Strength Of Earthquake/Number Of Aftershocks: The stronger the earthquake, the more damage it can do, e.g. an earthquake of 6.0 on the Richter Scale is 100 times more powerful than one of 4.0; the more aftershocks there are, the greater the damage that is done.
Population Density: An Earthquake that hits an area of high population density, such as the Tokyo region of Japan, could inflict far more damage than one which hits an area of low population and building density.
Type Of Buildings: MEDC’s generally have better quality buildings, more emergency services and the funds to cope with disasters. People in MEDC’s are more likely to have insurance cover than those in LEDC’s.