Director Aquinas Institute Time: 6:00 PM – 8:45 PM
Office Location: 421 ½ Carmel Avenue Day: Thursday (except where
Telephone: (337) 232-7491 otherwise indicated)
Email: email@example.com Place: St. Paul’s Classroom
Office Hours: By appointment
Course Description This course will provide an in-depth introduction to the seven sacraments of the Catholic Faith: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. The course will examine the nature of sacraments in general, discussing what is common to the seven sacraments. In this context, the nature of liturgy will be treated. Each of the seven sacraments will then be treated in particular. For each sacrament foundational texts from the Old and New Testament will be cited and studied. The effects of each sacrament and graces particular to each will be delineated and examined. Active participation will be discussed for each sacrament and given a theological basis. In addition to the sacraments, consecrated life, the sacramentals, and the Liturgy of the Hours will also be treated in their connection with the liturgy, time permitting. Part II of the Catechism of the Catholic Church and the pertinent questions (nos. 60ff) in Tertia Pars of St. Thomas’ Summa Theologiae will provide the principle material for the course.
Course Goals At the completion of this course the student should have a thorough understanding of the nature of the sacraments and the effects and sacramental grace particular to each of the seven sacraments. The student should know the fundamental texts of Sacred Scripture which underline the institution and nature of each sacrament and have a good understanding of the Catechism’s teaching concerning the sacraments. By the end of the course the student should also be familiar with the basic teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas on the sacraments as given in Tertia Pars of his Summa Theologiae. The student should understand consecrated life, the Liturgy of the Hours, and the Church’s sacramentals both in their relationship to the liturgy as well as their distinction from the sacraments.
Course Rationale “The sacraments, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, are efficacious signs of grace perceptible to the senses. Through them divine life is bestowed upon us” (Compendium, no. 224). “The mysteries of Christ’s life are the foundations of what he would henceforth dispense in the sacraments, through the ministers of his Church” (Compendium, no. 225). “What was visible in our Savior has passed over into his mysteries” (St. Leo the Great). “The whole liturgical life of the Church revolves around the Eucharistic Sacrifice and the sacraments” (CCC 1113).
Instructional Methods The principle method of instruction in this course will be lectures accompanied with the assigned readings. Questions provoked by the lectures and/or assigned readings will be encouraged.
Required Texts 1. Each student must obtain a good translation of the Holy Bible. I recommend the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition (RSV), which is a literal translation. However, the New American Bible (NAB) and the Jerusalem Bible (JB) may also be used. Students should bring their Bibles to class.
2. Catechism of the Catholic Church, Second Edition. The Catechism should also be brought to each class.
3. Sacrosanctum Concilium (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy) in Vatican II Conciliar and Post-Conciliar Documents, trans. Austin Flannery, OP. This text need not be brought to class.
4. Any handouts given during the semester, distributed either through hardcopy or electronically.
Supplementary Reading 1. Benedict XVI. Post-Synodal Letter Sacramentum Caritatis in AAS 99 (2007); English Edition, Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2007.
2. Code of Canon Law, Book IV, The Office of Sanctifying in the Church. See canons 834-1204.
3. Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church. Washington: USCCB, 2006. See nos. 218-356.
4. Eymard, Peter Julien, (St.). How to Get More Out of Holy Communion. Manchester: Sophia Institute Press, 2000.
5. ________. The Real Presence: Eucharistic Meditations. New York: Sentinel Press, 1938.
6. General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours in The Liturgy of the Hours, vol. I, pp. 21-98.
7. Ott, Ludwig. Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma. Rockford: Tan, 1974. See pages 325-469.
8. Pope John Paul II, Ecclesia de Eucharistia, April 17, 2003.
9. Pope Paul VI, Mysterium Fidei, September 3, 1965.
10. Scott Hahn. Swear to God: The Promise and Power of the Sacraments. New York: Doubleday, 2004.
11. St. Cyril of Jerusalem. Lectures on the Christian Sacraments. Crestwood: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1993.
