Children with ADD/ADHD have a difficult time completing activities. Activities that are complex or multi-step are especially hard for them. One means of helping them complete activities is to break activities into “bite-size” pieces. This allows them to master one task at a time until the activity is complete.
Task analysis is a process that will help you to break down activities into these bite size pieces. In this process, you take an activity and break it down into small tasks. The tasks are then taught one at a time until completed. For example, a task-analyzed cookie baking project might be broken down into these tasks:
____ Identify each ingredient and measure it using appropriate cup or spoon.
____ Name and use each needed utensil and baking item.
____ Name and use appropriate blending process.
____ Count and divide the cookies.
Each step could be furthered broken down if needed. For example, naming the ingredients could be a step separate from measuring the ingredients.
The task list could also be written in the form of a checklist and the child can check off each skill as it is mastered. In this way, the child will see that s/he is making progress and achieving results.