Thematic Essay Global 10 Mr. Healy Before you start writing!

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Thematic Essay

  • Global 10
  • Mr. Healy

Before you start writing!

  • Read the entire question.
  • Determine what it is they are asking.
  • Brainstorm - write down all your knowledge of the topic.
  • Break your ideas into your three best arguments.
  • Introduction - this includes your thesis statement.
  • Conclusion - sum up your entire essay.


  • Neolithic Revolution - 11,000 years ago, people stop being nomads, develop farming, domesticate animals, permanent settlements resulting in civilization.
  • Industrial Revolution - In the 1700’s in England, machines made goods replace hand made goods. This resulted in urbanization, working & living conditions, higher standard of living.
  • The Agricultural Revolution started the Industrial Revolution


  • The Scientific Revolution - through the Scientific Method people learned to question the Church and ancient Philosophers.
  • Geocentric, heliocentric theories.
  • Copernicus & Galileo.
  • The Enlightenment - People rejected monarchs and supported democracy. New ways of viewing authority, power, government and law.


  • John Locke - Natural Rights (Life, liberty & Property.)
  • Baron de Montesquieu Separation of powers in government to Judicial, executive and legislative.
  • Voltaire - Freedom of press & religion.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft fought for Women rights.

Turning Points

  • Christopher Columbus
  • Start European colonization of the Americas.
  • Columbian Exchange is the exchange of foods, plants, animals & disease between Europe and America.
  • Triangular Trade - Goods. Slaves and product are traded between Europe Africa and America.

French Revolution

  • Starts with the Enlightenment in France.
  • People demand representation.
  • End the Monarch and try to create a democracy.
  • Robespierre and “The Reign of Terror”.

Turning Points

  • Collapse of the Soviet Union - the collapse of Communism in the USSR started the end of Communism in Europe.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev policy of Perestroika brought freedoms to Soviet people and markets.

Belief Systems

  • Hinduism - 3,000 years old and is focused in India. Polytheism is the belief in
  • more than one God.
  • Buddhism - The four Nobles Truth.
  • Judaism - Monotheistic belief that they are the chosen one.
  • Christianity - Jesus is the son of God. Is Monotheistic.
  • Islam - Five Pillars of faith and Mohammad is the founder.

Geography & Environment

  • Early River Civilization Early civilization grew up around rivers. They supply irrigation, power, transportation and protection. (Fertile Crescent)
  • Archipelago - Island chains need raw materials, & great defense.
  • Industrialization in Britain Britain's natural resources, river systems, canals, harbors and raw materials help the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution & the Environment

  • New sources of energy often create new forms of pollution.
  • Urbanization creates unsanitary cities.
  • Disease increases in unsanitary conditions.

Economic Systems

  • Traditional Economy - all needs are provided by farm.This uses the Barter System.
  • Manorialism - Medieval system based on a manor and the villages that surround the land.
  • Mercantilism - When your country builds up it’s money supply.
  • This is done by exporting more than you import.

Capitalism vs. Communism

  • Capitalism - the factors of production are owned privately and operated for a profit.
  • The United States & England
  • Communism - the factors of production are owned by the government. People can’t make business decision, only the government.
  • The Soviet Union & Communist china.

Political Systems

  • Monarchy - Kings or Queen exercise central power. Absolute Monarch has divine Rights and total control.
  • Feudalism - Europe & Japan in 1600 - 1800. Peasants belong to lords and pay taxes, work for defense and work on estate.


  • People pick leaders through voting.
  • All power is in the hands of the people.
  • Guarantees freedom of press, religion, speech and assemble.
  • Promotes individuality
  • It is the government of The West today. This includes the United States.
  • Democracy


  • This includes Communism, Nazism, Fascism, Authoritarianism.
  • There are no freedom.
  • People have no say in government.
  • People do not have the right of free speech, freedom of the press.
  • Government control people with fear and violence.


  • Britain in India
  • British controlled India since 1700.
  • British tried to destroy Indian culture.
  • Gandhi led a peaceful nationalist movement
  • European Powers in Africa
  • Berlin Conference of 1845 divided up Africa.
  • Destroyed culture, family, history, language

Imperialistic Rivalry.

  • Cause of World War I.
  • Especially France and Germany.
  • Conflict over territory in Africa and trade.
  • Also, natural resources and markets.

Justice and Human Rights

  • Code of Hammurabi - One set of laws for all carved on a pillar.
  • First major collection of laws in history.
  • Irish Potato Famine - blight killed potato crop in 1840’s.
  • Created widespread famine.
  • British, who controlled the island exported food as population starved to death.

Human Rights

  • Tiananmen Square - In Beijing china, students help a protest.
  • They demanded greater say in the government.
  • Wanted more democratic government.
  • Chinese government answered with tanks and guns. Killed many protester.

Science and Technology

  • Neolithic Revolution Farming, permanent structures and society.
  • Invention of the Printing Press. Mass production of literature.
  • Higher literacy rate
  • Spread of political ideas.
  • Spread of Christianity.

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