Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (A) Nyāyabindu TÍkā by Dharmottara



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M. A. Philosophy

I Semester




Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (A)

Nyāyabindu TÍkā by Dharmottara


Suggested Readings:

  1. Nyāyabindu translated into Hindi by Pt. C. S. Shastri.

  2. Nyāyabindu translated into Hindi by Dr. S. N. Shastri.

3. Buddhist Logic Vol. II, by Stcherbatsky.

(2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (A)

K. C. Bhattacharya : Studies in Philosophy : Edited by Gopinath Bhattacharya

(Only chapters I Concept of Philosophy.

II The Concept of Absolute and its Alternative forms).



Suggested Readings:

  1. Bhattacharya, K. C. : Studies in Philosophy (2 volume in one)

  2. Bhattacharya, K. D. : Studies in K. C. Bhattacharya.

Major Elective:

  1. Modern Western Philosophy

1. Hume : Treatise on Human Nature Book I

2. Kant : Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics.



Suggested Readings :

  1. Korner, S. : Kant.

  2. Misra, S. : Kant Ka Darshan

  3. Flew, A. F. N.: Hume’s Philosophy of Belief.

  4. Smith, N K : Philosophy of David Hume.

OR


  1. Francis Bacon : Novum Organum (Book I)

  2. Rene Descartes : Meditations on First Philosophy

Suggested Readings :

1. D. J. O’ Connor (ed.) : A Critical History of Western Philosophy (New York 1964).

2. Willis Doney (ed.) Descartes : A collection of Critical Essays (Doubleday New York 1967).

3. F. E. Baird and W. Kaufmann (ed.) : Modern Philosophy (Prentice-Hall Inc. 1997)

4. Makku Peltonen (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1996)

5. Steven Nadler (ed.) A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy (Black well Publisher– Ltd. 2002).



4. Minor Elective:

(4) Problems of Philosophy (Common with IPR)

  1. Nature of Philosophy in the West and its Distinction from Science and Religion.

  2. Methods of Philosophy : Speculative versus Critical Method, the Method of Doubt, the Method of Phenomenological Description, the Method of Analysis, Dialectical Method.

  3. Epistemological Problems:

    1. Necessary and Empirical Knowledge.

    2. Sources of Knowledge.

    3. Validity of Knowledge (Theories of Truths) (a) Correspondence, (b) Coherence, (c) Pragmatic Theory.

    4. Limits of Knowledge : Scepticism, Agnosticism.

  4. Ontological problems :

    1. Mind, Matter, God.

    2. Mind-body Problems.

(iii) Idealism, Realism, Materialism.

Suggested Readings :

  1. Korner, S. : Fundamental Questions in Philosophy.

  2. John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis.

  3. Titus ; H.H. : Living issues in Philosophy.

  4. Eving, A.C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy.

  5. Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.

  6. Rajendra Prasad : Darsanasastra kÍ Ruprekha.

  7. Misra, H. N. : Paschatya Darsana kÍ Samasyayen (Hindi).

OR

Muàdakopaniîad

Suggested Readings :

1. Swami Sharvananda : Muàdakopaniîad.

2. Muàdakopaniîad : GÍta Press, Gorakhpur.

3. Muàdaka Upaniîad with the commentary of ìaßkarÂcÂrya, Translated by SwÂmi GambhirÂnanda.

4. ChinmayÂnanda : Muàdakopaniîad.

II SEMESTER


Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (B)

Vedānta Sāra

Suggested Readings :

1. Vedānta-sāra of Sadānanda edited with commentaries and notes by Col. G. A. Jacob.

2. Vedānta-sāra with Hindi translation and commentary by Pt. Badari Nath Shukla.

(2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (B)

Sri Aurobindo : The Life Divine, Book One : Chapters 1,2,3,4,9,10,11,12,14,15,16 &23, Book Two : Chapters : 1,2,5,6,& 7 of Part I, Chapters 18,19,20,25 & 27 of Part II.



Suggested Readings :

  1. Misra, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo.

  2. Maitra, S. K. : The meeting of the East and the West in Sri Aurobindo Philosophy.

  3. Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo aur Bradley k ParamatattvavÂda.

  4. Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo KÂ Sanskçti darïana.

