Zanurin bin mohamad safar



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  • SPM ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1119
  • GUIDELINES FOR ENHANCEMENT IN ESSAY WRITING: PART 3
  • Prepared by
  • ZANURIN BIN MOHAMAD SAFAR
  • Guru Cemerlang Bahasa Inggeris
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Kulim

TASK 3: Tell your friend next to you HOW AND WHEN to use each of the verbs below:

  • TASK 3: Tell your friend next to you HOW AND WHEN to use each of the verbs below:
  • 1. drives
  • 2. drive
  • 3. were driving
  • 4. is driven
  • 5. have driven
  • 6. drove

STRATEGY 1: APPLY DIVER FORMS TO ENHANCE YOUR MASTERY OF TENSES

LET’S REVISE SOME BASIC RULES (page 4):

  • LET’S REVISE SOME BASIC RULES (page 4):
  • Simple present tense
  • Simple past tense
  • Continuous tense
  • Perfect tense
  • Passive verbs
  • APPLY “Sub-TiMe”

Apply “SubTiMe” - three crucial questions which students must ask:

  • Apply “SubTiMe” - three crucial questions which students must ask:
    • Question 1: ‘SUB’ stands for ‘subject’ – Students must determine the status of the subject in the sentence by determining the status of the verb. They ask themselves, “Is the verb singular or plural?”
  • Therefore, always remind yourself “When the verb is singular, the subject must be singular/uncountable/abstract” & “When the verb is plural, the subject must be plural/countable”

Question 2: ‘TI’ stands for ‘time’ – “Does the action happen at present or in the past?”

    • Question 2: ‘TI’ stands for ‘time’ – “Does the action happen at present or in the past?”
    • Question 3: ‘ME’ stands for ‘meaning’ – “What does the verb mean?”
  • Ask the questions above BEFORE CONSTRUCTING EACH SENTENCE

TASK 4: Construct a sentence based on each of the verbs below

  • TASK 4: Construct a sentence based on each of the verbs below
  • 1. ban
  • 2. banned
  • 3. has banned
  • 4. bans
  • 5. are banning
  • 6. is banned
  • Time: 6 minutes
  • Be prepared to present them

MESSAGE:

  • MESSAGE:
  • EVERY SENTENCE THAT YOU WRITE HAS A VERB
  • IT IS A FACT THAT ONE OF THE COMMON ERRORS IS ERRORS ON VERBS
  • THEREFORE, THERE MUST BE ONGOING PRACTICES TO MASTER ALL TENSES – TO REDUCE ERRORS ON VERBS
  • PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT. AGREE?
  • APPLY DIVER FORMS (page 5 & page 6)

STRATEGY 2: MASTER PAST TENSE VERBS. HOW?

  • STRATEGY 2: MASTER PAST TENSE VERBS. HOW?
  • PARAGRAPH WRITING SCHEME (PAWS)
  • STEPS:
  • 1. Think of one starting sentence
  • 2. Continue writing several more sentences
  • 3. Write whatever ideas/details that come across your mind.
  • 4. Determine the length of the paragraph
  • 5. The length must increase from time to time
  • 6. Underline every past tense verb in the paragraph

Starting sentence: I was totally clueless why I kept on thinking of my biggest enemy.

  • Starting sentence: I was totally clueless why I kept on thinking of my biggest enemy.
  • I even dreamt of him last night.
  • He apologised to me repeatedly but I just ignored him.
  • Finally I accepted his apology and he was bursting with joy.
  • My handsome enemy invited me for dinner at a posh restaurant which belonged to his father.
  • I really wanted to say ‘No!’ but out of thin air, I said ‘Yes’ to him [73 words]

TASK 5 :

  • TASK 5 :
  • Write a paragraph based on the starting line given:
  • Suddenly I heard my name was called repeatedly and the person shouted at the top of his/her voice saying “I love you!”
  • Preparation: 5 minutes
  • Get ready to present your paragraph

THE POINT IS …

OTHER STARTING SENTENCES

  • OTHER STARTING SENTENCES
  • OPA STYLE: VERSION 1 (GENERAL)
  • When I opened the door, I saw a bag full of money in front of me. …
  • I wanted to tell him how much I liked him but …
  • The moment I stepped into the classroom, all my classmates looked at me strangely. …

OTHER STARTING SENTENCES

  • OTHER STARTING SENTENCES
  • OPA STYLE: VERSION 2 (BASED ON INCIDENTS/EVENTS)
  • I witnessed the tragic accident. …
  • The robbery happened right in front of Maya. …
  • It was a memorable farewell party. …
  • Everybody had fun at the reunion. …

MESSAGES:

  • PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT. AGREE? (Page 7)
  • YOU DO NOT HAVE TO WRITE 100 ESSAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR PAST TENSE VERBS
  • HOWEVER, YOU ONLY NEED TO WRITE SHORT PARAGRAPHS ON ONGOING BASIS
  • TRY TO WRITE ABOUT AS MANY EVENTS OR INCIDENTS AS POSSIBLE

TASK 6:

  • TASK 6:
  • Feeling?
  • He is …
  • Feeling?
  • She is …
  • Feeling?
  • He is …

STRATEGY 3: USE SOPHISTICATED WORDS AND IDIOMS IN YOUR ESSAY

  • STRATEGY 3: USE SOPHISTICATED WORDS AND IDIOMS IN YOUR ESSAY
  • Why? To enrich your language quality + to gain merits
  • TASK 7: List down adjectives and idioms that you know to show happiness.

