.

  4. Max Ernst: Portrait of an Artist [YouTube]

  5. Max Ernst: Dada & the Dawn of Surrealism, William A. Camfield, MoMA, No. 13 (Winter - Spring, 1993), pp. 7-11. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Max Ernst Exhibition, Anne Rorimer, Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago (1973-1982), Vol. 68, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1974), pp. 1-4. (JSTOR article; login required)

  7. Max Ernst: documentary film available on Netflix

Alberto Giacometti

  1. Alberto Giacometti – City Square: podcast of discussion of Giacometti’s sculptural group The City from Smarthistory

  2. MOMA: In-depth chronology and biography from MOMA for Albert Giacometti exhibition (2001).

  3. Alberto Giacometti Page: comments on Giacometti’s life from Satre, Simone de Beauvoir and others with images of his sculptures. Click on the numbers to get biography and images

  4. Alberto Giacometti and the Surrealists: essay on Giacometti’s sculptures by Rosalind Krauss.

  5. Alberto Giacometti: Painter and Sculptor, Carolyn Lanchner, MoMA, Vol. 4, No. 7 (Sep., 2001), pp. 6-9. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Alberto Giacometti: Hands Holding the Void (City Art Museum of St Louis), The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 109, No. 774 (Sep., 1967), pp. 534+536-537. (JSTOR article; login required)

  7. Artists of the 20th century -Alberto Giacometti: documentary film available from Netflix

Henry Moore

  1. Henry Moore Foundation: biography and guide to Moore’s sculptures throughout the world

  2. Reclining Nude: information on sculpture and biography of Henry Moore from UNESCO Works of Art Collection.

  3. The Enigma of Henry Moore by Brian McAvera: article from Sculpture Magazine (July/August 2001 - Vol.20 No.6) on Henry Moore exhibition in Dallas. TX.

  4. England’s Henry Moore: [YouTube]

  5. The Evolution of Henry Moore's Sculpture: II, A. D. B. Sylvester, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 90, No. 544 (Jul., 1948), pp. 186+189-195. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. The Evolution of Henry Moore's Sculpture: I, A. D. B. Sylvester, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 90, No. 543 (Jun., 1948), pp. 158-165. (JSTOR article; login required)

  7. Henry Moore: The Reclining Figure, Frederick S. Wight, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Dec., 1947), pp. 95-105. (JSTOR article; login required)

  8. Henry Moore: The Greatest Living Sculptor, Pierre Székely, Leonardo, Vol. 21, No. 3 (1988), pp. 316-317. (JSTOR article; login required)

  9. Henry Moore's Reflections on Sculpture, Albert Elsen, Art Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Summer, 1967), pp. 352-358. (JSTOR article; login required)

Alexander Calder

  1. Calder Foundation:

  2. Alexander Calder: American Masters PBS companion website to documentary on Alexander Calder. Film is available on Netflix

  3. Alexander Calder: National gallery of Art web index with biography and image index for sculptures.

  4. Alexander Calder performs his "Circus" - Whitney Museum [YouTube]

  5. Alexander Calder: Ambitious Young Sculptor of the 1930s, Joan M. Marter Archives of American Art Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1 (1976), pp. 2-8. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Alexander Calder's Stabiles: Monumental Public Sculpture in America, Joan M. Marter, American Art Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul., 1979), pp. 75-85. (JSTOR article; login required)

Louise Nevelson

  1. Louise Nevelson Foundation

  2. The Sculpture of Louise Nevelson: Constructing a Legend: essay from Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc.

  3. Louise Nevelson: biography information from The Art Story

  4. Interview with Louise Nevelson: Smithsonian Art Archives interview conducted by Arnald Glimcher

  5. Louise Nevelson: information and artwork images from Spaightwood Galleries, Upton, MA

  6. Sky Cathedral-Moon Garden Wall by Louise Nevelson, Edward B. Henning, The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Vol. 64, No. 7 (Sep., 1977), pp. 242-251. (JSTOR article; login required)

  7. Louise Nevelson. New York, Guggenheim Museum, Virginia Tillyard, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 128, No. 1004 (Nov., 1986), p. 853. (JSTOR article; login required)

Claes Oldenburg

  1. Claes Oldenburg: Assembling the Giant BLT at the Whitney Museum: [YouTube]

  2. Smarthistory: podcast lecture on Claes Oldenburg’s soft sculpture Floor Cake

  3. Official Claes Oldenburg site: biography and information on latest projects and articles on collaboration with Coosje van Bruggen

  4. Pop Art Masters: articles about Oldenburg and other pop artists. Scroll down the page; artists are listed in alpha order.

