1. Do you agree that the advantages cars bring outweigh the disadvantages?



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1. Do you agree that the advantages cars bring outweigh the disadvantages

Someone has correctly said that The car has become an article of dress without which we feel
uncertain, unclad, and incomplete”. From my perspective, the advantages of the car outstrip its disadvantages. On the one hand, the disadvantages of the car are only a few. The increase in pollution, traffic jams and accidents are the natural sequel to the burgeoning population of cars. Moreover, our overdependence on cars can lead to a decrease in practices such as walking and cycling and this has resulted in a number of diseases such as obesity. On the other hand, I believe the advantages of a car are more significant. The most important advantage is that it has given people freedom of movement. The ease of transportation which a car brings is more than any other means of transportation. For instance, you can gob from

destination to destination and time is wasted waiting for the bus or train. Therefore, time and distance are not a barrier anymore. What is more, families can go out together. This becomes especially helpful when there are elderly or the disabled and sick members in the family. Furthermore, the automobile industry provides jobs for millions of workers. Filling stations, restaurants, and other businesses that serve automobile travelers are of major importance to a country's economy. In addition, many developing nations have begun making automobiles to boost
their economy. That is why India has promoted many automobile manufacturing industries
such as Tata and Mahindra. On balance, the advantages to people's lives and the economic impact created by the car definitely outweigh the disadvantages. However, we must know when and how much to use the car so that we can minimize the demerits to some extent.
An article of dress (phrase) something really necessary
Uncertain, unclad, and incomplete (phrase) like we don’t have enough and want to have something
Outstrip (v) eclipse outshine – be more than

Sequel (n) an event that happens after and is the result of an earlier event
Burgeoning (adj) develop quickly
Overdependence on something (phrase) replying too much on something
The ease of transportation (phrase) being able to move easily around
From destination to destination (phrase) go from one place to another
Automobile industry (phrase) car industry
Boost economy (phrase) improve economy
Minimize the demerits (phrase) reduce the bad things

2. Some people argue that the government should spend money on public services and
facilities, but not on the arts. Do you agree or disagree
The role of arts in modern life is unique, providing people with entertainment and fielding various psychological rewards, such as relief from stress. Despite these benefits, the arts have been taken as luxury goods in many cases, it is suggested that public money of a city should be concentrated in projects like public facilities, which are more likely to bring immediate benefits to the public, rather than the arts. There area number of facts indicating that this position is right. Public facilities, widely accepted as one of the main precursors to a city's development, should be one of the highest priorities. Those underdeveloped cities in particular, should direct sufficient funding toward public facilities. While municipal office buildings, courthouses and post offices are essential components of public services, libraries, hospitals, parks, playing fields, gymnasiums and swimming pools are available to the public for social, educational, athletic and cultural activities. By boosting spending on public facilities, cities are more capable of satisfying the needs of citizens and improve their standard of living. In addition to social benefits, there are economic merits that public facilities can offer to communities. An integrated transport network maritime, land and inland waterways transport and
civil aviation, for example, promises the smooth and speedy movement of goods and people in a city. Industrial products, as well as agricultural produce of a city, can be delivered to other cities in exchange for steady income. Of equal importance are public Internet facilities. Providing access to information by improving Internet and other telecommunications facilities has relevance to the ease with which businesses in a city receive, process, utilise, and send information, lit is no exaggeration to say that entrepreneurs, either from home or abroad, will first examine the infrastructure of a city before deciding whether to pursue business opportunities there. The arts, by comparison, although enabling people to seethe world and the human condition differently and to see a truth one might ignore before, do not merit government spending. The first reason is that the arts — referring to music, film and literature altogether—are more likely to attract the investment of the private sector than public facilities. Businesspeople continue to invest in the arts in the expectation of earning lump sum income and the arts in return, continue to flourish without the government spending. Meanwhile, the arts area key component of a culture and naturally passed down from one generation to another. Unlike public facilities, they require no money to survive. It is therefore clear that construction of public facilities should be given the foremost consideration. The concern about the well-being of individual citizens and that of a city is more acute than the apprehension about the survival and prospects of the arts, something that businesses have a stake in.
3. Some people say that subjects like arts, music, drama and creative writing are more
beneficial to children and therefore they need more of these subjects to be included in the
timetable. Do you agree or disagree
Arts have little or no place in the educational curriculum so far because web have a feeling
that time spent on these things is time wasted. Recent studies, however, have shown that a good curriculum that includes arts education can have multiple benefits which I shall highlight in this essay.
The most important benefit of arts in schools is that it contributes to making ab well-rounded
student. Not only that, certain forms of arts instruction enhance and complement academic
skills such as basic reading skills, language development and writing skills, so children do well in other subjects also. Another big advantage is that it encourages the pursuit of extracurricular activities. Children get a chance to show their creative expression. When such hidden abilities are exposed in school time then those with exceptional talent can be encouraged to adopt it as a profession later on in life. It is a well-known fact that people in such professions are earning telephone figure salaries nowadays. Last but not least, such subjects are stress-busters. In the highly competitive era of today, pressure of academic subjects is too high. Arts like music, drama and creative writing break the
monotony of tough academic studies.
In conclusion, I believe that our educational curriculum needs a serious revision and more of such subjects need to be added to the school curriculum. They complement academic study, bring out
hidden talent and break the ennui of tough academic studies.