  5. Maitra, S.K.: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo.

  6. Chaudhari, H.: The Philosophy of Integralism.

Major Elective :

  1. Recent Western Philosophy

Wittgenstein, L. : Tractatus Logico Philosophicus.

OR

Sartre, J. P. : Existentialism and Humanism, Being and Nothingness.

Suggested Readings :

(1) Black, Max : Companion to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.



  1. Pitcher, George : The Philosophy of Wittgenstein.

  2. Pandey, R. P. : Tractatus (Hindi Translation).

  3. Warnock, M.: Philosophy of Sartre.

  4. Dwivedi, D. N. : Study of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy.

  5. Wittgenstein : Philosophical Investigations.

4. Minor Elective :

  1. Problems of Ethics and Religion.

  1. Axiological Problems :

    1. Values of Life : End-values and Means-values, Individual Values and Social Values, Moral, Material and Spiritual Values.

    2. Conflict between the Good and the Pleasant.

    3. The Summum Bonum of Life, Liberation and Self-realisation.

(2) Problems of the Philosophy of Religion.

(i) Religion, Morality and Spirituality.

(ii) Conflict between science and Religion.

(iii) God and the Problem of Evil.

(iv) Validity of Religious Experience.

Suggested Readings :


  1. Korner, S. : Fundamental Questions in Philosophy.

  2. John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis.

  3. Titus, H. H. : Living issues in Philosophy.

  4. Eving, A. C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy.

  5. Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.

  6. Rajendra Prasad : DarïanaïÂstra kÍ RöprekhÂ.

  7. Misra, H. N. : PÂïcÂtya Darïana kÍ SamasyÂyen (Hindi).

OR


The BhagavadgÍt (Chapters 2, 4, 12 & 16)
Suggested Readings

1. The BhagavadgÍt (English Translation by S. Radhakrishnan)

2. The BhagavadgÍt (English Translation by SwÂmi CidbhavÂnanda)

3. Tilak, B. G. : GÍt Rahasya.

4. Bhave, Vinoba : GÍt Pravacana.



III SEMESTER

Core (1) Logic (A)

1. Introduction



    1. Symbolic Logic and Classical Logic

    2. The use of Symbols.

    3. Inference and Implication.

2. The Propositional Calculus

    1. Propositional Logic

    2. Propositional Variables and the Basic Connectives

    3. Relation between Truth Functions

    4. The Stroke and Dagger Functions

3. The Method of Deduction

    1. The Truth Table Method of Testing the Validity of Arguments.

    2. The Indirect Method of Truth-Table Decision.

    3. The Classification of Propositions as Tautology, Contradictory and Contingent.

    4. Elementary Transformation in the Propositional Calculus.

    5. Decision Procedures and Normal Forms.

    6. Derivation by Substitution.

4. The Syllogism and The Algebra of Classes

    1. Classes and The Relation between them.

    2. The Boolean Algebra of Classes.

    3. The Boolean Algebra of Classes and Syllogism.

Suggested Readings :

1. Basson, A. H. and O’Connor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic.

2. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition).


  1. Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic.

  2. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic.

  3. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic.

  4. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic.

  5. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekh (Hindi).

OR


Philosophy of Science (A)

Book Prescribed :

Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science ( Chapter 2, 3 & 4 )

Suggested Readings :

1. Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.

2. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery.

3. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Suppes and Morton White, (ed): Philosophy, Science and Method.



(2) Ethics (A) History of Ethics

1. Cynics and Cyrenaics.

2. Stoics and Epicurus

3. Plato : The Idea of Justice-Individual and Social, Cardinal Virtues, Absolute Good.

4. Aristotle : General conception of well being, Characteristics of Moral Virtue, The Doctrine of the Mean, Cardinal Virtues, Knowledge and Virtue.

5. Naturalism

(a) Egoistic Naturalism of Hobbes.

(b) Sympathetic Naturalism of Hume.

(c) Evolutional Naturalism (Evolutionary Hedonism) of Herbert Spencer.

6. English Intuitionism – Sympathetic Intuitionism of Adam Smith, Autonomic Intuitionism of Butler.

7. Rationalism of Kant – Categorical Imperative: Autonomy of Moral Will. Postulates of Morality. Rationalistic and idealistic Ethics of Hegel.


