Arc 308 Architecture and Society Instructor: Larry Speck, office gol 142B, office hours tth 2: 00-3: 00pm Lecture Time

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School of Architecture Fall 2014

Handout #1

ARC 308

Architecture and Society
Instructor: Larry Speck, office GOL 4.142B, office hours TTh 2:00-3:00pm

Lecture Time: TTh 12:30 pm-2:00 pm

Lecture Place: HRH 2.104

None. Required course for architecture majors. This course may be used to fulfill the visual and performing arts component of the university core curriculum and addresses the following four core objectives established by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board: communication skills, critical thinking skills, teamwork and social responsibility.

Educational Objectives

1. To establish a perspective of the role and influence of architecture in society

and vis-a-vis other disciplines in the arts and science.

2. To develop an understanding of how architecture is shaped by and reflects

cultural values and social organization.

3. To present a broad picture of issues and factors which influence architectural


4. To begin an acquaintance with the history and development of architecture.

Educational Approach

This is a reading/looking/listening course. It will follow a fairly conventional lecture format supplemented by related outside reading. Most presentations will be illustrated by slides with examples drawn from a broad spectrum of architectural history, with emphasis on the recent past. This course carries a Global Cultures flag which means it will increase your familiarity with cultural groups outside the U.S. and how they have used architecture as a means of forming and expressing their cultural values.


There will be three tests as well as a final exam in the course. Each test will count 15% of your final grade. The final will also count 15%. Participation in class (in the form of question responses due most class periods) and in discussion sections will count 20%. The remaining 20% of your grade will be based on a series of short papers that you will write through the semester. Tests will involve standard questions as well as essay questions analyzing buildings on campus or nearby to demonstrate understanding of material covered in lectures and reading over a five- to seven-week period. The final exam will deal with comprehensive material covered in the course. Paper assignments will be dealt with primarily in discussion sections. Students with disabilities may request accommodations from the Division of Diversity and Community Engagement, Services for Students with Disabilities, 512-471-6259,

Required Texts

Readings will be assigned from the following three texts:

Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. Experiencing Architecture.

Heschong, Lisa. Thermal Delight in Architecture.

Moore, Charles, et al. The Place of Houses.


ARC 308–Architecture and Society Fall 2014

Instructor: Larry Speck Handout #2

Course Outline
I. Introduction
Aug. 28 - Course Description

Sept. 2 - Architecture and Society–Overview

Sept. 4 - Architectural Values/Philosophy/Principles/Prejudices/Theory
II. Form in Architecture
Sept. 9 - Architecture as Sensual/Visual Experience

Sept. 11 - Architecture as an Intellectual/Artistic Experience

Sept. 16 - Frank Gehry as Form Maker

Sept. 18 - Order and Systems in Architecture

Sept. 23 - Class replaced with Campus tours Sept 20

Sept. 25 - Numbers/Mathematics/Geometry as Inspiration of Form

Sept. 30 Nature/Biology/Organisms as Inspiration of Form

[Reading in Experiencing Architecture to be completed by Sep. 30]

Oct. 2 Test #1
III. Physical Considerations in Architecture
Oct. 7 - Buildings and Land

Oct. 9 Geography/Topography/Ecology

Oct. 14 - Structure and Materials

Oct. 16 - Construction/Tectonics

Oct. 21 - Frank Lloyd Wright as Builder

Oct. 23 - Architecture in Response to Climate

[Readings in Thermal Delight in Architecture to be completed by Oct. 23]

Oct. 28 - Test #2

IV. Human Use in Architecture
Oct 30 - The Designation and Organization of Use

Nov. 4 - Architectural Determinism

Nov 6 - Sam Mockabee and Human Use

Nov. 11 - Humanism at the Personal Scale

Nov. 13 - Humanism at the Scale of Organizations/Communities/Bureaucracies

Nov. 18 - Meaning in Public Buildings

Nov. 20 - Synthesis - Human Use

[Readings in The Place of Houses to be completed by Nov. 20)

Nov. 25 - Test #3
V. Combinations and Synthesis
Dec. 2 - Perfection and Compromise

Dec. 4 - A Few Good Buildings

Final Exam to be scheduled by the University.

