PAPER-II: SOCIAL GROUP WORK AND GROUP DYNAMICS MARKS: 100
Objectives: To familiarize the students with the concept and methods of group work, its purpose and principles.
To familiarize the students with the concept of group dynamics, group developmental stages and important elements of group dynamics like group structure, group members, and group leaders.
To enable the students to practically observe the functioning of groups being administered for different age groups in different social welfare agencies during their field work.
CONTENTS: Introduction to Social Group Work
Definition of Social Group Work
Purpose of Social Group Work
Types of Social Group Work : Socialization and Re-socialization Group
Principles of Social Group Work
Methods of Social Group Work
Task Facilitation Group
Self-help Group or Support Group
Concept of Group Dynamics
Primary Affiliation Group
Secondary Affiliation Group
Planning Group Work
Clarity of Purpose
Available Resources: Human, Financial, Technical, Material etc.
Selection of Specific Method of Social Group Work
Selection of Physical Settings and Non-physical Setting
Duration of the Group Work
Types of Group Members: Homogenous & Heterogeneous Nature
Mechanism for Evaluation of Group Performance
Structure of the Group:
Building, Rooms, Seating Arrangements: Chairs
Table Arrangement, Communication Channels
Social Structure of the Group
Status, Role and Norms
Social Power: Authority
Group Members :
Nature of Group Members : Homogeneity- Heterogeneity
Role of the Group Members in Group Work
Leadership in Social Group Work
Theories of Leadership in Group Perspective
Style of Leadership in Group Work
Authoritarian Group Leader
Democratic Group Leader
Skills for Effective Group Leadership
Facilitating, Communication, Protecting, Blocking, Linking Confronting, Empathizing, Evaluating, Modeling, Terminating
Group Leader Functioning
Traffic Director, Modeler of Appropriate Behavior
Interactional Catalyst, Communication Facilitators
Group Development Stages
Formation Stage, Conflicting Stage, Norms-setting Stage
Functional Stage, Termination Stage
Group Work with Children
Groups with Adolescence
Groups with Adults
Groups with Aged People
Andrews, J. (2001). Group Work’s Place in Social Work: A Historical Analysis. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. Retrieved October 29, 2005 at www.findarticles.com/p/articles.
Breton, M. (1990). Learning from Social Group Work Tradition. Social Work with Groups, 13(3), 21-34.
Corey, S.C., & Corey G. (2002). Groups Process and Practice. Mexico: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Douglas, T. (1976). Group Work Practice. London: Tavistock Publications, New Fetter Lane.
Forsyth, R. D. (1990). Group Dynamics. Pacific Grove: California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Gladding T. S. (1995). Group Work: A Counseling Specialty. Ohio: Merrill, an Imprint of Prentice Hall
Khalid, M. (2001). Social Work Theory and Practice with special reference to Pakistan. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.
Shaw, E. M. (1971). Group Dynamics, the Psychology of Small Group Behavior. Mexico: McGraw-Hill Book Company
Trecker, B. H. (1955). Social Group Work: Principles and Practices. New York: Association Press.
Williamson, M. (1929). The Social Worker in Group Work. New York and London: Harper and Brothers.
Wilson, G. (1976). From Practice to Theory: A Personalized History. In R. W. Roberts and H. Northern (Eds.) Theories of social work with groups (pp. 1–44). New York: Columbia University Press.
PAPER-III: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT & ORGANIZATION MARKS: 100
Objectives: This course is aimed at helping the students to analyze the socio economic and cultural setup of the community critically.
To help the students to develop the ability to identify problem areas and identify work approaches best suited to local conditions.
CONTENTS Definition of Social Work & Brief Mention of the Three Basic Methods of Social Work
Modernization & Development-Definitions and Explanations of the Terms
Role of Social Worker with Respect to Modernization & Development
Controversies over Community and its Characteristics
Definitions and Explanation
Essentials of Community
Elements of Community. Security, Norms, Values, Role and Status, Power, Social Control, Ranks, Facilities and Elements of Advancement
Types of Community:
Classification of Communities, Size, Extent of Dependency, Density, Age, Quality of Life.
Sociological Criteria of a Good Community. Basic Notions of a Good Community, Socialization, Social Control, Role of Dedicated Leaders a Collective Struggle for the Solution of Problems, Outward Look to Wider Community, Services and Facilities, Physical Cleanliness, Economic Structure, Aesthetic Expression, Willingness to Change, Democratic Trends etc.
Community Organization – A Vehicle to Community Development: Community Organization Definitions, Types of Community Organization & Goals of Community Development that can be achieved through Community Organization
Community Development – Definitions and Explanation
Aims and Objectives of Community Development.
The Nature & Elements of Community Development
Philosophy of Community Development
Principles of Community Development
Historical Perspective of Community Development in Pakistan
Present Institutional Framework of Community Development in Pakistan