See disclaimers in "notes" on first page of this bibliography of materials re: hybrid entities for social ventures



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SEE DISCLAIMERS IN “NOTES” ON FIRST PAGE OF THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY


BIBLIOGRAPHY OF MATERIALS RE: HYBRID ENTITIES FOR SOCIAL VENTURES
John Tyler, Evan Absher, Kathleen Garman & Anthony Luppino
October 14, 2015
NOTES: This bibliography was initially developed by the above-named co-authors during their research for their article Producing Better Mileage: Advancing the Design and Usefulness of Hybrid Vehicles for Social Business Ventures, recently published at 33 QUINNIPIAC LAW REVIEW 235 (2015). Some of the citations below were subsequently included with input from Prof. Susan Jones and students from George Washington University School of Law and other additions were made by one or more of the original authors based on continuing research in this subject area and suggestions by others. This bibliography is not held out as being comprehensive; but it does contain citations to a wide range of sources deemed relevant to the subject area. The citations are not in formal style, and many are linked to SSRN or other on-line postings for convenience. Several of the sources in Section I may overlap some of the sub-headings used below—an effort was made to place them under the most appropriate initial heading, in some cases noting them again under other issues-specific headings if they appear to include substantial discussion of the issues in question (but excluding them from such issues-specific sub-headings doesn’t mean they contain no discussion of such specific issues, as in many cases they do). Section II lists several pertinent websites and other potentially relevant materials.



  1. PUBLISHED BOOKS, ARTICLES, ESSAYS, AND OTHER MATERIALS


SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP/SOCIAL ENTERPRISE CONTEXT GENERALLY:


  • THE PLANET-SAVING CAPITALISM-SUBVERTING, SUPRISINGKY LUCRATIVE INVESTMENT SECRETS OF AL GORE, James Fallows, THE ATLANTIC (November 2015), available at http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/11/the-planet-saving-capitalism-subverting-surprisingly-lucrative-investment-secrets-of-al-gore/407857/



  • THE MISSION-DRIVEN VENTURE: BUSINESS SOLUTIONS TO THE WORLD’S MOST VEXING SOCIAL PROBLEMS, Marc J. Lane (Wiley 2015)




  • GIFT HORSES, CHOOSY BEGGARS, AND OTHER REFLECTIONS ON THE ROLE AND UTILITY OF SOCIAL ENTREPRISE LAW, Cassady Brewer, http://entrepreneurship.org/entrepreneurship-law/gift-horses-choosy-beggars-and-other-reflections-on-the-role-and-utility-of-social-enterprise-law.aspx (2014)




  • WHAT IS A “SOCIAL”BUSINESS AND WHY DOED THE ANSWER MATTER?, Justin Blount and Patricia Nunley. 8 BROOK. J. CORP. FIN. & COM. L. 278 (2014)




  • ACCELERATING IMPACT ENTREPRISES; HOW TO LOCK, STOCK, AND ANCHOR IMPACT ENTERPRISES FOR MAXIMUM IMPACT, Catherine H. Clark and Matthew H. Allen, http://www.hamline.edu/uploadedFiles/Hamline_WWW/HSB/_Center_for_Public_Admin/Documents/accelerating-impact-enterprises.pdf (2013)




  • HUNTING STAG WITH FLY PAPER: A HYBRID FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRISE, Dana Brakman Reiser & Steven Dean, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2243833 (2013)




  • THE SOCIAL ENTERPRISE REVOLUTION IN CORPORATE LAW: A PRIMER ON EMERGING CORPORATE ENTITIES IN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES AND THE CASE FOR THE BENEFIT CORPORATION, Robert T. Esposito, http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1060&context=wmblr, WILLIAM & MARY BUS. L. REV. 639 (2013)




  • PHILANTHROPIC INNOVATION AND CREATIVE CAPITALISM: A HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE ON SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, Shruti Rana, http://www.law.ua.edu/pubs/lrarticles/Volume%2064/Issue%205/5%20Rana%201121-1174.pdf (2013)




  • REPRESENTING SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Alicia E. Plerhoples, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2214954, 20 CLINICAL L. REV. 215 (2013)




