Scheme of study for m. A social work (M. A social Work Previous)

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(M.A Social Work Previous)


Course Title



Social Case Work



Social Group Work & Group Dynamics



Community Development and Organization



(Only one of them is to be opted)

Paper A: Social Problems of Pakistan


Paper B: Local Government and Rural Development




Field Work




(M.A Social Work Final)


Social Research Methodology



Welfare System of Islam and Contemporary Social Work



(Only one of them is to be opted)

Paper: A: Social Gerontology


Paper: B: Social Institutions




(Only one of them is to be opted)

Paper A: Demographic and Population Welfare


Paper B: Introduction to Criminology




Field Work



Research Practicum


Total: 600

M.A Previous: 500

Final Marks: 600

Grand Total: 1100

(M.A Social Work – Previous)




The purpose of this course is to help student understand the basic methods of social and application of the social case work as a method of helping individuals. This course is further specified as:

  1. To give the students the background knowledge about human behavior and the bio-psycho-social dynamics that influence it.

  2. To give insight about the concept of normal and abnormal human development

  3. To give knowledge about personality and the view of different psychologists

  4. To develop empathetic approach for effective rapport development with client in problem understanding, diagnosis and solution.


  1. Definition and Description of Social Case Work.

  2. Basic Concepts in Social Work.

  3. Relationship of Social Work with other Social Sciences.

  4. The General Principles of the Practice.

  5. Components of Social Case Work: Person, Problem, Place, Process, and the Professional Representative

  6. Social Case Work Process.

  1. Study

  2. Diagnosis

  3. Treatment

  1. Counseling

  1. Techniques

  2. Tools of Communication

  3. Effective Communication in Counseling

  1. Interviewing in Social Case Work

  1. Definition and Scope of Interview in Social Case Work

  2. Interview Techniques

  3. Essentials Conditions for an Interview

  1. Recording in Social Case Work, Types of Recording, Essential of Recording and Principles of Recording.

  2. Code of Ethics in Social Work.

  3. Fields of Social Case Work with Reference to Pakistan.

  1. Medical Social Work:

  1. Definition and Scope of Medical Social Work.

  2. Role of Medical Social Worker.

  1. Psychiatric Social Work.

  2. Social Work with Drug Addicts.

  1. Definition of Drugs.

  2. Types of Drugs.

  3. Detoxification of Programme and Community Approach.

  1. Social Work with Special Groups/Disabled People:

  1. Definition of Disability and Handicapped.

  2. Types of Disability.

  3. Problems of Handicapped.

  4. Integrated Education: Its Importance and Practice in Pakistan.

  1. Social Work and Mental Health.

  2. Social Work with Aged.

  1. The Existing Socio-Cultural Practices for the Care of the Aged in Pakistani Society.

  2. Islam and the Care for the Aged.

  3. The Scope of Gerontology.

  4. The Psycho-Social Problems of the Aged People.

  5. Institutional Care for the Aged in Pakistan.

14. Human Development

  1. Physical Development

  2. Cognitive Development

  3. Psycho-Social Development

15. Introduction to the Concept of Personality

  1. Concept of Normal and Abnormal Behavior


Apterar, Herbert. (1981). Basic Concept in Social Case Work. North Carolina: Chapel Hill University of North Carolina Press.

Arthur, Fine E. (1974). The Field of Social Work. New York: Holf Rinehot and Wiston Inc.

Clark, Chris L. (2000). Social Work Ethics: Politics and Practice. New York: Pal grave.

Compton Beulan R. & Galloway Burt. (1994). Social Work Processes. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, Inc.

Coulshed, Veronica and Orme, Joan. (1988). Social Work Practice: An Introduction. Hampshire: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Eric, Ryner. (1975). Human Development. London: Gorge Allen and Unwin Ltd.

Garret, Anneto. (n.d.). Interviewing, Principles and Practices. Family Wolaro Association of America.

Hamilton, Gordon. (1973). Theory and Practice of Social Case Work. Columbia, USA: Columbia University Press.

Justin, Pikunas. (1989). Human Development. New York: Russell Foundation.

Khalid, Muhammad. (2001). Social Work Theory and Practice. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.

