Periods 1 and 7 Sophomore Exegetes in Room 323

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  • Religion 10
  • Periods 1 and 7
  • Sophomore Exegetes in Room 323
  • NAME __________________
  • Cardinal Hayes High School
  • Brother Sherlog, CFC
  • September 2014

8 of the 232 Seals on the Hayes Fence!

  • “ The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want, He has everything I need.”
  • Psalm 24
  • “Our eyes are fixed intently on the Lord, waiting for his merciful help.” Psalm 123: 2


  • 1.“Chew the Scriptures with the teeth of your mind.” -- Saint Jerome
  • 2. We are male by birth: men by choice.
  • 3. This is a down to earth class with an academic side and a spiritual side
  • 4. Exegete: one who studies the Scriptures
  • 5. Exegesis: the study of the Scriptures
  • 6. Key Scriptures for the first week
  • Mark 1: 9-11 is about the “Vox Dei.”
  • Psalm 3: 7 is about enemies.
  • 7. Live Jesus in our hearts, forever.

II. Four Key Acronyms p 5

  • 1. RTA = Read, think, apply
  • 2. HATCH= Hayesman Asking That Christ Help
  • 3. HITCH= Hayesman In Total Control (of) Himself
  • 4. BIBLE= Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth
  • 1. Gen. 1:27 = Imago Dei
  • 2. Matthew 13: 1-9 God is good… We have great potential to achieve spectacular results.
  • 3. KUSHIYAH – A Hebrew Word– It means “a problem( difficulty) with the text.”
  • 4. We solve the KUSHIYAH with Lectio divina and the RTA Approach.

More on the Battle p. 6

  • In the Hayes School Song we sing: Fight, fight, fight. What type of battle are we really fighting? Some Hayesmen are fighting with the Mount. Others are fighting with math. Others are fighting against poverty and hunger. In Ephesians 6:10-18 Saint Paul says we should put on the armor of God to combat and conquer evil. Loyal sons need a shield and a sword

Battle Against Evil


  • A) School Motto: “For God and Country”
  • B) SYMBOLS: BOOK( BIBLE) , STOLE( SEVEN SACRAMENTS ,CROSS( Jesus died for us so we are worthy!)
  • A) Imago Dei v SIN ( See, I’m Nobody)
  • B) Theological Virtues
  • 1. Faith
  • 2. Hope
  • 3. Love
  • C) Cardinal Virtues
  • 1. Temperance
  • 2, Justice
  • 3. Prudence
  • 4. Fortitude

Letter 107 p. 8

  • Enemies
  • 1. silk
  • 2. gems
  • 3. gilding
  • 4. Babylonian Parchment
  • 5.arabesque patterns
  • Friends
  • 1. Psalter
  • 2. Proverbs
  • 3.Preacher
  • 4. Job
  • 5. Gospels
  • 6. Acts of the Apostles
  • 7. Epistles
  • 8. Prophets


  • D) The Seven Capital Sins: Pride, Anger, Greed, Lust, Envy, Gluttony, Sloth
  • E) Yetzer ha’ tov- our inclination to do good
  • F) Yetzer ha’ra – our inclination to do evil
  • Genesis Fence
  • Deuteronomy Fence
  • Holocaust Fence
  • Hayes Fence
  • Jesus Fence
  • 1. “Ignorance of Scripture is Ignorance of Christ.” 2. He translated the Bible from Greek into Latin – the VULGATE
  • 3. Letter 107 is a key primary source

4 of the 232 Seals on the Hayes Fence!

VII. Five Old Testament Books that Point to Jesus p. 11

  • 1. Psalms--- David- feelings of lament, praise and thanks!
  • 2. Proverbs--- Solomon-- 3000 wise sayings!
  • 3. Ecclesiastes--- Ec. 3:1-8
  • 4. Wisdom -- Wisdom 3:1-9
  • 5. Job-- Why do bad things happen to good people?
  • VIII: Take all your FEELINGS to God in prayer!
  • A) UPS:
  • B) DOWNS:
  • A) Proverbs 3.14 , 3.16, 22.22, 26.11
  • B)

X: Hayesmen Dealing With Suffering p. 13

  • A) Job’s situation ( Chapter 1 and 2)
  • B) Job’s friends ( chapter 2-37)+ C) God speaks ( Chapter 38+ff)
  • D)Job speaks in 40.3-5 and Job in 42.5 E)The Epilogue
  • G) The sitz im leben: The Babylonian Exile
  • F) RTA Statement:

P.15 XI: Jesus: A Man of Feelings, Wisdom and Suffering.