  • IS SOCIAL ENTREPRISE THE NEW CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY?, Robert A. Katz and Antony Page, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1851782, 34 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 1351 (2011)




  • BOOK: SOCIAL ENTERPRISE: EMPOWERING MISSIOON-DRIVEN ENTREPRENEURS, Marc J. Lane (American Bar Association 2011)




  • BOOK: SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: WHAT EVERYONE NEEDS TO KNOW, David Bornstein and Susan Davis (Oxford University Press 2010)




  • THE ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Robert A. Katz and Antony Page, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1724942, 35 VERMONT L. REV. 59 (2010)

  • NEW LEGAL STRUCTURES TO ADDRESS THE SOCIAL CAPITAL FAMINE, Arthur Wood, http://lawreview.vermontlaw.edu/files/2012/02/14-Wood-Book-1-Vol.-35.pdf (2010)




  • FOR-PROFIT PHILANTHROPY, Dana Brakman Reiser, http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4445&context=flr, 77 FORDHAM L. REV. 2347 (2009)




  • BOOK: MISSION, INC.: THE PRACTITIONER’S GUIDE TO SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Kevin Lynch and Julius Walls, Jr. (Berrett- Koehler Publishers, Inc. 2009)




  • SOCIAL ENTERPRISE: A LEGAL CONTEXT, Robert A. Wexler, http://www.adlercolvin.com/pdf/grantmaking/SocialEnterprise.pdf, 54 THE EXEMPT ORG. TAX REV. 233 (2006)

    

A FEW RECENT ARTICLES ON “SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY”:


  • INSTITUTIONAL INVESTING WHEN SHAREHOLDERS ARE NOT SUPREME, Christopher Geczy, Jessica S. Jeffers, David K. Musto, and Anne M. Tucker, http://www.hblr.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/HBLR-5.1-Geczy-Institutional-Investing.pdf,5 Harvard Bus. L. Rev. 73 (2015)




  • SHAREHOLDER WEALTH MAXIMIZATION AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION UNDER CORPORATE LAW, Bernard S. Sharfman,  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198459 66 FLORIDA L. REV. 389 (2014)




  • THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY, Lynn Stout, http://www.pennlawreview.com/print/?id=406, 161 U. PENN. L. Rev. 2003 (2013)




  • ON THE RISE OF SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY, SIGNS OF ITS FALL, AND THE RETURN OF MANAGERIALISM (IN THE CLOSET), Lynn Stout, http://digitalcommons.law.seattleu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2166&context=sulr,  36 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 1169 (2013)




  • SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY IN THE CLASSROOM AFTER THE FINANCIAL CRISIS, David Millon, 8 J. BUS, & TECH, L. 191 (2013)




  • CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REFORM FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: A CRITICAL REASSESSMENT OF THE SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY MODEL, Carol Liao, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2170211,  43 OTTAWA L. REV. 187 (2011-2013)




  • BERLE’S CONCEPTION OF SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY: A FORGOTTEN PERSPECTIVE FOR RECONISDERATION DURING THE RISE OF FINANCE, Fenner Stewart, Jr., http://digitalcommons.law.seattleu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2051&context=sulr,  34 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 1457 (2011)




  • SUSTAINABILITY MEETS PROFITABILITY: THE CONVENIENT TRUTH OF HOW THE BUSINESS JUDGMENT RULE PROTECTS A BOARD’S DECISION TO ENGAGE IN SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP, Janet E. Kerr, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1296270, 29 CARDOZO L. REV. 623 (2007)


HYBRID BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS STATUTES AND REGULATION:


  • PRODUCING BETTER MILEAGE: ADVANCING THE DESIGN AN USEFULNESS OF HYBRID VEHICLE FOR SOCIAL BUSINESS VENTURES., John Tyler, Evan Absher, Kathleen Garman, and Anthony Luppino, 33 QUINNIPIAC LAW REVIEW 235 (2015)

  • THE ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISE AND HYBRID ORGANIZATIONS, Ofer Eldar, available on SSRN as Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 485 at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2379012 (2015)




