Instructor: Fr. Michael Champagne, cjc fall 2010 Director Aquinas Institute Time: 6: 00 pm – 8: 45 pm

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Sacramental Theology

(THE 341)

3 credits

Instructor: Fr. Michael Champagne, CJC Fall 2010

Director Aquinas Institute Time: 6:00 PM – 8:45 PM

Office Location: 421 ½ Carmel Avenue Day: Thursday (except where

Telephone: (337) 232-7491 otherwise indicated)

Email: Place: St. Paul’s Classroom

Office Hours: By appointment
Course Description
This course will provide an in-depth introduction to the seven sacraments of the Catholic Faith: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. The course will examine the nature of sacraments in general, discussing what is common to the seven sacraments. In this context, the nature of liturgy will be treated. Each of the seven sacraments will then be treated in particular. For each sacrament foundational texts from the Old and New Testament will be cited and studied. The effects of each sacrament and graces particular to each will be delineated and examined. Active participation will be discussed for each sacrament and given a theological basis. In addition to the sacraments, consecrated life, the sacramentals, and the Liturgy of the Hours will also be treated in their connection with the liturgy, time permitting. Part II of the Catechism of the Catholic Church and the pertinent questions (nos. 60ff) in Tertia Pars of St. Thomas’ Summa Theologiae will provide the principle material for the course.
Course Goals
At the completion of this course the student should have a thorough understanding of the nature of the sacraments and the effects and sacramental grace particular to each of the seven sacraments. The student should know the fundamental texts of Sacred Scripture which underline the institution and nature of each sacrament and have a good understanding of the Catechism’s teaching concerning the sacraments. By the end of the course the student should also be familiar with the basic teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas on the sacraments as given in Tertia Pars of his Summa Theologiae. The student should understand consecrated life, the Liturgy of the Hours, and the Church’s sacramentals both in their relationship to the liturgy as well as their distinction from the sacraments.
Course Rationale
“The sacraments, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, are efficacious signs of grace perceptible to the senses. Through them divine life is bestowed upon us” (Compendium, no. 224). “The mysteries of Christ’s life are the foundations of what he would henceforth dispense in the sacraments, through the ministers of his Church” (Compendium, no. 225). “What was visible in our Savior has passed over into his mysteries” (St. Leo the Great). “The whole liturgical life of the Church revolves around the Eucharistic Sacrifice and the sacraments” (CCC 1113).
Instructional Methods
The principle method of instruction in this course will be lectures accompanied with the assigned readings. Questions provoked by the lectures and/or assigned readings will be encouraged.
Required Texts
1. Each student must obtain a good translation of the Holy Bible. I recommend the Revised Standard Version: Catholic Edition (RSV), which is a literal translation. However, the New American Bible (NAB) and the Jerusalem Bible (JB) may also be used. Students should bring their Bibles to class.

2. Catechism of the Catholic Church, Second Edition. The Catechism should also be brought to each class.

3. Sacrosanctum Concilium (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy) in Vatican II Conciliar and Post-Conciliar Documents, trans. Austin Flannery, OP. This text need not be brought to class.
4. Any handouts given during the semester, distributed either through hardcopy or electronically.