  1. English Hedonism and Utilitarianism of Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick.

Suggested Readings :


  1. Rogers, R.A.P.: A Short History of Ethics.

  2. Verma, V. P. : Nitisastra ke mula siddhanta (Hindi)

  3. Rai, Chhaya : Kant Ka Nitidarsana (Hindi).

  4. Paton, H. J.: The Categorical Imperative.

OR

Philosophy of Religion (A)


Book Prescribed :

Hick, John : Philosophy of Religion. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987 (Excluding Chapters 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10)


Suggested Readings :


1. Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology.

2. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought.

3. Dasgupta, S.N. : Religion and Rational Outlook.

4. Herman, A.L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought.

5. O’Flaherty, W.D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions.

6. Gangadhar, D.A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion.

7. Masih, Y. : SÂmÂnya Dharma Darïan (Hindi).

Major Elective :

(3) (1) Advaita Vedānta (A)

Book Prescribed :

1. Māàdukyakārikā of GaudapÂda (Advaita-Prakaraàam only)

2. Brahmasutra ìāßkaraBhÂîya (I.1.1 to I.1.4 and II.2.1 to II.2.45 only)

Suggested Readings :


  1. Bhattacharya, V. S. : The Àgama ìÂstra of GaudpÂda.

  2. Pandey, S. L. : Pre-ìankara Advaita Philosophy.

  3. Nakamura, Hajime : A History of Early Vedanta Philosophy.

  4. Deusson, Paul : The system of the VedÂnta.

  5. Naulakha, R. S. : ìankara’s BrahmavÂda.

  6. Rao, K. B. R. : Ontology of Advaita.

  7. Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy Vol II.

  8. Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Indian Thought.

  9. Thibaut, George : The VedÂnta Sötra with ìankarÂcÂrya’s Commentary (S B E Vols. 34 & 38).

(10) Tripathi, R. K.: Brahmasötra ìānkara - BhÂîya Catuïsötç (Hindi).

(11) Saraswati, Satyananda : Brahma - Sötra Sānkara - BhÂîya (Hindi).

(12) Sharma, C. D. : Bauddha Darïana aur VedÂnta (Hindi).

(13) Das, R. : Introduction to ìankara.



OR

MahÂyÂna Buddhism (A) MÂdhyamika


Book Prescribed :

MÂdhyamaka ìÂstra of NÂgÂrjuna (together with Candrakirti’s Prasannapada) chapters 1, 24 & 25 only. The following problems : MÂdhyamika System its role and significance, M. dialectic, M. as a critique of causality, conception of ìönyat as Absolute, NirvÂàa, Theory of four conditions, two truths and degrees of reality, M. interpretation of the doctrine PratityasamutpÂda, four noble truths, PrajáÂpÂramitÂ, Absolute and Phenomena.



Suggested Readings :

1. Stcherbatsky, Theodore : The conception of Buddhist NirvÂàa.

2. Murti, T. R. V. : The Central Philosophy of Buddhism.

3. Misra, R. K. : Levels of MÂdhyamika Thought.

4. Streng, F. I. : Emptiness : A study in Religious Meaning.

5. Misra, H. N. : MÂdhyamika Darïana (Hindi).


OR

Kashmir ìaivism (A)


Book Prescribed :

ÊïvarapratyabhijnÂvimarïinÍ Only) of Abhinavagupta, ParamÂrthasÂra, and PratyabhijáÂhçdayam of KshemarÂja with special reference to the following problems :

General characteristics of Àgamic tradition, History and literature of Kashmir ìaivism, Epistemology of Kashmir ìaivism : nature and validity of knowledge, Citi as the sole pramÂàa, theory of error, nature and Validity of Àgama, Concept of Absolute (ìiva-ìakti), Concept of Spaßda, Vimarïa.



