Sedu 183 Spring 2010 Study Guide for Chapter 3 Computers in the Learning Environment

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SEDU 183 Spring 2010 Study Guide for Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Computers in the Learning Environment

True/False Questions

1) RAM is short-term memory.

Page Ref: 104
2) The program that makes it possible for the computer to run applications software is the

operating system.

Page Ref: 95
3) Integrated software contains the most powerful form of the programs included in the package.

Page Ref: 97
4) The small device that when moved across a flat surface moves a pointer across the monitor is a

laser pen.

Page Ref: 95
5) For the educator, software that is used to word process, keep records, and serve as a

gradebook performs administrative functions.

Page Ref: 96
6) Placing the pointer on an item, pressing the left mouse button, holding it down while moving

the pointer to position it, then releasing the button is called clicking.

Page Ref: 99
7) Data, such as related documents, spreadsheets, and graphics, can be organized as files.

Page Ref: 108
8) As portable as a floppy disk, but with much greater storage space, is a CD-R.

Page Ref: 112-113
9) A memory device inside the system unit is an AutoContent Wizard.

Page Ref: 105
10) The hard drive is usually designated Drive D.

Page Ref: 106
26 · Test Bank

11) A laser printer creates images on a page by squirting ink on the page.

Page Ref: 103
12) A folder is the organizational unit that holds files or other folders.

Page Ref: 108-109
13) Hard copy refers to any output that is printed.

Page Ref: 101
14) Mouse buttons are used to move the pointer on the screen.

Page Ref: 100
15) CD-ROM, DVD, and CD-Rs have the advantage of being able to record on the media as well

as play back data stored on them.

Page Ref: 111-113
16) The operating system is the collection of programs that tells the computer how to function and

manage its operations.

Page Ref: 95
17) Application programs include software that helps students learn while academic programs are

software that helps teachers teach.

Page Ref: 96
18) ROM chips store the initial instructions that tell the computer how to start up.

Page Ref: 94
19) Bundled software, unlike a productivity suite, is an integrated software package that has the

capability to perform many but not all application functions.

Page Ref: 98
20) The keyboard and the mouse are the most common types of output devices on personal


Page Ref: 99
21) Hard copy differs from soft copy in that it is the printed version of what is seen on the

computer screen.

Page Ref: 101
22) Windows and Mac OS present command options to users via windows, or boxed collections of

icons and text.

Page Ref: 95
23) Floppy disks are the optical storage media that hold as much data as the typical hard drive.

Page Ref: 106
24) Two advantages of CDs are their storage capacity and easy transportability.

Page Ref: 111-112
25) When comparing a DVD and CD, the DVD holds approximately half as much as the CD and

requires a special player to read it.

Page Ref: 114
26) CD-RWs can be read and recorded upon multiple times.

Page Ref: 112-113
27) In computing, memory and storage both refer to the hard disk drive in a computer.

Page Ref: 92
28) Booting up the computer means starting it up, beginning with turning on the power.

Page Ref: 94
29) In a GUI operating system, commands are issued by clicking on icons.

Page Ref: 95
30) The RAM uses the CPU to assist in getting your processing task done.

Page Ref: 104
31) Data stored in RAM is permanent.

Page Ref: 104
32) All computers today have a hard disk drive to store programs and data.

Page Ref: 105
33) Recordable DVDs are currently available in more than one competing format.Page Ref: 115
34) Although specialty papers, such as stickers, labels, and glossy photo paper, can be used in an

ink jet printer, they should not be used in a laser printer due to the high temperatures in the

laser printer.

Page Ref: 103
Multiple Choice Questions

1) The drive that reads information stored on compact discs is the

A) floppy drive.

B) hard drive.

C) tape drive.

D) CD-ROM drive.

Page Ref: 112
2) A pointing device that is handheld and used to select and change the position of items on the

screen is a

A) joystick.

B) mouse.

C) touchpad.

D) A, B, and C

Page Ref: 99-100
3) Making sure all the computer parts work together is the job of the

A) modem.

B) operating system.

C) port.