Educational curriculum (phrase) things we must learn at school
Well-rounded student (phrase) student who is good at many things
Encourage the pursuit of extracurricular activities (phrase) make students want to join other activities outside the classroom
Creative expression (phrase) creativity capacity
Hidden abilities are exposed (phrase) their abilities are known
Exceptional talent (phrase) great ability
Adopt it as a profession (phrase) do it as their job
Earn telephone figure salaries (phrase) earn a lot of money
Stress-buster (phrase) make us feel less stressed
In the highly competitive era of today (phrase) in a competitive world

Break the monotony of tough academic studies (phrase) make us feel less bored with subjects at school like maths, physics, etc
Bring out hidden talent (phrase) let us know our talent inside us
Needs a serious revision (phrase) need to be changed
Break the ennui of tough academic studies (phrase) make someone less bored with studying at school
4. Many students have to study subjects which they do not like. Some people think this is ab bcomplete waste of time. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement
In today's competitive world, ab broad knowledge needed to succeed in any field. Therefore, I disagree that it is a waste of time if students study subjects which are not of their interest. Let us first examine the reasons why some people hold the opinion that students should not have to study all the subjects and should be allowed to choose the subjects they want to study. They
opine that in this case the students will probably be more enthusiastic about their study. In addition, if students are forced to study all subjects, they can easily lose interest in education. What is more, if all subjects are compulsory for studying, students will not have enough time to earn all of them properly therefore, they will be constantly under a lot of pressure. However, I believe all subjects are of great importance and for the holistic development of the students they need to study all subjects equally at school level. Later on, upon admission to the
colleges, students can select the subjects of their choice and can explore them further. At that age they are mature enough to decide their subjects for themselves. At school level the student may not know what his real interests are. Furthermore, nowadays, the job market is very demanding and the recruiters select students who are skilled in various fields. Having the basic knowledge of varied subjects during school time definitely widens the horizons for the students. To add to it, it is a well-known fact that most subjects are related to each other in someway or the other. For example, a basic knowledge of mathematics is needed to excel in computer languages. Finally, I believe that it is up to the teachers to develop the interest of the students in any subject. For instance, during my school
days, my history teacher was so good that ab monotonous and repetitive subject like history was the favorite subject of the whole class. In conclusion, I believe that students should learn all subjects at school level as they are not mature enough to know their real interests at school level and abroad knowledge is also needed for their holistic development.

