Assignment #1



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  • Capitalization
  • 4.21 B Copy all notes in journals and complete assignments.

Assignment #1

  • Make Mini Anchor Charts on Capitalization.
  • Focus on:
      • Historical events and documents.
      • Titles of books, stories, and essays.
      • Language, races, and nationalities.

RULE #1

  • Capitalize the first word of a sentence
  • Pioneers pushed the American frontier westward.
  • Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts

RULE #2

  • Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.
  • Tyrone said, “The pioneers acted very bravely.”

RULE #3

  • When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter.
  • “They left their homes,” said Lee, “so they could improve their lives.”

RULE #3 continued

  • When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin the second part of the quotation with a capital letter.
  • “Many pioneers went west for the rich farmland,” said Maria. “They also wanted to build new homes.”

RULE #4

  • Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appear in quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that.
  • Tanya read that many pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons.

RULE #5

  • Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter. Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed.
  • Dear Mrs. Johnson,
  • Dear friend,
  • Yours truly, Sincerely,

Capitalizing people’s names and titles Rule #1

  • Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names.
  • Meriwether Lewis
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • J. F. Cooper

Rule #2

  • Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name.
  • General Lee Sen. John Glenn
  • Mrs. Adams
  • Did Lieutenant Clark say, “Yes, Captain, I’ll go with you’?

Rule #2 continued

  • Do not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun.
  • Clark himself was later promoted to captain.
  • Thomas Jefferson, then president, planned the expedition.

Rule #3

  • Capitalize the names and abbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr.
  • M. Katayama, M.D.
  • Jan Rangel, Ph.D.
  • Robert Ayers Jr.

Rule #4

  • Capitalize words that show family relationships when used as titles or as substitutes for a person’s name.
  • In 1960 Father retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark.
  • He was accompanied by Uncle Bill

Rule #4 continued

  • Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when they follow a possessive noun or pronoun.
  • Sharon’s aunt Janet wrote an article about the trip.
  • Possessive Noun

Rule #5

  • Social studies is the subject I like.

Assignment #1

  • Writer’s Choice:
  • Write your own Capitalization sentences and use what your learned in your journals. Check and record tomorrow.

Capitalizing place names rule #1

  • Capitalize the names of cities, counties, states countries, and continents.
  • Houston Orange County
  • Iowa Japan

Capitalizing place names rule #2

  • Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features.
  • Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Mexico
  • Niagara Falls Atlantic Ocean

Capitalizing place names rule #3

  • Capitalize the names of sections of the country.

Capitalizing place names rule #4

  • Capitalize compass points when they refer to a specific section of the country.
  • the West Coast the North
  • the Southeast

Capitalizing place names rule #4 continued

  • Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction.
  • Los Angeles is south of San Francisco.
  • Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction.
  • easterly wind western Texas

Capitalizing place names rule #5 continued

  • Capitalize the names of streets and highways.
  • Monroe Street Route 66
  • Mercury Boulevard
  • Candy Avenue

Capitalizing place names rule #6 continued

  • Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments.
  • Chrysler Building Brooklyn Bridge
  • Washington Monument

Capitalizing place names rule #7 continued

  • Capitalize the names of celestial bodies.
  • Pluto North Star
  • the Milky Way

Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectives Rule #1

  • Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties.
  • Data Corporation
  • Boy Scouts
  • Republican party

Rule #2

  • Capitalize brand names but not the nouns following them.
  • Cruncho peanut butter
  • Spiffy cleaning fluid

Rule #3

  • Capitalize the names of important historical events, periods of time, and documents

Rule #4

  • Capitalize names of days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Do not capitalize names of the seasons.
  • Thursday
  • April
  • Memorial Day
  • summer

Rule #5

  • Capitalize the first word, the last word, and all important words in the title of a book, play, short story, poem, essay, article, film television series, song, magazine, newspaper, and chapter of a book.
  • A Wrinkle in Time
  • “The Raven”
  • Washington Post

Rule #6

  • Capitalize the names of ethnic groups, nationalities, and languages.
  • Asian
  • German
  • Spanish
  • English

Rule #7

  • Capitalize proper adjectives that are formed from the names of ethnic groups and nationalities.
  • Asian languages
  • Italian food
  • English authors


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