Expository Writing The “How and Why” of Writing What is Expository Writing?



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Expository Writing

What is Expository Writing?

  • Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process
  • Informational writing
  • An expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different main points
  • Logic and coherence is the main focus of an expository essay

How is it different ?

  • Expository writing does not tell a story
  • Expository writing does not persuade a reader but only gives facts and reasons
  • Expository writing can also give the steps of a process

Expository Writing

  • Introduction of an expository should include the main idea and what the essay is about
  • The three main reasons supporting this main idea should also be included in the introduction

Expository writing contd.

  • Paragraph two should introduce the first reason and give details to support the first reason
  • Paragraph three should introduce the second reason and give details to support the second reason
  • Paragraph four should introduce the third reason and give details to support the third reason
  • The conclusion should re-state all the reasons

Outline for Expository

  • Outline for Expository
  • Title__________________________________________
  • I. Introduction:
  • A. Hook______________________________________________________
  • B. Background information______________________________________
  • C. Background information on topic_______________________________
  • D. Background information on topic_______________________________
  • E. Statistic or personal anecdote-optional___________________________
  • F. THESIS STATEMENT________________________________________
  • II. First Reason__________________________________________________
  • A. Fact/ or example_________________________________________
  • B. Detail__________________________________________________
  • C. Fact/ example___________________________________________
  • D. Detail_________________________________________________
  • E. Fact/example____________________________________________
  • F. Detail__________________________________________________
  • G. Sum- up statement_______________________________________
  • III. Second Reason_______________________________________________
  • A. Fact/or example_________________________________________
  • B. Detail__________________________________________________
  • C. Fact/example____________________________________________
  • D. Detail__________________________________________________
  • E. Fact/example____________________________________________
  • F. Detail___________________________________________________
  • G. Sum- up statement_______________________________________
  • IV. Third Reason_________________________________________________
  • A. Fact/example___________________________________________
  • B. Detail__________________________________________________
  • C. Fact/example___________________________________________
  • D. Detail___________________________________________________
  • E. Fact/example___________________________________________
  • F. Detail
  • V. Conclusion:
  • Re- state all reasons in conclusion
  • Clincher sentence- gives a summation of the above and a “feeling” about the whole essay.
  • Use transition words, plan reasons in a logical order, make sure you re-state reasons in your conclusion.

Definition of Terms

  • Thesis Statement: The main idea of the whole essay
  • Transition words: Words such as first, second, as a result, which make transitions easy in the essay.
  • Main Ideas: Each paragraph should have a main point or idea
  • Supporting Details: Details support the main ideas

Expository Writing Introduction Guidelines:

  • Tell the reader what you are writing about
  • Capture the readers attention
  • Introduction DON’TS
  • DO NOT introduce yourself as the author
  • DO NOT begin with “I am going to write to you about” -Professional writers DO NOT do this!

Expository Writing Conclusions:

  • Purpose: To sum the entire writing piece up
  • 1st Sentence: Restate your subject
  • 2nd Sentence: Restate your reasons
  • 3rd Sentence: State a sentence about the future of the subject

Re-Cap: Expository writing needs:

  • One topic
  • Reasons supporting that topic
  • Details supporting the reasons
  • A conclusion re-stating the reasons
  • Transition words
  • Clear, concise, logical and informative language

Topic: How I Would Change the World

  • Brainstorm
  • Three ways in which would like to change the world
  • Put these three reasons on the bubble sheet
  • Topic Ideas:
  • Topic: No more drugs Details: addictive, hurts families, expensive
  • Cure Aids
  • Details: epidemic, people are dying, world is unsafe
  • Cure Cancer
  • Details: families are split apart, people die, it is a disease which affects all of us
  • Equality among people/race/religion
  • Details: examples of race, religion etc.
  • Stop pollution
  • Details: water purity, ozone layer, fish die, people have respiratory diseases
  • Animal Abuse
  • Details: animal testing, cruelty to animals, elephant poaching
  • Child Abuse
  • Details: neglect, physical abuse, verbal abuse
  • Family Values
  • Details: immorality, adultery, faithfulness
  • Education
  • Details: school grades, make school fun, scores, learn to read and write
  • Crime
  • Details: gang warfare, drive by shooting, mafia, robberies
  • World Hunger
  • Details: India- starving people, Africa, homeless and starving in America
  • Government Dictators
  • Details: Hitler, Hussein, Mussolini