George Segal

  1. Art Treasures of Nebraska - George Segal [YouTube]

  2. George Segal Street Scenes: exhibition at the Nelson Atkins Museum, Kansas City, MO

  3. George Segal Foundation: biography, major works, past exhibitions and excellent image bank

  4. George Segal American Still Life: American Masters PBS documentary available from NetFlix

  5. Art that Turns Life Inside Out: abstract of article from Smithsonian Magazine. Please contact library

  6. From 'All of Us Here' (On the Plaster Sculptures of George Segal), Irving Feldman, Grand Street, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Spring, 1986), pp. 43-44. (JSTOR article; login required)

Marisol Escobar

  1. Marisol Escobar: biography, sculptures and writings about the artist from Art Museum of the Americas

  2. MOMA: collection of Marisol Escobar at the Museum of Modern Art

  3. Marisol: A Sculptor of Modern Life: essay by Eleanor Heartley

  4. Self-Portrait looking at the Last Supper: essay from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art on Marisol Escobar’s installation sculpture group.

  5. The Postwar Redefinition of Self: Marisol's Yearbook Illustrations for the Class of '49, Albert Boime, American Art, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Spring, 1993), pp. 6-21. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Opening reception of Marisol's works 1960-2007 @ neuhoff edelman nyc: [YouTube]

  7. American Merchant Mariners’ Memorial Battery Park: short video and background on sculpture created by Marisol

Niki de Saint-Phalle

  1. Il Giardino del Tarocchi: Official information site for artist and specifically her Tarot Garden sculpture group

  2. Niki Charitable Art Foundation: information on public arts projects by Niki de Sainte-Phalle

  3. Niki de Sainte-Phalle Playlist: [YouTube]

  4. Neo-Dada: Redefining Art, 1958-1962, Susan Hapgood, Jennifer Rittner, Performing Arts Journal
    Vol. 17, No. 1 (Jan., 1995), pp. 63-70, Published by: Performing Arts Journal, Inc.

  5. Niki de Sainte Phalle at WWAR: biography, list of major works and external links to galleries

  6. Niki de Sainte Phalle” biography and quotes

  7. Braff, Phyllis. "Nanas, guns and gardens." Art in America Dec. 1992: 102+. Fine Arts and Music Collection. Web. 30 Nov. 2010. (LAPL login required)

Eva Hesse

  1. Smarthistory: podcast lecture on Eva Hesse’s Untitled

  2. National Museum of Women in the Arts - Biography and images with descriptions of the works in relevant context presented from the permanent collection.

  3. Oneroom: Sculptors - Biography details her introduction to and choice of sculptural media and links to images and source articles.

  4. Washington University in St. Louis: Arts Archive - Timeline detailing artist's New York residences, major life events, educational programs, and medical history. Jodi Kovach also discloses a selected bibliography complete with source abstracts from this master's project.

  5. Guardian Unlimited: Strings Attached - Adrian Searle reviews the Tate Modern retrospective and considers the challenges her work presents to art critics and historians. (November 26, 2002)

  6. Tate Magazine: Minimalism with a Human Face - Darian Leader's epilogue for Tate Modern's Hesse retrospective explores major themes and presents images of represented works. (November, 2002)

  7. Artnews: Sticks and Stones and Lemon Cough Drops - Sylvia Hochfield discusses the challenges and significance of preserving, restoring, and sometimes re-creating the artist's works in experimental media. (September, 2002)

  8. Artnet: Still Searching for Eva Hesse - Jeanne Siegel considers the retrospective at Museum Wiesbaden and places the artist in context with her contemporary Minimalist painters and sculptors. (July, 2002)

  9. Circa Art Magazine: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMoMA) - Gemma Tipton reviews her retrospective, presenting images and discussing particular techniques used by the artist. (February, 2002)

  10. Eva Hesse's Influence Today? Conversations with Three Contemporary Artists, Jeanne Siegel, Art Journal, Vol. 63, No. 2 (Summer, 2004), pp. 72-88. (JSTOR article; login required)

  11. Eva Hesse (1936-1970). New Haven, Lynne Cooke, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 134, No. 1072 (Jul., 1992), pp. 465-466. (JSTOR article; login required)

Joseph Beuys

  1. Joseph Beuys at the Guggenheim, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, October, Vol. 12 (Spring, 1980), pp. 3-21. (JSTOR article; login required)

  2. Joseph Beuys: biography from Walker Art Center

  3. Joseph Beuys at WWAR: biography, list of major works and external links to galleries

  4. Cohen, David. "David Cohen On Joseph Beuys At Gagosian Gallery, George Baselitz At Michael Werner." N.p., 15 Jan. 2004. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.