Perlman, Helen. (1988). Social Case Work, A Problem Solving Process. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Rapila Diance E. and Sally Wendkos Olds. (1978). Human Development. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.

Richmand, M. E. (1989). Social Diagnosis. New York: Russel Foundation.

Robert Adam, Lena Dominelli and Molcolm Payne. (1998). Social Work, Themes, Issues and Critical Debates. Hamspire: Pal grave.




  1. To familiarize the students with the concept and methods of group work, its purpose and principles.

  2. To familiarize the students with the concept of group dynamics, group developmental stages and important elements of group dynamics like group structure, group members, and group leaders.

  3. To enable the students to practically observe the functioning of groups being administered for different age groups in different social welfare agencies during their field work.


  1. Introduction to Social Group Work

  1. Definition of Social Group Work

  2. Purpose of Social Group Work

  3. Types of Social Group Work : Socialization and Re-socialization Group

  4. Principles of Social Group Work

  1. Methods of Social Group Work

  1. Task Facilitation Group

  2. Psycho-educational Group

  3. Counseling Group

  4. Psychotherapy Group

  5. Psychodrama

  6. Self-help Group or Support Group

  1. Concept of Group Dynamics

  1. Social Ecology

  2. Social Influence

  3. Primary Affiliation Group

  4. Secondary Affiliation Group

  5. Hawthorne Effect.

  1. Planning Group Work

  1. Clarity of Purpose

  2. Available Resources: Human, Financial, Technical, Material etc.

  3. Selection of Specific Method of Social Group Work

  4. Selection of Physical Settings and Non-physical Setting

  5. Duration of the Group Work

  6. Types of Group Members: Homogenous & Heterogeneous Nature

  7. Mechanism for Evaluation of Group Performance

  1. Structure of the Group:

  1. Physical Structure

  1. Building, Rooms, Seating Arrangements: Chairs

  2. Table Arrangement, Communication Channels

  1. Social Structure of the Group

  1. Status, Role and Norms

  2. Communication

  3. Social Power: Authority

  4. Group Cohesiveness

  5. Conformity

  1. Group Members :

  1. Nature of Group Members : Homogeneity- Heterogeneity

  2. Role of the Group Members in Group Work

  1. Leadership in Social Group Work

  1. Theories of Leadership in Group Perspective

  2. Style of Leadership in Group Work

  1. Authoritarian Group Leader

  2. Democratic Group Leader

  3. Laissez-Faire Leaders

  1. Skills for Effective Group Leadership

  1. Facilitating, Communication, Protecting, Blocking, Linking Confronting, Empathizing, Evaluating, Modeling, Terminating

  1. Group Leader Functioning

  1. Traffic Director, Modeler of Appropriate Behavior

  2. Interactional Catalyst, Communication Facilitators

  3. Conflict Resolver

  1. Group Development Stages

  1. Formation Stage, Conflicting Stage, Norms-setting Stage

  2. Functional Stage, Termination Stage

  1. Group Work with Children

  2. Groups with Adolescence

  3. Groups with Adults

  4. Groups with Aged People


Andrews, J. (2001). Group Work’s Place in Social Work: A Historical Analysis. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. Retrieved October 29, 2005 at

Breton, M. (1990). Learning from Social Group Work Tradition. Social Work with Groups, 13(3), 21-34.

Corey, S.C., & Corey G. (2002). Groups Process and Practice. Mexico: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Douglas, T. (1976). Group Work Practice. London: Tavistock Publications, New Fetter Lane.

Forsyth, R. D. (1990). Group Dynamics. Pacific Grove: California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Gladding T. S. (1995). Group Work: A Counseling Specialty. Ohio: Merrill, an Imprint of Prentice Hall

Khalid, M. (2001). Social Work Theory and Practice with special reference to Pakistan. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.

Shaw, E. M. (1971). Group Dynamics, the Psychology of Small Group Behavior. Mexico: McGraw-Hill Book Company

Trecker, B. H. (1955). Social Group Work: Principles and Practices. New York: Association Press.

Williamson, M. (1929). The Social Worker in Group Work. New York and London: Harper and Brothers.

Wilson, G. (1976). From Practice to Theory: A Personalized History. In R. W. Roberts and H. Northern (Eds.) Theories of social work with groups (pp. 1–44). New York: Columbia University Press.




