A dependent clause is of three types – Adjective Clause, Adverb Clause, and Noun Clause.
1. Adjective Clause or Relative Clause:
An adjective clause or relative clause is like an adjective which comes before to change or modify the noun or pronoun by – who, which, that, where, when, whose, whom, whoever, etc.
This is a resort that we saw on the TV.
The Lady who was our tour guide is a American.
2. Adverb Clause or Adverbial Clause:
An adverbial clause or subordinate clause is a type of dependent clause which starts with subordinating conjunctions like – because, although, when, if, until, as if etc.
The homeless guy spent the night on the road.
We wanted to go to the Bashundhara Cineplex.
3. Noun Clause:
In a sentence when a clause functions as the complement, subject or object is called noun clause. It starts with the same words that begin adjective clauses, e.g., that, who, when, which, where, whether, why, how.
What we saw at the Thor movie was amazing.
To understand the types of transformation of sentences we need to know the definition of the Simple Sentences, Complex Sentences, and Compound Sentences.
When in a sentence that has one independent clause it is called simple sentence.
Example: He confessed his illegal act.
When in a sentence that has one clause and one or more subordinate clauses it is called a complex sentence.
Example: He confessed that he was guilty of his illegal act.
When in a sentence that has more than one main clause it is called the compound sentence.
Example: I went to watch a movie named Justice League, but the movie was already houseful.
Transforming Simple Sentences into Complex Sentences:
Converting Simple Sentences into Complex Sentences can be done easily. And this can be done by simply expanding a word or a phrase into a clause. Moreover, we can do the same thing when we want to change the Complex Sentences into Simple Sentences. And this can be done by eliminating a clause into a word or a phrase.
Few examples are given below to understand the concept and conventional rules of transforming between Simple Sentence and Complex Sentences:-
“Present participle” in a simple sentence, to convert into complex sentences by adding “since/as/when” at the first half of the sentence.
Simple Sentence: Closing the door, I went back to school.
“Subject + verb + object + present participle” type of simple sentence, to convert it to the complex sentence by “subject + verb + object + relative pronoun of the object + be verb according to relative pronoun and tense + rest of the sentence”.
Simple Sentence: I saw a bird flying.
Complex Sentence: I saw a bird which was flying.
In the simple sentence starts with “without”,by adding “if/ in case” is converted into the complex sentence.
Simple Sentence: Without adding the sugar the dish will taste bad.
Complex Sentence: If you do not add sugar the dish will taste bad.
In the simple sentence “at the time” will be converted into “when” in the complex sentence.
Simple Sentence: She woke up at the time of load shedding.
Complex Sentence: She woke up when it was load shedding.
In the simple sentence, “adjective” will be converted into “that/which” in the complex sentence.