SOME EXAMPLES OF SOPHISTICATED ADJECTIVES AND IDIOMS THAT SHOW HAPPINESS

  • SOME EXAMPLES OF SOPHISTICATED ADJECTIVES AND IDIOMS THAT SHOW HAPPINESS
  • RADIANT
  • ELATED
  • ECSTATIC
  • CONTENTED
  • EUPHORIC
  • I WAS ON CLOUD NINE.
  • SHE WAS BURSTING WITH JOY.
  • THEY WERE DELIRIOUS WITH JOY.
  • SHAM WAS ALL AGOG TO SEE …
  • HE WAS OVER THE MOON WHEN…
  • SHE WAS IN SEVENTH HEAVEN TO …
  • WE HAD BEEN WALKING ON AIR SINCE…
  • READ AN ESSAY ON PAGE 8 (DESCRIBE YOUR EXPERIENCE TAKING PART IN A SCHOOL PROGRAMME AND HOW YOU FELT)
  • THE ESSAY HAS NO/ZERO MERIT.
  • LET US REPLACE SOME OF THE WORDS WITH SOPHISTICATED WORDS OR IDIOMS SO THAT THERE WILL BE MERITS THROUGHOUT THE ESSAY.

TASK 8:

  • TASK 8:
  • READ ANOTHER ESSAY ON PAGE 9 (DESCRIBE YOUR VISIT TO A PUBLIC PLACE AND WHOM YOU MET).
  • IN PAIRS, SUGGEST SUITABLE SOPHISTICATED WORDS OR IDIOMS THAT CAN REPLACE SOME OF THE WORDS IN THE ESSAY SO THAT THE ESSAY HAS MORE MERITS.

TASK 9 :

  • TASK 9 :
  • Watch a video. Based on the video, write a paragraph.
  • Make sure you get some merits in the paragraph. Use suitable sophisticated adjectives and idioms to enrich the quality of language in the essay.
  • Focus on the feelings and descriptions of characters

CLOSURE

  • NO DOUBT ALL OF YOU CAN WRITE. HOWEVER, MAKE SURE THERE ARE SEVERAL MERITS IN EACH OF YOUR PARAGRAPHS.
  • MERITS CAN BE EASILY OBTAINED BY USING SOPHISTICATED/LOW-FREQUENCY/ HIGH-FLOWN/BOMBASTIC WORDS OR IDIOMS
  • FOCUS ON FEELINGS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF CHARACTERS

STRATEGY 4: VARY SENTENCE STRUCTURES

  • STRATEGY 4: VARY SENTENCE STRUCTURES
  • Simple, compound and complex sentences
  • What is a simple sentence?
  • SIMPLE SENTENCE: Has one main idea. e.g. The girls are not smart.
  • What is a compound sentence?
  • COMPOUND SENTENCE: Has two main ideas that are linked by “and, but, or, so” e.g. The boys are handsome and brilliant.
  • What is a complex sentence?
  • COMPLEX SENTENCE: Has one main idea and one or more subordinate ideas. e.g.
  • 1. The girls, who are mostly romantic, eat a lot!
  • 2. The girls, who are mostly romantic, who have great passion for food, are angry with me.
  • 3. The book that was lost was expensive.
  • 4. The beggar who was talking to me was my neighbour.
  • TASK 10:
  • Complete these COMPLEX sentences:
  • We were delirious with joy when …
  • We visited the museum before …
  • After I came home, I …
  • The boy was punished because …
  • Whenever they saw Mr. Lim, they …
  • Students enjoyed their days when …
  • MESSAGE?
  • YES YOU CAN VARY YOUR SENTENCES IN YOUR ESSAYS

TASK 11 :

  • TASK 11 :
  • Watch a video
  • Individually, write a short paragraph
  • Make sure there are at least these sentences in your paragraph:
  • i) one compound sentence
  • ii) one complex sentence describing anything related to the video

CLOSURE:

  • CLOSURE:
  • ENHANCE YOUR LANGUAGE QUALITY FOR YOUR A+/A/A-
  • THIS ENHANCEMENT PROCESS TAKES TIME. THEREFORE, IT MUST BE ONGOING.
  • THERE ARE ALWAYS WAYS / STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE YOUR LANGUAGE QUALITY.
  • IF YOU REALLY WANT TO GET THE BEST RESULT, YOU NEED TO MAKE PLANS BECAUSE “THOSE WHO FAIL TO PLAN, THEY ARE ACTUALLY PLANNING TO FAIL”

STRATEGY 5: ENHANCE READERS’ INTEREST TO READ YOUR ESSAYS ESPECIALLY YOUR CONTINUOUS ESSAYS

  • STRATEGY 5: ENHANCE READERS’ INTEREST TO READ YOUR ESSAYS ESPECIALLY YOUR CONTINUOUS ESSAYS
  • WHY?
  • A good mark is awarded when the reader’s interest is aroused and sustained
  • HOW?
  • Most of you lack creativity, therefore, reading excellent short stories is helpful.
  • Task 12: Let’s read 2 sample essays (pp.11-12)

HOW TO GET MORE STORIES:

  • USE ANY SEARH ENGINE
  • CHOICE 1: TYPE “INSPIRATIONAL STORIES” – ABOUT LIFE, FOR TEENAGERS, FOR STUDENTS, OF FAITH
  • CHOICE 2: TYPE “SHORT STORIES” – WITH MORAL LESSONS, ABOUT LOVE, ABOUT FRIENDSHIP
  • CHOICE 3: TYPE “BEST SHORT STORIES” – BEST SHORT STORIES OF ALL TIME, BEST AMERICAN SHORT STORIES, BEST HORROR SHORT STORIES, BEST COLLECTION OF SHORT STORIES

END OF PART 3



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