Unit 1 Tours of Mountains Tour of Theme Parks

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Unit 1

Tour of Theme Parks

  • I Appreciation
  • Ⅱ Snapshot
  • Ⅲ China's Attractions
  • Ⅳ Guangdong Attractions
  • Ⅴ Simulation & Interactive Activity
  • VI Assessment

I Appreciation

  • 1. Please introduce what you have seen from video in English as a tour guide.
  • 2. What information and expression do you think are needed when you introduce mountains of China? You can present your questions in English and give a question list1.
  • 3. Please discuss what questions the tourists may ask to a tour guide and give a question list2.
  • Task A: Listening & Speaking(Based on the English Video 1 of Mount Lushan
  • Mount Lushan (SEE China’s Mountains Resource Pack)

Task Tips

  • Question list 1:
  • 1. Mountain’s topography in profile
  • 2. The typical characteristic of each mountain
  • 3. The cultural and historical background of each mountain
  • 4. The words and expressions of mountain, trees, stones, water and scenery
  • Question list 2:
  • 1. The related culture, history or story of each mountain attraction
  • 2. The names of some particular plants, temples, key point of interest
  • 3. The related information of the city in which the mountain is located

Task B Reading: Lushan Mountain Scenic Area

  • Have a basic knowledge of Lushan Mountain, and try to understand the commentary in the video after appreciation, please tell about a general idea of your understanding.

Lushan Mountain

Lushan Mountain

Lushan Mountain

Lushan Mountain (1)

  • Situated in the southern part of Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province, Lushan Mountain is on the bank of Poyang Lake(1). It is one of China's famous mountains and covers an area of 300 square kilometers. It was included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1996.
  •      The mountain is a well-known scenic area, summer resort and sanitaria. There are imposing and magnificent peaks, unique waterfalls, and historical sites as well as a changing sea of clouds and a warm and comfortable climate.
  • Dahanyang Peak, the highest peak of the mountain, rises 1,474 meters above sea level. The main scenic spots on the mountain include the Peak of the Five Old Men, Three-Step Spring, Hanpo Pass, Lulin Lake, Great Tianchi Lake, Flowerpath, Ruqin Lake, Jingxiu Valley, Immortal's Cavern, Lesser Tianchi Lake, Donglin Temple. White Deer Cave Academy, Lushan Botanical Gardens and Lushan Museum.  
  •     Guling Town, the center of the scenic area, is a unique city on the mountain. At an altitude of 1,167 meters, it is surrounded on three sides by mountains. To its north is Scissors Pass. A mountain highway leads to the various scenic spots from the city. The 1,211-meter-high Hanpo pass lies between the Peak of the Five Old Men and Jiuqi Peak. 

Lushan Mountain (2)

  •    Poyang Lake is in the south of Hanpo Peak and its extensive surface is dotted with thousands of boats. Hanpo Pavilion is an ideal place to view the sunrise. To the east of Three-Step Spring is the Peak of the Five Old Men where a waterfall cascades from rock to rock in a total drop of 300 meters. West of Guling is the Flowerpath where the noted poet of the Tang Dynasty, Bai Juyi, wrote poems expressing his admiration of the peach blossoms. Donglin Temple(2)  on the northwest slope of the mountain is the birthplace of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism. White Deer Cave(3) Academy is in a valley at the foot of the Peak of the Five Old Men and was one of the earliest institutes of higher learning in ancient China. The Greater and Lesser Tianchi Lakes are beautiful scenic spots on the mountain and contain water all the year round. The Greater Tianchi Lake is an ideal place to view a sunset and enjoy the Yangtze River while the Lesser Tianchi Lake is a good place to enjoy the beauty of the Poyang Lake. 

Lushan Mountain (3)

  • Trees surround Lushan Museum on the northern bank of Lulin Lake; it houses ancient Chinese bronzes, pottery from different historical periods, calligraphic works from Tang Dynasty and paintings from Ming and Qing dynasties. The Lushan Botanical Gardens are in a valley to the east of the Mountain. At an altitude of 1,000 to 1,300 meters, they are sub-highland botanical gardens and were founded in 1934. The gardens cover an area of three square kilometers, grow more than 3,400 kinds of plants and preserve 100,000 plant samples. 
  • Notes:
  • 1.  Poyang Lake   鄱阳湖 2.  Donglin Temple  东林寺 3.  White Deer Cave  白鹿洞 

II Snapshot

  • Question 1: Why did Wu Wenqing love the painting so much?
  • Question 2: What kind of spiritual or intellectual enlightenment does MOUNTAIN give you?
  • Question 3: Why did the ancient intellectuals prefer mountains as their favorite topics in their poems or paintings?
  • Task A: Listening & Speaking(based on Chinese Video 2 of Painting Fuchun )

Task Tips

  • 中国山水画是中国人情思中最为厚重的沉淀。游山玩水的大陆文化意识,以山为德、水为性的内在修为意识,咫尺天涯的视错觉意识,一直成为山水画演绎的中轴主线。从山水画中,我们可以集中体味中国画的意境、格调、气韵和色调。再没有那一个画科能向山水画那样给国人以更多的情感。若说与他人谈经辩道,山水画便是民族的底蕴、古典的底气、我的图像、人的性情。

Task B Discussion

  • Work in group to discuss about Chinese culture about MOUNTAIN according to the following reading materials.

Mountain Culture (1)

  • Text in here
  • More than 5000-year civilization in China also nurtures and vitalizes the mountains and waters in her home territory. So in China, we have the mountain culture and water culture, and to a most degree, China’s culture is mostly shown in the process of mountain humanization. Most of China’s world Heritage is mountains such as Mout. Tai, Huntsman Mountain, Wutaishan Mountain, Qingcheng Mountain, Wuyi Mountain and so on. China’s religious culture is largely exhibited on mountains as well. For example in China, Qingcheng Mountain, Sanqing Mountain and Longhu Mountain mainly shows the culture and history of Taoism, E’mei Mountain, Jiuhua Mountain, Wutaishan Mountain and Putuo Mountain display the culture and history of Buddhism, and Mt. Tai main shows the culture of Confucianism. Song Mountain, where Shaolin Temple locates in, is the main center to show the Zen Culture, which is a branch of Chinese localized Buddhism.
  • As a whole, most of Chinese cultural and historic mountains are the complex of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Chinese Mountain culture is also the base of Chinese religion, many sacred regulations, custom of religions and the religious legends are also available on the mountains, which to some extent enrich Chinese local and long-standing social rules and social taboos. Chinese Mountain culture also shows the features of Chinese ancient architectures and also the collections of Chinese quintessential architectural styles and complexes. The Buddhist temples, nunneries and memorials; the Taoism halls, mansions and cultivated houses; the Confucian houses and schools are all shown on the mountains.
  • Mountain Culture (2)

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