Worlds: Collective

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E. Authoritarian Regimes: Undermining Freedom of Information and Freedom of Speech
For Your Information:

1st Amendment, Constitution of the United States: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

Robert Reich Blog, Trump’s Plan to Neuter the White House Press Corps and

Neuter Our Democracy - Posted Jan. 15, 2017
View at Home and in Class:

Fact Checking White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer’s Inauguration Numbers – MSNBC – 1/22/17
Meet the Press– Chuck Todd Interviews Kellyanne Conway – NBC - 1/22/17

“Alternative Facts” – CNN

Robert Reich - Facebook - POSTED 12/21/16

What are the 4 ways Trump is trying to control the media? Watch our video and see how tyranny begins.
View: Trailer: #ReGeneration or (Howard Zinn segment)_

View in Class: “How the Arab Spring Began” Posted Dec. 16, 2011

Print and Bring to Class:

social movements. (2006). In B. S. Turner (Ed.), Cambridge dictionary of sociology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from

Jasper, J. M. (2010). Social movement theory today: Toward a theory of action? Sociology Compass, 4(11), 965-976. doi:10.1111/j.1751-9020.2010.00329.x
Frank, G & Muriithi, BAK. (2015). Theorizing Social Transformation in Occupational Science: The American Civil Rights Movement and South African Struggle against Apartheid as ‘Occupational Reconstructions.’ South African Journal of Occupational Therapy, 45(1):11-19.



F. Democratic Collective Action in the Arab World - The Arab Spring 2011
Your news assignment:

Come to class prepared with news articles from two or more credible sources about President Trump’s immigration Ban. Create a timeline. Why do many feel that there is a problem with it?

View / Take Notes on Occupational Reconstructions Worksheet While Watching:

BBC. How Facebook Changed the World – the story of the Arab Spring. Episode 1 (60 min.)
Read/Re-read Previous Assignment (4.1, above):

Jasper, J. M. (2010). Social movement theory today: Toward a theory of action? 

Frank, G & Muriithi, BAK. (2015). Theorizing Social Transformation in Occupational Science: The American Civil Rights Movement and South African Struggle against Apartheid as ‘Occupational Reconstructions.’

FYI: “The Jon Stewart of the Arab World”

Youssef, Bassem. (2017). Revolution for Dummies: Laughing through the Arab Spring. Dey Street Books.



Continue Previous Lecture



G. Why Did Youth Mobilize in the Arab Spring? How did Women Organize through Ordinary Occupations? What were the Outcomes?
Your news assignment:

What kinds of protests and demonstrations have been occurring nationally and globally concerning Trump Administration’s ‘radical Islamic terrorist’ ban? What steps or outcomes have been taken so far?

View: The Square (2013) Netflix
Homework: Use the Occupational Reconstruction worksheet for notes while watching
Read/Take Notes:


Filiu, J-P., & Ebooks Corporation. (2011). The Arab revolution: Ten lessons –Read Chronology and Lesson Three: “Anger is Power for the Younger”
Wiktorowicz, Q., 1970, & ebrary, I. (2004;2003;). Islamic activism: A social movement theory approach (New ed.). Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press. Read Chapter Six. Janine Clark, “Islamist Women in Yemen: Informal Nodes of Activism”



H. The Internet: What is Occupational about It?

Source (Table above): C. Neumayer & J. Svensson, 2014, “Activism and radical politics in the digital age: Towards a typology.” Convergence, 1-16.
Review your notes:

BBC. How Facebook Changed the World – the story of the Arab Spring. Episode 1 (60 min.)
Read/Take Notes:

C. Neumayer & J. Svensson, 2014, “Activism and radical politics in the digital age: Towards a typology.” Convergence, 1-16.

