Ball State University



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Ball State University


Instructor’s Resource Manual

THE RIVERSIDE READER
Seventh Edition
Joseph F. Trimmer Maxine Hairston

Ball State University University of Texas at Austin

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Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Permission is hereby granted to teachers to reprint or photocopy this work or portions thereof in classroom quantities for use in their classes with accompanying Houghton Mifflin material, provided each copy made shows the copyright notice. Such copies may not be sold and further distribution is expressly prohibited. Except as authorized above, prior written permission must be obtained from Houghton Mifflin Company to reproduce or transmit this work or portions thereof in any form or by any other electronic or mechanical means, including any information storage or retrieval system, unless expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Address inquiries to College Permissions, Houghton Mifflin Company, 222 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA 02116-3764.
Printed in the U.S.A.
ISBN: 0-618-13382-8
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Contents

Preface vi

Introduction 1

SUGGESTIONS FOR NEW WRITING TEACHERS 7

DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSES OF THE ESSAYS AND SHORT STORIES 23

Narration and Description 23

Maya Angelou My Name Is Margaret 24

Doris Kearns Goodwin Keeping the Scorebook 26

Judith Ortiz Cofer The Myth of the Latin Woman 28

Andre Dubus Digging 28

George Orwell Shooting an Elephant 29

Alice Adams Truth or Consequences 31

Process Analysis 33

Lars Eighner My Daily Dives in the Dumpster 34

Nikki Giovanni Campus Racism 101 36

Natalie Angier Dolphin Courtship: Brutal, Cunning, and Complex 37

Julia Alvarez Grounds for Fiction 38

Serena Nanda Arranging a Marriage in India 40

Elizabeth Winthrop The Golden Darters 41

Comparison and Contrast 43

Mark Twain Two Views of the River 44

Scott Russell Sanders Mountain Music 45

Anne Roiphe A Tale of Two Divorces 47

Deborah Tannen Rapport-Talk and Report-Talk 48

Laura Bohannan Shakespeare in the Bush 49

Witi Ihimaera His First Ball 51

Division and Classification  53

Calvin Trillin The Extendable Fork 54

James H. Austin Four Kinds of Chance 56

Mary Mebane Shades of Black 57

Phillip Lopate Modern Friendships 58

Steven Weinberg Five and a Half Utopias 60

Flannery O’Connor Revelation 61

Definition 64

Witold Rybczynski One Good Turn 65

John Berendt The Hoax 66

Richard Rodriguez Growing Up in Los Angeles 67

Stephen Harrigan The Tiger Is God 68

David Brooks Bobos: The New Upper Class 70

Alice Walker Everyday Use 71

Cause and Effect 74

Carl Sagan Science and Hope 75

Andrew C. Revkin Some Big Ideas Wash Up One Bulb at a Time 76

Robert Coles Uniforms 77

Daniel Goleman Peak Performance: Why Records Fall 79

Cathy Young Keeping Women Weak 80

Sandra Cisneros One Holy Night 82

Persuasion and Argument 84

Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have a Dream 85

Eric Liu A Chinaman’s Chance: Reflections on the American Dream 87

Barbara Kingsolver Stone Soup 88

Barbara Dafoe Whitehead Women and the Future of Fatherhood 90

Paul Rogat Loeb Soul of a Citizen 91

Sven Birkerts Confessions of a Nonpolitical Man 93

Toni Morrison The Bird in Our Hand 94

Jonathan Rauch In Defense of Prejudice 96

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Harrison Bergeron 97



Resources for Writing—The Internet 99

Wendy Lesser The Conversion 100

William Zinsser The Keyboard 102

John Steele Gordon The Golden Spike 103

Dave Barry Selected Web Sites 105

Laura Miller Women and Children First: Gender and the Settling of the


Electronic Frontier 106

M. Kadi Welcome to Cyberia 108

Evan I. Schwartz Looking for Community on the Internet 109

William Gibson Burning Chrome 111



READING QUIZZES AND VOCABULARY LISTS 112

Narration and Description 113

Process Analysis 125

Comparison and Contrast 137

Division and Classification 149

Definition 161

Cause and Effect 173

Persuasion and Argument 185

Resources for Writing—The Internet 203

ANSWER KEY FOR READING QUIZZES 219

SAMPLE STUDENT ESSAYS 236

Narration and Description 237

Mark Finch Adrenaline 237



Process Analysis 248

Anthony Forma How to Float 239

Amanda Schreiber Where Is the Perfect Pet? 242

Comparison and Contrast 245

Alan Coltrain Bullish on Taurus 245



Division and Classification 247

Sue Isham Perfumes, Toilet Water, and Colognes 247



Definition 249

Sarah Sauter People 249



Cause and Effect 251

Aaron Keller The Liberal Backlash 251



Persuasion and Argument 252

Doug Michelson The Throw-away Society 252

Rickie Light The Right to Know 253

Elizabeth Greene Stereotypes Did Not Stop My Students 255


Preface

Using the Instructor’s Guide

The instructor’s guide provides several aids that help in teaching The Riverside Reader:


• Three approaches to using The Riverside Reader in a process-centered writing class.

• Suggestions for new teachers about how to organize and teach a writing class.

• A brief analysis of each rhetorical strategy in the text, summarizing the purposes a teacher might consider in planning the sequence of reading and writing assignments in a writing course.

• Descriptive summaries of every essay and story in the anthology, pointing out the salient features that a teacher might want to emphasize in a rhetorical analysis of the text.

• A reading quiz for each essay. These questions can be answered and graded quickly, perhaps even graded by students in class. Each quiz contains at least one question based on the essay’s headnote to encourage students to discover something about the background and credentials of the author. These quizzes are not intended as tests of a students ability to read rhetorically. That task comes in the give-and-take of class discussion. But these quizzes do offer a convenient way to see whether there is any point in beginning such a discussion—that is, to see whether the students have read the assignment. An answer key is included at the back of this guide.

• Vocabulary lists for each essay. In addition to encouraging students to read with a dictionary at hand, such vocabulary lists emphasize the importance of diction in the crafting of each essay. As Mark Twain once said, “the difference between the right word and the nearly right word is the difference between lightning and the lightning bug.”



• Student writing samples that exhibit the writing strategies presented in The Riverside Reader. These samples enable students to see how writers like themselves defined their purpose, anticipated the needs of their audience, and used certain writing strategies to compose an essay.




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