Invert authors’ names (last name first followed by initials)
Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.
EX: The perfectly formatted paper: How the Purdue OWL saved my essay.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles
Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals
Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections
APA is a complex system of citation. When compiling the reference list, the strategy below might be useful:
Identify the type of source:
Is it a book? A journal article? A webpage?
Find a sample citation for this type of source
Check a textbook or the OWL APA Guide: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
“Mirror” the sample
Make sure that the entries are listed in alphabetical order and that the subsequent lines are indented (Recall References: Basics)
Making the Reference List
In-text citations help readers locate the cited source in the References section of the paper.
Whenever you use a source, provide in parenthesis: