Essay: Compare/Contrast Hinduism & Buddhism Mr. Hess/Mr. Venarchik 90 Summative Points



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Essay: Compare/Contrast Hinduism & Buddhism Mr. Hess/Mr. Venarchik
90 Summative Points

Hinduism and Buddhism have many beliefs in common. Siddhartha Gautama, the man who founded Buddhism, was a Hindu. While the two religions have a great deal in common, they also have several distinct differences. Your task is to write a formal essay that compares and contrasts the two religions.



The essay must be typed, double spaced and 12 point, Times New Roman, Arial or Calibri font.

  • You will be writing a comparative thesis essay examining the similarities and differences between Hinduism and Buddhism.

  • You must develop your own comparative thesis statement.

  • You must then prove this thesis by identifying, explaining, and using key terms and examples for a MINIMUM OF THREE SIMILARITIES/DIFFERENCES. You must have at least one similarity and one difference.

  • Each similarity and each difference should be developed into its own body paragraph. This means a total of five paragraphs:

    • Paragraph 1: Introduction

    • Paragraph 2: First Similarity/Difference

    • Paragraph 3: Second Similarity/Difference

    • Paragraph 4: Third Similarity/Difference

    • Paragraph 5: Conclusion



You must follow the format for writing an Introduction, Thesis Statement, Body Paragraphs, and a Conclusion. Use the provided Outline Guide before writing a rough draft.

Topics to Consider

  • Origins and founders of the two faiths

  • Views on God(s)

  • Views on Karma

  • Views on Dharma

  • Views on Reincarnation

  • Views on Nirvana

  • Views on Moksha

  • Views on Duties/Roles in life: Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, Caste System, etc.

  • How they worship

  • Holy texts: what they are? Style and format? Content?


Your final draft must be uploaded to www.turnitin.com by 7:40 AM on the due date.

Grading Expectations

Comparative Thesis Statement /5 Points
The student wrote a strong comparative thesis statement that was thoroughly proven in the essay.

Introduction /10 Points
Introduction includes a proper hook (interesting story, surprising statistic, thoughtful quote). The hook led naturally into background which clearly introduced the topic of the essay. The background naturally led the reader to the thesis statement.

Body Paragraph 1 /20 Points
Paragraph included a clear topic sentence and focuses on one similarity or difference. The paragraph used detailed historical information to support the thesis statement and topic sentence. The information presented was factually correct.

Body Paragraph 2 /20 Points
Paragraph included a clear topic sentence and focuses on one similarity or difference. The paragraph used detailed historical information to support the thesis statement and topic sentence. The information presented was factually correct.

Body Paragraph 3 /20 Points
Paragraph included a clear topic sentence and focuses on one similarity or difference. The paragraph used detailed historical information to support the thesis statement and topic sentence. The information presented was factually correct.

Conclusion /10 Points
The conclusion reviewed the main points of the essay (each similarity and difference) and restated the thesis statement. The essay closed with an appropriate reference (to the hook, a significant thought with regards to the topic).

Grammar/Edit Process /5 Points
The paper was clearly proofread with an emphasis on grammar, word choice, spelling, etc.

/90 Total Points

Writing a Thesis Statement

  • A thesis statement is a sentence that expresses the main focus of your paper.

    • Thesis = Observation + Explanation

  • A strong thesis is broken into three sections:

  • Example Observation: Ronald Reagan obtained many Democratic votes in the presidential election of 1980.

  • Example Explanation: Many Democrats believed that Reagan had stronger moral values than his opponent.

  • Example Thesis Statement: Ronald Reagan obtained many Democratic votes in the presidential election of 1980 because he communicated his strong moral values more effectively than his opponent.

Writing an Introduction Paragraph
WRITE YOUR INTRO AND CONCLUSION LAST!

  • Should be no more than four to five well-developed sentences.

  • There should never be any “In this paper” or “I” statements.

  • Needs to do three things:

    • Get the reader’s attention

    • Briefly introduce the topic (background)

    • Clearly state your position (thesis)

Writing a Body Paragraph

  • Please see the “Proof Sandwich” handout.

Writing a Conclusion Paragraph

  • It restates the thesis and contains echoes of the introduction/body.

  • It can close with a reference or tie in to the hook used in your introduction.

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