Details

  • Can be descriptive
  • Can be factual
  • Can be from personal experience
  • Can be anecdotes

Paragraph One

  • Thesis statement
  • Background information on your three topics
  • I admire friends with great qualities. Three qualities I admire are: loyalty, honesty, a good sense of humor.

Paragraph 2

  • Put main idea for paragraph 2 on the outline
  • Add your details
  • Personal experiences
  • Descriptive details-describe experience
  • Facts about the topic-
  • Short anecdotes

Paragraph 3

  • Put your main idea on the outline
  • Add your details
  • Personal experiences
  • Description of how the topic works itself out
  • Examples of the topic

Paragraph 4

  • Add your main idea onto your outline
  • Add your details
  • Personal examples of how the idea has been experienced by you in your life
  • Describe how the idea “ looks” or what the person does
  • Facts

Conclusion

  • Re-state all of your ideas in your conclusion

What are the qualities of a good friend?

  • Loyal
  • Trusting
  • Listen
  • Respectful
  • Fun
  • Helpful
  • Patient
  • Keep Secrets
  • Honesty
  • Sense of Humor
  • Smart
  • Funny
  • Athletic
  • Doesn’t suck up to you/ (real, authentic person)
  • Common interests

Transition words

  • Add your transition words
  • First
  • Second
  • Third
  • Finally, or In Conclusion

Introduction

  • Now let’s write the introduction together, now that we know what we are writing about.
  • 1. Hook- Hook your reader with a question, quote, short anecdote, or personal experience statement

Introduction –contd.

  • Write one “background” or informational sentence about each idea you are going to write about-
  • Idea 1
  • Idea 2
  • Idea 3

Thesis Statement

  • The thesis statement can be first in the paragraph, last in the paragraph or implied throughout the paragraph
  • Example: I would like to change the world by improving the poverty situation in our world, alleviating crime, and helping the homeless.

Editing your essay

  • Check that you have all the elements of an expository essay:
  • Reasons
  • Details
  • Transition words
  • Conclusion that re-states your topic
  • Grammar
  • Coherence, logic and clearly written
  • Expository Essay:
  • There are three different types of expository essays:
  • 1) Essay that is developed with examples and/or facts and statistics
  • 2) Essay that is developed with steps in a process
  • 3) Essay that is in a compare and contrast format
  • Example:
  • Paragraph 1: Introductory Paragraph
  • A. Thesis sentence____________________________
  • B. Background info____________________________
  • C. Statistics- if relevant__________________________
  • Paragraph 2: Reason#1 or Process #1 Use a transition word
  • A. Example/detail #1______________________________
  • B. Example/detail #2______________________________
  • C. Example/detail#3_______________________________
  • Paragraph 3: Reason #2or Process #2 Use a transition word
  • A. Example/detail #1______________________________
  • B. Example/detail#2_______________________________
  • C. Example/detail #3______________________________
  • Paragraph 4: Reason #3 or Process #3 Use a transition word
  • A. Example/detail #1_______________________________
  • B. Example/detail #2_______________________________
  • C. Example/detail#3________________________________
  • Paragraph 5:Conclusion:
  • Take a reason from each paragraph and RE-STATE it in the conclusion. Add a clincher sentence.
  • Evaluation:
  • Do you have a clear logical topic?
  • Have you introduced your topic in the first paragraph?
  • Do you have one reason per paragraph?
  • Do you have three details to support each reason?
  • Have you used transition words at the beginning of each paragraph?


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