Sectional tensions were caused by competing economic interests



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  • Have you ever had to draw a boundary line to keep someone out of your stuff or to keep someone away?
  • Why did this happen?
  • What was the opposing side’s reaction?

Economic Disagreements

  • Sectional tensions were caused by competing economic interests
  • Industrial North favored tariffs to protect northern goods from foreign competition.
  • Agricultural South opposed tariffs that made the price of imports more expensive.

Sectional tensions were caused by westward expansion.

  • Sectional tensions were caused by westward expansion.
  • As new states entered the Union, compromises were reached that maintained the balance of power in Congress between “free” and “slave” states.
  • Remember your chart comparing the compromises?

Missouri Compromise

  • The Missouri Compromise (1820) drew an east-west line through the Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line and allowed below, except that slavery was allowed in Missouri, north of the line.

Compromise of 1850

  • • In the Compromise of 1850, California entered as a free state, while the new Southwestern territories acquired from Mexico would decide on their own.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 repealed the Missouri Compromise line by giving people in Kansas and Nebraska the choice whether to allow slavery in their states (“popular sovereignty”).
  • This law produced “Bloody Kansas” as pro- and anti-slavery forces battled each other. It also led to the birth of the Republican party that same year to oppose the spread of slavery.

Sectional tensions were caused by debates over the nature of the Union.

  • Sectional tensions were caused by debates over the nature of the Union.
  • South Carolina argued that sovereign states could nullify acts of Congress. A Union that allowed state governments to invalidate acts of the national legislature could be dissolved by states seceding from the Union in defense of slavery (Nullification Crisis).
  • President Jackson threatened to send federal troops to collect the tariff revenues from SC.

“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.”

  • “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.”
      • Who said this?
      • What does it mean?

Slave Revolt!

  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion in Virginia, (led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser) led to harsh laws in the South against fugitive slaves.
  • Whites in the south who favored abolition were intimidated into silence.

Abolition Movement

  • Northerners, led by William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of The Liberator, increasingly viewed the institution of slavery as a violation of Christian principles and argued for its abolition.

Women’s suffrage movement

  • At the same time the abolitionist movement grew, another reform movement started, to give equal rights to women.

Seneca Falls Declaration

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony

Think about all the topics regarding the Pre-Civil War Era that we have discussed over the last few classes…

  • Think about all the topics regarding the Pre-Civil War Era that we have discussed over the last few classes…
  • LIST some important:
  • PEOPLE EVENTS
  • LAWS
  • COMPROMISES
  • PLACES
  • IDEAS

Causes of the Civil War

  • • Sectional debate over tariffs, extension of slavery in the territories, and the nature of the Union (states’ rights)
  • • Northern abolitionists v. southern defenders of slavery
  • • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case
  • • Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • • A history of failed compromises over the expansion of slavery in the territories
  • • President Lincoln’s call for federal troops in 1861

Civil War Info

  • www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us20.cfm

Civil War Ideas

  • WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE CIVIL WAR?
  • Add to your list…

Civil War Era Essay

  • Approx. 500 words OR 3 pages
  • Typed, 12 pt font, Courier New Font
  • Double Spaced, 1” Margin Max on all sides
  • Minimum of three sources
  • Bibliography, MLA format

More Ideas for essay!!

  • http://americancivilwar.com/


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