the founding of the Khalsa by Guru Gobind Singh, the essential code of
conduct enjoined on those initiated, including the obligation to wear the
five Kakars as under:
“The Guru, whether he was at Anandpur Sahib or at Paontaor any other place, was persistent in his efforts to create that ultimate
instrument, which would help him achieve his objective. He followed thepath shown by his predecessors, which was indeed a primary impulsion,
epitomizing what Sikhism stood for in terms of doctrine, society, individualand corporate living, and ultimate destiny of the creation at universal
level. The praxis was the Khalsa.
The Guru decided to put his plan into operation on the first ofVaisakh 1756 BK (March 29, 1699 CE). He sent hukamnamas to his
followers inviting them to visit Anandpur Sahib in full strength on theVaisakhi festival.
The Sikhs responded by gathering in very large numbers atAnandpur Sahib on the day of the festival, March 29, 1699 CE. Guru
Gobind rose early and sat in meditation. He then appeared before thesangat who hailed him with shouts of greetings. Bhai Mani Singh gave
exposition of a shabad from Adi Granth. Guru Gobind Singh then stoodbefore the assembly with his sword unsheathed and spoke, “Is there
anyone here who would lay down his life for his Guru and dharma.” It wasan amazing call, and no wonder, his words struck confusion among the
gathering. They did not know what the Guru meant and gazed in awedsilence until he spoke again. Now confusion turned into fear. For the third
time, Guru Gobind repeated his call. Daya Ram, a Sikh of Lahore, roseand said in utter humility, “My head is at thy disposal, my True Lord.
There would be no greater gain than dying under the sword.” He walkedwith the Guru to a specially improvised enclosure close by. The Guru
returned with his sword dripping blood, and waving it to the multitudeasked for another head. This was more than anyone could endure.
People started leaving the place. Some of them went to complain to theGuru’s mother. But a Sikh from Delhi, Dharam Das, came forward to offer
himself for sacrifice for the Guru. He, too, was taken to the enclosure. Inthe same way the Guru made three more calls. Mokham Chand, a Sikh
from Dwarika, Himmat, a Sikh from Jagannth, and Sahib Chand, a Sikhfrom Bidar cheerfully responded one after another and advanced to offer
A whileafter,theG uru ledthefive Sikhs backf r o m theenclosure into whichhe hadtaken them one by one.In theenclosure
confidentiallyguarded, he had kept sets ofapparel especiallydesignedfor the occasion. Decked in saffron-coloured gorgeous outfits topped over
with neatly tied turbans ofthe same colour, the glorious five walkeddeferentiallybehindthe Master,overwhelmed with gratitude.The Guru
was himself attired in the same manner as his chosen disciples.
Thegathering considerably thinned and still in shocked muteness was
dear calls Singh that and Sikh life hair "a Professor Puran (Khalsa), the personalityof an initiated discipline responsible action under the of morally Khalsa khanda(double-edged sword)tothe recitationof