Suggested Readings :

1. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III

2. Singh, Jaidev : PratyabhijnÂhçdayam.

3. Chatterjee, J C : PratyabhijnÂhçdayam.

4. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh. (Ek DÂrïanika Addhyayana)

5. Pandey, K C : Abhinavgupta and His Times.

6. Pandit, B N : KashmÍr Saiva Darïana.

7. Sharma, L N : KashmÍr ìaivism.

8. Mishra, Kamalakar : Significance of TÂntric Tradition.

9. Mishra, Kamalakar : KashmÍr ìaivism : The Central Philosophy of TÂntrism.

10. Mishra, K. P. : Kashmir ìaiva Darïana : Möla SiddhÂnta.

11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : SivÂdaita of Srikanòha.

12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism.

OR

ViïiîtÂdvaita VedÂnta – (A)

Book Prescribed :

SribhÂîyam (JijáÂsÂdhikaraàa only)



Suggested Readings :

1. Thibaut, G. : The VedÂnta Sutras with RÂmÂnuja’s Sçd-bhÂîya ( S B E Vol 48)

2. Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy, Vol II.

3. Srinivasacarya, P. N. : Philosophy of ViïiîtÂdvaita.

4. Varadacari, K. C. : RÂmÂnuja’s Theory of Knowledge.

5. Sengupta, A. : A Critical study of the Philosophy of RÂmÂnuja.

6. Bharadvaja, K. D. : The Philosophy of RÂmÂnuja.

7. Sinha, J. N. : Philosophy of RÂmÂnuja.

8. Chari, S. M. S. : Advaita and ViïiîtÂdvaita.

9. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Divine Personality and Human Life in RÂmÂnuja.

10. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Knowledge, Self and God in RÂmÂnuja.

Minor Elective :

(4) 1. SÂØkhya Philosophy

(1) Concept of Suffering.

(2) PramÂàa.

(3) Theory of Causation

(4) TriguàavÂda

(5) Puruîa

(6) Prakçti

(7) Evolution

(8) Kaivalya

Suggested Readings :

1. Chakravorti, P. B. : Origin and development of the SÂØkhya System of thought.

2. Pandey, D. N. : SÂØkhya tatvamanoramÂ.

3. Kripa Shanker : YuktidÍpik K eka SamikîÂtamaka Adhyayana.

4. Urmila Chaturvedi : VijnÂnabhikîu Aur SÂmkhya Darïana.

5. Larson, G. J. : The Classical SÂØkhya.

OR


2. ìaiva-SiddhÂnta

Àgamic tradition, Proofs for existence of God, Nature of ìiva and ìakti, Nature of Soul, Creation, Bondage, Liberation.


Suggested Readings :

1. Dr. K. P. Mishra : ìaiva-SiddhÂnta Darïana.

2. Dr. K. P. Mishra : ìivajáÂnabodham (Darsnika Adhyayana)

3. Dr. K. Sivaraman : ìaivism in Philosophical perspective.

OR


3. Jainism :

Metaphysics & Epistemology, Karma and Punarjanma, SyÂdvÂda, AnekÂntavÂda, Aàuvrata and MahÂvrata, Bondage and Liberation.


Suggested Readings :

1. Mahendra Kumar : Jain Darïana.

2. Mohan Lal Mehta : Jain Darïana.

3. Nathmal Tatiya : Studies in Jain Philosophy

OR


4. Neo VedÂntism :

Vivekananda : Reality, MÂyÂ, Means of Liberation.

Sri Aurobindo : Absolute, Supermind, Human Destiny, Theory of Evolution.

Radhakrishnan : Absolute, Intellect and Intuition, Spirit and Human Destiny.



Suggested Readings :

1. Radhakrishnan, S. : An Idealist view of Life.

2. D. A. Gangadhar : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ka dharma evam Darsana.

3. B. K. Lal : Contemporary Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English).

4. Miïra, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo.

IV Semester

Core (1) Logic (B)

1. Deductive System :

    1. Definition and Deduction.

    2. Formal Deductive System.

    3. Properties of Formal Deductive Systems.

2. Quantification Theory:

    1. Singular Propositions and General Propositions.

    2. Predicates.

    3. Quantifiers.

    4. Bound and Free Variables.

    5. Inference Involving only Universal Quantifiers.

    6. Restricted Inferences with Existential Quantifiers.

    7. General Inferences.

3. The Logic of Relations:

    1. Arguments including Relations.

    2. Some Attributes of Relations.

    3. Identity and Definite Description.

Suggested Readings :

1. Basson, A. H. and O’Connor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic.

2. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition).

3. Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic.

4. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic.

5. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic.

6. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic.

7. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekh (Hindi).


OR


Philosophy of Science (B)

Book Prescribed :

Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science (Chapter 6, 10 & 14 )

Suggested Readings :

1. Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.

2. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery.

3. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Suppes and Morton White, (ed) Philosophy, Science and Method.



(2) Ethics (B) Contemporary Ethical Theories

1. Moore : Intuitionism, Naturalistic Fallacy, Ideal Utilitarianism.

2. Ross : The Right and the Good, Prima-facie Duties.

3. Ewing : Conception of ‘Ought’, Definition of the Good.

4. Ayer : Emotive Theory of Ethics Based on Logical positivism.

5. Stevenson : Ethics & Language (Emotive Theory), Criticism of Intuitionism by Emotive Theories.

6. Toulmin : Good Reasons in Ethics. Limiting problems of Ethics.

7. Urmson : Grading in the Moral Sphere.

8. Hare : Prescriptive Ethics.

Suggested Readings :

1. Binkley : Contemporary Ethical Theories.

2. Hudson : Contemporary Ethical Theories.

3. Ross, W. D. : Foundations of Ethics.

4. Novellsmith, P. N. : Ethics.

5. Toulmin, S. : The Place of Reason in Ethics.

6. Hare, R. M. : Ethics and Language.

7. Edwards, P. : The Logic of Moral Discourse.

8. Verma, V. P. : NÍti-ïÂstra ke mula siddhÂnta (Hindi).

9. Rai, Chhaya : Kant KÂ NÍti-Darïana (Hindi).


OR

Philosophy of Religion (B)

Book Prescribed :

1. Hick John : Philosophy of Religion. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987. (Only chapters 6 and 7)

2. Hick, John (ed.) : Classical and Contemporary Readings in Philosophy of Religion, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987: Second Print – 1964. Only following chapters :

(i) Mysticism – William James.

(ii) Two types of Philosophy of Religion – Paul Tillich.

(iii) The Numinous – Rudolf Otto.

(iv) An empiricist view of The nature of Religious Belief : R. B. Braith Waite.

Suggested Readings :


1. Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology.

2. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought.

3. Dasgupta, S. N. : Religion and Rational Outlook.

4. Herman, A. L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought.

5. O’Flaherty, W. D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions.

6. Gangadhar, D. A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion.

7. Masih, Y. : Samanya Dharma Darsan (Hindi).

Major Elective :

(3) Advaita VedÂnta (B)


Book Prescribed :

1. VedÂnta ParibhÂî (Paricchedas 1 to 6 only)



Suggested Readings :

1. Shastri, S. S. : VedÂnta ParibhÂî (English Translation).

2. Musalgaonkar (ed) : VedÂntaparibhÂî (Hindi).

3. Datta, D. M. : Six ways of knowing.

4. Satprakasananda : Methods of Knowledge.



OR

MahÂyÂna Buddhism (B) (YogÂcÂra)


Book Prescribed :

VijáaptimÂtratÂsiddhi of Vasubandhu together with Commentary of Sthiramati. The following problems: Statement of Idealism, Refutation of Realism, Diversification of Consciousness – the three VijáÂnas, Consciousness as Absolute, Theory of three fold truth, Concept of Ignorance, Conception of TathagÂta.



Suggested Readings :

1. Chatterjee, A. K. : YogÂcÂra Idealism.

2. Mookerji, S. (ed.) : The Nava – NÂland MahÂvihÂra Research Publication Vol 1.

3. Pandey, G. C. : Bauddha Dharma ke VikÂsa k ItihÂsa.

4. Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Philosophy.

OR


Kashmir ìaivism (B)

Book Prescribed :

ParamÂrthasÂra, Sattrmsattattvasamdoh and PratyabhijáÂhçdayam of KîemarÂja with special reference to the following problems :

Process of creation, Àbhāsavāda, LilÂvÂda, SvÂtantryavÂda, Concept of PratyabhijáÂ, Bondage, Ààava mala, MÂyÍya mala, Karmamala, Bauddha ajáÂna, Paurusa ajnān, ìaktipÂta, DikîÂ, Liberation, Means of Liberation, UpÂya : AnupÂya, SambhavopÂya, SaktopÂya, ÀàavopÂya.



