Study Guide for Exam II chapters 7-11, 13



Download 23.98 Kb.
Date08.12.2016
Size23.98 Kb.

JS104

Hagemann


Study Guide for Exam II

Chapters 7-11, 13 (Note that I have deleted Chapter 14 from this exam!)
For each chapter, you should know the “Questions for Inquiry” at the beginning of each chapter, and the key terms. The key terms are set out in the margins. There will be questions from the Carceral book. You should also review your notes from Lt. William Muniz’s presentation on Salinas Valley State Prison.
I will be using 4 or more of the following essay questions on Exam II. Each essay will be worth ten points, so you should identify ten points that contribute to the answer for each question.
Chapter 7:


  1. What is the purpose of pretrial detention? What are the four problems faced by detainees? Explain each problem and how it impacts the pretrial detainee and the jail administrators. What rights do detainees have?




  1. What are the five keys issues related to jail management as cited in Chapter 7? List them and explain why each is a unique problem for jails in the United States.


Chapter 8:


  1. How does the use of probation affect the corrections system? Why is used it so extensively? Why might some probationers be kept in the community after a technical violation, rather than having their probation revoked? Do you agree or disagree with this practice?




  1. What is the “dual role of probation”? How do these roles conflict? What are the two types of conditions typically imposed upon a probationer? What is the purpose of each?


Chapter 9:


  1. What does “continuum of sanctions” refer to? The book identifies several types of intermediate sanctions: those administered by the judiciary, those administered in the community, and those administered in institutions. Give an example of each type, and then explain the purpose of each sanction you listed.


Chapter 10:
6. “All inmates will be tested for HIV. All inmates found to be HIV positive will be placed in Wing A, regardless of their physical condition, conviction offense, or time remaining on their sentence.” The preceding policy was adopted by Elmwood State Prison in 1998 and was met with outrage by the American civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and Association for Prisoner’s Rights. Why would a warden implement such a policy? Is there a rational basis for such a policy? Does such a policy reflect “compelling state interest”? Why would the ACLU find it so controversial? Do you agree with the Warden or the ACLU? Why?



  1. In chapter 10, the authors explain the various types of prison designs in the U.S. What are the positive and negative aspects of the radial, telephone pole, courtyard and campus style prison designs? How do various prison designs correlate with various goals of incarceration? What do you consider to be the most appropriate design for future prisons? Why?


Chapter 11:


  1. What is the nature of violence in today’s prisons? The book cites three types of prison violence: prisoner on prisoner; prisoner on officer and officer on prisoner. What does Carceral say causes prison violence in Part III of his book? Based on what Carceral says, how might violence be prevented?




  1. What is the Inmate Code? How does the textbook version of the Inmate Code compare with Carceral’s Convict Code? (p. 122) What did Carceral say about life in prison that reflects his experience with the Inmate Code? Explain how these codes impact prison management and administration.

10. Chapter 11 examines the adaptive roles of inmates: gleaning, doing time, jailing and disorganized criminal. Read the stories of the inmates profiled in Ch.11 in the Focus box: “How Ya Gonna Do Your Time?” (p.274-5, 7th ed.) Be prepared to explain how each is doing their time, and why. Which of these inmates do you expect will stay out of prison, once they are released? Which do you expect will end up back in prison? Why?


11. What do Clear, Cole & Reisig say about the prison economy, and how does it compliment or contrast with what Carceral says about the prison economy? What are high value items in a prison commissary? Why? What items are commonly available in the underground economy?
Chapter 13:


  1. Prisons require compliance in order to function: compliance from staff, correctional officers, and inmates. Explain what compliance is, and then explain and give an example of compliance as it applies to:

    1. prison staff relations

    2. staff/inmate relations

    3. inmate/inmate relations.




  1. In Chapter 13, Clear, Cole & Reisig cite three types of power used in running a prison. List them and give an example of each type of power as it applies to the prison setting, maintaining control of prison staff, and inmates. Which do you consider the most effective type of power to use in maintaining order in a prison? Explain why.




  1. Chapter 13 (p. 338, 7th ed.) addresses the concept of boundary violations. Explain what boundary violations are. How are they reflective of the notion that inmates seek out vulnerability in officers an staff? What problems might be caused by boundary violations, and how does this threat impact correctional management?


JS104 Exam II

ESSAY QUESTIONS
1. In most jails, more than 50% of the inmates are pretrial detainees. What does that mean? What is the purpose of pretrial detention? What are the four problems faced by detainees? Explain each problem and how it impacts the pretrial detainee and jail administrators.
2. What are the “dual roles of probation”? How do these roles conflict? What are the two types of conditions typically imposed upon a probationer? What is the purpose of each? In what ways can probation status be ended?
3. What does “continuum of sanctions” refer to? The book identifies several types of intermediate sanctions: those administered by the judiciary, those administered in the community, and those administered in institutions. Give an example of each type, and explain the purpose of each sanction you listed. What are 2 benefits of intermediate sanctions? What are 2 problems with intermediate sanctions?
4. “All inmates will be tested for HIV. All inmates found to be HIV positive will be placed in Wing A, regardless of their physical condition, conviction offense, or time remaining on their sentence.”
The preceding policy was adopted by Elmwood State Prison in 1998 and was met with outrage by the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) and Assn. for Prisoners’ Rights. What were the warden’s primary concerns in implementing such a policy? Why is such a policy so controversial? What are the advantages or disadvantages to such a policy for the inmates?
5. What is the nature of violence in today’s prisons? The book cites three types of prison violence: prisoner on prisoner; prisoner on officer and officer on prisoner. What does Carceral say causes prison violence in Part III of his book? Based on what Carceral says, how might violence be prevented?
6. What is the Inmate Code? How does the textbook version of the Inmate Code compare with Carceral’s Convict Code? (p. 122) What did Carceral say about life in prison that reflects his experience with the Inmate Code? Explain how these codes impact prison management and administration.

7. What do Clear, Cole & Reisig say about the prison economy, and how does it compliment or contrast with what Carceral says about the prison economy? What are high value items in a prison commissary? Why? What items are commonly available in the underground economy?


8. Prisons require compliance from staff, correctional officers and inmates in order to function effectively. In Chapter 5 of his book, Carceral discusses compliance between inmates and officers. Explain what compliance is, and then explain compliance as it applies to:

  • prison staff

  • staff/inmate

  • inmate/inmate relations

What examples did Carceral give of how this issue is viewed by the inmates? How does it impact their time in prison? How does this attitude impact prison management?


9. Chapter 13 (p. 338, 7th ed.) addresses the concept of boundary violations. Explain what boundary violations are. How are they reflective of the theory that inmates seek out vulnerability in officers and staff? Using the examples provided by Carceral in Chapter 12, demonstrate how boundary violations can occur. What problems might be caused by boundary violations, and how does this threat impact correctional management?

Download 23.98 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page