  1. This course is aimed at helping the students to analyze the socio economic and cultural setup of the community critically.

  2. To help the students to develop the ability to identify problem areas and identify work approaches best suited to local conditions.


  1. Definition of Social Work & Brief Mention of the Three Basic Methods of Social Work

  2. Modernization & Development-Definitions and Explanations of the Terms

  3. Role of Social Worker with Respect to Modernization & Development

  4. Controversies over Community and its Characteristics

  1. Definitions and Explanation

  2. Essentials of Community

  1. Elements of Community. Security, Norms, Values, Role and Status, Power, Social Control, Ranks, Facilities and Elements of Advancement

  2. Types of Community:

    1. Gemeinschaft

    2. Gesellschaft

  3. Classification of Communities, Size, Extent of Dependency, Density, Age, Quality of Life.

  4. Sociological Criteria of a Good Community. Basic Notions of a Good Community, Socialization, Social Control, Role of Dedicated Leaders a Collective Struggle for the Solution of Problems, Outward Look to Wider Community, Services and Facilities, Physical Cleanliness, Economic Structure, Aesthetic Expression, Willingness to Change, Democratic Trends etc.

  5. Community Organization – A Vehicle to Community Development: Community Organization Definitions, Types of Community Organization & Goals of Community Development that can be achieved through Community Organization

  6. Community Development – Definitions and Explanation

  7. Aims and Objectives of Community Development.

  8. The Nature & Elements of Community Development

  9. Philosophy of Community Development

  10. Principles of Community Development

  11. Historical Perspective of Community Development in Pakistan

  12. Present Institutional Framework of Community Development in Pakistan

  13. Typology of Participation

  14. Causes for Lack of Participation in Pakistan

  15. Conflicts

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Major Manifestations of Conflict.

  3. Steps taken by Social Worker to Resolve the Conflict

  1. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)

  2. Rapid Rural Assessment (RRA)

  3. Techniques of Community Development

  4. Social Mobilization

a. Definition & Description

b. Process of Social Mobilization

c. Barriers to Community Mobilization


Alija, lzetbegonic A. (1984-1994). Islam between East & West. 3rd Edition. USA: The Other Press.

Arthur, Dunham. (1958).Community Welfare Organization: Principles & Techniques. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company.

Arthur, Dunham. eds. (1960). Community Development. In Russell H. Kurtz.eds. Social Work Year Book. New York: National Association of Social Workers.

Bhatti, K. Mehmood. (1995). Sustainable Rural Development Coordinated Approach. Peshawar: Pakistan Academy for Rural Development.

Chaudhry, M. Iqbal. (1996). Pakistani Society. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.

Con, Moser.( 1989). Community Participation in Urban Projects in the Third World: Progress in Planning. Vol: part-2.

David L. Sills. (1968).International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. 3rd Edition. New York: The Macmillan Company and The Free Press.

Davie W. Minar & Greer Scot. (1969). The Concept or Community Reading with Interpretations. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.

Khalid, Mohammad. (1996). Social Work Theory and Practice. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.

Khan, Imadad Ali, Abdur Rashid, Awan, Abdul Aziz. (1988). Participative Management for Rural Development . Peshawar: Pakistan Academy for Rural Development.

Mezirow, Jack D. (1963). Dynamics of Community Development. New York: Scare Crow Press.

Pehekki, Dan. A. (1979). Community Development Theory and Methods of Planned Changes. Calcutta, Kanpur, India: Vikas Publishers.

Rafiq, Z. Sahab. (2000).Community Development: Principles & Techniques. Peshawar: Saif Printing Press.

Rafiq, Z. Sahab. (2012).Community Development: Concept and Practice. 2nd Edition. Peshawar: Zia Sons Printers.

Roomi, S. Hayat. (1997). Training Manual Training of Trainers. Islamabad: National Rural Support Program.

Sanders, T. Irwil. (1995). Making Good Communities Better. Lexington: University or Kenturcky Press.

Taga, Abdul Hameed. (1998). An Introduction to Sociology. Lahore: Abdul Hameed & Sons Publishers.