Suggested Readings :

1. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III

2. Singh, Jaidev : PratyabhijáÂhçdayam.

3. Chatterjee, J C : PratyabhijáÂhçdayam.

4. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh,. (Ek Darïanika Addhyayana)

5. Pandey, K C : Abhinavagupta and His Times.

6. Pandit, B N : Kashmir ìaiva Darïana.

7. Sharma, L N : Kashmir ìaivism.

8. Misra, Kamalakar : Significance of TÂntric Tradition.

9. Misra, Kamalakar : Kashmir ìaivism : The Central Philosophy of TÂntrism.

10. Mishra, K P : Kashmir ìaiva Darïana : Mula SiddhÂnta.

11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : SivÂdvaita of Srikanòha.

12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism.

OR

ViïiîtÂdvaita VedÂnta (B)


Book Prescribed :

1. Yatindra-mata-dÍpik (Avataras 1 to 3 only)



Suggested Readings :

1. Dasgupta, S N : A History of Indian Philosophy. Vol II

2. Srinivasacarya, P N : Philosophy of ViïiîtÂdvaita.

3. Varadcari, K C : Ramanuja’s Theory of Knowledge.

4. Sengupta, A : A Critical study of the Philosophy of Ramanuja.

5. Bharadvaja, K D : The Philosophy of Ramanuja.

6. Sinha, J N : Philosophy of Ramanuja.

7. Chari, S M S : Advaita and ViïiîtÂdvaita.

8. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Divine Personality and Human Life in Ramanuja.

9. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Knowledge, Self and God in Ramanuja.


10. Kaviraj, Gopinath : BhÂratiya Sadhan kÍ DhÂrÂ.
Minor Elective :

(4) (i) Yoga Philosophy :

1. Meaning of Yoga.

2. Citta and Cittavçtti.

3. SamÂdhi-samprajáÂta and AsamprajáÂta.

4. Abhyāsa-VairÂgya.

5. KriyÂyoga.

6. Aîtānga Yoga .

7. Kleïa.

8. God.

9. Kaivalya.



Suggested Readings :

1. Woods J. H. – The aphorism of Patanjali.

2. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand – Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali.

3. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand – PÂtanjala Yoga darïana.

4. Dasgupta, S. N. – Yoga Philosophy in relation to other systems of Indian Thought.

5. Brahmalina Muni : PÂtanjala Yoga Darïanam.

6. Elide, M. : Yoga, Immortality and Freedom.

OR


(ii) Vaiîàavism

The concept of God, Love, Bhakti, Prapatti, SaraàÂgati, Signs of Bhaktas, NyÂsa.


Suggested Readings :

1. NÂrada Bhakti Sutra English Translation by Swami Tyagi Sadananda

2. VedÂntadeïika : NyÂsa-Vimïati.

3. VitòhalanÂtha : Bhaktihamsah.

4. Goswami Rupa : Haribhakti – rasÂmçta sindhu.


OR


(iii) The Philosophy of M. K. Gandhi

Truth, Non-violence, SatyÂgraha, Means and End, Eleven MahÂvratas, Sarvodaya.


Suggested Readings :

1. M. K. Gandhi : An Autobiography : My Experiments with Truth.

2. D. M. Datta : The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi.


OR


(iv) The Philosophy of Pt. M. M. Malaviya

Reality, Dharma, Social system, ÀcÂra, Education.
Suggested Readings :

1. Pt. M. M. Malaviya – SanÂtana Dharma. Pradeepaka. Tara Publication, Varanasi. 1921.

2. V. S. Agrawal – Mahamana Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya ke Lekh Aur Bhashana.

3. Prof. Mukut Bihari Lal : Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya Jivana aur Netritva.

4. Krishna Dutta Dwivedi : BhÂratiya Punarjagaran Aur Malaviya ji, Vishwavidyalaya Prakashan, Varanasi. 1981.

5. Pt. M. M. Malaviya : Hindu Dharmopadesh, Gyan Mandal Prakashan, Varanasi-1933.

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