  • The Gospel of Mark
  • Alone 9.8
  • Teacher 12.32, 9.31, 7.7
  • Cried out 15.37
  • Betrayed 3.19, 14.10, 14.21, 14.44
  • Taught –astonished 1.21-22, 7.37
  • Crowns of thorns 15.17
  • Amazed 6.6
  • Joy 11.9
  • Preached 2.2
  • Stones 13.2
  • Insulted
  • Scourged 15.15
  • Pity 6.34
  • Parable 12.1, 3.23
  • Abused 15. 32
  • Anger 3.5,
  • Threatened 14.1-2
  • Immediately knew 2.8
  • Mocked 15.20, 15.31
  • Distressed 14.33,14.71
  • Rebuked 16.14, 1.25
  • Crucified 15.15, 16.6


  • 1. We have a desire for God. We have a thirst or craving or need to satisfy our inner longing.
  • 2. Vocation: a call from God
  • 3. All the books of the Bible point to Jesus!
  • 4. Jesus is the fullness of divine revelation.
  • 5. The Church Fathers : teachers in the early centuries of the Church who chewed the Scriptures and extended the tradition of the Apostles
  • 6. Doctors of the Church: Saints known for their theological writings
  • 7. Divine Revelation: God speaks directly to us
  • 8 Natural Revelation: God makes himself known to us through nature and human reasoning
  • 9. Salvation History: pattern of specific events in human history when God reveals himself to us

“Grace Builds on Nature” p. 20

  • 1. Quote by Thomas Aquinas
  • 2. Fish swim, birds fly. Things give glory to God by doing what they are supposed to do!
  • 3. The glory of God is a man fully alive ( John 10.10)
  • 4. We dissected acorns, discovered larvae from weevils and made comparisons to ourselves
  • 5. We used John 12: 24 to compare ourselves to the acorn.

XIII: Scholastic Theology p.19

  • A. Happened in the Middle Ages
  • B. use philosophical methods to understand God
  • C. an example of natural revelation
  • D. Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote Summa Theologica – 21 volumes–
  • Thomas- “The Dumb Ox” – Five Proofs of Gods Existence
  • 1. The First Mover
  • 2. Causality
  • 3. Contingency
  • 4. Perfection
  • 5. Intelligent being

XIV: Trying to Understand God p. 21

  • 1. We experience beauty and goodness
  • 2. we use our conscience ( inner voice)
  • 3. We use our reason
  • 4. We chew the Scriptures
  • 5. Prayer and theophany ( manifestations )- like the Burning Bush
  • 5. Apostolic Succession: the uninterrupted preaching of the gospel from the apostles to the bishops like Pope Francis and Cardinal Dolan
  • 6. Magisterium: Pope and the bishops -- see Matthew 16.15- 20!!
  • 7. Deposit of Faith: Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition
  • 8. Dogma: central teachings of the Church– Trinity and Incarnation – The Paschal Mystery ( Jesus died and rose again)

XV How the Bible Was Written p. 23

  • People experienced God, talked about it, wrote it down and stuck it in the canon
  • The Canon: collection of Books that Church recognized as the inspired Word of God
  • C. Catholic Bible has 73 books
  • D. Protestant Bible has 66 Books
  • E. Deuterocanonical Books: Tobit, Judith, First and Second Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch
  • These books were written between 900BC and 150 AD
  • G. Divine Inspiration: The Holy Spirit assists the authors so authors could write in human words what God wanted to communicate
  • h. Biblical inerrancy: the Bible is free from error
  • I biblical exegesis : The Critical interpretation and explanation of the text.
  • J lectio divina: form of prayer: slow ,thoughtful , repetitive reading of the Scriptures

XVI: Helpers for Exegetes p. 25

  • A. Literal sense: the meaning conveyed by the words
  • B. the spiritual sense : considers what the realities and events signify
  • 1. Allegorical sense=Christological significance
  • 2. Moral sense= how does it teach us to be ethical?
  • 3. Anagogical sense- - how does it relate to heaven?
  • C. Fundamentalist approach: based on literal meaning
  • does not take into account the “sitz-im leben” ( setting of the story)
  • Contextualist approach: takes into account the various contexts of history, culture and analogy of faith
  • Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Nag Hammadi manuscripts
  • Flavius Josepheus
  • Pliny the Younger