  • THE EMERGING NEED FOR HYBRID ENTITIES: WHEY CALIFORNIA SHOULD BECOME THE DELAWARE “SOCIAL ENTERPRISE LAW,” Ross Kelley, 47 LOYOLA –LOS ANGELES L. REV. 619 (2014)




  • BENEFIT CORPORATIONS, INNOVATION, AND STATUTORY DESIGN, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2308941, J. William Callison, 26 REGENT U. L. REV. 143 (2014)




  • BENEFIT CORPORATIONS—THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISE: ARE THEY WORTHY OF A TAXPAYER SUBSIDY?. Mystica M. Alexander. 38 SETON HALL LEGIS. J. 219 (2014)




  • THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS; DEFAULT FIDUCIARY DUTIES AND CONTRACTUAL FREEDOM IN ALTERNATIVE BUSINESS, Sandra K. Miller, 39 J. CORP. L. 295 (2014).




  • CONTRACTING FOR GOOD: HOW BENEFIT CORPORATIONS EMPOWER INVESTORS AND REDEFINE SHAREHOLDER VALUE, Jacob E. Hasler, 100 VA. L. REV. 1279 (2014)




  • ENHANCING THE LEGAL AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT FOR INVESTMENT IN SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Dilpreet K. Minhas, 3 MICH. J. PRIVATE EQUITY & VENTURE CAP. L. 257 (2014)




  • HAVING YOUR CAKE AND EATING IT, TOO: MAKING THE BENEFIT CORPORATION WORK IN MASSCHUSETTS, Kathryn Acello. 47 SUFFOLK U. L. REV. 91 (2014)




  • LOW-PROFIT LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES: HIGH-RISK TAX FAD OR LEGITIMATE SOCIAL INVESTMENT PLANNING OPPORTUNITY?, Jamie Hopkins, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2382142 (2014)




  • WHITEWASHING & THE PUBLIC BENEFIT CORPORATION: AN EXAMPLE, Alicia Plerhoples, SOCENT LAW (Jan. 22, 2014), http://socentlaw.com/2014/01/whitewashing-the-public-benefit-corporation-an-example/




  • ANALYZING EFFECTS AND IMPLICATIONS OF REGULATING CHARITABLE HYBRID FORMS AS CHARITABLE TRUSTS: ROUND PEG AND A SQUARE HOLE?, John Tyler, http://www.nyujlb.org/wp-content/uploads/nyb_9-2_535-586_Tyler.pdf, 9 N.Y.U. J. L. & BUS. 536 (2013) (with following note at front: “An earlier version of this article was presented on November 9, 2012 at the N.Y.U. Journal of Law & Business Fall Conference on the Law and Finance of Social Enterprise. Two comments on this article, presented by David Spenard and Jill Manny at the Fall Conference, are also published in this issue at 9 N.Y.U. J.L. & BUS. 603 and 9N.Y.U. J.L. & BUS. 587, respectively”)




  • THE BENEFIT CORPORATION: A QUESTIONABLE SOLUTION TO A NON-EXISTENT PROBLEM, Justin Blount & Kwabena Offei-Danso, http://www.stmaryslawjournal.org/pdfs/Blountfinal.pdf, 44 ST. MARY’S L. J. 617 (2013)




  • THE BENEFIT CORPORATION: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS WITH RECOMMENDATIONS TO COURTS, BOARDS, AND LEGISLATURES, Kyle Westaway, and Dirk Sampselle, http://www.law.emory.edu/fileadmin/journals/elj/62/62.4/Westaway_Sampselle.pdf (2013)




  • CONTREPRENEURSHIP? EXAMINING SOCIAL ENTREPRISE LEGISLATION’S FEEL-GOOD GOVERNANCE GIVEAWAYS, David Gashoff, 6 U. PA. J. BUS. L. 233 (2013)




  • SEVEN WAYS TO STRENGTHEN AND IMPROVE THE L3C, Cassady V. (“Cass”) Brewer Assistant Professor, Georgia State University College of Law, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2192691 (2013)




  • SOCIAL ENTERPRISE: WHO NEEDS IT? Brian Galle, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2302658 (2013)




  • STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL REGULATION OF CHARITABLE HYBRID FORMS; TO BE OR NOT TO BE CHARITABLE. John Tyler, http://academiccommons.columbia.edu/catalog/ac:171305, (2013) (From 2013 Columbia Law School Charities Regulation and Oversight Project Policy Conference on "The Future of State Charities Regulation" - Challenges And Interests Of The States In Social Mission / Hybrid Organizations)




  • WHEN MAKING MONEY AND MAKING A SUSTAINABLE AND SOCIETAL DIFFERENCE COLLIDE: WILL BENEFIT CORPORATIONS SUCCEED OR FAIL?, Joseph Karl Grant, https://mckinneylaw.iu.edu/ilr/pdf/vol46p581.pdf (2013)




  • PLURALISM IN CORPORATE FORM: CORPORATE LAW AND BENEFIT CORPS., Lyman Johnson, http://colowebsite.regent.edu/acad/schlaw/student_life/studentorgs/lawreview/docs/issues/v25n2/01Johnsonvol.25.2.pdf, 25 REGENT LAW REVIEW 269 (2012-13)  

  • THE NEED AND RATIONALE FOR THE BENEFIT CORPORATION: WHY IT IS THE LEGAL FORM THAT BEST ADDRESSES THE NEEDS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS, INVESTORS, AND, ULTIMATELY, THE PUBLIC, Various authors, http://benefitcorp.net/attorneys/benefit-corp-white-paper (2013)




  • THEORIZING FORMS FOR SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Dana Brakman Reiser, http://www.law.emory.edu/fileadmin/journals/elj/62/62.4/Reiser.pdf, 62 EMORY L.J. 681 (2013)




  • BENEFIT CORPORATION LEGISLATION: AN OPPORTUNITY FOR KANSAS TO WELCOME SOCIAL ENTERPRISES, Anna R. Kimbrell 62 U. KAN. L. REV. 549, http://www.law.ku.edu/sites/law.drupal.ku.edu/files/docs/law_review/v62/Kimbrell_KLR%2062-2.pdf (2013)




  • THE SOCIAL ENTERPRISE REVOLUTION IN CORPORATE LAW: A PRIMER ON EMERGING CORPORATE ENTITIES IN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES AND THE CASE FOR THE BENEFIT CORPORATION, Robert T. Esposito, http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/wmblr/vol4/iss2/7/ (2013)




  • BENEFIT EXPENSES: HOW THE BENEFIT CORPORATION’S SOCIAL PURPOSE CHANGES THE ORDINARY AND NECESSARY, Emily Cohen, http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/wmblr/vol4/iss1/9/ (2013)




  • Brakman Reiser & Dean (2013) supra




  • THE NEXT BIG THING; FLEXIBLE PURPOSE CORPORATIONS, Dana Brakman Reiser, http://www.aublr.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/AUBLR-2-1_Brakman-Reiser.pdf,

2 AMERICAN U. BUS. L. REV. 55 (2012)


  • PUTTING NEW SHEETS ON THE PROCRUSTEAN BED: HOW BENEFIT CORPORATIONS ADDRESS FIDUCIARY DUTIES, THE DANGERS CREATED, AND SUGGESTIONS FOR CHANGE, J. William Callison, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2102655, 2:1 AMERICAN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF LAW AND BUSINESS 85 (2012)




  • TOWARD AN IMPROVED LEGAL FORM FOR SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Keren G. Raz, http://socialchangenyu.com/2013/02/01/toward-an-improved-legal-form-for-social-enterprise-2/, 36 NYU REVIEW OF LAW & SOCIAL CHANGE 283 (2012)




  • HOW BENEFIT CORPORATIONS ARE REDEFINING THE PURPOSE OF BUSINESS CORPORATIONS, William H. Clark, Jr. and Elizabeth K. Babson, http://www.drinkerbiddle.com/Templates/media/files/publications/2012/how-benefit-corporations-are-redefining-the-purpose-of-business-corporations.pdf, 38 WILLIAM MITCHELL LAW REVIEW 817 (2012)  