Page Ref: 95
4) Compared to floppy disks, CD-ROM discs have ________ storage capacity.

A) more

B) less

C) the same

D) no

Page Ref: 106
5) A packaged collection of software programs that are all manufactured by the same company

and follow the same design is termed a(n)

A) antivirus suite.

B) applications suite.

C) crash guard suite.

D) shareware suite.

Page Ref: 96
6) Printer resolution is measured as

A) ppm.

B) bit-color.

C) dot pitch.

D) dpi.

Page Ref: 102
7) Computer-generated transparencies for ink jet printers use film that is

A) porous.

B) heat tolerant.

C) white strip.

D) B and C

E) A and CPage Ref: 102

8) A billion bytes of data are referred to as a

A) gigabyte.

B) megabyte.

C) kilobyte.

D) terabyte.

Page Ref: 106
9) The floppy drive on the computer is usually designated by which letter?

A) F

B) A

C) D

D) C

Page Ref: 105
10) Computer storage that is long term and continues after the power to the computer has been

turned off is

A) disk storage.


C) input.

D) output.

Page Ref: 105
11) The type of software that typically makes it possible for users to accomplish a desired task is


A) utility program.

B) operating system.

C) application software.

D) communications software.

Page Ref: 96
30 · Test Bank

12) The type of optical storage that allows you to both read and store data to the disc is a




D) Zip.

Page Ref: 112-113
13) An example of a common input device is a

A) monitor.

B) printer.

C) speaker.

D) mouse.

Page Ref: 99
14) A program that can cause damage to your computer system and that should be scanned for

whenever starting your computer is a

A) virus.

B) utility.

C) firewall.

D) troll.

Page Ref: 110

15) The optical storage media that can be read only is the



C) floppy disk.


Page Ref: 111
16) In selecting software for the classroom, it is first necessary to ensure

A) the software is consistent with the classroom machineʹs specifications.

B) the software is the correct grade level for your students.

C) the software features the both text and colorful graphics.

D) the software addresses diverse learning styles.

Page Ref: 98
17) The type of program that tells the computer how to accomplish a task is a(n)

A) application program.

B) operating system.

C) utility program.

D) self-test program.

Page Ref: 96
18) The popular software that helps users enter, edit, and format numeric data is a

A) spreadsheet program.

B) data base management system.

C) word processor.

D) presentation software package.

Page Ref: 97
19) The computer component that controls the flow of information and performs the information

processing required is the

A) RAM chip.

B) ROM chip.

C) computer bus.


Page Ref: 104
20) Hard disks differ from other storage media in that they

A) store data magnetically.

B) are permanently fixed inside the computer.

C) have a maximum storage capacity of 1 gigabyte.

D) provide only temporary storage while the power is on.

Page Ref: 105
21) Popular input devices that require only limited desk space include

A) PDAs and printers.

B) flat-screen monitors and Zip drives.

C) trackballs and touch pads.

D) mouse and monitor.

Page Ref: 99-100
22) A printerʹs output quality is typically measured by its

A) dots per inch.

B) desktop foot print.

C) ability to print in color.

D) page capacity.

Page Ref: 102
23) In computing, a single byte represents

A) a pixel on the monitor.

B) a character of data.

C) an on or off electronic switch.

D) one unit of disk space.

Page Ref: 106
24) Removable media are useful for a classroom teacher because they

A) cannot be erased accidentally.

B) have the greatest capacity of any storage device.

C) are read-only.

D) are portable.

Page Ref: 109
25) To protect classroom computers from computer viruses, a teacher should

A) set up a personal firewall.

B) use only floppy disks in classroom machines.

C) use an updated antivirus program regularly.

D) use only network programs.

Page Ref: 110
26) The advantage of running programs from a CD rather than installing them is that

A) you leave hard drive space available for other software.

B) the CD runs faster than the hard drive.

C) you can change programs by changing CDs.

D) you can write your data to the same CD as the program.

Page Ref: 112
27) When a computer is turned on, a program that resides in the computer to tell it how to start

itself up goes to work. These basic input and output system initial instructions are more

commonly known as

A) bootstrap.



