Analysis essays explain the rhetorical devices, structures, (compare-contrast, cause and effect, definition) figurative language used by the author and the reasons for the devices.
Defend Qualify refute choose a viewpoint on the prompt. Writers either agree or disagree with the prompt, or they can explain the merits of each (saying some of the claims are correct and others are incorrect.)
Trying to analyze the author's rhetorical strategies or her style instead of arguing a point.
When arguing a position one must first examine the question for the purpose of the response.
When asked to defend a position, one must explain the merits of the position--what makes it a workable, viable position. Supporting arguments would not merely restate, but actually develop the position.
When asked to refute a position, one must explain the problems with the position—why it is not a workable, viable position. Arguments should anticipate how the opposing reader might react to the supporting arguments and respond accordingly.
When asked to qualify a position, the writer recognizes the merits of a position (claim) but then proceeds to disagree with the position citing specific evidence. Avoid using concrete words such as all,, none, always, never.
The Morgan Horse Revisited: Using AP Samples for Revisions
Mary Jo Potts
Prompt for DRQ question.
Contemporary life is marked by controversy. Choose a controversial local, national, or global issue with which you are familiar. Then, using appropriate evidence, write an essay that carefully considers the opposing positions on this controversy and proposes a solution or compromise.
The workshop materials included a range of responses representing various levels of student writing. But one lower-range example, a focus on impropriety in the Morgan Horse Association, caught the group’s attention in a striking way.
2004 AP English Language Exam, Question 2
Sample Essay P: The Morgan Horse
Eight years ago, a black horse was born. This horse grew up to be a great show horse. FCF Rhythm Nation, as he was named, was a born competitor, and received countless awards, including multiple world championships. Soon after his successful career as a show horse he was put up for stud as a breeding stallion, availible to mares all over the country. It must now be pointed out that FCF Rhythm Nation was a registered Morgan horse, and all the mares he bred to were Morgans as well. The Morgan horse, America’s first original breed of horse, is bred to be a great athelete, and bloodlines are carefully analyed to insure the best possible offspring.
“Nate” sired several foals, all of which went on to be successful show horses themselves and, in some cases, have offspring of their own. It was then discovered that Nate wasn’t a Morgan. In fact, he was half Saddlebred, an entirely different breed. As it turned out, the man who bred Nate in the first place knew. He purposely bred a Morgan stallion to a Saddlebred mare and, by changing the mare’s name and claiming she was a Morgan, registered Nate as a full-blooded Morgan.
The Morgan Horse Association panicked. Suddenly over 40 horses in the registry were found to be related to Nate, and therefore could not be considered Morgans. Intent on keeping the breed pure, the Association decided to remove the horses from the registry altogether, therefore forbidding them to compete or breed. Furious owners retaliated, and dozens of court hearings and lawsuits took place, eventually leaving the Association with under $1,000 in its bank account.
Finally, the American Morgan Horse Association won out over the course of two years of controversy. Still, the owners of the expelled horses need somewhere to compete. These horses had cost them thousands of dollars, and they refused to lose that amount of money in horses they couldn’t use. The Association discussed the situation and decided to create a special “open breed” competition at Morgan show. Now not only can these talented horses compete, but the Morgan Horse can remain pure.