  • BENEFIT CORPORATIONS: HOW TO ENFORCE A MANDATE TO PROMOTE THE PUBLIC INTEREST, Brian Cummings, http://columbialawreview.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/112-3_Cummings.pdf, 112 COLUMBIA LAW REVIEW 578 (2012)

  • THE COLORADO BENEFIT CORPORATION’S ACT MISSED OPPORTUNITIES, Eric H. Franklin, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2030427 (2012)

  • HYPE AND HOSTILITY FOR HYBRID COMPANIES: A FOURTH SECTOR CASE STUDY, Ryan J. Gaffney,   http://digitalcommons.pepperdine.edu/jbel/vol5/iss2/5/, 5 JOURNAL OF BUSINESS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP & LAW 329 (2012)

  • CHOOSE YOUR OWN MASTER: SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, CERTIFICATIONS, AND BENEFIT CORPORATION STATUTES, J. Haskell Murray, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2085000, (2012)




  • THE COLORADO BENEFIT CORPORATION ACT’S MISSED OPPORTUNITIES, Eric H. Franklin, DENVER U. 7. REV.ON-LINE, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2030427 (2012)




  • L3Cs: AN INNOVATIVE CHOICE FOR URBAN ENTREPRENEURS AND URBAN REVITALIZATION, Dana Thompson, 2 AMERICAN U. BUS. L. REV. 115 (2012)




  • ABA Business Law Section, on behalf of its committees on LLCs and Nonprofit Organizations, opposes legislation for low profit limited liability companies (L3Cs), Daniel Kleinberger, as Chair of the L3C Review Subcommittee of the Committee on Limited Liability Companies, Partnerships and Unincorporated Entities, http://open.wmitchell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1228&context=facsch, (2012)




  • ARE HYBRIDS REALLY MORE EFFICIENT: A “DRIVE BY” ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE ENTITY STRUCTURES, Katherine R. Lofft, Purvi B. Maniar, and Tamar R. Rosenberg, http://www.americanbar.org/publications/blt/2012/09/01_lofft.html, BUSINESS LAW TODAY, (Sept. 2012)




  • BENEFIT CORPORATION—A SUSTAINABLE FORM OF ORGANIZATION?, Dana Brakman Reiser, http://wakeforestlawreview.com/benefit-corporations%E2%80%94a-sustainable-form-of-organization, 46 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 591 (2011)




  • STRANGE CREATURES: A HYBRID APPROACH TO FIDUCIARY DUTY IN BENEFIT CORPORATIONS, Christopher Lacovara, http://cblr.columbia.edu/archives/11939, 2011 COLUMBIA BUSINESS LAW REVIEW 815



  • PURPOSE WITH PROFIT: GOVERNANCE, ENFORCEMENT, CAPITAL-RAISING AND CAPITAL-LOCKING IN LOW-PROFIT LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES, J. Haskell Murray & Edward I. Hwang, http://lawreview.law.miami.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/MIA106.pdf, 66 UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI LAW REVIEW 601 (2011)

  • Wood (2010) supra




  • BLENDED ENTERPRISE AND THE DUAL MISSION DILEMMA, Dana Brakman Reiser, 35 VERMONT LAW REVIEW 195 (2010)




  • FOSTERING SOCIAL ENTERPRISE: A HISTORICAL AND INTERNATIONAL ANALYSIS, Matthew F. Doeringer, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1581525, 20 DUKE JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE & INTERNATIONAL LAW 291 (2010)




  • NEGATING THE LEGAL PROBLEM OF HAVING “TWO MASTERS”: A FRAMEWORK FOR L3C FIDUCIARY DUTIES AND ACCOUNTABILITY, John E. Tyler III, http://lawreview.vermontlaw.edu/files/2012/02/18-Tyler-Book-1-Vol.-35.pdf, 35 VERMONT LAW REVIEW 117 (2010)




  • LAW AND CHOICE OF ENTITY ON THE SOCIAL ENTREPRISE FRONTIER, Thomas Kelley, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1372313, 84 TULANE L. REV. 337 (2009)