Supplementary Reading
1. Benedict XVI. Post-Synodal Letter Sacramentum Caritatis in AAS 99 (2007); English Edition, Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2007.
2. Code of Canon Law, Book IV, The Office of Sanctifying in the Church. See canons 834-1204.
3. Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church. Washington: USCCB, 2006. See nos. 218-356.
4. Eymard, Peter Julien, (St.). How to Get More Out of Holy Communion. Manchester: Sophia Institute Press, 2000.
5. ________. The Real Presence: Eucharistic Meditations. New York: Sentinel Press, 1938.
6. General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours in The Liturgy of the Hours, vol. I, pp. 21-98.
7. Ott, Ludwig. Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma. Rockford: Tan, 1974. See pages 325-469.
8. Pope John Paul II, Ecclesia de Eucharistia, April 17, 2003.
9. Pope Paul VI, Mysterium Fidei, September 3, 1965.
10. Scott Hahn. Swear to God: The Promise and Power of the Sacraments. New York: Doubleday, 2004.
11. St. Cyril of Jerusalem. Lectures on the Christian Sacraments. Crestwood: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1993.
12. St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, IIIa, Q. 60 – 90; Supplement, Q. 1 – 68.
13. United States Catholic Catechism for Adults. Washington: USCCB, 2006. See pages 165-303.
14. Vonier, Anscar (Abbot). A Key to the Doctrine of the Eucharist. Westminster: Trustees of Buckfast Abbey, 1925; Bethesda: Zaccheus Press, 2003.
Attendance Policy
Students will not be automatically penalized for missing classes. However, class attendance can be very important in successfully mastering the course material and performing well on the exams. Each student will be responsible for all the material covered in each lecture. There will be some material in each lecture that will not be accessible through the required reading material as given in the syllabus. Exams will include material from the required reading as well as from lectures.
Course Grade
The student’s final grade is the total points out of a possible 100 earned on a final exam at the end of the course. Questions on the exam could be in varied forms: multiple choice, matching columns, true or false, short identifications, short essay questions.
A make-up test will be permitted only for a serious reason provided that the instructor has been notified before the test. Any make up test that will be permitted must be taken within seven days of the original test date. Failure to meet these requirements will result in a grade of “0” / “F” on the test. Make-up exams, if deemed legitimate, will consist of an oral examination with the instructor. Grades are distributed and converted into letter grades as follows:
90 to 100 points = A

80 to 89 points = B

70 to 79 points = C

60 to 69 points = D

0 to 59 points = F
Only students whose actual final mark is 59, 69 or 79, or 89, with 100% (perfect) attendance and punctuality will have their final grade “rounded off” to the next highest letter grade. The last date to drop the course with a grade of “W” will be November 11. After that date a grade will be assigned. (N.B. The Aquinas Institute will not grant tuition refunds for those who withdraw from the course after registration).
Cell Phones and Pagers
Cell phone usage is prohibited in class. Cell phones and pagers must be silenced upon entering class. Any type of cell phone utilization may be cause for dismissal from class. Any exceptions to this regulation must be cleared with the instructor prior to the beginning of class.
Academic Dishonesty
“Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, cheating, plagiarism, collusion, academic misconduct, falsification, fabrication, and the attempt to commit such a violation” (Student Handbook, p. 31). Refer to the Student Handbook for definitions and examples. A student involved in academic dishonesty will receive a zero / “F” for that assignment/assessment. Based on the severity of the violation, academic dishonesty may be reported by the instructor to the appropriate dean in the manner outlined in the student handbook. Ultimately, a student found guilty of academic dishonesty may be dismissed from the Institute and Our Lady of Holy Cross College.

Class Schedule
September 9 Course Introduction/Sacraments in genere
Review of Syllabus and Course Requirements

The Term Sacrament and its Usages

The Nature of Sign

Sacraments during the Various Historical States of Humanity

Signs from Creation, Culture, and God’s Marvels

Old Testament Types

The “What” and the “Why” of the Liturgy?

The Work of the Trinity in the Liturgy

Power Going Forth from the Body of Christ

Active Participation

Sacred Scripture: Genesis 9:12; 15 and 17:10; Exodus 12, 24:8; 29, 30; Leviticus 8, 12, 19:2, 21:1-6, and 24; Numbers 19; Deuteronomy 30:19- 20; Jeremiah 31 and 32; Mk. 5:25-34; Lk. 22:20

Catechism of the Catholic Church: nos. 128-130; 1066-1112.

Sacrosanctum Concilium nos. 1-46
September 16 Sacraments in genere (continued)
Why Sacraments?

The Seven Sacraments and St. Thomas’ Parallel with Natural Life

The Sacraments as Necessary for Salvation

What is a Sacrament?

The Effects of a Sacrament

The Sacramental Character

The Divine Institution of the Sacraments

Ex Opere Operato vs. Ex Opere Operantis

What is the Difference between Sacraments and Sacramentals

How do the Sacraments Cause Their Effects?

