Good Manufacturing Practices Developed by Agenda

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  • Developed by


    • Good Manufacturing Practices
    • Contamination
    • General Employee Hygiene
    • Food Handling Practices

Good Manufacturing Practices

  • Deal with contamination
    • by people
    • by food materials
    • by packaging materials
    • by hazardous materials
    • by miscellaneous materials

General Employee Hygiene


  • All employees working in direct contact with food, food contact surfaces and food packaging must conform to hygienic practices. This protects against food contamination by microorganisms or unwanted material.

Prevent contamination

  • Careless employee practices can cause product contamination.
  • The best way to avoid contamination is to prevent it.

How do we prevent contamination?

  • Any behavior that could result in food contamination such as eating, use of tobacco, chewing gum or other unhygienic practices, is not allowed in food handling areas

Hygiene and Communicable Diseases

  • clothing
  • hair
  • personal habits
  • hand washing
  • personal effects and
  • jewelry
  • illness and disease
  • injuries
  • visitors
  • training

Production employees

  • Bathe daily
  • No perfume, aftershave, fragrant creams
  • No jewellery
  • No false nails or nail polish
  • Fingernails should be trimmed short
  • Use metal detectable bandages covered with gloves
  • No eating, drinking or chewing gum


  • Everyone must wear pants and covered sleeves.
  • Separate shoes (no open toes or high heels) are to be worn in the factory.
  • Personal belongings and street clothing must be stored in locker rooms.


  • Doctor’s certificate on hiring
  • Inform your supervisor or HR if you are ill with symptoms that could contaminate ingredients or products
  • No medication allowed in factory
  • Ensure that a clean bandage covers any open wounds

Hand washing

  • All employees must wash their hands thoroughly:
  • when they enter food handling areas
  • before starting work
  • after handling contaminated materials
  • after breaks
  • after using toilet facilities

Food Handling Practices


  • Do not leave gloves, masks, etc. lying around while on break or at shift end.
  • Crates, boxes, containers or buckets must not be placed directly on the floor.
  • Store brooms and dust pans at stations provided.


  • Keep hand contact with ingredients to a minimum.
  • Check ingredients for expiration dates to ensure that fresh ingredients are used.
  • Cooling product should always be kept covered.

Equipment, containers and utensils

  • Use white or brown containers to store ingredients and rework.
  • Use gray containers for garbage. Garbage containers must be kept covered.
  • Ensure that all containers, including those holding rework, are properly labelled and are kept covered.


  • Use white cloths to wipe hands regularly and dispose of soiled cloths immediately. No moist cloths are to be left in the production area.
  • Use yellow cloths to clean the floor and objects (e.g. step stools) that come into contact with the floor.


  • Scrapers for moulds and tabletops are not to be used on the floor.
  • Production equipment/utensils must be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized with alcohol after use.


  • Keep unscreened doors and windows closed.
  • Report any pests or evidence of pests such as flies, insects, mice droppings.


  • Return tools and attachments to their proper place after use.
  • Check product surfaces before starting equipment. Remove any foreign objects or dirt.
  • Replace brushes that lose bristles.

Personnel Practices

  • Do not lean, sit or step on product surfaces.
  • Do not handle ingredients or products with either cut or infected hands.
  • Do not engage in horseplay.
  • Keep hand contact with ingredients and product to a minimum.


  • Keep contact surfaces clean and free of contamination from tools, cords, cleaning utensils, machine parts, lubricants and paper.
  • Clean all spills promptly.
  • Keep everything off the floor and the area clean and floors swept.
  • Work areas should be cleaned regularly throughout the shift.
  • Keep your immediate working area swept or dust mopped. Wipe or mop up spilled liquids promptly.
  • Scrape the floor around the work area after completing a job.
  • Leave your work area clean at the end of your shift.

Receiving and Storage

  • Ensure that all pallets and materials are kept at least 18” away from the walls.
  • Inspect torn bags and boxes and then repair if appropriate.
  • Brush off bags and boxes before opening them.
  • Store ingredients and products at the appropriate temperature.

Receiving & Storage

  • Use ingredients in the proper rotation (oldest stock first)
  • Handle ingredients or products carefully to avoid spilling
  • Do not return products or ingredients to the production line after they have touched the floor or any other surface that is not clean.

Maintenance and Repairs

  • Ensure area is segregated from production by use of tarps.
  • Do not leave maintenance supplies in the product zone.
  • Return all tools and attachments to their proper place after use.
  • Ensure the production area is clear of all tools and hazards before production starts

Retail store

  • Monitor and maintain proper temperatures
  • Rotate ingredients using FIFO and check for expired items.
  • Check best before dates and the quality of the food before using.
  • Refrigerate cold foods immediately upon receipt.
  • Sanitize equipment, cutting boards, work surfaces and utensils.
  • Always wash hands after handling money.

Visitors to Production Areas

  • Should always be accompanied.
  • Must be appropriately dressed - hair coverings, booties over street shoes, gloves, sleeve covers, etc.


  • Spot the Hazards:
  • Good Manufacturing Practices

Practical application

On the job.....

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