Broad knowledge (phrase) a lot of knowledge
Be not of one’s interest (phrase) Someone doesn’t like something
Opine (v) think
Be enthusiastic about something (phrase) want to learn more about something
Lose interest in something (phrase) don’t have to study anymore b
Under a lot of pressure (phrase) always feel stressed
To be of great importance (phrase) to be very importance
Holistic development (phrase) well round development
Upon admission to the colleges (phrase) when they enter university
Job market is very demanding: it means that it is very difficult to get a job
Widens the horizons (phrase) make someone know more about everything
Excel in something (phrase) to be good at something
Develop the interest (phrase) make student like something
Monotonous and repetitive (adj) boring

5. Some people think that people moving to anew country should accept new culture in the
foreign country. Others think that they should live as a separate minority group with
different lifestyle. Discuss both views and give your opinion


Today, with the passage of time each and every country is in the path of development, and with this development there is a growing trend of visiting different places indifferent countries. It is a
highly debated issue whether immigrants should do and behave as the people of the host country or should they stick to their traditional lifestyle and live as a separate minority. It is necessary to look into pros and cons of both situations before forming an opinion. There are many benefits of adopting host countries' customs. Firstly, it decreases chances of misunderstanding and embarrassment. For e.g. in the UK it is offensive to ask about pay to anyone, which is common in India. Secondly, a nation's customs and traditions are fascinating and offer a deep insight into that country. People move to other countries to broaden their horizon. So, if immigrants copy the customs of host country, they learn more about them and that too in an interesting way. Finally, visitors establish a rapport with local people because people feel respected when their customs are understood and imitated. They become a member of the host country and so they don't suffer from any culture shock, On the other hand, there are many advantages of making a minority group. If a person is from a country with strong and old traditions, it will be difficult for him to adapt to the new customs. He can't break the old customs such as food habits and wearing certain types of clothes. In such cases if he retains his old customs and lives with his own community as a separate minority, he won't suffer from homesickness. On balance, I feel that someone who is moving to another country should respect the customs, culture, traditions etc, of that country. This is necessary because a newcomer is like a guest in someone else's home. So he is expected to follow the rules of that country. However, it should not be obligatory for him to follow those customs and change himself altogether. As time passes and he gets to know the hosts better then he can decide if he wants to adopt any custom or stick to his own. After all being a cosmopolitan is the need of the hour.
In conclusion, I believe that mutual understanding between both the visitor and the host is necessary to maintain harmony. A cosmopolitan society in which everyone is tolerant of each others customs and traditions is the need of the day. After all, today, we are part of a small global village and not a big planet Earth.


6. Leisure is a growing industry, but people no longer entertain themselves as much as they
used to because the use of modern technology has made them less creative. What is your
opinion?
I disagree with the statement that people do not entertain themselves as much as they used to because of modern technology. I believe that modern technology has not made people less creative. In fact, it has changed the definition of leisure and the lifestyle of people. Modern technology has changed our definition of leisure. Earlier, leisure meant going out and meeting people, playing outdoor games, going to cinema to watch movies and soon. However, today, leisure time is full of choices. We have so many things to do within the four walls of our house. We can watch countless programs on national and international channels we can play online games we can chat with friends and relatives in any corner of the world; we can do arm-
chair tourism by which we can visit any historical place or museum sitting in our armchair. That is why perhaps it looks as if we people do not entertain ourselves as much as we used to in
yesteryear.
Another reason why people don't entertain as much as before is also not because of technology. Technology has, in fact, given us more time to enjoy but we cannot strike a balance between
work and play. We have become workaholics. Life in the past was simpler. People worked for basic needs. Now work is not just away of life. It is for personal fulfillment. Web set goals for ourselves such as a house or a car. We choose this way of life. Now we have improved standard
of living but this has come at a very high cost. Finally, I would like to state that the given statement is flawed because nowadays people specially takeout time to entertain themselves. This can be evident from the mushrooming growth of leisure centers such as hotels, restaurants, fun parks and spas. Tourist places are full of people while train and air reservations have to be made well in advance. In conclusion, I believe that, technology has not made us less creative. We entertain ourselves more than earlier times but the ways of entertainment are different and technology has given us more choices than before.