The Minister of the Sacraments

The Recipient of the Sacraments
Sacred Scripture: 2 Cor. 1:21ff; Eph. 1:13; 5:26; Acts 8:17; 22:16; Tit 3:5; Jn 3:5; 6:57ff; 22:22ff; James 5:14ff; 2 Tim 1:6;Jn. 6:22-35; Jn. 17:1- 5; Lk. 1:8-23; Acts 13:1-3; Rom. 15: 14-21; 2Cor. 9:6-15.

Catechism of the Catholic Church: nos. 1113-1209

Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 60-65

September 23 (No Class)

September 24 Sacraments in genere (cont.)/Baptism I

The Fall

Old Testament Prefiguring

New Testament Fulfillment

The Baptism of Christ

Institution by Christ

Necessity for Salvation

Foundation for Other Sacraments

Gate of Entry into the Church
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 1-3 (Creation and the Fall); Genesis 6-9 (The Flood); Exodus 14-15 (Parting of the Red Sea); Ezekiel 36-37 (New Exodus/New Creation); Mark 1, 10, 15 (The Baptism of Jesus); John 3 (The Necessity of Baptism); Romans 6; Galatians 2 (Baptism and the Cross); Colossians 2-3 (Baptism and the New Creation)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: Creation and the Fall (CCC 279-289; 385-421); Baptism (CCC 1213-1255)
September 30 Baptism II
The Minister of Baptism

The Recipient

The Effects of Baptism

Baptismal Character

Living one’s Baptismal Consecration – Being Baptized
Sacred Scripture: Luke 3-4 (Baptism and Ministry of Jesus)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1256-1284

Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 66-71.
October 7 Confirmation
Old Testament Prefiguring

The Laying on of Hands

Pentecost and New Testament Fulfillment

The Minister of Confirmation

The Sacramental Character

Sacramental Graces of Confirmation

Being Confirmed – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Acts 1-2 (Pentecost); Acts 8 (Laying on of Hands);

Exodus 29 (Anointing of Priest); 1 Samuel 16 (Anointing of King); 1 Kings 19 (Anointing of Prophet); Isaiah 61 (Anointing of the Messiah)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1285-1321

Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 72.
October 14 Holy Eucharist I
Old Testament Types

Eucharist and the Church: Source and Summit

Institution by Christ

Signs of Bread and Wine

Movement of the Celebration: The Mass Explained
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2-3 (The Two Trees of Eden);

Genesis 14 (Melchizedek); Genesis 22 (The Lamb of God); Exodus 12 (The Passover); Exodus 16 (The Manna and the Quail); Exodus 25 (The Tabernacle and the Bread of the Presence); John 6 (The Bread of Life Sermon); Matt 26; Luke 22 (The Last Supper); John 19 (The Crucifixion)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1322-1381 (Eucharist)

Sacrosanctum Concilium nos. 47-58

October 21 Holy Eucharist II

A Sacrifice Sacrament

A Communion Sacrament

A Presence Sacrament

Minister of the Eucharist



Fruits of the Eucharist

Active Participation

Sacred Scripture: 1 Corinthians 10-11; Revelation 4-5

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1382-1412

Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 73-83.
October 28 Reconciliation and Penance
Sin and its Remedy in the Old Testament

Sin after Baptism

Institution by Christ

The Minister of the Sacrament

The Recipient of the Sacrament

Acts of the Penitent

Absolution and the Effects of the Sacrament

The Present Crisis of the Sacrament

Frequent and Fervent Confession: Active Participation


Sacred Scripture: Numbers 5 (Confession to a Priest); Psalm 32 (Forgiveness and Confession); Nehemiah 9 (Confession and Penance); Matthew 9-10 (Jesus’ Power to Forgive); Matthew 16 and 18 (Power to “Bind” and “Loose”); John 20 (The Power to Forgive Sins)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1846-1876; 1420-1498

Summa Theologiae: IIIa Q. 84-90.
November 4 Anointing of the Sick
Sickness and its Relation to Sin