  • Matthew 16 15-20
  • 1. Caesarea Philippi
  • 2. Pan
  • 3. Herod
  • 4. Simon to Peter
  • 5. The Church
  • B) RTA statement:
  • Page 28


  • A String of Hail Marys
  • A prayer about the relationship between Jesus and Mary. The 20 decades of the Rosary are based on the Gospels.
  • Joyful Mysteries
  • Sorrowful Mysteries
  • Glorious Mysteries
  • Luminous Mysteries

XIX Teresa of Avila p. 31

  • She is a Doctor of the Church who helped fix things during the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation.
  • Born in Spain (1515-1582). She became a Carmelite nun. The Carmelites were a group of hermits that lived in Palestine circa 1200AD
  • She Wrote Interior Castle, a book about personal prayer.
  • Her writings influenced Brother Edmund Rice ( 1762-1844), founder of the Christian Brothers.
  • One of her quotes: “There is a time for penance and a time for partridge; this is a time for partridge!”

XX Still Following Jerome’s Letter 107 p. 33

  • 1. After the Gospels, Jerome say to read the Prophetic Books
  • 2. The Major Prophets
  • A) Isaiah 6:5
  • B) Jeremiah 1:5-9
  • C) Ezekiel 2:1- 3:4, Ez. 37
  • D) Daniel 6:23
  • 3. God does not choose the qualified, he qualifies the chosen
  • 4. These four books have the Babylonian Exile as their sitz-im-leben
  • 5. The Babylonian Exile:
  • a) 587 BC, Babylonians destroy Temple, enslave the Jewish People
  • b) a time of “Spiritual amnesia”
  • c) People forget their God, their traditions, their values

XXI Isaiah, Old Testament Book, 66 chapters p.35

  • 1.The Call of Isaiah 6:1-8
  • 2. Birth of Emmanuel 7:14.
  • 3. Rule of Immanuel 11:1-9
  • 4. The suffering servant: a servant found in Isaiah who will encounter great suffering and end in glorification
  • 5. servant leadership: leadership based on humble service
  • 6. messianic hope: Jewish belief and expectation that a messiah would come to protect, unite and lead Israel to freedom
  • 7. Suffering Servant Poems 42: 1-4, 50:4-9, 52:13- 53:12


  • 1. November 1 is All Saints Day
  • 2. November 2 is All Souls Day
  • 3. Saint: A person who make it to heaven.
  • 4. Soul: Our spiritual, immortal essence that makes us most like God
  • 5. Purgatory: a state of final purification which one may need before entering Heaven
  • 6. Heaven: eternal life and union with God
  • 7. Beatific Vision: directly seeing God in the glory of heaven!

Revelations 7: 9 p.38

  • After this I had a vision of a great multitude, which no one could count, from every nation, race, people, and tongue. They stood before the throne and before the Lamb, wearing white robes and holding palm branches in their hands


  • God the Father, have mercy on us
  • God the Son, have mercy on us
  • God the Holy Spirit, have mercy on us .
  • Holy Mary, Mother of God,
  • Saint Joseph,
  • Saints Gabriel, Raphael and Michael
  • Saints Peter and Paul,
  • Saint Jerome
  • Saint Teresa and Saint Thomas Aquinas
  • Saint Ignatius of Loyola
  • Blessed Edmund Rice
  • Saint Martin de Porres
  • Oscar Romero,
  • Dorothy Day
  • Matteo Ricci,
  • Mrs. Caldara
  • Saint Kizito
  • Saint Katherine Drexel
  • Saint Patrick
  • Pray for us

An Exegesis of Luke 19: 11-27 p.41

  • The sitz- im-leben: Jerusalem
  • The anagogical sense of the “distant country.’: Parousia- End of world- Judgment Day
  • The first and second servants– took chances
  • The third servant: plays it safe
  • The KUSHIYAH: Is the King too demanding?
  • The MIDRASH: the interpretation of the story
  • The end of the Liturgical Year: Feast of Christ the King
  • If Christ is the King we are ___soldiers____________.

A CSI/COLD CASE Approach to the Resurrection of Jesus P.43

  • Possible crimes: Homicide, Grand Larceny, Perjury
  • If the resurrection was a hoax would the apostles have selected unreliable women who were not respected as eyewitnesses?
  • If the body was stolen would not the Jewish Authorities and Roman soldiers have found the corpse?4. If it were a hoax would the apostles have been willing to die for a lie?
  • 4. If it were a hoax why would the biggest enemy of Christians suddenly become a famous Christian saint, the Super- Apostle, Saint Paul?
  • 5. The Resurrection is either the biggest lie in history or the greatest story ever told


  • Four weeks before Christmas
  • We prepare for the historical birth!
  • We prepare for the End of the World
  • We prepare for Jesus who comes each and every day in ordinary events through ordinary people who are Imago Dei.
  • RTA: Only boring people get bored.