  5. Joseph Beuys-A Social Organism As A Work Of Art, Welcome to Flickr - Photo Sharing. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.

  6. O'Hagen, Sean. " A man of mystery | Art and design | The Observer ." Latest news, comment and reviews from the Guardian | . Guardian UK, 30 Jan. 2005. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.

  7. "Rare Presentation Of More Than 500 Joseph Beuys Multiples On View At LACMA." LACMA. 30 Nov. 2010. .

  8. "WAC | Joseph Beuys Multiples." Walker Art Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.

  9. Joseph Beuys Online: museum info, images, articles and biographical info

Duane Hanson

  1. Duane Hanson – More Than Reality: exhibition and retrospective on Hanson

  2. Duane Hanson biography: biography information from Saatchi Gallery, UK

  3. Duane Hanson on WWAR:

  4. Duane Hanson Online: museum info, images, articles and biographical info

  5. Duane Hanson: A Master Returns, Oglethopre University online exhibition

  6. Hyper-Realist Sculpture (John De Andrea and Duane Hanson): (YouTube:

  7. Images of Duane Hanson works posted on the Saatchi Gallery, UK, website

  8. Portraits from the Heartland

Nancy Holt

  1. Nancy Holt in the Video Data Bank. Search by artist (artist index is located on left hand toolbar)

  2. Nancy Holt's films and videos at Electronic Arts Intermix, New York

  3. Sky Mound (1984-) at

  4. Solar Rotary (1995) at University of Southern Florida

  5. Solar Rotary in St. Petersburg Times

  6. Sun Tunnels (1973-76) at

  7. Sun Tunnels on NPR

  8. Astral Grating (1987) at Fulton Street/Broadway-Nassau subway station in NYC

  9. Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt – Swamp (YouTube video:

  10. Up and Under by Nancy Holt

  11. A Place in the Sun: article on Nancy Holt by James Trainor from Frieze Magazine

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

  1. Christo - Selection of the artist's works with commentary provided by the National Gallery of Art.

  2. Five Films about Christo and Jeanne-Claude: documentary film available from Netflix

  3. The Gates: HBO documentary film available from Netflix

  4. Christo and Jeanne-Claude - Features photographs and information of completed artworks and works in progress. Includes bibliography, artist biographies and an interview.

  5. Christo's Wrapped Reichstag - Text of a speech by Konrad Weiss in the German Bundestag on the vote for Christo's wrapping of the Reichstag.

  6. From The Roof: Christo and Jeanne-Claude's The Gates in Central Park - Provides information and videos of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's special exhibition.

  7. Guggenheim Collection - Artist Biography - Biography for Christo Javacheff and Jeanne-Claude de Guillebon. Includes information on The Gates, Project for Central Park, New York, 2003.

  8. Stanford Presidential Lectures: Christo & Jeanne-Claude - Includes biographical and bibliographical information about the subjects as well as essays, texts and commentaries.

  9. Christo's Umbrellas: Visual Art/Performance/Ritual/Real Life on a Grand Scale, Robert Findlay, Ellen Walterscheid, TDR (1988-), Vol. 37, No. 1 (Spring, 1993), pp. 74-97. (JSTOR article; login required)

  10. Object, Relic, Fetish, Thing: Joseph Beuys and the Museum, Charity Scribner, Critical Inquiry, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Summer, 2003), pp. 634-649. (JSTOR article; login required)

Kiki Smith

  1. Art: 21: documentary profile of Kiki Smith (YouTube:

  2. Untitled, 1988 by Kiki Smith, Stephanie Skestos, Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, Modern and Contemporary Art: The Lannan Collection at The Art Institute of Chicago (1999), pp. 64-65+103. (JSTOR article; login required)

  3. Kiki Smith, Grand Street, No. 70, Against Nature (Spring, 2002), pp. 40-44. (JSTOR article; login required)

  4. Squatting the Palace: An installation by Kiki Smith in Venice: documentary film available from Netflix.

  5. Our City Profile: documentary shorts on major 21st century female artists including Kiki Smith available from Netflix

  6. Interview with Kiki Smith: interview from Journal of Contemporary Art

  7. 'Kiki Smith video interview'

