A description is a verbal picture of a person, place, or thing. When you describe someone or something, you give your readers a picture in words. To make the word picture as vivid as possible, observe and record specific details that appeal to all of the reader's senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. A descriptive paper needs sharp, colorful details.
Narrow your subject until you could cover it within your page/word limit
In the paper about your hometown, you clearly could not cover every bit of it in 2-3 pages or 400-500 words. Instead, begin to think about one small part of your hometown that was important to you. It could be your bedroom, the woods, a football stadium...anything you want.
Make sure that your thesis states a dominant impression about what you are describing. Don’t worry about refining the sentence right away.
The statement “The subject of this paper will be my childhood bedroom” is not a good thesis statement. To check if your thesis has a point, ask yourself “so what?” Why does it matter that the subject of your paper is your bedroom? Instead, you should write something about your bedroom. For example, “My childhood bedroom was a warm, safe place.”
Proceeding with a Descriptive Essay
After you have a good thesis statement, these guidelines will help you to develop your ideas into an essay:
Make a list of as many details as you can that support the general impression.