The scope of this course is to understand the chemical engineering aspect of the raw materials, production, control and application of the commercial inorganic non-metals materials, such as traditional and advanced ceramics.
Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course
Competences required by courses Material and energy balances, Unit operations and Reaction engineering.
Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)
After completion of a process of learning in the Engineering of selected inorganic materials, student will be able to know (i) the structure-property relationship and reason for specific behaviour ceramics in real term of application, as well as (ii) processing techniques of ceramic materials. Also, students acquire the knowledge with regards to (iii) the interrelationship of processing, structure, properties and performance in terms of the design, production and utilization of ceramics. So, the more proficient and confident student will be in making judicious materials choices based on these criteria (iv). Also, accepted knowledge and skills provide competence for (v) independent work in manufacturing plants of ceramic industry, controlling and leading of manufacturing processes, quality control of raw materials and products, as well as for work in various institutes or laboratories.
Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)
Introduction. Material science and engineering. Classification of materials. Metals, ceramics, polymers, composites. Advanced materials. (2 hours)
From pottery to the Space Shuttle. (2 hours)
Ceramic materials. Overview of the traditional and advanced ceramics. Structure and properties of ceramics. (2 hours)
Silicate ceramics. Silica. Silica glasses. Structure and composition of inorganic glass. The silicates. Simple silicates. Layered silicates. (2 hours)
Carbon. Diamond. Graphite. Fullerenes. Imperfections in ceramics. Atomic point defects. Frenkel and Schottky defects. Phase diagrams of the systems important in ceramics. (2 hours)
Applications and processing of ceramics. Glasses. Glass-ceramics. Glass properties. Glass forming processes. The press-and-blow technique for producing a glass bottle. The float process for making sheet glass.(2 hours)
Applications and processing of ceramics. Clay products. The characteristics of clay. The structure and properties. Composition of clay products. Phase diagrams. (2 hours)
Fabrication techniques. Hydroplastic forming. Slip casting. Powder pressing both clay and non-clay compositions. Drying and firing (sintering). Sintering mechanisms. Tape casting. Flow diagrams. (2 hours)
Other applications and processing. Abrasives. Advanced ceramics. Oxides, non-oxides and composites. Properties, processing and applications. (2 hours)
Inorganic cements or mineral binders. Non-hydraulic cements. Lime. Plaster of Paris or gypsum. Raw materials. Flow diagrams. (2 hours)
Hydraulic cement. The silicate's or Portland cement. Raw materials. Production of Portland cement. Flow diagram. Production of Portland cement clinker. Solid state reaction below the sintering temperature. Process equipment. (2 hours)
Composition of clinker. Phase diagrams of the systems CaO-Al2O3-SiO2. Cooling cement clinker. Cement grinding. Process equipment. (2 hours)
DSP cement composites. Types of cement (EN 197-1). Quality insurance. Environment protection and cement industry. (2 hours)
Exercises: Clay. Characterisation of clay by the XRD, FTIR, DTA-TG/DTG analysis. (4 hours)
Preparation of ceramic slurry and manufacturing ceramic vase by slip-casting technical. (3 hours)
Glass. Determination of glass chemical stability. Calculation of glass mixture. (4 hours)
Mineral binders. Determination of chemical and physical properties of mineral binders (standard consistency, setting time, density, fineness). (4 hours)
Determination of heat of hydration of Portland cement and cement with additions by method of solution. Calculation of the mixture of raw materials for Portland cement production. (4 hours)
Determination of mechanical properties of hardened cement composite (compressive and flexural strengths). (3 hours)
Determination of the portlandite by using thermal methods of analysis and kinetic analysis of the early stage of hydration Portland cement with pozzolanic addition. (4 hours)
Visiting the Portland cement Plant, including technological process of production, process equipment and assessment, control of quality of product, environmental protection related to production of cement). (4 hours)
Format of instruction
☐ seminars and workshops
☐ on linein entirety
☐ partial e-learning
☐ field work
☐ independent assignments
☐ work with mentor
Class attendance, experimental work, written exam, oral exam
Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course)
Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam
Work in class to provide the student to integrate and apply the knowledge gained throughout an actual problem. Every theoretical chapter is followed by exercises which be held in laboratory. Every student must carry out laboratory works from three chapters, as well as field work, i. e. visiting industrial plant. During auditory-practices in class, students analyse the achieved results and compares them to the experienced ones. Also, the students realize the aims of engineering education, one of which is to acquire the tools needed to transform the basic sciences into reality.
Assessment methods are written and oral examination. The students must document his exam in a writing report and give an oral presentation. During ten (10) questions, students will be given solution using the knowledge they gained from the course. Positive assessment: 60/100 points.
Required literature (available in the library and via other media)
Number of copies in the library
Availability via other media
W.D. Callister, D.G. Rethwisch, Material Science and Engineering, SI Version, 8th Ed., J. Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd., 2011.
M. Tecilazić-Stevanović, Osnove tehnologije keramike, Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Beograd, 1990.
W. Vogel, Kemija stakla, SKTH, Zagreb, 1985.
Z. Osmanović, J. Zelić, Proizvodnja portland cementa, Univerzitet u Tuzli, Tuzla, 2010.
F.W. Locher, Cement: principlies of production and use, Verlag Bau+Technik GmbH, Düsseldorf, 2006.
Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)
Y-M. Chiang, D.P. Birnie, W.D. Kingery, Physical ceramics: principles for ceramic science and engineering, J. Wiley&Sons, Inc., N.Y., 1997.; M. Tecilazić-Stevanović, Osnove tehnologije keramike, Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Beograd, 1990.; W. Vogel, Kemija stakla, SKTH, Zagreb, 1985.; J. Bensted, P. Barnes, Structure and performance of cement, E&FN Spon, London, 2002.
Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences
Quality assurance will be performed at three levels: (1) University Level, (2) Faculty Level by Quality Control Committee, (3) Lecturer's Level.
Other (as the proposer wishes to add)
As for this course there are not required literature in full form, but only particular chapters in the different books, the textbook publication with complete materials of the course is certainly needed to help students to better assimilate the facts presented in lectures.
Also, as this course is an optional course, it have been activated (in English language) in the academic year 2011/2012 when the student from Poland (through Erasmus program) enrolled the 3rd year of the University (Academic) undergraduate study: Chemical Technology on the Faculty of Chemical Technology University of Split.