Carroll, W. K., & Hackett, R. A. (2006). Democratic media activism through the lens of social movement theory. Media, Culture & Society, 28(1), 83-104. doi:10.1177/0163443706059289
Read or Skim:

Filiu, J-P., & Ebooks Corporation. (2011). The Arab revolution: Ten lessons the democratic uprising. London: Hurst & Co. – Read Lesson Four: “Social Networks Work”



I. Preparing for Researching the Final Paper
Assignment for Today (Do some background exploration):

  1. Where did people in the US get their news during and since the 2016 election? Be very specific about which groups.

  2. What are the social network habits or characteristics of Facebook users in your age group?


Elizabeth Galoozis

Information Literacy and Educational Technology Librarian

University of Southern California Libraries

(213) 821-0097

Learn methods of scholarly research at USC’s libraries and gain assistance with your final paper project



Presidents Day – No Class Meeting
***Prepare for Midterm***




Please bring your laptop and make sure it is fully charged

Also bring a USC blue book in case of Wi-Fi system failure



J. Income Inequality and Democracy: Protest without Demands?
Your News Assignment for Today: Who is the US Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch? What is his background and what does he stand for?
Read and See Graphics below:

The Many Ways to Measure Economic Inequality – Posted Sep. 22, 2015

Pew Research Center (2017), “Public Sees Wealthy People Gain Influence in Trump Era., January 18 (Just the statistics)

Homework Discussion:

What class is your family in? What are the overall trends? What do they/you expect under the Trump Administration?

Fry, R. and Kochhar, R. (2014) America’s wealth gap between middle-income and upper-income families is widest on record. PEW Research Center, December 17.
The Urban Institute. Nine Charts about Wealth Inequality in America.


United Nations (2013). Inequality Matters.


Pickerill, J. & Krinsky,J. (2012) Why Does Occupy Matter?, Social Movement Studies, 11:3-4, 279-287, DOI: 10.1080/14742837.2012.708923


Kavada, A. (2015). Creating the collective: Social media, the occupy movement and its constitution as a collective actor. Information, Communication & Society, 18(8), 872-886. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043318


Farenheit 9/11 (2004) - 2 hrs. 2 min. – Produced & Directed by Michael Moore

Clinton Cash (2016) - 1 hr. 24 min.) – Produced by Rebekah Mercer, Written by Stephen Bannon



K. The Supreme Court and Citizens United: Can Activism Make a Difference Now?

Hillary: The Movie (see link to film, Lecture 8.1):

Source: Wikipedia
Also note-Optional:

Hillary: The Movie (2008) – 1 hr. 30 min. – Produced by Citizens United

Citizens United v. FEC Ruling by U. S. Supreme Court (2010)

Source: The Center for Public Integrity (Winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize), “The ‘Citizens United’ Decision and Why it Matters: Nonprofits or Political Parties” (published 10/18/12)

Also note- Optional:

Dowling, C. M., & Miller, M. G. (2014). Does it Matter Where Money Comes From? Super PAC! : Money, Elections, and Voters after Citizens United, pp. 77-104. Florence, GB: Routledge.


Tea Party Movement (2010-2012)

Source: Encyclopedia Britannica

The Koch Brothers

Book Review, Dark Money by Jane Mayer (Reviewed by Alan Ehrenhalt)

Source: The New York Times, 1/19/16

Also note - Optional:

The Koch Brothers (Optional FYI)

Theda Skocpol (Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and Sociology, Harvard University) & Alexander Hertel-Fernandez (Harvard University),

The Koch Effect (Ms. 1/27/16)

‘Dark Money’ (Super-PAC Spending) - 2016 Elections:

Source: Center for Responsive Politics

Neil Gorsuch, Trump’s Nominee to Replace Justice Antonin Scalia on the U.S. Supreme Court (Current Pending)


Lawrence Norden, ‘New Court, Second Look: Citizens United Built on Crumbling Base,” 2/1/17


Koch Brothers, Exxon Mobil and Climate Change


Gibson, Connor. Koch Brothers Gave $21 Million To Groups Defending Exxon Mobil’s Climate Cover-up, The Huffington Post, 6/22/2016
Also note - Optional

Source: Brady Dennis, Trump Picks Climate-Change Skeptic to Oversee EPA Transition, The Washington Post, 11/11/16
Source: Robert Weissman, Trump’s Corporate Cabinet, Bill Moyers & Company


Koch Brothers’ Influence on Trump Administration and Plans for 2018

Associated Press, Koch Political Network to Spend $300M to $400M Over 2 Years, Epoch Times, 1/29/17
Also note – Optional:

Source: Peter Stone, How a Network Led by the Billionaire Koch Brothers is Riding the Trump Wave, The Guardian, 1/07/16
Review Pew Center:

