Perloff, R. M. (1995). The dynamics of persuasion. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
*Note: In the 5th edition of APA, there is NO underlining (everything that was underlined is now in italics).
Newcomb, H. (Ed.). (1995). Television: The critical view (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
*Note: Capitals in the title of the book are restricted to the first letter of the first word of the title, the first letter of any proper names, and the first letter of the first word after a semicolon, period, or question mark.
Baran, S. J., & Davis, D. K. (1995). Mass communication theory: Foundations, ferment and future. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
*Note: when listing authors, use an ampersand (&) in the reference list, not “and.”
Essay or chapter in an edited book
Bryant, J. (1989). Message features and entertainment effects. In J. J. Bradac (Ed.), Message effects in communication sceince (pp. 231-262). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
*Note: You must include the page numbers if you’re just referencing one part of a book.
Garramone, G. M. (1985). Effects of negative political advertising: The roles of sponsor and rebuttal. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 29, 149-159.
*Note: The first letter of every important word in the title of the journal is capitalized.
Two or more authors (article)
Suzuki, S., & Rancer, A. S. (1994). Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Testing for conceptual and measurement equivalence across cultures. Communication Monographs, 61, 256-279.
*Note: Can you find the volume number and page numbers in this citation?
Unpublished convention paper
Thomas, S., & Gitlin, T. (1993, May). Who says there’s a dominant ideology and what happens if that concept is falsified? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, DC.
VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123.
*Note: Sometimes electronic versions are different from the print versions.
Article in an internet-only journal
Frederickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html
*Note: this would be the correct citation format for the article you abstracted for class
Hang on, you’re not done!!
Learning how to do your reference page is only the beginning to APA style!!
When do you cite your sources in your paper?
When you’re referring to an idea or concept you drew from something you read.
When you quote from something you read or heard.
When you want to give the reader some other places to look for additional information.
Scott (1992) identified…
Several researchers (Anthony, 1990; Gregory & Jacobs, 1985; Polk et al., 1980) reported…
Or at the end of a sentence paraphrased from another work (Scott, 1992).