ARC 308–Architecture and Society Fall 2014

Instructor: Larry Speck Handout #3

Policies and Information
Make-up exams will only be given to students with satisfactory justification for excused absences.
Excused absences can be justified in one of three ways:
1. Absence due to illness–Student Health Center can document even minor illness quickly and easily. A note from them is satisfactory for absence due to illness.
2. Absence due to family emergency which requires travel out of town–A note from a

parent or other responsible family member can document such required absence.

3. Absence due to student observance of a religious holiday. Arrangements must be made

in advance with instructor or TA.

-A notice regarding academic dishonesty.  UT Honor Code (or statement of ethics) and an explanation or example of what constitutes plagiarism (Link to University Honor Code:
-See the following recommendations regarding emergency evacuation from the Office of Campus Safety and Security, 512-471-5767,
-Occupants of buildings on The University of Texas at Austin campus are required to evacuate buildings when a fire alarm is activated. Alarm activation or announcement requires exiting and assembling outside. Please familiarize yourself with all exit doors of each classroom and building you may occupy.  Remember that the nearest exit door may not be the one you used when entering the building.
Students requiring assistance in evacuation shall inform their instructor in writing during the first week of class.
In the event of an evacuation, follow the instruction of faculty or class instructors.
Do not re-enter a building unless given instructions by the following: Austin Fire Department, The University of Texas at Austin Police Department, or Fire Prevention Services office.

-Behavior Concerns Advice Line (BCAL):  512-232-5050

ARC 308–Architecture and Society Fall 2014

Instructor: Larry Speck Handout #4
1. Name _______________________________________ 2. Age ___________
3. Classification_______________________ Major ____________________
4. Hometown _____________________________________
5. Father's Occupation ________________ Mother's Occupation ________________
6. Give the name and address of the high school teacher who helped you the most. (Their school address is fine. Give special weight to any teacher who might have helped you develop an interest in architecture.)

7. Do you know the names of architects whose work you admire? List as many as you can.

8. Please list a few of your favorites (if such exist) in each of the following categories:





9. What major cities or regions of the U.S. or of foreign countries have you visited?

10. What do you expect to like the most about studying architecture?

11. What do you expect to dislike most about studying architecture?

ARC 308 Handout #5

Larry Speck

"Architecture and Society"

Primary Examples
Bishop’s Palace, Galveston, Texas, Nicolas John Clayton, 1886-1891
Foam House, Austin, Texas, Charles Harker, 1969 ff.
The Parthenon, Athens, 447-430 B.C.
St. Peter’s, Rome, Bramante, Sangallo, Michelangelo, Della Porta, Maderno, Bernini,

et al., 1505-1626

Library, San Antonio, Texas, Ricardo Legorreta, 1995

ARC 308 Handout #6

Larry Speck

"Architectural Values/Philosophy/Principles/Prejudices/Theory"

Primary Examples
Farm, Gut Garkau, Germany, Hugo Haering, 1924-25
Barcelona Pavilion, Mies van der Rohe, 1929
Farnsworth House, Plano, Illinois, Mies van der Rohe, 1945
New State Chancellery, Berlin, Albert Speer, 1937

ARC 308 Handout #7

Larry Speck

"Sensual/Visual Form"

Primary Examples
Cathedral, Chartres, France, 1194-1220
Chateau, Vaux-le-Vicomte, France, Le Vau/Le Notre/Le Brun, 1656-61
Taj Mahal, Agra, India, Shah Jahan, 1631-53
Chapel, Ronchamps, France, Le Corbusier, 1950-53
Opera House, Sydney, Australia, Jorn Utzon, 1956-73

ARC 308 Handout #8

Larry Speck

"Intellectual and Artistic Experience"

Primary Examples
Villa Rotunda, Vicenza, Italy, Palladio, 1550
Casa Rotunda, Stabio, Switzerland, 1980
Dormitory, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Penn., Louis I. Kahn, 1960
S. Carlo alla Quattro Fontane, Rome, Borromini, 1641
Mother's House, Chestnut Hill, Penn., Robert Venturi, 1964
S. Andrea, Mantua, Italy, Alberti, 1470
Schroeder House, Utrecht, Holland, Gerritt Rietveld, 1924
Centre Pompideau, Paris, Piano and Rogers, 1976

