Universidad de especialidades espiritu santo



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UNIVERSIDAD DE ESPECIALIDADES ESPIRITU SANTO
INTERNATIONAL CAREERS PROGRAM
SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
SYLLABUS

CLASS: Theory & Criticical Analysis of Modern Tendencies in Architecture CODE: AQD435 CREDITS: 3


PREREQUISITE(S): History of Architecture II CODE: ARQ 217

BIMESTER: Spring I 2006


CONTACT HOURS:  48  HOURS OF HOMEWORK 96
PROFESSOR:  Ana María León CLASSROOM:  F-18

1. COURSE DESCRIPTIÒN

This course researches the architectural discourse and production of the first half of the 20th century. It is focused on the development of the modern movement and its evolution, taking into account the influence of emerging technology and two world wars, and culminating in the evolution of modernism towards brutalism, organicism and the urban debates of the CIAM.


The course follows Kenneth Frampton’s Modern Architecture: A Critical History (see bibliography), contrasting Frampton’s critique with essays by the architects and theorists of the period.

2. CLASS SCHEDULE
The corresponding chapter from Frampton’s book is required reading for each class. Additional required readings and suggested readings are noted per class.

DATE


TOPIC

RESPONSIBLE

March 13

Introduction: Cultural Developments and predisposing techniques 1750 – 1939

Teacher

Discuss workload, methodology and evaluation.



March 14

News from Nowhere: England 1836 – 1924

Adler and Sullivan: The Auditorium and the High Rise.



Teacher

March 15

Frank Lloyd Wright and the Myth of the Prairie 1890 – 1910

Also read: Conrads, pg. 25

Suggested reading: Frampton Studies in Tectonic Culture, pgs. 93 – 110

Structural Rationalism and the influence of Viollet-le-Duc: Gaudi, Horta, Guimard and Berlage 1880 – 1910

Suggested: Colqhoun, Chapter 1


Teacher

March 16

Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Glasgow School 1896 – 1916

The Sacred Spring: Wagner, Olbrich and Hoffmann 1886 – 1912



Teacher

March 20

Antonio Sant’Elia and Futurist Architecture: 1909 – 14

Also read: Conrads, pg. 34

Suggested Colqhoun, Chapter 5


Teacher

March 21

Adolf Loos and the Crisis of Culture 1896 – 1931

Henry van de Velde and the abstraction of empathy 1895 – 1914

Also read: Conrads, pgs. 19 and 28


Teacher

March 22

Tony Garnier and the Industrial City 1899 – 1918

Auguste Perret: the evolution of Classical Rationalism 1899 – 1925



Teacher

March 23

The Deutsche Werkbund 1898 – 1927

The Glass Chain: European architectural Expressionism 1910 – 25

Suggested reading: Colqhoun, Ch. 8


Teacher

Discuss midterm assignment questions.




March 27

The Bauhaus: the evolution of an idea 1919 – 32


Teacher

Midterm assignment due: email diagram before noon of this class. Please keep file size to a minimum and use jpeg, pdf or similar extensions.



March 28

De Stijl: the Evolution and Dissolution of Neo-Plasticism 1917 – 31

Also read: Conrads, pg. 64 and 66



Teacher

1st Term Evaluation: image identification



March 29

The New Objectivity: Germany, Holland and Switzerland 1923 - 33

Also read: Conrad, pg. 49; Ockman, pg. 176 – 180



Teacher

March 30

Le Corbusier and the Esprit Nouveau 1907 – 31

Also read : Conrads, pg. 59 and 99

Suggested reading: Colqhoun, Ch. 7


Teacher

April 3

Mies van der Rohe and the significance of fact 1921 – 33

Also read: Conrads, pgs. 74 and 102

Suggested reading: Frampton Studies in Tectonic Culture, pgs. 159 - 180


Teacher

April 4

The New Collectivity: art and architecture in the Soviet Union 1918 – 1932

Also read: Conrads, pgs. 54 and 56



Teacher

Final Essay topic suggestions, rules, requirements handed out.



April 5

Le Corbusier and the Ville Radieuse 1928 – 46

Frank Lloyd Wright and the Dissapearing City 1929 – 1963



Teacher

April 6

Alvar Aalto and the Nordic Tradition: National Romanticism and the Doricist sensibility 1895 – 1957

Also read: Ockman, pg. 249 - 252



Teacher

April 10

Giuseppe Terragni and the architecture of Italian Rationalism 1926 – 43

Suggested Reading: Colqhoun, Ch. 9



Teacher

Email Final Essay Outline for approval and comments.



April 11

Architecture and the State: ideology and representation 1914 - 1943

Teacher


April 12

Le Corbusier and the Monumentalization of the Vernacular 1933 – 67

Suggested reading: Colqhoun, Ch. 11



Teacher


April 13

Mies van der Rohe and the Monumentalization of Technique

Suggested reading: Frampton Studies in Tectonic Culture, pg. 180 – 208



Teacher. Readings for April 17 assigned: 1/3 reads Fuller, 1/3 Johnson, 1/3 Kahn. All read Frampton. Come prepared for an informal presentation and discussion. Graded as part of class participation.

Last chance for essay topic changes, email final essay outline.



April 17

The Eclipse of the New Deal: Buckminster Fuller, Philip Johnson and Louis Kahn 1934 – 64

Also read:

Fuller: Conrads pg. 128, Ockman pg. 86 - 92

Johnson: Ockman pg. 189 - 192 + selected obituaries (http://www.archinect.com/views/view.php?id=13643_0_36_0_C)

Kahn: Conrads pg. 169, Ockman pg. 270 - 272


General presentation: A. Leon

Student presentations and discussion.



April 18

The International Style: Themes and variations 1925 – 65

Teacher

April 19

New Brutalism and the architecture of the Welfare State: England 1949 – 59


Teacher. 2nd Term Evaluation: Email Final Essay before noon of 4/19

April 20

The vicissitudes of Ideology: CIAM and Team X, critique and counter critique

Also read: Conrads, pgs. 109, 137 and Ockman pg. 100 - 102



Teacher



3. WORKLOAD BREAKDOWN


ASSIGNMENT

ALLOTTED HOURS

Typical session ( x 24 sessions)

Required reading

One page synopsis, comments and questions

2h20’


1h

1st Term Evaluation: Image identification, diagram

1h preparation

3h diagram fabrication



2nd Term Evaluation: Final Essay

12h research, writing, proof reading.

TOTAL: 96 HOURS
4. METHODOLOGY

The student is expected to read the required readings for each session and email one page containing a short synopsis, comments and questions. Handwritten pages and sheets torn from notebooks are not acceptable. Emails should arrive before noon of the day of the class Students are expected to keep a copy of the sheets for their files, comments will be made through email and sheets will not be returned.


Each class will start with a synopsis of the previous class, followed by a power point presentation by the teacher. Although questions are welcome at any point of the presentation, there will be two breaks, one in the middle and one before the end of the class, to encourage further discussion and debate on particular topics.
5. EVALUATION

1st Term

- 50 % original, thoughtful and insightful comments in class participation and emails.

- 25% midterm assignment: diagram

- 25% class evaluation (image identification)
2nd Term

- 50 % original, thoughtful and insightful comments in class participation and emails.

- 50 % written essay.
Homework must be turned in on the due date. Late homework is accepted up to one class after the due date, and will be graded at 70%. Homework and class participation makes up 50% of the final grade.
At midterm, the students have to fabricate a diagram or map of the movements and tendencies studied so far. The diagram should be a graphic product that shows relations, conections and influences. It should work both in form and in content.
There will be one class evaluation at midterm, which will consist in identifying a series of key photographs and plans, by 5 features: movement, name, author, date, and place. Identifying 3 features renders a full grade. Identifying 4 and 5 features renders extra credit in the evaluation. Students are encouraged to sketch plans and images in their notebooks in preparation for this test. If time allows, we’ll do an extra session of architectural pictionary.
Final Essay: See “What is an Argument” by Writing Center of Harvard. Spelling, grammar and appropriate use of Chicago Manual of Style will be taken into account in the grade. References should be made to required readings in the syllabus and additional readings the student has researched. The essay must comply with all requirements in order to be graded.

More information regarding this essay will be handed out at the start of the 2nd term.


Any instance of plagiarism will be reported to the UEES Academic Committee and recorded permanently in the student’s file. Plagiarism in the Final Essay results in automatic failing of the course, regardless of the student’s grade percentages.

6. CLASSROOM POLICIES

Students should be seated in the classroom at the start of each class. Students arriving up to 4 minutes late will have a “late” in the attendance sheet. Students arriving 5 minutes after the start of the class will have an “absence.” Students are allowed up to 5 absences. According to UEES policy, there are no excused or unexcused absences. Teachers may not excuse a student’s absence. If a student exceeds the number of allowed absences he or she fails the class automatically. Any questions regarding absences should be directed to Anita Verbaan, Administrative Director of the International Careers Program.


The use of cell phones is strictly prohibited within the classroom. All cell phones should be turned off (not muted) and placed inside bags, purses or backpacks. No cell phones can remain visible. Failure to comply will result in class expulsion and the resulting absence.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:


COURSEBOOKS:
TEXT: Modern Architecture: A Critical History TEXT: Theories and Manifestoes of Modern Arch.

AUTHOR: Kenneth Frampton AUTHOR: Ulrich Conrads, Ed.

EDITORIAL: Thames and Hudson EDITORIAL: MIT Press

EDITION: EDITION:


COMPLEMENTARY TEXTS
TEXT: Modern Architecture TEXT: Architecture Culture 1943 - 1968

AUTHOR: Alan Colqhoun AUTHOR: Joan Ockman, Ed.

EDITORIAL: Oxford History of Art EDITORIAL: Columbia Books of Architecture

EDITION: EDITION:


TEXT: Studies in Tectonic Culture TEXT: Architecture and Modernity

AUTHOR: Kenneth Frampton AUTHOR: Hilde Heynen

EDITORIAL: MIT Press EDITORIAL: MIT Press

EDITION: EDITION:


TEACHER INFO:




NAME: Ana María

LAST NAME: León

DEGREES: Arch. Dipl. (UCSG), M. Arch. (Georgia Tech), M. Des. S. (Harvard Univ. GSD)

PHONES: 099 745204, Mon – Fri between 9h00 and 18h00



EMAIL: anamarialeon@hotmail.com



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