Types of response to the hazard, varying from fatalism to reaction, protection and prevention. Individual or collective responses, hazard
management and relief.
Definition of burglary i.e. breaking and entering to remove property. Data sources e.g., newspapers, crime statistics and their limitations. Distribution within the urban area e.g., difference between inner city
and suburbs. Frequency e.g. chance of repeat burglary. Scale e.g., type of goods/value/number affected.
Geological hazard mapping.
Resistant design for buildings and
• injection of water in fault zones;
spraying of lava flows.
Community awareness and
1988 Armenia class quake
Heimey Iceland case study
Module 4 Global Change
13.3 Human Geography: Changes in countries in Various States of Development in the
Last 30 Years
(TNCs) and the global economy
The reasons for the growth and
the spatial organisation of
Definition and example of a TNC.
Description and explanation of the spatial organisation of one TNC. Explanation of pattern including different labour demands, varying markets, trade barriers etc, improvements in transport and communications.
Case Study ICI
The development of global
Definition and example of global
products and global marketing.
product. Explanation of global
marketing in terms of consumer
Coke –Nike eg of global products
(Population Resources Development
knowledge, advertising, improved
communications, benefit to TNC.
The social and economic
Identify named groups affected e.g.workers, government, women, rural dwellers. Look at data for
social/economic improvement or
deterioration. Link to the impact of the TNCs. Discuss attitudes to the changes. Use a case study of one host country and one country of origin as far as possible.
Basing the work on a case study (as far as possible), explain why NICs became host countries, (eg cheaper labour costs, expanding market, government, and weaker environmental laws, geographical location). Develop why they become countries of origin (stronger domestic industries but rising costs, therefore, move outwards). Look at changing importance in world economy.
Growth of Pacific Ring notes.
Taiwan case study – Skovea p112.
Article on financial problems.
Different attitudes in both the
host and countries of origin to
* Structured essay question on Global products and NICS/TNCS
The relationship between
Using case studies look at examples
of economic, social, refugee and illegal movements.
explain how they are changing in terms of destination, numbers involved, characteristics (e.g., age, sex, wealth) of migrants. Attitudes of e.g. governments to migration.
Multi-cultural societies and
Definition of multi-cultural and
evidence for a multi-cultural society.
Recognition that issue involves at least two viewpoints. Discussion of economic and social issues e.g., jobs, housing, education, cultural elements.
issues related to them in
MEDCs and LEDCs.
Different attitudes to
Attitudes of host, ethnic and
country of origin groups to the above issues (should be case study based where possible).
Sri Lanka –
international migration and multi-cultural societies.
The extent to which regions of
a country are integrated or
Case Study on Kurds and N Ireland.
Notes on Spain and Canada.
subject to separatist pressures.
The extent to which political
power within groups of nations
is centralised or decentralised
and the consequences of this.
The reasons for and consequences of separatist pressure (both within and across political boundaries),
Use of case studies e.g., Basques, Scotland to discuss reasons for separatist pressure e.g., geographical
location, historical, economic, social, cultural factors. Discussion of consequences e.g., action to support separatist pressure, different levels of autonomy. Resulting political/economic impact. Attitudes of those involved.
Secondary source texts.
* Structured question on migration and multiculturalism