ARC 308 Handout #9

Larry Speck

"Systems and Order"

Primary Examples
Austin City Plan, Edwin Waller, 1839
Savannah City Plan, James Oglethorpe, 1733
Central Beheer Offices, Apeldoorn, Holland, Herman Hertzberg, 1974
Sarabhai Residence, Ahmedabad, India, Le Corbusier, 1952
Kimball Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, Louis I. Kahn, 1972
Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, Tadeo Ando, 2002

ARC 308 Handout #10

Larry Speck


Primary Examples
Pyramids, Giza, Egypt, 2650-2500 B.C.
Designs for Chaux, Claude Ledoux, 1804
Library, Stockholm, Sweden, Gunnar Asplund, 1920-1928
Guggenheim Museum, New York, Frank Lloyd Wright, 1956-1959
U.S. Pavilion at Expo, Montreal, Canada, Buckminster Fuller, 1967
Houses, Peter Eisenman, 1967-1969
Zollverein School of Design, Essen, Germany, Kazuyo Sejima, 2006
Exploratorium, Wichita, Kansas, Moshe Safdie, 1999

ARC 308 Handout #11

Larry Speck


Primary Examples
Wat Arun and Royal Palace, Bangkok, Thailand
Casa Mila, Barcelona, Spain, Antonio Gaudi, 1906-10
TWA Terminal, Kennedy Airport, New York, Eero Saarinen, 1956-62
"Dipoli" Student Union, Otaniemi, Finland, Reia Pietila, 1966
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, Frank Gehry, 1997
Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, German, Zaha Hadid

ARC 308

Larry Speck

"Technology as a Source of Beauty"

Primary Examples
Ernsting Warehouse, Coesfeld-Lette, Germany, Santiago Calatrava, 1984
Volantin Footbridge, Bilbao, Spain, Santiago Calatrava, 1991
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Santiago Calatrava, 2000
Olympic Sports Complex, Athens, Greece, Santiago Calatrava, 2004

ARC 308 Handout #12

Larry Speck


Primary Examples
St. Ignatius Chapel, University of Seattle, Steven Holl, 1998
Jewish Museum, Berlin, Daniel Libeskind, 1999
Museum of Contemporary Art of the XXI Century, Kanazawa, Japan, 2004

ARC 308 Handout #13

Larry Speck

“Buildings and Land”

Primary Examples
Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico, 3-7 c.
Acoma, New Mexico, 12-17 c.
Mont St. Michel, France, 12-16 c.
“Falling Water,” Bear Run, Pennsylvania, Frank Lloyd Wright, 1936
Condominiums, Sea Ranch, California, Moore/Lyndon/Turnbull//Whitaker, 1965
Taliesin West, Scottsdale, Arizona, Frank Lloyd Wright, 1938-59

ARC 308 Handout #14

Larry Speck


Primary Examples
Sea Ranch, California, Laurence Halprin, Planner, 1965 ff.
The Woodlands, Texas, Ian McHarg, Planner, 1970 ff.
Hill Towns in Tuscany, Italy
Swim Club, Sea Ranch, MLTW, 1967

ARC 308 Handout #15

Larry Speck

"Structure and Materials"

Primary Examples
The Pantheon, Rome, 120-124 A.D.
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, 532-37 A.D.
Maisons Jaoul, Neuilly, France, Le Corbusier, 1952-56
Colosseum, Rome, 80 A.D.
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 14 A.D.
Ames Gate Lodge, North Easton, Mass., H. H. Richardson, 1880
Morse and Stiles Hall, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., Eero Saarinen, 1958-62
Capital Buildings, Dacca, Bangladesh, Louis Kahn, 1962-74
Strimling House, Weston, Mass., Maurice Smith, 1968
Lake Shore Drive Apartments, Chicago, Mies van der Rohe, 1948-51
Deere and Co. Headquarters, Moline, Ill., Eero Saarinen, 1957-63

ARC 308 Handout #16

Larry Speck


Primary Examples
Cathedral, Amiens, France, 1220-1288
S. Maria della Fiore, Florence, Italy, Arnolfo di Cambio and Filippo Brunelleschi,


