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Spacebook Research Project Overview

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Your task is to research and learn about Universe and the Big Bang Theory. You will gather information about how the Universe formed, what the Universe is like today and how the Universe will change in the future. Your research has three parts.

Process Part I. Vocabulary
The Universe has a large number of friends. Each friend plays an important role in the life of The Universe. You need to write a paragraph explanation of the term in your own words. Your explanation should be between 3-5 sentences and should be typed. The vocab terms will be homework during the next 4 weeks but you are welcome to go ahead as long as you use your textbook and binder for explanations but NOT Google.

  • sunspots

  • solar flares

  • solar cycle

  • nuclear fusion

  • milky way galaxy

  • electromagnetic spectrum

  • redshift

  • blueshift

  • nebula

  • protostar

  • main sequence star

  • white dwarf

  • spectrograph

  • cosmic background radiation

  • Hubbles Law

Process Part II. Independent Space Research

Each student will choose two questions about space that they want to research independently. You can choose from the list below or you can submit alternate proposals to Mrs. Bartlett for approval. These questions may be answered in the form of essays, podcasts, videos, slideshows, skits or any other form of media approved by Mrs. Bartlett.

Question #1 Your Question….

Choose a topic about space that interests you.

  • Find 3-5 valid sources that are approved by Mrs. Bartlett

  • Develop a research question approved by Mrs. Bartlett

  • Develop 4-6 ideas about your question approved by Mrs Bartlett

Question #2 Here comes the sun.

Planet earth is often called the Goldilocks planet because it is the perfect distance from the Sun. You will research the positive and dangerous aspects of our star. Include:

  • How the sun formed and what keeps the sun burning

  • What protects earth from the sun

  • The kinds of electromagnetic radiation the sun produces and which kinds reach earths surface

  • How the sun impacts our daily lives

Question #3 Electromagnetic slide.

The electromagnetic spectrum is vital to our understanding of astronomy. You will study the spectrum and how astronomers use it every day. Include:

  • The 7 types of electromagnetic waves

  • Where electromagnetic radiation is produced

  • How each type of wave is used/affects us on earth

  • How each type of wave is used to study objects in space

  • How electromagnetic waves provide evidence for the Big Bang Theory

Question #4 Mars attack.

NASA is investing billions of dollars into researching mars. You will study the similarities and differences between Earth and the red planet. Include:

  • Why scientists believe Mars might have had a magnetic field

  • What evidence scientists have about what the surface and atmosphere of Mars might have been like

  • What the current surface and atmosphere are like today

  • What projects NASA currently has on Mars

  • What future NASA projects are proposed for studying Mars

Question #5 Lifeline.

Just like people, different stars have different kinds of lives. You will study the different size stars and what their lives are like. Include:

  • How stars are born

  • The early lifecycle of stars

  • The stages of small and large stars dying

  • The similarities and differences between the lives of small and big stars

  • What elements are used and produced in the birth, life and death of stars.

Question #6 He said WHAT?!?

Our understanding of the universe has changed significantly in the past two thousand years. You will study what different cultures and scientists learned and discovered about the sky, solar system and universe. Include:

  • How the Chinese and Egyptian cultures studied the skies and what they learned

  • How Greek astronomers changed our understanding of the skies

  • How Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, Brahe, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, Einstein, Hubble, Penzias & Wilson change our understanding of the skies.

Question #7 Whats new?

You will investigate NASAs most recent research and what new projects are coming down the line in the near future. Include:

  • A description of 3 current or proposed NASA projects that relate in somewhat to what we have studied in this unit

  • How each project relates to our studies and will expand our knowledge

  • The cost and timeline of these projects

Process Part III. BiG BanG Essay

Every student will write an essay about the Big Bang Theory. This is a full 2-3 page essay (complete sentences, correct spelling and proper grammar are required for credit). You can put your essay on the Spacebook Profile Page to make it look fancy. This is a template that I have already made for you that you can cut and paste!! Feel free to edit this page and creativity is worth extra credit!! We will cover all of the pieces of this essay in class though some of it will not be till the end of the unit.

BiG BanG Question.

How did Universe get here anyway? The universe is very old and every day we are gathering more evidence about how if formed! Using the Big Bang theory explain the process of how the universe formed starting from a tiny speck and progressing to a universe with galaxies, stars and planets. Include:

  • A description of the Big Bang Theory

  • Evidence for the Big Bang Theory including detailed descriptions of red shift, Hubble’s Law and cosmic background radiation

  • How the universe has changed since the Big Bang including how light and heavy elements form and the life and death of stars

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