Taga, Abdul Hameed. (1999). Sociology & Social Problems. Lahore: Abdul Hameed & Sons Publishers.




To help students to understand the multiple causative factors of the social problems of the society and the possible means and ways to solve and mitigate these problems.


  1. Social Problems

    1. Definition and Meaning

    2. Importance of its Study.

    3. Approaches to Social Problems.

    4. Role of Social Worker in the Solutions of Social Problems.

  1. Population Growth

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Causes, Consequences and its Remedies.

  1. Economic Problems

    1. Poverty

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Poverty Line, National Poverty Line, Absolute Poverty

  3. Causes,

  4. Government Strategies / Remedies.

    1. Unemployment and Under Employment,

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Types of Un-employment

  3. Causes and its Remedies.

  1. Crime

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Types of Crime

  3. Causes and its Remedies.

  1. Juvenile Delinquency

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Causes and its Remedies.

  1. Illiteracy

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Causes and its Remedies.

  1. Beggary and Vagrancy:

  1. Definition and Description

  2. Vagrancy Act

  3. Causes and its Remedies.

  1. Child Labour.

    1. I.L.O Report / Other International Reports

    2. Causes

    3. Solution to the Problems

    4. Child Labour Concept in CRC. (Convention on the Rights of the Child)

  1. Labour Problems and Welfare

  1. Classification of Labour

  2. Contemporary Labour Problems,

  3. Labour Policies

  1. Drug Addiction

  1. Definition

  2. Causes and Remedies

  3. Addiction and Characteristics

  4. Types of Drugs

  1. Depressants

  2. Stimulants

  3. Hallucinogens

  4. Cannabis

  1. Detoxification (Meaning, Method)

  2. Rehabilitation


Syed, Abdul Qudoos. (1990). Social Change in Pakistan. Lahore: Progressive Publishers.

Alam, Anwar. (2002). Principles of Sociology. Peshawar: Saif Printing Press.

Baqai, S. (2005). Social Problems of Pakistan. Karachi: Kafayat Academy.

Bhatti, Iqbal A. (1995). Model English Essays for Competitive Examinations. Lahore: Bhatti Publishers.

Chitambar, J.B.. (1974). Introductory Rural Sociology: A Synopsis of Concepts and Principles. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern LTD.

Encyclopaedia of Seerah. Vol-11. (1982). London: The Muslim Schools Trust.

Horton, P.B. & Gerald R. L. (1978). The Sociology of Social Problems. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs.

Iqbal C. M. (2001). Pakistani Society. Lahore: Aziz Publishers.

Jones, Brian J., Bernard J. Gallaghar, III & Joseph A. McFalls, Jr. (1980). Social Problems: Issues, Opinions & Solutions. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Khalid, Mohammad. (2001). Social Work Theory and Practice. Karachi: Kifayat Academy.

Kuper, Adam and Kuper, Jessica. eds. (1999). The Social Science Encyclopaedia London: Routledge.

Lauer Robert H. (1986). Social Problems and the Quality of life. 3rdEd. Dubuque: Lowa: Wm.C.Brown Publishers.

McVeigh, Frank & Arthur Shostak. (1978). Modern Social Problems. New York: Hold, Rinehart & Winston.

Meubech K. J. (1991). Social Problems: A Critical Approach. 3rd Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Nasir, M. Saeed, Hyder, Syed Kamal. (1988). Economic Problems of Pakistan. Lahore: Ilmi Book House.

Nasir, M. Saeed, Hyder, Syed Kamal. (2004). Economics of Pakistan. Lahore: New Fine Printing Press.

Safdar, Sarah. (1999). Introduction to Social Work. Peshawar: Wahdat Printing Press, Khyber Bazar.

Scarpitti, Frank R. (1974). Social Problems. New York: Hold, Rinehart & Winston, Inc.

Stanley, Eitzen D. & Zinn, Mazine B. (1996). Social Problems. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Stanley, Eitzen D. (1999). Social Problems. 3rd Ed. Boston: Allyn& Bacon, Inc.

Sue Titus Reid. (n.d). Crime and Criminology. Illinois: The Dryden Press.

Syed, Abdul Quddoos. (1990). Social Change in Pakistan. Lahore: Progressive Publishers.


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