Police operational planning



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POLICE OPERATIONAL PLANNING

  • In this chapter, the basic concepts in POLICE planning are being discussed to reinforce the topics in the previous chapters. This is so because the word PLANNING became a common terminology in Police Organizations, in Police Management and Administration as well as in the other fields of Criminal Justice.

Police administrators sometimes do not appreciate the importance of planning because of the pattern of career development. It is ironic that the pattern of career development for typical police managers carries with it seeds that sometimes blossom into a negative view of planning. However, planning is an integral element of good management and good decision-making. Management needs to anticipate and shape events; it is weak if it merely responds to them.

What is a Plan?

  • A plan is an organize schedule or sequence by methodical activities intended to attain a goal and objectives for the accomplishment of mission or assignment. It is a method or way of doing something in order to attain objectives. Plan provides answer to 5W’s and 1 H.
  • What is Planning?
  • Hudzik and Cordner defined planning as “thinking about the future, thinking about what we want the future would be, and thinking about what we need to do now to achieve it.”

Planning is a management function concerned with visualizing future situations, making estimates concerning them, identifying issues, needs and potential danger points, analyzing and evaluating the alternative ways and means for reaching desired goals according to a certain schedule, estimating the necessary funds, and resources to do the work, and initiating action in time to prepare what may be needed to cope with the changing conditions and contingent events.

  • What is Police Planning?
  • Police Planning is an attempt by police administrators in trying to allocate anticipated resources to meet anticipated service demands. It is the systematic and orderly determination of facts and events as basis for policy formulation and decision affecting law enforcement management.

What is Operational Planning?

  • Operational Planning is the use of rational design or pattern for all departmental undertaking rather than relying on change in an operational environment. It is the preparation and development of procedures and techniques in accomplishing of each of the primary tasks and functions of an organization.

What is Police Operational Planning?

  • Police Operational Planning is the act of determining policies and guidelines for police activities and operations and providing controls and safeguards for such activities and operations in the department. It may also be the process of formulating coordinated sequence of methodical activities and allocation of resources to the line units of the police organization for the attainment of the mandated objectives or goals.
  • Objectives are a specific commitment to achieve a measurable result within a specific period of time. Goals are general statement of intention and typically with time horizon, or it is an achievable end state that can be measured and observed. Making choices about goals is one of the most important aspects of planning. Relate this definitions with their description as defined in chapter one.

The process of police operational planning involves strategies or tactics, procedures, policies or guidelines. A Strategy is a broad design or method; or a plan to attain a stated goal or objectives. Tactics are specific design, method or course of action to attain a particular objective in consonance with strategy. Procedures are sequences of activities to reach a point or to attain what is desired. A policy is a product of prudence or wisdom in the management of human affairs, or policy is a course of action which could be a program of actions adopted by an individual, group, organization, or government, or the set of principles on which they are based. Guidelines are rules of action for the rank and file to show them how they are expected to obtain the desired effect.

  • The process of police operational planning involves strategies or tactics, procedures, policies or guidelines. A Strategy is a broad design or method; or a plan to attain a stated goal or objectives. Tactics are specific design, method or course of action to attain a particular objective in consonance with strategy. Procedures are sequences of activities to reach a point or to attain what is desired. A policy is a product of prudence or wisdom in the management of human affairs, or policy is a course of action which could be a program of actions adopted by an individual, group, organization, or government, or the set of principles on which they are based. Guidelines are rules of action for the rank and file to show them how they are expected to obtain the desired effect.

STRATEGIC PLANNING

  • Strategic planning is a series of preliminary decisions on a framework, which in turn guides subsequent decisions that generate the nature and direction of an organization. This is usually long range in nature. The reasons for Strategic Planning are:

VISION – A vision of what a police department should be.

  • VISION – A vision of what a police department should be.
  • LONG-RANGE THINKING – Keeping in mind that strategy is deciding where we want to be
  • STRATEGIC FOCUS
  • CONGRUENCE
  • A STRATEGIC RESPONSE TO CHANGE
  • STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK

What is the Strategic Planning process?

  • TASK 1 – Develop Mission and Objectives
  • TASK 2 – Diagnose Environmental Threats and Opportunities
  • TASK 3 – Assess Organizational Strengths and Weaknesses
  • TASK 4 – Generate Alternative Strategies
  • TASK 5 – Develop Strategic Plan
  • TASK 6 - Develop Tactical Plan
  • TASK 7 – Assess Results of Strategic and Tactical Plan
  • TASK 8 – Repeat Planning Process


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