Graduate record examinations



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GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS®


Practice Test #1

Analytical Writing 1: Issue



Analytical Writing 2: Argument

Copyright © 2010 by Educational Testing Service. All

rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries.

Revised Graduate Record Examinations® General Test




Practice Test Number 1




Information for screen reader users:


This document has been created to be accessible to individuals who use screen readers. You may wish to consult the manual or help system for your screen reader to learn how best to take advantage of the features implemented in this document. Please consult the separate document, GRE Screen Reader Instructions.doc, for important details.
This material is copyright 2010 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. In an actual test, you will have the additional time approved by Educational Testing Service to complete the test, which consists of two writing tasks and four multiple-choice sections.
Standard timing for each section of the test is as follows:

Section Order

Section Name

Standard Time

Analytical Writing 1

Analyze an Issue

30 minutes

Analytical Writing 2

Analyze an Argument

30 minutes

1

Verbal Reasoning

35 minutes

2

Verbal Reasoning

35 minutes

3

Quantitative Reasoning

40 minutes

4

Quantitative Reasoning

40 minutes

Within a section, you may move through the script in any order you choose, and repeat portions as needed. In an actual test, breaks, including lunch breaks, must occur at the end of sections. Once you complete a section, you may not return to it.


If you are using the screen reader edition along with another format of the practice test, you may notice some differences in the wording of some questions or directions. Differences in wording between the screen reader and other editions are the result of adaptations made for each edition.

Essay Responses


Your essay responses on the Analytical Writing section will be reviewed by Educational Testing Service (E T S) essay-similarity-detection software and by experienced essay readers during the scoring process. In light of the high value placed on independent intellectual activity within U S graduate schools and universities, E T S reserves the right to cancel test scores of any test taker when there is substantial evidence that an essay response includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:

  1. Text that is similar to that found in one or more other GRE® essay responses

  2. Quoting or paraphrasing, without attribution, language that appears in published or unpublished sources

  3. Unacknowledged use of work that has been produced through collaboration with others without citation of the contribution of others

  4. Essays that are submitted as work of the examinee when the words have, in fact, been borrowed from elsewhere or prepared by another person

When one or more of the above circumstances occur, your essay text, in E T S’s professional judgment, does not reflect the independent writing skills that this test seeks to measure. Therefore, E T S must cancel the score as invalid and cannot report the GRE General Test scores of which the Analytical Writing score is an indispensable part. No record of the score cancellation or the reason for cancellation will appear on future score reports sent to colleges and universities.


The first Analytical Writing task follows. In an actual test, your supervisor will tell you when the testing time starts, at which point you may continue.


The Graduate Record Examinations:

Analytical Writing 1:




ANALYZE AN ISSUE:




Directions:

You will be given a brief quotation that states or implies an issue of general interest and specific instructions on how to respond to that issue. Plan and compose a response in which you develop a position on the issue according to the specific instructions. A response to any other issue will receive a score of zero. Standard timing for an issue topic is 30 minutes.


Make sure that you respond to the specific instructions and support your position on the issue with reasons and examples drawn from such areas as your reading, experience, observations, and/or academic studies.
Trained GRE readers will read your response and evaluate its overall quality according to how well you do each of the following:


  • Respond to the specific instructions on the issue

  • Consider the complexities of the issue

  • Organize, develop, and express your ideas

  • Support your position with relevant reasons and/or examples

  • Control the elements of standard written English

Before you begin writing, you may want to think for a few minutes about the issue and the instructions and then plan your response. Be sure to develop your position fully and organize it coherently, but leave time to reread what you have written and make any revisions you think are necessary.



Issue Topic:

The best ideas arise from a passionate interest in commonplace things.


Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement above and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how those considerations shape your position.
This is the end of the issue topic for GRE Practice Test Number 1. In an actual test, once you complete work on this topic you may not return to it.
Accessible versions of sample essays and commentaries are available separately. Contact E T S Disability Services Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. New York time, at 1-609-771-7780, or 1-866-387-8602 (toll free for test takers in the United States, U.S. Territories, and Canada), or via email at stassd@ets.org.

The Graduate Record Examinations:

Analytical Writing 2:

ANALYZE AN ARGUMENT:




Directions:

You will be given a short passage that presents an argument, or an argument to be completed, and specific instructions on how to respond to that passage. Plan and compose a response in which you analyze the passage according to the specific instructions. A response to any other argument will receive a score of zero. Standard timing for an argument topic is 30 minutes.


Note that you are NOT being asked to present your own views on the subject. Make sure that you respond to the specific instructions and support your analysis with relevant reasons and/or examples.
Trained GRE readers will read your analysis and evaluate its overall quality according to how well you do each of the following:


  • Respond to the specific instructions on the passage

  • Identify and analyze important features of the passage

  • Organize, develop, and express your analysis

  • Support your analysis with relevant reasons and/or examples

  • Control the elements of standard written English

Before you begin writing, you may want to think for a few minutes about the passage and the instructions and then plan your response. Be sure to develop your analysis fully and organize it coherently, but leave time to reread what you have written and make any revisions you think are necessary.



Argument Topic:

The argument to be analyzed is as follows:



Hospital statistics regarding people who go to the emergency room after roller-skating accidents indicate the need for more protective equipment. Within that group of people, 75 percent of those who had accidents in streets or parking lots had not been wearing any protective clothing (helmets, knee pads, etc.) or any light-reflecting material (clip-on lights, glow-in-the-dark wrist pads, etc.). Clearly, the statistics indicate that by investing in high-quality protective gear and reflective equipment, roller skaters will greatly reduce their risk of being severely injured in an accident.
Write a response in which you examine the unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
This is the end of the Argument Topic for Revised GRE Practice Test 1. In an actual test, once you complete a section you may not return to it.
Accessible versions of sample essays and commentaries are available separately. Contact E T S Disability Services Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. New York time, at 1-609-771-7780, or 1-866-387-8602 (toll free for test takers in the United States, U.S. Territories, and Canada), or via email at stassd@ets.org.
This is the end of Revised GRE Practice Analytical Writing Test Number 1.


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