Be Alert p. 46

  • Novelist H.G. Wells said, ‘‘I am an historian, I am not a believer. But this penniless preacher from Galilee is irresistibly the centre of history.’’
  • 1 Cor. 3:16: Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?
  • St. Bernadette Soubirous- Lourdes, France- 1858- Had a vision of Mary, “The Immaculate Conception.”- Place of Miracles and Healing!


  • The ark represents a place of safety, peace, order, goodness
  • The Garden of Eden…… see Genesis 2 : 10-14
  • Noah’s Ark…. see Genesis 7
  • The Rainbow… see Genesis 9: 8-17
  • The Ark of the Covenant….see Exodus 25: 10- 22
  • The Temple in Jerusalem…. See 1 Kings 6 also Ezekiel 47
  • Mary, The Immaculate Conception…. Luke 1:28, Luke 1:42
  • Jesus, The New Covenant see John 19:34
  • The Tabernacle for the Blessed Sacrament
  • Every Hayesman….. 1 Corinthians 3: 16

Confession p 49

  • 1. Sacrament of Reconciliation
  • 2. Examination of Conscience
  • 3. Confess, tell, our sins
  • 4. Receive a Penance
  • 5. Receive Absolution

Seven Sentences p. 50

  • College is imminent, so is the Parousia!
  • Who is your king?
  • In orientation we were taken to the chapel.
  • Is money or God the key to life?
  • Do you know your roots?
  • The Lord is almighty.
  • Where did he get this wisdom?

ERO CRAS– Tomorrow I will be! - O ANTIPHONS p.51

  • Emmanuel—Imminent– Isaiah 7:14
  • Rex- Royal- King John 19.19
  • Oriens- Orientation- Daystar- Hebrews 12. 2
  • Clavis- Clavicle- Key– Matthew 16.19
  • Radix- Radical- Root--- Isaiah 11. 1
  • Adonai– Adonis- Lord Exodus 34:23
  • Sapiens- Sapience- Wisdom– Isaiah 11.2=

Apostle’s Creed

  • 1. One God, Father, Creator
  • 2. Jesus Christ, His only Son
  • 3. Conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary
  • 4. Suffered, died, and was buried
  • 5. Descended into Hell, on the third day he rose again
  • 6. He will come again to judge….. (Parousia)
  • 7. Holy Spirit
  • 8. Holy Catholic Church
  • 9. Communion of Saints
  • 10. Forgiveness of Sins
  • 11. The Resurrection of the body and life everlasting

Beatitudes v Street Attitudes

  • Matthew 5: 1-11

Essay 4 Primeval Stories

  • 1.. Found in Genesis
  • 2. Written around the time of the Babylonian Exile
  • 3. Theme: God is in control despite the chaos
  • Creation Story– two accounts
  • Original Sin- Expulsion from the Garden of Eden– The Fall
  • The Flood
  • Tower of Babel
  • All of these stories can be read in the literal sense, but also in the spiritual sense. All of them emphasize God’s power, man’s sinfulness and they all give hints about the covenant that is fulfilled in Jesus Christ.

How Sacred Scripture Developed

  • 1. People experienced God
  • 2. People talk about their experience—oral tradition
  • 3. People write it down– written tradition, guided by divine inspiration
  • 4. They stuck it in the canon--- these are the 73 official books of the Bible
  • 5. papyrus scrolls manuscripts Printing Press books
  • 6. Aramaic, Hebrew, Greek are the original languages of Scripture
  • 7. St. Jerome’s translation into Latin is the Vulgate
  • 8. c. 1500 translations into the vernacular- the language of the people– Henry VIII– KJV-
  • Martin Luther- in Germany
  • Ways to use the Bible
  • Memorize key verses
  • Use Lectio divina
  • It is a living Word

Religion at Hayes Essay

  • God is Good.. Ps 25.8
  • The Lord is my Shepherd.. Ps. 23
  • May the Spirit that dwells within you, continue to renew you . Go out and make it a blessed day. 1 Cor 3.16
  • Sacred Tradition is Based on Sacred Scripture
  • An undisclosed poem
  • Use the above documents to show how a Hayesman can be a person who is male by birth and men by choice


  • 1. SCLC- founded in 1957
  • 2. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • 3. some said just call it Southern Leadership Council
  • 4. MLK said NO WAY!!!- He was a Baptist minister
  • 5.Meditate on the teachings and life of Jesus.
  • 6. Ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ.


