Eighth Grade Social Studies Schol Year Passing Exit Imformative Essay



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Eighth Grade Social Studies Schol Year Passing Exit

Imformative Essay

By Nazmin Islam

Introduction

Many events had occurred in America; some of those events usually were a problem. Numerous amount of people such as immigrants and many other brave men and women that lived in the Lower East Side had helped resolve those problems. Not only had people made a difference in the American history through their bravery, but the immigrants had made a huge difference with their culture, religion, tradtions, holidays ec... that they had left behind for us to practice. Former residents of the Lower East Side have left their beliefs, culture, tradtions etc.. behind and now we practice them, their culture had contributed to the Social changes in the United States of America from the mid- 19th to 20th century. So today because of the former brave residents of the Lower East Sidemand their culture , they had made a huge difference in the American history.

Peter Stuyvesant

Then came along Peter Stuyvesant, but was also known as "Peg Leg". ( His nick name is "Peg Leg because he lost his leg in a war.) Former military general Peter Stuyvesant was also a former governor of New Amsterdam. New Amsterdam was a town that had been located around where our school is located. Peter Stuyvesant was a very good governor, he had whipped the town back into shape. Mr. Stuyesant had created many rules and most of them are used today. Some examples of rules Mr. Stuyvesant had created was sanitary laws, street noises laws, and safety laws and so on... All of the laws Peter Stuyvesant had created was because so he could improve the living conditions of the New Amsterdam town. An example of the safety law is Mr. Stuyvesant made sure that every chimney had an expection and he provided fire wardens. This connects to modern day because, the fire wardens from back then are sort of like our modern day firemen. The are similar because both our firemen and the fire warden makes sured that we are that we are safe from fires. Peter Stuyvesant had put New Amsterdam , the old New York, back into shape but then settlers had come into New Amsterdam. When the huge amount of settlers had come to the small town that made Mr. Stuyvesant job hard and his work had been a waste. The settlers that had come over to New Amsterdam had in a way over thrown Peter Stuyvesant. The laws that Mr. Stuyvesant had created, not only us in the Lower East Side but our country still use his laws today stem off of him in a good/great matter.

John Jacob Astor

Around the 1780s there was a well -known man named John Jacob Astor.

Mr.Astor was well known for his business, and one of Mr. Astor’s businesses was

selling opium. Opium is a type of drug that people had used back then. (In modern

days we don't use opium as much as they did, but today opium is used mainly in

Afganistan).Back then when you sold drugs it was not illegal like it is today and it

was not illegal to buy the drugs too. He would trade opium with the Native

Americans. The Native Americans would purchase the drug because, they would

smoke tobacco through a pipe during their special/religious occasions that they

practiced. The drugs the Native Americans had used back then is sort of like our modern day drugs. For example the pipe the Native Americans had smoked through issort of like a modern day cigarette or just regular tobacco that they smoked . Another way this idea connects to modern day is, unfortunately today drug sometimes get people together in a social matter the same way they had used the drugs to get together during their special/religious occasions. We in a way stem off the Native Americans because we do similar things. Not the greatest/good thing but we stem of the former residents of the Lower East Side.

Taverns and Slaughterhouses

There were taverns around this time. Taverns were places where people

(mainly men) would drink (alcohol) , played games to gamble (crack loo) ,

talked to eachother(gossip) and etc... . The reason why there were taverns was

because , next door there would be a slaughterhouse. A slaughthouse is a place

where they prepare your cattle ( any type of meat/livestocks). The tavern was a just

a place for people to relax whilethey were waiting for their meat. The taverns are

similar to us, like our modern day bars that adults go to. Also their slaughterhouse

is similar, people get our meats ready for us. The only difference is we don't wait

for them to cut the livestock, today the livestock is already prepared; all we have

to do is just buy it from the store and cook. Taverns connect to today because its

like a bar. Slaughterhouses connects to today, when you go to stores and the meat

is prepared for you. Lower East Side stem off of taverns and slaughterhouses in a

relaxing and also a useful way, because of our amazing residents.

Theaters and Dacne Halls

Theaters and dance halls was also a big thing at this time. A famous type of

dance was tap-dancing, African Americans and Irish people were well-known for

it. In both taverns and dance halls African Americans would earn money off of

whiskey tobacco cigars etc... All three of these places taverns, theaters, and dance

halls were places where men would just hang out. The idea of dance halls connects

to today because dancing is a big thing and always has been. Theater connects to

today because we watch plays and movies. Lower East Side stem off of theater

and dance halls in a fun/good and also a useful way, because of African

Americans and Irish immigrants.

