Xv general education


SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (Rs.430.00 lacs )



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4. SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (Rs.430.00 lacs )

(Universalisation of Elementary Education in Delhi )

Objective

In order to fulfil Constitutional Commitment Govt. of  India has  launched Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan during 9th Five Year  Plan. The  objective  of  the programme was to bring  out  of  school children in age group of 6-14 years into main education  stream and  provide elementary education. It is a Centrally  Sponsored Scheme  and assistance under the programme was in the ratio  of 85:15 between  Centre  and State in 9th Plan. The main  contents  of  this scheme has been annexed.


Need

Since Parliament has passed 93rd Constitutional  amendment wherein education has been made  fundamental right of every child. States shall be responsible for providing  basic education to all children in the age group  of  6-14 years.


Govt. of Delhi has decided to implement this programme  from 10th  Five Year Plan in Mission mode and Mission  Director  has already  been appointed to execute the programme. The share  of State funding is 25% of the total expenditure and Centre  would bear 75% costs as per norms laid down by Govt. of India.
The scheme shall be implemented in collaboration with  local bodies  like MCD, NDMC, Cantonment Board who cater  to  primary education  under  Delhi Municipal Act, 1957,  NDMC Act,  etc. Assistance of SCERT and established NGOs shall also be obtained in  specific programmes wherever needed from time to time.
Programme Content :
Survey has been carried-out to assess  the  magnitude of out of school children  in  different areas of Delhi.
Admission camps  has  been organised in  all Govt. schools. Around 1500 learning centers are being run through NGOs where out of school children are taught. More learning centers shall be opened wherever necessary. District perspective plans are being prepared and further educational facilities shall be created in accordance with requirement reflected in these plan.
Awareness campaigns shall be launched in  association  with local bodies  to make the populace aware  of  availability  of educational facility.
Components of SSA

The components of SSA includes appointment of teacher  training, qualitative improvement of elementary education., provision of teaching learning  materials, establishment of Block and Cluster  Resource Centres  for  academic support, construction  of  classrooms  and school  buildings, establishment of education guarantee  centres, integrated education of the disabled and distance education.


REQUIREMENT OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR UEE
According to broad assessments made by the Deptt. of  Elementary Edn.  & Literacy, nearly Rs.4.00 crores additional resources are required from the budget at the State level Departments over the next ten years. Since SSA is a programme for universalisation of elementary education, the actual requirement of funds can only be worked  out  after the District Elementary  Education  Plans  are finalised.
Sarva  Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has two aspects - i) It  provides  a wide convergent framework for implementation at Elementary Education Schemes, ii) It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education.

Financial Norms

i) The assistance under the programme of SSA could be on a  85:15 sharing arrangement during the IX Plan, 75:25 sharing arrangement during  the  X  Plan, and 50:50 thereafter  between  the Central Government and state governments. Commitments regarding  sharing of costs would be taken from State governments in writing.


ii)   The support for teacher salary appointed under the SSA  programme  could be shared between the central govt. and  the  State Govt. in a ratio of 85:15 during the IX Plan, 75:25 during the  X Plan and 50:50 thereafter.
iii) All funds to be used for upgradation, maintenance, repair of schools  and Teaching Learning Equipment and local management  to be transferred to VECs/School Management Committees.

NORMS





INTERVENTION

NORM

Teacher

One teacher for every 40 children in Primary and upper primary schools




At least two teachers in a Primary School.

School/Alternative Schooling facility

Within one Kilometer of every habitation

Upper Primary schools/Sector

As per requirement based on the no. of children completing primary edn., up to a ceiling of one upper primary school/section for every two primary schools.

Class Rooms

A room for every teacher in Primary & upper Primary.




A room for Head Master in upper Primary school/sector.

Free Textbooks

To all girls/SC/ST children at primary & upper primary level within an upper ceiling or Rs.150/- per child.

Civil Works

Ceiling of 33% of SSA Prog. Funds. For improvement of school facilities, BRC/CRC construction.




No. exp. to be incurred on construction of office bldgs.

Maintenance and repair of school buildings.

Only through school management committees.





Upto Rs.5000/- per year as per a specific proposal by the school committee.




Must involve elements of community contribution.

Upgradation of ECS to regular school

Provision for TLE @ Rs.10000/- per school




Provision for teacher & classrooms.

TLE for upper primary

@ Rs.50,000/- per school for uncovered schools.

Schools Grant

Rs.2000/- per year per primary/upper primary school for replacement of school equipments.

Teacher Grant

Rs.500/- per teacher per year in primary and upper primary.

Teacher Training

Prov. Of 20 days in service for all teachers, 60 days refresher courses for untrained teachers and 30 day orientation for freshly trained recruits @ Rs.70/- per day.

Training of Community Leaders

For a maximum of 8 persons in a village for 2 days.




@ Rs.30/- per day.

Provision for disabled children.

Upto Rs.1200/- per child for integration of disabled children as per specific proposal.

Research Evaluation

Upto Rs.1500/- per school per year.

Supervision & Monitoring

By creating pool of resource persons, providing travel grant and honorarium for monitoring generation of community based data, research studies, cost of assessment and appraisal terms & their field activities.

Management Cost

Not to exceed 6% of the budget of a district plan.

Block Respirce Centres / Cluster Resource Centres.

Rs.6 lakh ceiling for BRC construction wherever required.




Development of upto 20 teacher in a block with more their 100 sch. Prov. Of furniture etc. @ Rs.1 lac for BRC and Rs.10,000/- for a CRC.




Contingency grant of Rs.12,500/- for BRC and Rs.2500 per CRC per year.

Interventions for out of school children.

As per norms already approved under Edn. Guarantee Scheme & Alternative and Innovative Edn. Providing for the following kind of interventions.




Setting other alternative schooling models.




Bridge Courses, remedial courses Back to School Camps with a focus on mainstreaming out of school children in to regular schools.

The scheme Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to be implemented on Sharing basis. In the 10th Plan period, 25% of the total cost is to be born by State Government and 75% by Central Government.

As per household survey conducted in July 2003, there were around 1.88 lacs out of school children in the age group of 6-14 years. During 2003-04, 87000 students were enrolled in around 2100 learning centers run by NGOs.
During 2004-05, 600 learning centrs have been opened and another 1800 centers are proposed to be opened to cover around 1.01 lacs students. During 2005-06, another 400 centres are proposed to be opened to cater to migrant children.
Rs. 400.00 Lacs has been approved as outlay for 10th Five Year Plan and an outlay of Rs.430.00 lakhs is approved for Annual Plan 2005-06.
5. STRENGTHENING OF BOOK BANK (Rs.120 lacs)
OBJECTIVES OF THE SCHEME :
The objective of the scheme is to provide prescribed course books  to students of classes 6th to 12th who are unable to meet  expenditure on books  due  to dearth of resources. This will inspire them to continue their studies.


Directory: write-up -> 2005-06

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