  • Who; Jesus Christ
  • What: Life, Passion, Death, Resurrection, and the Ascension of Jesus Christ
  • Where: in and around Jerusalem+ everywhere
  • When: 33AD+ at all times
  • Why: God loves us and saves us from original sin
  • Hw: email

Christian Leadership p.72

  • 1. Leadership requires sacrifice
  • 2. Sacrifice can lead to martyrdom
  • 3. Feb 6th Feast of St. Paul Miki- Japan circa 1650
  • 4. W. E. B DuBois- Talented Tenth –
  • 5. Many are called , but few are chosen.
  • 6. There can be no perfect democracy, curtailed by color, race, or poverty. But with all we accomplish all, even peace.
  • 5. We recall Leviticus 19.18b. This is the heart of the Covenant, the rest is almost midrash!
  • 6. In Numbers lets focus on Numbers15.37 and connect it to Matthew 9.20. The key word is ____________________. Jesus is the New Covenant.
  • 7.In Deuteronomy we focus on the “Shema” found in Deteronomy 6: 4-9
  • 7. W.E.B. Dubois’ quote relates to the Message of Our Lady of Guadalupe because it speaks of a universal theme.
  • 8. This quote also relates to Jesus’ message about the Kingdom of God. This kingdom is for all people!!!! The kingdom is about believing, repenting, forgiving, sharing, loving, healing and bringing peace.

Book of Joshua

  • Chapters: 24
  • Theme: Israel Taking Possession of Canaan, the Promised Land
  • Central Character: Joshua, the successor of Moses
  • Plot: Rahab helps Joshua’s spies, Joshua and his men follow the ark, circle Jericho, and the walls came tumbling down. Rahab is saved!
  • Key Chapter: Ch 6

Lent Project

  • Construct a three room house. Be creative
  • Use straight edge. Print. Be neat
  • Label the 3 rooms
  • Work may be computer graphic, white paper, or three dimensional.
  • One room must be a different size than other two
  • 6. Submit a 5 paragraph essay

Key texts

  • Our house is built on solid rock ( Matt. 7: 24)
  • Matt 6. 2: when you give
  • Matt. 6:5 : when you pray
  • Matt 6: 16 ; when you fast
  • Saint Augustine quote: “Fasting and almsgiving are the two wings that help our prayer fly up to heaven.”
  • Isaiah 58: 4-12 talks about authentic fasting

Brother’s House


  • Hook
  • Topic
  • Definition
  • Thesis
  • If you are Catholic and have not received your first communion or your confirmation you can receive these Sacraments at Hayes in May.
  • We have a special preparation program
  • Come to auditorium after dismissal.

Three Types of Prayer

  • 1. Oratio- Oral Prayer, e.g., Our Father
  • . 2. Meditatio- Meditation- e.g. Lectio Divina
  • 3. Contemplatio- Contemplation– prayer without words, without images, it’s just being in the presence of God. It’s feeling safe. It’s just good to be with God.
  • Christology- the study of the person of Jesus Christ- based on Matthew 16:15
  • Ecclesiology- the study of the “Church” – based on Matthew 16: 18
  • Definitions of Church
  • 1. House of God ( physical building)
  • 2. The People of God ( community)
  • 3. Institution- Organization- hierarchy
  • 4. Herald- proclaims
  • 5. Sacrament- it makes Christ visible
  • 6. Body of Christ- it has unity and diversity

Saint Katherine Drexel

  • . 1858- 1955
  • Nun, teacher, built schools for African American and Native American children
  • Very rich lady—she gave all her money away
  • Established The Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament-
  • She exemplifies the idea that prayer leads to action. Katherine Drexel spent hours in prayer before the tabernacle,
  • Katherine Drexel took Jesus’ words very seriously, “ Do this in memory of me.”
  • Jesus’ life– his body and his blood– was about spreading the word about love.
  • HW: Is prayer more about speaking to God or listening to God?
  • Prayer involves ACTS: Adoration, Contrition, Thanksgiving, Supplication
  • Life is God’s gift to you, what you do with your life is your gift to God!!!
  • We seek God, but God is always seeking us.
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas emphasized knowing God with your mind.
  • Saint Bonaventure emphasized experiencing God’s love in your heart.

