Introduction – refer to the question

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Essay plan: Applied Ethics

  • Explain the ethical teaching of one major world religion about gay/lesbian orientation and its expression [30]

Introduction – refer to the question

  • Say what religion will be explored: Christianity
  • Catholic - ethics about homosexuality based on the Bible, NML (absolutist) and tradition (contained in catechism)
  • Anglican – based on Bible, synods (meetings of bishops). Homosexuality major controversy, no united position

Paragraph 1

  • Biblical basis for homosexual sexual expression
  • Leviticus ‘Do not lie with a man as with a woman, it is an abomination’; death sentence for male/male sex
  • St Paul: Romans men and women gave up ‘natural relations’ and lust for one another
  • St Paul word ‘arsenkoites’ in 1 Corinthians and 1 Timothy. Meaning unclear but often translated as homosexual sex.
  • Jesus however never mentioned homosexuality.
  • Bible implies same sex sexual acts, does not specifically condemn same sex attraction
  • The verses discussed can be interpreted in different ways

Paragraph 2

  • Catholic teachings. Homosexual orientation ‘intrinsically disordered’ (Catechism) – but does not call it a sin
  • Says those who experience same sex attraction should be treated with compassion and understanding.
  • Pope Benedict 16th condemned discrimination
  • Against same sex sexual acts (i.e. Sex)
  • - Against NML (P.P. reproduce), sacred tradition.
  • Homosexuals called to chastity and to ‘unite their sufferings to Christ’
  • Pope Francis – “who am I to judge?”

Paragraph 3

  • Anglican church, issue causing division
  • Archbishop of Canterbury, Wales, Cape Town (D. Tutu) accept homosexuals
  • Others including A/Bs of Sydney, Nigeria against both orientation and sex acts
  • Appointment of Bishop Gene Robinson in USA Episcopalian Church threatened split (Schism)
  • Some Anglican communities - Same sex orientation and sex acts ok
  • Others ok with orientation but not acts
  • Others against both

Conclusion – refer back to the question

  • ‘Tie off’ your argument briefly with a reflection on the bible’s teaching, Catholic and Anglican teaching
  • Refer to the difference between same sex attraction and same sex acts.

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