12. St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, IIIa, Q. 60 – 90; Supplement, Q. 1 – 68.
13. United States Catholic Catechism for Adults. Washington: USCCB, 2006. See pages 165-303.
14. Vonier, Anscar (Abbot). A Key to the Doctrine of the Eucharist. Westminster: Trustees of Buckfast Abbey, 1925; Bethesda: Zaccheus Press, 2003.
Attendance Policy Students will not be automatically penalized for missing classes. However, class attendance can be very important in successfully mastering the course material and performing well on the exams. Each student will be responsible for all the material covered in each lecture. There will be some material in each lecture that will not be accessible through the required reading material as given in the syllabus. Exams will include material from the required reading as well as from lectures.
Course Grade The student’s final grade is the total points out of a possible 100 earned on a final exam at the end of the course. Questions on the exam could be in varied forms: multiple choice, matching columns, true or false, short identifications, short essay questions.
A make-up test will be permitted only for a serious reason provided that the instructor has been notified before the test. Any make up test that will be permitted must be taken within seven days of the original test date. Failure to meet these requirements will result in a grade of “0” / “F” on the test. Make-up exams, if deemed legitimate, will consist of an oral examination with the instructor. Grades are distributed and converted into letter grades as follows:
90 to 100 points = A
80 to 89 points = B
70 to 79 points = C
60 to 69 points = D
0 to 59 points = F
Only students whose actual final mark is 59, 69 or 79, or 89, with 100% (perfect) attendance and punctuality will have their final grade “rounded off” to the next highest letter grade. The last date to drop the course with a grade of “W” will be November 11. After that date a grade will be assigned. (N.B. The Aquinas Institute will not grant tuition refunds for those who withdraw from the course after registration).
Cell Phones and Pagers Cell phone usage is prohibited in class. Cell phones and pagers must be silenced upon entering class. Any type of cell phone utilization may be cause for dismissal from class. Any exceptions to this regulation must be cleared with the instructor prior to the beginning of class.
Academic Dishonesty “Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, cheating, plagiarism, collusion, academic misconduct, falsification, fabrication, and the attempt to commit such a violation” (Student Handbook, p. 31). Refer to the Student Handbook for definitions and examples. A student involved in academic dishonesty will receive a zero / “F” for that assignment/assessment. Based on the severity of the violation, academic dishonesty may be reported by the instructor to the appropriate dean in the manner outlined in the student handbook. Ultimately, a student found guilty of academic dishonesty may be dismissed from the Institute and Our Lady of Holy Cross College.
Class Schedule September 9 Course Introduction/Sacraments in genere Review of Syllabus and Course Requirements
The Term Sacrament and its Usages
The Nature of Sign
Sacraments during the Various Historical States of Humanity
Gate of Entry into the Church
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 1-3 (Creation and the Fall); Genesis 6-9 (The Flood); Exodus 14-15 (Parting of the Red Sea); Ezekiel 36-37 (New Exodus/New Creation); Mark 1, 10, 15 (The Baptism of Jesus); John 3 (The Necessity of Baptism); Romans 6; Galatians 2 (Baptism and the Cross); Colossians 2-3 (Baptism and the New Creation)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: Creation and the Fall (CCC 279-289; 385-421); Baptism (CCC 1213-1255)
September 30 Baptism II The Minister of Baptism
The Effects of Baptism
Living one’s Baptismal Consecration – Being Baptized
Sacred Scripture: Luke 3-4 (Baptism and Ministry of Jesus)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1256-1284
Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 66-71.
October 7 Confirmation Old Testament Prefiguring
The Laying on of Hands
Pentecost and New Testament Fulfillment
The Minister of Confirmation
The Sacramental Character
Sacramental Graces of Confirmation
Being Confirmed – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Acts 1-2 (Pentecost); Acts 8 (Laying on of Hands);
Exodus 29 (Anointing of Priest); 1 Samuel 16 (Anointing of King); 1 Kings 19 (Anointing of Prophet); Isaiah 61 (Anointing of the Messiah)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1285-1321
Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 72.
