Your research paper thesis Question and Statement



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YOUR RESEARCH PAPER

Thesis Question and Statement

  • Research Question:
  • Should states regulate the use of cell phones in moving vehicles?
  • Thesis Statement:
  • States should regulate use of cell phones on the road because many drivers are using the phones irresponsibly and causing accidents.

Now It Is Your Turn Use the space to the right to answer the following:

  • What is your Thesis Question? What question do you want to answer?
  • What is your Thesis Statement? Remember, subject + opinion = thesis

Introducing your paper

  • The introduction paragraph allows the reader to become acquainted with your subject.
  • The introduction paragraph includes your thesis statement (either the first sentence or the last.)
  • Remember, if your thesis is new and innovative, then the reader will be encountering this idea for the first time and will need as much information as possible about your subject.

An Example Introduction:

  • At one point in the early twentieth century, it seemed that the American buffalo, Bison bison, would continue to exist only in pictures or on the buffalo nickel.
  • Its population of one hundred million around 1700 had been reduced to one thousand by 1889. Today, that number has increased to nearly two hundred thousand (Hodgson 71). The buffalo, once endangered, has returned.

Five Ws and an H

  • Research questions you must answer to help you write your research paper:
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • Why?
  • How?

Using MLA Format In Your Research Paper

  • Proper citation of sources in MLA style can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense.
  • Using a consistent format helps your reader understand the arguments and the sources they’re built on.
  • It also helps you, the writer, keep track of your sources.
  • Why we require MLA style:

Two Parts of the MLA Style:

  • Works Cited Page
  • Parenthetical Citations

Works Cited Page

  • A list of every source you make reference to in the research paper.
  • Provides the info necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources you cite.
  • Each source cited in the essay must appear on the works cited page, and each source on the works cited page must have a citation in the paper.

A Sample Works Cited Page

  • Works Cited
  • Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin, 1985.
  • Miller, J. Hills. Charles Dickens: The World of His Novels. Bloomington: University of Indiana Purdue, 1958.
  • Zwerding, Alex. “Esther Summerson Rehabilitated.” PMLA 99 (May 1973): 429-439.
  • Notice: Double spacing throughout!

A Sample Works Cited Page

  • Works Cited
  • Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin, 1985.
  • Miller, J. Hills. Charles Dickens: The World of His Novels. Bloomington: University of Indiana Purdue, 1958.
  • Zwerding, Alex. “Esther Summerson Rehabilitated.” PMLA 99 (May 1973): 429-439.

A Sample Works Cited Page

  • Works Cited
  • Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin, 1985.
  • Miller, J. Hills. Charles Dickens: The World of His Novels. Bloomington: University of Indiana Purdue, 1958.
  • Zwerding, Alex. “Esther Summerson Rehabilitated.” PMLA 99 (May 1973): 429-439.
  • Notice: Indentations on the left
  • 10 spaces
  • for lines
  • following
  • no space first line of entry

When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations?

1. When quoting any words verbatim:

  • 1. When quoting any words verbatim:
  • (the author’s name MUST appear in the citation)
  • examples:
  • Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
  • Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).
  • OR

2. When summarizing facts and ideas from a source:

  • 2. When summarizing facts and ideas from a source:
  • this means to take ideas from a large passage or another source and condense them, using your own words.

3. When paraphrasing a source:

  • 3. When paraphrasing a source:
  • this means to use the ideas from another source but change the words into your own words.

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • At the end of the quote, summarization or paraphrase, insert:
  • …of powerful feelings” (
  • step 1 - first parenthesis
  • example:

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • …of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth
  • At the end of the quote, summarization or paraphrase, insert:
  • example:

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • step 3 - page number(s) of citation
  • …of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263
  • At the end of the quote, summarization or paraphrase, insert:
  • example:

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • step 4 - end parenthesis
  • …of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263)
  • At the end of the quote, summarization or paraphrase, insert:
  • example:

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • step 5 - a period
  • …of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
  • At the end of the quote, summarization or paraphrase, insert:
  • example:

How to Use Parenthetical Citations

  • …of powerful feelings ” (Wordsworth 263).
  • !
  • ?
  • 1. The period always goes after the citation—NEVER before.
  • NOTICE:
  • 2. There is NEVER any punctuation between the word and the page number.
  • 3. NEVER include the period or comma at sentence end,
  • although you MUST include a question mark or exclamation mark

What words do you put in Parenthetical Citations?