D) operating system.


Page Ref: 94
28) Visualize the CPU surrounded by input, output, memory, and storage functions. This is a

visual diagram of

A) the computing cycle.

B) the operating system.


D) a computer system.


Page Ref: 93
29) A flat, pressure-sensitive panel that you touch with your finger and move around on the

surface to provide input to a computer is known as

A) a trackball.

B) the bootstrap.

C) a mouse.

D) a whiteboard.

E) a touchpad.

Page Ref: 99-100

30) The program that tells a computer how to behave like a computer is known as

A) the operating system.

B) the POST.

C) the BIOS.

D) the GUI.

E) the handshake.

Page Ref: 95
31) Of these, the highest-quality prints will be obtained from the

A) ink jet.

B) fax/printer.

C) laser printer.

D) dot matrix.

E) all-in-one machine.

Page Ref: 103
32) In purchasing a computer, you normally want to get the machine with the highest number of

megahertz on the CPU that you can afford because that machine will

A) hold the most in memory.

B) handle the largest number of tasks at the same time.

C) communicate the fastest when using a modem.

D) have the largest rebate.

E) reduce your waiting time when running an application.

Page Ref: 104

Matching Questions

Match the following descriptions with the correct storage medium.

1) Nonerasable, permanent


Page Ref: 112-113
2) Stores programs

Page Ref: 105
3) Is inserted into drive A

Page Ref: 108
4) Stores data on 3.5-inch disks

Page Ref: 108
5) Plays lengthy video


Page Ref: 113
6) Installs programs

Page Ref: 111
7) Allows changes to stored data

Page Ref: 113
8) Stores seldom-used files

Page Ref: 113
9) Makes it possible to create

audio CDs

Page Ref: 113
10) Can be double-sided to

increase storage

Page Ref: 113
A) Hard drive

B) CD-RW drive

C) Removable drive

D) CD-ROM disc

E) Floppy disk

F) DVD-ROM disc

G) CD-R drive

H) Floppy drive

Match the computer technology with its function.

11) RAM

Page Ref: 104
12) Keyboard

Page Ref: 99-100
13) Monitor

Page Ref: 101
14) CPU

Page Ref: 104
15) Hard disk

Page Ref: 105
16) Printer

Page Ref: 103
17) CD-ROM

Page Ref: 111
18) Mouse

Page Ref: 99
19) DVD

Page Ref: 113
20) CD-R

Page Ref: 112
21) CD-RW

Page Ref: 112
22) Floppy disk

Page Ref: 108
A) Controls the flow of data and

processes tasks

B) Transportable, low-capacity,

magnetic storage

C) Optical storage media that stores


D) Output device that creates hard


E) None of these

F) Device for alpha and numeric


G) Optical media that can be read


H) Input device used to point to

icons and click

I) Computer memory for temporary

data storage

J) The long-term storage disk found

in all computers

K) Optical media that can be written

on once

L) Output device that displays soft

copy to the user
Short Answer Questions

1) Name two input devices.

Page Ref: 99-100
2) Name two output devices.

Page Ref: 101
3) What can be done to protect computers from viruses?

Page Ref: 110
4) What are the elements in the computing cycle, and how do they interact?

Page Ref: 93
5) Assume you are teaching the identification and purpose of commonly used computer

hardware to a class of non-computer-literate students. What pieces of hardware would you

select for instructional coverage, and what information would you give the students regarding

this hardware for educational applications? Defend your choices.

Page Ref: 98-104
6) Name the five parts of the computing cycle.

Page Ref: 93
7) How do an operating system, an application program, and a utility differ? How are they the


Page Ref: 96-97
Essay Questions

1) What do teachers need to know about their classroom computer systems to be effective

computer-using teachers? Name and explain at least five need-to-know items.

Page Ref: 91
2) In terms of storage devices, what three types of devices would you pick when configuring a

computer for your students to use? Justify your answer by explaining the advantages and

disadvantages of each.

Page Ref: 106

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