Prayer or Almsgiving?

  • James 2: 14-17 emphasizes almsgiving
  • Matthew 17:20 emphasizes prayer
  • The analogy of faith says we must balance out all the doctrines of the Church
  • William Shakespeare “Even the devil can quote Scripture for his own purposes.”- see Mt 1:4-11.
  • RTA: Is prayer or almsgiving more important? Both are equally important. One feeds the other.


  • 1. 14 prayers that mark Jesus’ road from Pilate’s House to Calvary.
  • This prayer is traditionally used on Fridays in Lent. NB: Chapel at 2:15pm at dismissal
  • It is a prayer that recalls Jesus’ determination, his sacrifice, his concern for others
  • I Jesus is condemned by Pilate
  • II Jesus carries his cross
  • III Jesus falls the first time
  • IV Jesus meets his mother (John 19:26-28)
  • V Simon helps Jesus Carry the Cross Lk 23: 26
  • VI Veronica Wipes Jesus’ Face
  • VII Jesus Falls the second time
  • VIII Jesus meets the Women Lk .23: 27-32
  • IX Jesus falls the third time
  • X Jesus is stripped of his garments
  • XI Jesus is nailed to the Cross
  • XII Jesus dies.
  • XIII Jesus is taken down from the cross
  • XIV Jesus is placed in the tomb

Pilate’s House( Praetorium)

  • John 18:28- 19:16
  • Pilate is a victim of peer pressure
  • Inside is the place of truth-- conscience
  • Outside is the place of lying

Hayesmen: Intellect and Free Will

  • 1. Intellect: Your ability to think and reason. We can use our intellect to understand how natural revelation works.
  • 2. If you admire creation, do we adore the Creator?
  • 3. Can our consideration of visible things lead us to knowledge about invisible things?
  • 4. Scholasticism- Medieval Philosophy
  • 5. Ways of reacting to the invisible
  • “ He is crazy!”
  • “He is a mystic!”
  • 6. How do I try to embrace the invisible?
  • 7. Study and prayer can be attempts to search out the secrets of the material universe, cure diseases, stop war and create beautiful works of art so we can share in the light of the divine mind. ( From Vatican II Documents)
  • 8. God gives us a conscience to help us choose rightly.
  • 9. Conscience is an internal sense of what is right and wrong.
  • 10. Free will: the gift from God that allows us to choose

More on the Stations

  • 1. Did Pilate have a well formed conscience?
  • 2. Did Simon of Cyrene have free will when he was with Jesus? LUKE 23: 26
  • What does Luke 22: 39-46 reveal about Jesus’ conscience and free will?
  • 4. What steps must I take to develop my conscience?


  • 1. Christology and Ecclesiology are the 2 parts of Sophomore year religion
  • 2. Six Images of the Church
  • People of God
  • Body of Christ
  • Institution
  • Sacrament
  • Herald
  • Servant of God
  • USE JOHN 1:1 to justify your answer

Saint Patrick and Saint Joseph

  • 1. Patrick- patron saint of New York Archdiocese. He was Irish!
  • 2. He was a herald who taught people about the Body of Christ. He was a servant who helped others. He used the shamrock to teach about the Trinity. He used shamrocks to drive the snakes ( evil ) out of Ireland.

Two Role Models

  • 1. Saint Patrick— Patron Saint of the Archdiocese of NY--
  • 2. Saint Joseph---- Patron saint of the Universal Church
  • 3. Both of these men had well formed Consciences– Both of these men had dreams–
  • Joseph– Sacred Scripture– Matt 2.13---
  • Patrick---Sacred Tradition– in his auto biography- Confessions- he speaks of a dream -
  • Patrick “sees” children in their mothers’ wombs crying out and saying, “Come back to Ireland and teach us about Jesus.”
  • RTA-- Should we pay attention to dreams, people who challenge us with difficult tasks, to our parents?
  • RTA- Our free will is a powerful gift. We can help. We can hurt. We can ignore. We can choose manhood.