  • Works Cited
  • Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin, 1985.
  • …the words of your quote” (Dickens 123).
  • Just use the very first word of the Works Cited entry:

What words do you put in Parenthetical Citations?

  • Works Cited
  • Smith, Carol and Jones, Martha. Funny Things. New York: Zondervan, 1995.
  • …words of your quote” (Smith and Jones 24).
  • When there is more than one author, use the last name for each person:

What words do you put in the Parenthetical Citations?

  • Works Cited
  • “California’s Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers.” Newsweek 125 (June 2000): 67-68.
  • …the words of your quote” (“California” 67).
  • When there is no author, use just the first word of the title in quotes:

Researching your topic

Researching the Internet

  • Use search engines to your advantage.
  • Identify the website.
  • Examine for credibility.
  • Determine depth and scope of information.
  • Assess date of information.

Answer these questions about the web site before using it:

  • Who is the creator of the website?
  • What is the purpose of the site?
  • Who is the audience of the site?
  • Can you purchase products at this site?
  • Is the site affiliated with a business or university?
  • Does the site offer eccentric information about a particular person or group?

Example of a Title Page

  • by
  • John A. Student
  • Mr. Brady
  • Science Fiction / Fantasy / English IV / A3 or B2
  • 10 March 2012
  • The Hazards of Television on Society

How to make an outline:

  • Introduction
  • The Senior Project is an opportunity for students to more fully study an area of interest not covered in the regular curriculum.
      • Emphasis in one of three areas
        • Personal growth
        • Career exploration
        • Altruism
      • Allows for in-depth study of a specific topic
  • The Senior Project encourages study across the curriculum.
      • Four separate components
        • Research paper
        • Project
        • Portfolio
        • Presentation
  • The Senior Project: Synthesizing the K-12 Education
  • Thesis Statement: The Senior Project is valuable to students because it is based upon an area of interest to the student, incorporates a variety of academic disciplines, and uses skills necessary in the workplace.

How to make an outline:

  • The Senior Project emphasizes skills valued in the workplace.
      • Time management
      • Interpersonal skills
        • Choosing and working with a mentor
        • Interviewing skills
  • Conclusion
  • The Senior Project: Synthesizing the K-12 Education (continued…)

Here’s how your outline should look

  • The Senior Project: Synthesizing the K-12 Education
  • Thesis Statement: The Senior Project is valuable to students because it is
  • based upon an area of interest to the student, incorporates a variety of
  • academic disciplines, and uses skills necessary in the workplace.
  • Introduction
  • The Senior Project is an opportunity for students to more fully study an area of interest not covered in the regular curriculum.
      • Emphasis in one of three areas
        • Personal growth
        • Career exploration
        • Altruism
      • Allows for in-depth study of a specific topic
  • The Senior Project encourages study across the curriculum.
      • Three separate components
        • Research paper
        • Project
        • Presentation
      • B. Interdisciplinary skills within each component
        • Project may use both math and writing
        • Speech may use speech techniques and visual aids
  • The Senior Project emphasizes skills valued in the workplace.
      • Time management
        • Creating schedules
        • Meeting deadlines
      • Interpersonal skills
        • Choosing and working with a mentor
        • Interviewing skills
  • Conclusion

Example of Page Layout

  • sobering amount of situational and relational inconvenience envelopes the characters found in Albert Camus’ novella The Stranger in that a constant state of tension (Einstein quote) exists between each character’s interactions with one another.
  • Albert Camus is attempting to portray a truth about the reality of the human condition, a reality few individuals would accept, and the tension filled relationships that overshadow humanity’s everyday existence.
  • If Meursault had simply agreed with the Magistrate about believing in God, specifically Jesus Christ and his death on the cross, then he would likely have been released from jail. It is obvious the French had no particular fondness for the Arabs or the Moors. They are obviously foreigners to the French and, believing in a faith other than Christianity, are not of the same caliber aseveryone else. The only problem is that Mersault has not a care
  • Brady 2
  • 1”
  • 1”
  • 1”
  • 1”
  • 1/2”
  • 1” margin all around
  • ½” margin to base
  • of name & page
  • in right top corner
  • double spacing throughout
  • indent 10 spaces or just ½” tab


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