  • BEYOND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSBILITY: RECONCILING THE IDEALS OF A FOR-PROFIT BENEFIT CORPORATION WITH DIRECTOR FIDUCIARY DUTIES IN THE U.S. AND EUROPE, Alissa Mickels, http://lawlib.wlu.edu/CLJC/index.aspx?mainid=249&issuedate=2009-01-20, 32 HASTING INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LAW REVIEW 271 (2009)




  • EFFECTIVE SOCIAL ENTERPRISE—A MENU OF LEGAL STRUCTURES, Robert A. Wexler, http://www.adlercolvin.com/pdf/social_enterprise/Effective%20Social%20Enterprise.%20%20A%20Menu%20of%20Legal%20Structures%20(00216840).pdf, 63 THE EXEMPT ORG. TAX REV. 565 (June 2009)


ARTICLES AND OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES WITH SUBSTANTIAL TAX ISSUES ANALYSIS:


  • SE(c)(3): A CATALYST FOR SOCIAL ENTERPRISE CROWDFUNDING, Dana Brakman Reiser and Steven A. Dean, http://ilj.law.indiana.edu/articles/12-Reiser-Dean.pdf, 90 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 1091 (2015)




  • SOCIAL ENTERPRISE BY NON-PROFITS AND HYBRID ORGANIZATIONS, Cassady V. Brewer, Elizabeth Carrott Minnigh & Robert A. Wexler, SOCIAL ENTERPRISE TAX MGMT. PORTFOLIO (BNA) 489-1ST , ESTATES, GIFTS AND TRUSTS (2014)




  • Hopkins (2014) supra




  • CROSSING THE TAX CODE’S FOR-PROFIT/NONPROFIT BORDER, Susannah Camic Tahk, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2317566 118 PENN ST. L. REV. 489 (2014)




  • TAXING SOCIAL ENTERPRISE, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer & Joseph R. Ganahl J.D. (expected 2013), http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2256539, 66 STANFORD L. REV. 387 (2014)




  • Brewer (2013) supra




  • Brakman Reiser & Dean (2013) supra



  • A NOVEL APPROACH TO USING LLCs FOR QUASI-CHARITABLE ENDEVAORS, Cassady V. Brewer, 38 WILLIAM MITCHELL LAW REVIEW 678, http://www.wmitchell.edu/lawreview/Volume38/documents/3.Brewer.pdf (2012)   

  

  • THE LOW-PROFIT LLC (L3C): PROGRAM RELATED INVESTMENT BY PROXY OR PERVERSION?, Carter G. Bishop Professor of Law, Suffolk University Law School, http://lawreview.law.uark.edu/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/9-Bishop.pdf (2010)




  • INVESTING IN THE FUTURE: MISSION-RELATED AND PROGRAM-RELATED INVESTMENTS FOR PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS, David Levitt, https://www.adlercolvin.com/pdf/PTXL1105_Levitt.pdf

(2011)


  • THE L3C ILLUSION: WHY LOW PROFIT LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES WILL NOT STIMULATE SOCIALLY OPTIMAL PRIVATE FOUNDATION INVESTMENT IN ENTREPENEURIAL VENTURES, J. William Callison & Allan Vestal, http://lawreview.vermontlaw.edu/files/2012/02/22-Callison-Book-1-Vol.-35.pdf (2010)




  • Wexler (2009) supra and Wexler (2006) supra


ARTICLES/ESSAYS WITH SUBSTANTIAL SECURITIES LAW ISSUES ANALYSIS:

  • TO BE OR NOT TO BE (A SECURITY): FUNDING FOR FOR-PROFIT SOCIAL ENTREPRISE, Joan Macleod Heminway, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2256767, 25 REGENT U. L. REV. 299 (2013)


HYBRID ENTITIES IN CONTEXT OF MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS:


  • DEFENDING PATAGONIA: MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS WITH BENEFIT CORPORATIONS, J. Haskell Murray, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2240885, (2013)

ARTICLES WITH SIGNIFICANT FOCUS ON USERS OF HYBRID ENTITIES:


  • DELAWARE PUBLIC BENEFIT CORPORATIONS 90 DAYS OUT: WHO’S OPTING IN?, Alicia E. Plerhoples, http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/facpub/1307/, (2014)




