(Universalisation of Elementary Education in Delhi )
In order to fulfil Constitutional Commitment Govt. of India has launched Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan during 9th Five Year Plan. The objective of the programme was to bring out of school children in age group of 6-14 years into main education stream and provide elementary education. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and assistance under the programme was in the ratio of 85:15 between Centre and State in 9th Plan. The main contents of this scheme has been annexed.
Since Parliament has passed 93rd Constitutional amendment wherein education has been made fundamental right of every child. States shall be responsible for providing basic education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years.
Govt. of Delhi has decided to implement this programme from 10th Five Year Plan in Mission mode and Mission Director has already been appointed to execute the programme. The share of State funding is 25% of the total expenditure and Centre would bear 75% costs as per norms laid down by Govt. of India.
The scheme shall be implemented in collaboration with local bodies like MCD, NDMC, Cantonment Board who cater to primary education under Delhi Municipal Act, 1957, NDMC Act, etc. Assistance of SCERT and established NGOs shall also be obtained in specific programmes wherever needed from time to time.
Programme Content : Survey has been carried-out to assess the magnitude of out of school children in different areas of Delhi.
Admission camps has been organised in all Govt. schools. Around 1500 learning centers are being run through NGOs where out of school children are taught. More learning centers shall be opened wherever necessary. District perspective plans are being prepared and further educational facilities shall be created in accordance with requirement reflected in these plan.
Awareness campaigns shall be launched in association with local bodies to make the populace aware of availability of educational facility.
Components of SSA
The components of SSA includes appointment of teacher training, qualitative improvement of elementary education., provision of teaching learning materials, establishment of Block and Cluster Resource Centres for academic support, construction of classrooms and school buildings, establishment of education guarantee centres, integrated education of the disabled and distance education.
REQUIREMENT OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR UEE According to broad assessments made by the Deptt. of Elementary Edn. & Literacy, nearly Rs.4.00 crores additional resources are required from the budget at the State level Departments over the next ten years. Since SSA is a programme for universalisation of elementary education, the actual requirement of funds can only be worked out after the District Elementary Education Plans are finalised.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has two aspects - i) It provides a wide convergent framework for implementation at Elementary Education Schemes, ii) It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education.
i) The assistance under the programme of SSA could be on a 85:15 sharing arrangement during the IX Plan, 75:25 sharing arrangement during the X Plan, and 50:50 thereafter between the Central Government and state governments. Commitments regarding sharing of costs would be taken from State governments in writing.
ii) The support for teacher salary appointed under the SSA programme could be shared between the central govt. and the State Govt. in a ratio of 85:15 during the IX Plan, 75:25 during the X Plan and 50:50 thereafter.
iii) All funds to be used for upgradation, maintenance, repair of schools and Teaching Learning Equipment and local management to be transferred to VECs/School Management Committees.
One teacher for every 40 children in Primary and upper primary schools
At least two teachers in a Primary School.
School/Alternative Schooling facility
Within one Kilometer of every habitation
Upper Primary schools/Sector
As per requirement based on the no. of children completing primary edn., up to a ceiling of one upper primary school/section for every two primary schools.
A room for every teacher in Primary & upper Primary.
A room for Head Master in upper Primary school/sector.
By creating pool of resource persons, providing travel grant and honorarium for monitoring generation of community based data, research studies, cost of assessment and appraisal terms & their field activities.
Not to exceed 6% of the budget of a district plan.
Rs.6 lakh ceiling for BRC construction wherever required.
Development of upto 20 teacher in a block with more their 100 sch. Prov. Of furniture etc. @ Rs.1 lac for BRC and Rs.10,000/- for a CRC.
Contingency grant of Rs.12,500/- for BRC and Rs.2500 per CRC per year.
Interventions for out of school children.
As per norms already approved under Edn. Guarantee Scheme & Alternative and Innovative Edn. Providing for the following kind of interventions.
Setting other alternative schooling models.
Bridge Courses, remedial courses Back to School Camps with a focus on mainstreaming out of school children in to regular schools.
The scheme Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to be implemented on Sharing basis. In the 10th Plan period, 25% of the total cost is to be born by State Government and 75% by Central Government.
As per household survey conducted in July 2003, there were around 1.88 lacs out of school children in the age group of 6-14 years. During 2003-04, 87000 students were enrolled in around 2100 learning centers run by NGOs.
During 2004-05, 600 learning centrs have been opened and another 1800 centers are proposed to be opened to cover around 1.01 lacs students. During 2005-06, another 400 centres are proposed to be opened to cater to migrant children.
Rs. 400.00 Lacs has been approved as outlay for 10th Five Year Plan and an outlay of Rs.430.00 lakhs is approved for Annual Plan 2005-06.
5. STRENGTHENING OF BOOK BANK (Rs.120 lacs) OBJECTIVES OF THE SCHEME : The objective of the scheme is to provide prescribed course books to students of classes 6th to 12th who are unable to meet expenditure on books due to dearth of resources. This will inspire them to continue their studies.