Sydney Opera House, Jorn Utzon, 1957-73

ARC 308 Handout #17

Larry Speck

"Architecture in Response to Climate"

Primary Examples
Cameron Offices, Belconnen, A.C.T., Australia, John Andrews, 1972
Tenneco Building, Houston, S.O.M., 1963
Secretariat Building, Chandigarh, India, Le Corbusier, 1958
Palace of Justice, Chandigarh, India, Le Corbusier, 1958
Assembly Building, Chandigarh, India, Le Corbusier, 1958

ARC 308

Larry Speck

"Synthesis–Physical Considerations"

Primary Examples
Dominus Winery, Napa Valley, California, Herzog and de Meuron, 1998
Simpson-Lee House, Mount Wilson, Australia, Glenn Murcutt, 1994
ARC 308 Handout #18

Larry Speck

"Designation and Organization of Use"

Primary Examples
Stoughton House, Cambridge, Massachusetts, H. H. Richardson, 1882-83
Glessner House, Chicago, Illinois, H. H. Richardson, 1885-86
History Faculty, Cambridge, England, James Stirling, 1964-68
Exeter Library, Exeter, N.H., Louis Kahn, 1972
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India, Louis Kahn, 1962-78
ARC 308 Handout #19

Larry Speck

"Architectural Determinism"

Primary Examples
Baker House Dormitory, M.I.T., Cambridge, Massachusetts, Alvar Aalto, 1949
Undergraduate Dormitory, M.I.T., Cambridge, Massachusetts, Jose Luis Sert, 1975
La Tourette Monastery, Lyon, France, Le Corbusier, 1956-60
ARC 308 Handout #20

Larry Speck

"Humanism at a Personal Scale"

Primary Examples
Paimio Sanatorium, Paimio, Finland, Alvar Aalto, 1929-33
Library, Viipuri, Finland (now Russia), Alvar Aalto, 1930-35
Resurrection Chapel, Turku, Finland, Erik Bryggman, 1941

ARC 308 Handout #21

Larry Speck

"Humanism at the Scale of Neighborhoods/Communities/Bureaucracies"

Primary Examples
Kresge College, University of Santa Cruz, California, Charles Moore, 1973
Tapiola New Town, Finland, 1955-65
Byker, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, Ralph Erskine, et al., 1968 ff.
San Antonio Riverwalk
Crown Fountain, Millennium Park, Chicago, 2005

ARC 308 Handout #22

Larry Speck

"Meaning in Public Buildings"

Primary Examples
Hindu Temples, Khajuraho, India, 930-1050 A.D.
The Pantheon, Rome, 120 A.D.
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Thomas Jefferson, 1817-25
Doge's Palace, Venice, Italy, 1309-1424
Campidoglio, Rome, Michelangelo, 1560
Town Hall, Stockholm, Sweden, Ragnar Otsberg, 1923
City Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, Kallman, McKinnell and Knowles, 1968
St. Mary’s Church, San Francisco, Pier Luigi Nervi and Pietro Belluschi, 1972
LBJ Library and Museum, Austin, Texas, SOM, 1972

ARC 308 Handout #23

Larry Speck

"Synthesis – Human Use"

Primary Examples
Austin Bergstrom International Airport, 1999
Idea Store, London, David Adjae, 2005
Stata Center, M.I.T., Cambridge, Massachusetts, Frank Gehry, 2003
ARC 308 Handout #24

Larry Speck

"Perfection and Compromise"

Primary Examples
John Hancock Building, Boston, Massachusetts, I. M. Pei, 1975
Ayub Hospital, Dacca Bangladesh, Louis Kahn, 1962 ff.
Housing at La Defense, France, Emile Allard, 1977
History Faculty, Cambridge, England, James Stirling, 1964-68
Medical Faculty, University of Louvain, Brussels, Lucien Kroll, 1979
Kresge Auditorium, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Eero Saarinen, 1955
Centre Pompideau, Paris, Piano and Rogers, 1977

ARC 308 Handout #25

Larry Speck

"A Few Good Buildings"

Primary Examples
deYoung Museum, San Francisco, Herzog and deMeuron, 2005
Thermal Baths, Vals, Switzerland, Peter Zumpthor, 1996

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