Muckrakers

Jacob August Riis

During the 1800's - 1920's immigrants had lived in bad living conditions. So

a brave man came to help. His name was Jacob August Riis. Mr. Riis was a

muckraker/photo journalist exposed the injustice and horrendous living conditions

of many immigrant residents of the lower east side. Mr. Riis would take pictures

of bad conditions they would live in and showed it to people. Not only has he

taken pictures but he wrote a book called " How The Other Half Lives" to show what

he wrote in his book, here is an excerpt from his book. The child is dying

with measles with a half chance it might have lived; but it had none. The dark

bedroom killed it. This gives a sad and an emotional feeling. You can imagine a

child all alone in the dark room looking very sick. Another excerpt from the book is:

The hall is dark and you might stumble over the children pitching pennies

ack there. Not that it would hurt them; kicks and cuffs are their daily diet. It

seems like little children are looking for loose change in a dark hallway, people

might trip over them but thats nothing compared to them getting hurt every other

day.Since he exposed these terrible conditions, he helped create new living

laws/codes. For example one code is every tenement home must have a window.

Unfortunatelymost residents did not have windows in their home, since they had

no windows that caused people to get sick. Jacob A. Riis connects to today for

many reasons. Some are one, he helped create building codes, he help show people

how immigrants lived(if he didn't maybe it would of taken a while for someone to

notice, and our school is named after him.

Lewis Hine

Another muckraker is Lewis Hine. Mr. Hine was also was a photographer

like Jacob A. Riis. He would take pictures of children. The pictures that were

captured were children whom were dirty, sad, whom looked beat up, and worked

hard. The reason why he took these pictures was because he wantd to help stop

child labor, and he did. Mr. Hine had devoted his life to just to stop child labor. If

it were'nt for him we would of been workin in horrible working conditions, very

long hours, no education and had little pay. But fortunately we are in school learning.

Lillian Wald

Another muckraker is Lillian Wald. She was a wealthy lady who made

shelter for women and children. She mainly made homes for women (with or

without children) who were beaten by their husbands/ and or if their husband left

them. She was inspired by her friend Jacob Riis after reading his book. The

buildings that Lilian made still remains today Henry Street Settlement Houses.

Jacob August Riis, Lewis Hine, and Lillian Wald contributes to the Lower

East Side in a very positive/ great matter with their beliefs and actions.

White Anglo Saxon Protestant

Now the W.A.S.P. (White Anglo Saxon Protestant). The idea of eugenics

emerges. Eugenics promotes the idea that some races are superior to other races,

and it was also was considered a "science" back then. In adherence to this belief,

many people believed that itwas the duty of the W.A.S.P. to help "inferior races"

with governing themselves( and to "borrow their natural resources). People who

were treated unfairly by the W.A.S.P.'s were: Asians, Italains (because they spoke

a different language), women, Germans, Russians, and African Americans. This

idea connects to today because even people today believe in this. For an example

the idea of Nazi's. People still believe in Hitler Adolf about killing Jewish people,

blonde hair and blue eyed people , and so on. On Friday May 16 2014 a man

named, Gabriel Diaz. This male was a Dominican cab driver whom was wearing a

Nazi armband swastika on his arm while driving. The armband would be visible to

all passengers whom hailed a cab. Gabriel would have been targeted by Hitler if

he was still here today , but yet he believes in this idea. The W.A.S.P. connects to

United States in a negative way.

World War ll

World War ll had made a huge change for women. Before the war the only job

a women would do is a house wife and maybe a teacher and that's probally it. But

because of the war women were allowed to do "men work". The reason why they were

allowed to do "menwork" because they were at war and not enough people to do the

men work. The types of jobs women were allowed to do had contributed to the war.

For example they would make weapons, make ships, make planes, repair planes ,

repair cars, work on big machines and etc... They also had better pay. Before the war

they would get paid $14 a week but during the war they would get paid $40 a week.

Women wanted to help fight in war but people thought women could not handle it.

Eventually women were allowed because we needed help in the war. If women were

in the army they were a member of W.A.C. (Women Army Corp). If women were in

the navy they were a member of W.A.V.E. ( Women Accepted for Volunteer

Emergency Service). Women whom were involved in these groups had helped men

alot with their skills such as, how to shoot gun and how to fly a plane. Another group

women were involved in was U.S.O. (United Service Organization). U.S.O. was a

volunteer group that risked their lives to cheer up soilders. They would make snacks,

create centers for relaxing, put on live entertainments , women played baseball

(baseball was popular back then, but men only played men were at war so the women

played for them) and so on... Famous women during the war were: Therese Bonney,

Josephine Baker, and Virginia Hall. Therese- photographer/reporter, she would risk

her life by taking picturea of civilians stuggle. She would take pictures of civilians

with no food, no shelter, and became sick. Josephine- Spie, Black American women

whom not only was a spie but a famous entertainer (dancer and singer). She lived in

France, got information from German then would put the information in her music

sheets and bring it back to France. This action helped defeat Germans. Virginia-spie,

lived in France but taught American spies how to act as if they are from France. She

went to France and got information on Germans which once again helped.

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