Change the definition of leisure (phrase) change the way we think of leisure
Earlier: in the past
In any corner of the world (phrase) everywhere in the world
Do arm-chair tourism (phrase) don’t need to travel but sit atone place and still learn many things around
In yesteryear (phrase) in the past
Strike a balance between work and play (phrase) balance between work and play
Workaholic (n) someone who love working than anything else
Personal fulfillment (phrase) to get what we want in life
Improve standard of living (phrase) our life has become better
At very high cost (phrase) costly, expensively
Mushrooming growth (phrase) rapid increase in something

7. Many employees may work at home with the modern technology. Some people claim that it
can benefit only the workers, not the employers. Is it a positive or negative development
Working from home with the help of telephone lines, or, in other words, telecommuting has become very popular especially where internet connections are fast and reliable, disagree with the given statement that it can benefit only the employees and not the employers. Telecommuting is ab win-win situation for both employers and employees. There are many advantages of telecommuting to employees. To begin with, it saves time as no time is wasted commuting to and from the office. It also saves money as no spending on private
or public transport has to be allocated. Furthermore, the workers can take care of their family commitments like dropping the child to school, etc. Although most of the work done by teleworkers is monitored, still a few minutes can
be snatched at times. Finally, the teleworker can do some side business side by side.
On the other hand, there are many advantages to employers. Firstly, less office space is needed as the workers are working from home. It is a fact that land prices are exorbitant and it is very expensive to build large offices. Not only building but maintaining offices is also very costly. Then, it has been seen that employees take less sick leave and other leaves. This is also beneficial for employers. It would be worthwhile to consider why some people opine that telecommuting is not beneficial
for employers. They argue that supervising teleworkers is difficult. Statistics have proved that
telecommuters take pains to work well from home as they realise the benefits it has for them. In conclusion, I believe that, telecommuting benefits both workers as well as employers.
8. The detailed description about crime will affect the people and cause many social problems.
Some people say that the media should be strictly controlled. To what extent do you agree
or disagree
Nowadays, we are surrounded by a variety of media like the Internet, newspaper and TV, which are very informative and in doing so give a detailed description of crime This causes many problems in society and therefore some people opine that there should be censorship placed on media. I feel that the media should be very judicious Deselecting what to report and how much to report. So, I agree with the statement. In this essay, I intend to support my views with my arguments. As I see it, the news outlets should pay more attention to the affairs themselves, rather than the details of the crimes. To start with, the details of crimes give a misleading picture to the children and adolescents who are curious about the process of committing crimes, and are likely to copy the criminal actions blindly. Moreover, the excessive violence and pornographic contents can also raise the adults' criminal tendencies. In the other words, detailed crime news can generate individuals' potential desire to commit a crime, thus induce many social problems. So, there should be some control imposed on the media.
Moreover, the detailed report of a crime does not show enough respects to the victims and their family. For example, if any murder or robbery has taken place in someone's house then if it is shown in detail on TV, the whole privacy of those people is lost. Another very strong argument in favour of censorship of media is that sometimes this detailed description can help the criminals also. For instance, when terrorists attacked Hotel Taj in Mumbai, the media reported details of the commandos' position on TV. This was also viewed by the terrorists hiding in the hotel. They changed their positions accordingly. Had there been some regulating authority, the terrorists could have been caught much earlier. However, the opponents claim that we have aright to know every detail and so media should report every detail. I still feel that it would lead to more problems. I think the media has an obligation to show the right direction to the public. It should report news in an objective manner rather than highlighting the details of the crime. In conclusion, I believe that, although it is the duty of the media to keep us informed, the details of crime should not be shown and for that censorship of the media is a must.

9. In companies, promotions to high positions should be given to employees inside the
company and not to somebody outside the company or new hiring. What is your opinion on
this?

It is a highly debatable issue whether promotions should be given to employees from within or new hiring should be done. The given statement proposes to in-house hiring. It is necessary to look at the pros and cons of promoting from within the company before forming an opinion. There are many benefits to hiring from within. To begin with, the employee is familiar with the company. Nob special training needs to be given. The person knows about the


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