The Healing Ministry of Jesus

The Healing Ministry of the Apostles

Institution of the Sacrament

The Minister of the Sacrament

The Recipient of the Sacrament

Effects of Anointing of the Sick

Preparation and Active Participation

Sacred Scripture: Genesis 3 (Sin and Suffering); Exodus 15 (Illness and Sin); 2 Kings 5 (Naaman the Leper); Isaiah 35, 53 (The Miracles of the Messiah); Sirach 2 (Trials and Tribulations); Mark 1-2, 5; John 9; Luke 7 (Jesus’ Healings); Mark 6 (The Disciples’ Healings); James 5 (The Sacrament in the Early Church)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1499-1532

November 11 Holy Orders

Priesthood in the Old Testament

The Priesthood of Jesus

Common Priesthood and Ministerial Priesthood

Institution of the Ministerial Priesthood by Jesus

Apostolic Succession

The Three Degrees of Holy Orders: Episcopacy, Priesthood, Diaconate

Minister of the Rite of Ordination

Recipient of Holy Orders

Grace and Sacramental Character

Being Ordained – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2, 8, 14, 22 (The Adamic Priesthood); Exodus 32; Numbers 3 (The Levitical Priesthood); Exodus 19 (The Common Priesthood); Numbers 1 and 11; Leviticus 8; Psalm 110 (Priesthood of Melchizedek); Isaiah 56, 66 (The New Priesthood); Zechariah 3, 12 (The Priestly Messiah); Malachi 2; Matthew 12, 19 (Jesus and the Disciples); Acts 1:8; 2-4; 1 Timothy 2; 1Timothy 4:4; 2 Timothy 1:6-7; Jn. 20:22-23; Hebrews 7-10 (Jesus, the High-Priest); Revelation 14 (The 144,000 Priests)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1533-1600
November 18 Marriage I
Man’s Vocation to Love: A “natural” vocation

Marriage in the Plan of God

Marriage under Sin

The Remedy of the Law

Marriage in the Lord

The Minister of the Sacrament: Matrimonial Consent

The Recipient of the Sacrament
Sacred Scripture: Genesis 2-3 (The Marital Covenant); Ezekiel 16 (YHWH the Bridegroom); Hosea 1-2; Isaiah 54 (The Messianic Wedding); John 2-3; Mark 2 (Jesus the Bridegroom)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1601-1637

November 23 Marriage II

The Effects of the Sacrament

Unity and Indissolubility of Marriage

Fidelity of Conjugal Love

Openness to Fertility

Sacramental Graces of Marriage

The Domestic Church

Being Married – Active Participation
Sacred Scripture: Matthew 19 (Indissolubility of Marriage); John 19 (The Crucifixion); Ephesians 5 (Christian Marriage); Revelation 19, 21-22 (Marriage Supper of the Lamb)

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1638-1666
November 25 Thanksgiving Day (No Class)

December 2 No Class

December 9 Consecrated Life
The Origin of Consecrated Life in the Life of Jesus

Virginity for the Sake of the Kingdom

The Various Forms of Consecrated Life

The Gift of Consecrated Life

The Vows as a Holocaust

The Sacramental Characteristics of Consecrated Life

The Effects of Profession: A Further Consecration, Graces of State, Liturgy
Sacred Scripture: Mt. 17: 1-8; Mt. 19:16-30; Mk. 10:17-31; Lk. 5: 1-11; Lk. 18:18-30; 1Cor. 7:25-40; Rev. 14:1-5

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 914-933; 1618-1620; 2101-2103

Summa Theologiae IIa IIae Q. 186-189

December 16 Sacramentals/Liturgy of the Hours

Sacramentals Instituted by the Church

Definition of a Sacramental

Effects of the Sacramentals

Prayer of Jesus and the Prayer of the Church

Jewish Prayer and Sanctification of Time

The Christological Sense of the Psalms

The Liturgy of the Hours as a Preparation for the Eucharist and its Prolongation
Course Evaluations

Exam Preparation
Sacred Scripture: Luke 3:21-22; 4:16; 6:12; 9:18-29; 10:21ff; 18:1; 22:32; Mt. 4:1; 11:25ff; 14:23-25; 26:36-44; Acts 2:42; 3:1; 10:9; 16:25; Heb. 5:7; 15:15; Romans 8.

Catechism of the Catholic Church: CCC 1174-1178; 1667-1690

Sacrosanctum Concilium nos. 83-101
December 23 Final Exam

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