  8. Museum of Modern Art Kiki Smith exhibition

  9. Jewel An excerpt of Smith's 1997 film in the AVI format

  10. Heyoka Magazine Interview with John Lekay

  11. Kiki Smith: "Life Wants to Live" (1:33) published at Tellus Audio Cassette Magazine

  12. Kiki Smith at

Jeff Koons

  1. Art: 21: documentary profile of Jeff Koons (YouTube:

  2. Jeff Koons and the Paradox of a Superstar's Phenomenon - D.S. Baker's critical essay on the artist.

  3. Journal of Contemporary Art: Jeff Koons - Klaus Ottmann's interview with the artist.

  4. Jeff Koons - Profile and photograph of the artist.

  5. The Broad Art Foundation: Jeff Koons - Brief profile, and a collection of his work.

  6. Official artist website at

  7. Examples of work and literature from

  8. Jeff Koons interviewed by Klaus Ottmann from Journal of Contemporary Art

  9. Jerry Saltz reviews Jeff Koons, "Popeye," show 2003, Sonnabend Gallery, New York from ArtNet

  10. Jeff Koons at Gagosian Gallery

  11. Slideshow of his works in The New Yorker

  12. Jeff Koons on Biography and various articles

  13. Koons's Balloon Dogs - Collection

  14. Photos of "Celebration" Sculpture Series during its production process

  15. Article on Jeff Koons’ $25M sculpture for LACMA from the Art Newspaper

Bruce Nauman

  1. Bruce Nauman Playlist (YouTube:

  2. Bruce Nauman and the Object of Anxiety, Parveen Adams, October, Vol. 83 (Winter, 1998), pp. 96-113 (JSTOR login required)

  3. Bruce Nauman at Hayward Gallery, by R.J. Preece, World Sculpture News, 4,3, 1998

  4. Bruce Nauman Flashing Lights in the Shadow of Doubt, Robert Storr, MoMA, No. 19 (Spring, 1995), pp. 5-9 (JSTOR login required)

  5. Dependent Participation: Bruce Nauman's Environments, Janet Kraynak, Grey Room, No. 10 (Winter, 2003), pp. 22-45 (JSTOR login required)

  6. Nauman's rehashed sounds reverberate around the Tate's emptiness, by Charlotte Higgins, The Guardian, October 12, 2004

  7. Studies for Holograms, 1970 by Bruce Nauman, Mark Pascale, Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, Modern and Contemporary Art: The Lannan Collection at The Art Institute of Chicago (1999), pp. 40-41+101 (JSTOR login required)

Nam June Paik

  1. Nam June Paik Playlist (YouTube:

  2. The Readymade as Movement: Cunningham, Duchamp, and Nam June Paik's Two Merces, Mark Franko, RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics, No. 38 (Autumn, 2000), pp. 211-219. (JSTOR article; login required)

  3. Projects: Nam June Paik, MoMA, No. 3 (Summer, 1977), p. 6. (JSTOR article; login required)

  4. Nam June Paik Retrospective, Hermine Freed, Art Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3, Earthworks: Past and Present (Autumn, 1982), pp. 249-251. (JSTOR article; login required)

  5. Anti-Gravity Study: A Video Work by Nam June Paik, Rex Moser, Design Quarterly, No. 101/102, The River: Images of the Mississippi (1976), pp. 96-97. (JSTOR article; login required)

  6. Nam June Paik: Lessons from the Video Master (2006): documentary film and artist videos available from Netflix

  7. Official Website of Nam June Paik

  8. New Ontology of Music essay by Nam June Paik; from Monthly Review of the University for Avant-garde Hinduism

  9. 9/23 Paik-Abe videosynthesizer performance from WGBH New Television Workshop archives, features short clip

  10. Electronic Arts Intermix includes a biography and description of major works

  11. " If You Miss Paik Nam-June", The Korea Times, February 5, 2006.

  12. "Father of Video Art Paik Nam-June Dies", The Chosun Ilbo, January 30, 2006.

  13. "Video artist Nam June Paik dead at 74", CNN, January 30, 2006.

  14. Nam June Paik in the Video Data Bank

  15. Nam June Paik in the Mediateca Media Art Space: this video database is somewhat difficult to navigate. You may wish to use YouTube instead.

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