BLOG on Paper

  • P. 1092 Matt 16. 18– Institution
  • P 1204– John 14.2 ---People of God/ Community of Disciples
  • P 1151– Luke 4. 14-15- Herald
  • P. 1099- Matthew 20.28—Servant
  • P. 1199- John 10.10b—Body of Christ
  • P. 1165- Luke 12.49-- Sacrament

More info on who Jesus is

  • 1. I use intellect and prayer to figure out who Jesus is ( see Matthew 16: 15)
  • 2. dogma– true teaching
  • 3. heresy- false teaching– half baked truth
  • 4. heretic- false teacher– may be devious or sincere
  • 5. Christological controversy: Is Jesus God or man? See John 11.35 and John11. 43
  • 6. Ecumenical councils that solved this question- groups of bishops
  • 7. Difficult questions can sometimes mess us up!
  • 8. Arius: heretic
  • 9. Arianism: heresy
  • 10. Arius claimed that Jesus was not God
  • 11. St. Athanasius and St. Anthony of Egypt say that Jesus is “homo-ousious” same substance as the Father. – Council of Nicaea-325 AD– Nicene Creed-- Nicaea is in Turkey

Marching in Spring

  • Theology– Study of God
  • Chistology- Study of Jesus Christ
  • Ecclesiology- iglesia- Study of Church
  • John 12.32- Jesus will be lifted up( crucified and resurrected) and draw all people to himself– this verse = Body of Christ
  • Matthew 5:16- People will see your good deeds- light up the room- this verse= Sacrament
  • 6. Mark 10.1- Herald and People of God
  • 7 p. 1342 1 Timothy 3- qualifications for bishops– Institution
  • 8. There are many gifts but the same Spirit, therefore,we need to discover what model (way) of the Church best connects to us.
  • 12. Is Mary the Mother of God? Some say yes, some say no. Everyone agrees Mary is the Mother of Jesus
  • Catholic Position: Theotokos- Mary is the God Bearer- Council of Ephesus- present day Turkey ( Asia Minor)
  • Ascending Christology- emphasizes the humanity of Jesus
  • Descending Christology- emphasize the divinity of Jesus

Jesus: Fully Human and Fully Divine

  • Council of Chalcedon says Jesus is a person withe two natures. He is fully human and fully divine– this is the HYPOSTATIC UNION!
  • Jesus’ Humanity: Gospel of Mark says Jesus was alone, betrayed, amazed, joyful, distressed, hungry, sleepy
  • Jesus’ Divinity: miracles, cures, healing, preached with Authority, He said he was the great “ I AM”

Ecumenical Councils

  • Bishops gather to solve problems in the Church
  • Council of Nicaea, Council of Ephesus and the Council of Chalcedon solved the Christological controversies.
  • Test questions
  • 14 What is intellect?
  • 15. How many Stations of the Cross?
  • 16. How many times did Pilate go into his house?
  • 17. What is conscience?
  • 18. What is free will?
  • 19 Who helped Jesus carry the cross?
  • 20. What are the three types of prayer
  • 21. What is lectio divina?
  • 22. What is our house built on?
  • 23. What does the Praetorium represent?
  • 24. Who does the Solid Rock represent?
  • 25. St Augustine and St Patrick both wrote autobiographies with this title?
  • 26. Who is the successor of Moses?
  • 27. Who is the New Moses?
  • 28. What Jewish Celebration coincides with The Last Supper?
  • 29. What makes Lent lit?
  • 30. The Soul is that part of us that makes us most like God. The Souls of Black Folk was written by…

The Resurrection

  • A. four Gospel accounts
  • B. reactions of the apostles ranged from terror to belief
  • C. John 20:24-28 focuses on Thomas’ doubt
  • D. Thomas thinks that seeing is believing
  • E. Thomas’ confession of faith:
  • “My Lord and My God.”
  • F. RTA : You have to go “in” and not stay “out” on the edge or on the sidelines. Remember for Pilate ( John 18: 38) the truth was inside his house (Praetorium) The disciple that ran to the tomb believed once he went inside( John 20:8). NB: Matthew 6:6 is in effect.
  • Baptism = baptizo (Greek) = immersion= diving into the water.
  • Immersion is scary!
  • Romans 6:3 : Are you not aware that when you were baptized into Christ you were baptized into his death?


  • V. Queen of Heaven, rejoice, alleluia:
  • R. For he whom you merited to bear, alleluia,
  • V. Has risen, as he said, alleluia.
  • R. Pray for us to God, alleluia.
  • V. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia.
  • R. Because the Lord is truly risen, alleluia.

How did the Risen Jesus Affect People?