October 14 Holy Eucharist I Old Testament Types
Movement of the Celebration: The Mass Explained
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2-3 (The Two Trees of Eden);
Genesis 14 (Melchizedek); Genesis 22 (The Lamb of God); Exodus 12 (The Passover); Exodus 16 (The Manna and the Quail); Exodus 25 (The Tabernacle and the Bread of the Presence); John 6 (The Bread of Life Sermon); Matt 26; Luke 22 (The Last Supper); John 19 (The Crucifixion)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1322-1381 (Eucharist)
Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 73-83.
October 28 Reconciliation and Penance Sin and its Remedy in the Old Testament
Sin after Baptism
Institution by Christ
The Minister of the Sacrament
The Recipient of the Sacrament
Acts of the Penitent
Absolution and the Effects of the Sacrament
The Present Crisis of the Sacrament
Frequent and Fervent Confession: Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Numbers 5 (Confession to a Priest); Psalm 32 (Forgiveness and Confession); Nehemiah 9 (Confession and Penance); Matthew 9-10 (Jesus’ Power to Forgive); Matthew 16 and 18 (Power to “Bind” and “Loose”); John 20 (The Power to Forgive Sins)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1846-1876; 1420-1498
Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 84-90.
November 4 Anointing of the Sick Sickness and its Relation to Sin
The Healing Ministry of Jesus
The Healing Ministry of the Apostles
Institution of the Sacrament
The Minister of the Sacrament
The Recipient of the Sacrament
Effects of Anointing of the Sick
Preparation and Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 3 (Sin and Suffering); Exodus 15 (Illness and Sin); 2 Kings 5 (Naaman the Leper); Isaiah 35, 53 (The Miracles of the Messiah); Sirach 2 (Trials and Tribulations); Mark 1-2, 5; John 9; Luke 7 (Jesus’ Healings); Mark 6 (The Disciples’ Healings); James 5 (The Sacrament in the Early Church)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1499-1532
November 11 Holy Orders
Priesthood in the Old Testament
The Priesthood of Jesus
Common Priesthood and Ministerial Priesthood
Institution of the Ministerial Priesthood by Jesus
The Three Degrees of Holy Orders: Episcopacy, Priesthood, Diaconate
Minister of the Rite of Ordination
Recipient of Holy Orders
Grace and Sacramental Character
Being Ordained – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2, 8, 14, 22 (The Adamic Priesthood); Exodus 32; Numbers 3 (The Levitical Priesthood); Exodus 19 (The Common Priesthood); Numbers 1 and 11; Leviticus 8; Psalm 110 (Priesthood of Melchizedek); Isaiah 56, 66 (The New Priesthood); Zechariah 3, 12 (The Priestly Messiah); Malachi 2; Matthew 12, 19 (Jesus and the Disciples); Acts 1:8; 2-4; 1 Timothy 2; 1Timothy 4:4; 2 Timothy 1:6-7; Jn. 20:22-23; Hebrews 7-10 (Jesus, the High-Priest); Revelation 14 (The 144,000 Priests)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1533-1600
November 18 Marriage I Man’s Vocation to Love: A “natural” vocation
Marriage in the Plan of God
Marriage under Sin
The Remedy of the Law
Marriage in the Lord
The Minister of the Sacrament: Matrimonial Consent
The Recipient of the Sacrament
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2-3 (The Marital Covenant); Ezekiel 16 (YHWH the Bridegroom); Hosea 1-2; Isaiah 54 (The Messianic Wedding); John 2-3; Mark 2 (Jesus the Bridegroom)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1601-1637
November 23 Marriage II
The Effects of the Sacrament
Unity and Indissolubility of Marriage
Fidelity of Conjugal Love
Openness to Fertility
Sacramental Graces of Marriage
The Domestic Church
Being Married – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Matthew 19 (Indissolubility of Marriage); John 19 (The Crucifixion); Ephesians 5 (Christian Marriage); Revelation 19, 21-22 (Marriage Supper of the Lamb)
Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1638-1666
November 25 Thanksgiving Day (No Class)
December 2 No Class
December 9 Consecrated Life The Origin of Consecrated Life in the Life of Jesus