Wills Harold



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Why did William win the Battle of Hastings?

Wills

Harold

lucky

Lucky

Skilful

Skilful

prepared

prepared
What happened before the battle?

Read the account below and highlight anything that shows the two leaders (Harold Godwinson or William of Normany) were / were not LUCKY / SKILL FUL / WELL PREPARED

Remember your key!
After the death of Edward the Confessor on January 1066, Harold Godwineson went to London and was crowned King Harold II. In April Halley’s Comet was seen in the sky and many people believed that it was a sign that God was displeased. Harold knew that both Harald Hardrada and William, Duke of Normandy were both waiting to invade.
He decided to wait on the south coast for William but the weather meant that he was stuck in Normandy. By the summer, therefore, Harold had to send his troops home to get in the harvest. Just after he had done this Harold Hardrada and 500 ships sailed into the River Tyne in the North East of England.
On 20th September Hardrada landed and defeated the English important Earls Edwin and Morcar. Harold now had to gather his army and march to the north to meet Hardrada. On the 25th September the two armies fought at Stamford Bridge and Harold Hardrada was killed. Only 24 Norwegian ships returned home. Harold had just won a great victory at Stamford Bridge and this gave his men confidence but Harold had lost some of his best men at Stamford Bridge.
Then on the 27th September the wind suddenly changed direction and William and his fleet set sail for England. They landed in Pevensey the next day and marched to Hastings and prepared for the battle. William´s troops were able to relax and have a feast before the battle and William was able to get his armour and weapons ready. William had horsemen, slingers, archers and foot soldiers and had help from all parts of France.

On 2nd October Harold began to march south by forcing his soldiers even though they were tired. He covered 50 miles in a day and left some of his archers in the north. Four days later he reached London and got together a new army of foot soldiers. Harold´s men were exhausted after first marching north and then south again.



He remained in London until the 11th October and marched to Hastings. He arrived at Hastings on the night of the 13th and prepared for the battle which started the next morning. Harold did not have all his troops ready for the battle.

What happened during the battle?
Task 2: Who had a better position at the start of the battle?

Notes:

Task 3:


Look at this use evidence from what you see here to fill in the table below with any notes you think are important

  • William positioned his archers at the front, then his foot soldiers and his cavalry (men on horses) at the back.

  • The two armies began the battle by shouting rude things at each other

  • In the first part of the battle the Norman arrows had no impact on the Saxons and they could not get to them as they were up on the hill.

  • Half way through the battle the Normans thought William was dead. He took off his helmet and made a speech to his men.

  • The Normans then pretended to run away and the Saxons followed them from the hill

  • The Normans swung round and cut them down!

  • Harold was shot in the eye with an arrow and the Saxons, with their leader dead, began to run away.

Evidence that shows William had skill and courage during the battle?



Evidence that shows William was lucky or Harold was unlucky?



Why did William win the Battle of Hastings?
Introduction:

The Battle of Hastings took place on _______________ . The two leaders _________________ and _______________ met at Senlac Hill and by the end of the day __________ had been killed and _____________ was to be the next king of England.


Paragraph 1:

One of the reasons why William won was because he was well prepared. I know this because_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(Give two reasons why he was well prepared)
Paragraph 2:

Another reason why he won was that he was a brave and skilful leader. He was brave and skilful because _______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ (give 2 reasons why he was brave and skilful)

Paragraph 3:

The final reason was that William was luckier than Harold because ______________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ (give 2 reasons why he was luckier than Harold)
I think the most important reason why William won the battle was _________________.

I think this because ________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Why did William win the Battle of Hastings?
Use this writing frame to help you write your essay.

ALWAYS PEEL!


(Introduction – Write a few sentences about the battle – when, where, who and what happened.)
Para 1:

POINT: One of the reasons why William won was because he was well prepared.


EVIDENCE: Give 3 or more reasons why William was well prepared for the battle
EXPLAIN: Why would this help him to win?
LINK: Write a sentence which shows how this point can link to others
Para 2:

Another reason why he won was that he was a brave and skilful leader.

Give 3 or more reasons why he was brave and skilful

Why would this help him to win?

Write a sentence which shows how this point can link to others
Para 3:

The final reason was that William was luckier than Harold.

Give 3 or more reasons why he was lucky

Why would this help him to win?



Write a sentence which shows how this point can link to others
Conclusion

Overall the most important reasons why William won were ……….

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