  • 1. Some disbelieved and persecuted
  • 2. Some could not stop talking about it: Peter, John, Stephen, Paul… Libya….Kenya….
  • 3. Some begin the communal life described in Acts 2: 42-47 p 1218
  • 4. There are many vocations to holiness

The Three Evangelical Counsels

  • 1. poverty– detached – against materialism
  • 2. chastity– love in the right way- faithfulness- healthy relationships—against envy and lust--
  • 3. obedience- listen for God’s will
  • 4. laity: People of God who are not religious or clergy
  • 5. consecrated life: monks, religious brothers and sisters
  • 6.bishops, priests, deacons = clergy

Gifts of the Holy Spirit

  • 1. Wisdom
  • 2. Understanding
  • 3. Counsel--- advice
  • 4. Knowledge
  • 5. Fortitude---- courage
  • 6. Piety------ a sense of holiness--- pious
  • 7. Fear of the Lord– deep awesome respect


  • 1. Priest--- person who offers sacrifice and ministers to others.
  • 2. Prophet---- person who evangelizes(spreads the Good News)
  • 3. King---- your are Imago Dei. Person of power

Safety and Safe Environment

  • John 10: 1-22 talks about sheep, shepherds, gates, wolves, thieves, and recognizing the voice of the Shepherd.
  • REL= REL: religion= relationships
  • Chastity is about healthy relationships
  • Psalms 3.7 speaks of enemies
  • We know the signs of unhealthy relationships when people cross boundaries and make us feel uncomfortable.


  • 1. We honor Mary and Joseph.
  • 2. May is a month in honor of Mary
  • 3. May 1 is the feast of St. Joseph the Worker
  • 4. The Holy Family. Jesus, Mary and Joseph
  • 5. Jesus, age 12- 30, are the “Hidden Years”
  • 6. Jesus grew in age and wisdom

Order of the Mass

  • 1. Liturgy of the Word
  • 2. Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • 3. Does the Mass touch your mind
  • and your heart?
  • 4. Does the Mass make you think?
  • 5. Does the Mass impact the way you live?
  • 6.Saint Augustine: Eat what you become; become what you eat.

Saint Joseph, The Worker, May 1

  • Pope Pius XII created this feastday in 1955 to respond to the Communist celebration of May Day, a holiday to honor workers.
  • For Christians Saint Joseph was the foster father of Jesus, He worked as a carpenter, He protected his family, He taught Jesus to read.
  • He is a man of few words, but great actions
  • W


  • 1. meaningful– don’t get a boring job.
  • 2. Workers deserve a good wage.
  • 3. workers deserve good working conditions and good benefits.
  • 4. Workers use their talent to give glory to God by providing services that build up the Body of Christ.

MAY 19

  • God is love.
  • The Holy Spirit is the love between the Father and the Son.
  • Revelations 3: 20 invites us to share his love in the Eucharist
  • Confirmation is the Sacrament of the Holy Spirit
  • The Holy Spirit endows us with Seven Gifts
  • Galatians 5: 22 lists the 9 fruits of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 22:22 - 23:11

  • Who : Paul
  • Where Jerusalem ---------- Rome
  • When A.D.
  • What : Jesus is risen
  • Why : he did it for me !
  • Data : Prison , Torture , Roman citizenship
  • Debate between Pharisees and Sadducees
  • Courage


  • R.T.A statement
  • Genesis speaks of the tower of Babel.
  • Acts speaks of the upper room in Jerusalem.
  • Babel is the place of confusion.
  • The tongues of fire on Pentecost bring wisdom, courage , unity
  • Do I realize that the Holy Spirit dwells within me ?

Five Thoughts

  • 1. Room 323… Hayesman….?
  • 2. El Salvador… Oscar Romero….helped the poor..1980
  • 3. Ireland…. Edmund Rice….. Helped the poor….1840
  • 4.Does the average sophomore have the skills needed to make real change in our society?
  • 5. Do sophomores have an awareness of all that is going on around them?

Be aware of the following

  • 1. importance of my GPA for college
  • 2. needs of our family members
  • 3. neighborhood crime
  • 4. my relationship with God
  • 5. ranking my priorities
  • 6. the people I associate with
  • 7. my health
  • Deeply ___________ of the ___________ Providential presence , Edmund _______ was moved by the Holy_________ to open his whole________ to __________ present and appealing to him in the _______.


  • There are many things that can only be seen through eyes that have cried.“
  • "Each one of you has to be God's microphone. Each one of you has to be a messenger, a prophet. Let us not hide the talent that God gave us on the day of our baptism and let us truly live the beauty and responsibility of being a prophetic people."

Future Saints

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