Tomoko Tode (Niigata University of Health and Welfare) email@example.com
Hideki Sakai (Shinshu University)
the purpose = to explore how a task-based language teaching (TBLT) affects interlanguage development
a case study of one learner receiving TBLT
Time-series analysis was conducted in the framework of a usage-based theory of second language acquisition
A Usage-based Model of Language (Langacker, 2000)
Grammar = a network of exemplars and their schemas that emerge from actual usage
Transfer V NP NP
send NP NP give NP NP
send me a packagesend you an e-mailgive her a lift
Emphasize the importance of semantics
No clear boundary between lexicon and grammar
Children’s early language is item-based
Verb-Island Hypothesis (Tomasello, 1992)
__ kick __. Brush ___.
“… the best predictor of this child’s use of a given verb on a given day was not her use of other verbs on the same day, but rather her use of that same verb on immediately preceding days.” (Tomasello, 2003, pp. 117-118)
1st essay: My dream is ST. ⇒2nd essay: I want to ST in the future.
Output (in class, not in the elicitation writing task) : I want to be child welfare facility. ⇒FFI: I want to work for child welfare facility. + My dream is to be child welfare specialist in the future.⇒Reproduce: I want to work for child welfare facility.