  • Murray (2013) supra




  • VERMONT’S SOCIAL HYBRID PIONEERS: EARLY OBSERVATIONS AND QUESTIONS TO PONDER, Elizabeth Schmidt, http://lawreview.vermontlaw.edu/files/2012/02/19-Schmidt-Book-1-Vol.-35.pdf (2010)


SOME ARTICLES ON QUESTIONS/GROWING PAINS WHEN LLCs AND LLPs WERE EMERGING:


  • THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY EXPERIMENT: UNLIMITED FLEXIBILITY, UNCERTAIN ROLE, Wayne M. Guzar, http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4276&context=lcp (1995)




  • THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: LESSONS FOR CORPORATE LAW, Jonathan R. Macey, , 73 WASH. U. L. Q. 434 (1995)




  • THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A STUDY OF THE EMERGING ENTITY, Robert R. Keatinge et al., http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=984625, 47 BUS. LAW. 327 (1992)




  • UNDERSTANDING THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A BASIC COMPARATIVE PRIMER (PART ONE), Thomas Earl Geu, http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/sdlr37&div=11&g_sent=1&collection=journals#58, 37 S.D. L. REV. 44 (1991/1992), and PART TWO, http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/sdlr37&div=29&g_sent=1&collection=journals#481, 37 S.D. L. REV. 467 (1991/1992)




  • COVERING YOUR ASSETS: MISSOURI’S NEW LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP LAW, Allison Bergman, 63 U.M.K.C. L. REV. 679 (1995)




  • THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A POSSIBLE CHOICE FOR DOING BUSINESS, Susan Pace Hamill, http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/uflr41&div=33&g_sent=1&collection=journals#731, 41 Florida L. Rev. 721 (1989)




  • THE STORY OF LLCs: COMBINING THE BEST FEATURES OF A FLAWED BUSINESS TAX STRUCTURE, Susan Pace Hamill, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=728104 CH. 10, BUSINESS TAX STORIES (Foundation Press, 2005)




  1. WEBSITES AND OTHER POTENTIALLY RELEVANT MATERIALS




  • Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation’s “ENTREPRENEURSHIP LAW” website at http://www.entrepreneurship.org/en/Entrepreneurship-Law.aspx, and particularly the section on SOCIAL ENTERPRISE

  • Americans for Community Development…the organization for the L3C at http://www.americansforcommunitydevelopment.org/ (includes various resources and forms relating to L3Cs)

  • Law and Social Entrepreneurship Association (at NYU) at http://www.law.nyu.edu/studentorganizations/lsea, and particularly the “RESOURCES” section on the Law and Social Entrepreneurship Association (NYU) website at www.law.nyu.edu/studentorganizations/lsea/resources

  • SOCENTLAW: Law and Social Entrepreneurship website at http://socentlaw.com/

  • SOCENTLAW: hybrid entity forms tracker at http://socentlawtracker.org/#/map

  • The “SOCIAL INNOVATION RESOURCE GUIDE” working paper posted on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) by Alicia Plerhoples and Ari Dropkin (Georgetown University Law Center) at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198396

  • On L3C formations: http://www.intersectorl3c.com/l3c_tally.html (maintained by interSector Partners, L3C, with other associated pages offering various L3C-related resources)

  • On Benefit Corporation statutes and pending legislation see “BENEFIT CORP INFORMATION CENTER at http://www.benefitcorp.net/state-by-state-legislative-status (maintained by B Lab)

  • On certified B Corps: http://www.bcorporation.net/ (maintained by B Lab)




  • On flexible purpose corporations: FAQs posted by “business for good” at http://www.businessforgood.co/2011/03/frequently-asked-questions-proposed.html




  • J. Haskell Murray, CORPORATE FORMS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRISE: COMPARING THE STATE STATUTES, available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1988556




  • Cass Brewer, SOCIAL ENTERPRISE COMPARISON CHART at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2304892




  • H. R. 2832, http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/2832, PHILANTHROPIC FACILITATION ACT (RE: PRIs) (2013-2014)




  • HANDBOOK FOR RESEARCH ON SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP, (Edited by Alain Fayolle and Harry Mattlay (Edward Elgar Publishing 2010)



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