Our GESM Group 2017 Results:



L. Citizen’s United, The Rightward Turn, and Emerging Activism
Anti-Trump Resistance Movement - Overview

Check our these occupational examples of what people are DOING:

  • Indivisible: A Practical Guide for Resisting the Trump Agenda

  • Swing Left/Take Back the Vote

  • Daily Action

Preparing for the Short and Long Paper




A. Social Reconstruction and Occupational Reconstruction
Be prepared to briefly discuss/engage the class (5 min.) on the example where your name appears: What is this an example of? Interesting? Exciting? Why? What is the problematic situation? Where is it? How is it being ameliorated? What part do occupations play? Who does what?
Example 1: Katherine, Andrew


Example 2: Brittany, Gurmannat, Bailey



Example 3: Melisa, Rachit,



Example 4: Arden, A.J.,



Example 5: Jackie, Diego, Rex



Example 6: Kevin, Sophia[bill[gates[epic[ice[bucket[challenge_travel


Spring Break


Spring Break



B. Liberation Theater: Rehearsing Agency and Transformation
Guest: Brent Blair, Director, Applied Theatre Arts, USC School of Theatre
Workshop 1 - Theater of the Oppressed – Liberation Theatre – Augusto Boal Theater Games

What raises a problem to the level of oppression?

What is transformation?

Games and Images

The antagonist/protagonist must need each other

The problem can be solved/ameliorated with struggle

The strategies must be realistic, not magical



Workshop 2 - Forum Theater

Working with desire and resistance

Agency, strategies, liberation

Developing/Rehearsing 3 Scenes (Anti-models)

“Dyanamizing” the situation



Workshop 3 - Forum Theater

3 Forums

Make a change – Look for strategies
Read – To be discussed 3/29:

Ebook available through USC library:

Boal, A., (2013; Orig. 1985). Chapter 1, Aristotle’s Coercive Theory of Tragedy, Theatre of the Oppressed. New York: Theatre Communications Group.

***Sign up in class for appointment with instructor Weeks 12, 13***



Workshop 4 – Reflection and Analysis

Student-Run Session

This is your chance to discuss your experiences with Forum Theater and to put them in the solid context of Boal’s theories of Theater of the Oppressed or what Brent Blair calls Liberation Theater.
Assigned Roles

Everyone reads all the readings. Facilitators (in bold) for each reading are responsible for having firm answers to the questions listed for their reading, but not lecturing unless requested/needed to clarify others’ confusion. Use your knowledge to lead the discussion.

  • Bailey, Sophia – Attendance and Time Keeper - Facilitator – Call Class to Order, Bring Group Back to the Topic, Keep conversation moving (Make sure no one dominates and no one is left out) – Can also take part in discussions; Provide a wrap up before class ends

  • Andrew, Katherine, Diego, AJ – Lead discussion of Boal (2013)

  • Jackie, Gurmannat, Arden, Rachit – Lead discussion of Tan (2013, pp. 189-204)

  • Melissa, Rex, Kevin, Brittany – Lead discussion of Tan (2013 pp 204-218)


Andrew, Katherine, Diego, AJ

Boal, A., (2013; Orig. 1985). Chapter 1, Aristotle’s Coercive Theory of Tragedy, Theatre of the Oppressed. New York: Theatre Communications Group.

  1. What is Aristotle’s theory of drama?

  2. What is the role of the protagonist?

  3. What is catharsis?

  4. What is Boal’s criticism of Aristotle’s theory of drama and its function in relation to power and class?

  5. What is a spect-actor?

  6. Discuss: How did your experience (the experience of members of our class) of Theater of the Oppressed (Forum Theatre) compare with the goals described by Boal?

Tan, K. P. (2013). Forum theater in Singapore: Resistance, containment, and commodification in an advanced industrial society. Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique, 21(1), 189-221

Jackie, Gurmannat, Arden, Rachit

  1. When and how did Forum Theatre arrive in Singapore?

  2. Review/describe/discuss the two anti-models mentioned by Tan. What was the audience reaction to each of these scenarios? Why was Forum Theatre so radical yet well-received?

  3. What was the Singaporean government’s reaction to Forum Theatre? Why?

Melissa, Rex, Kevin, Brittany

  1. Explain how Forum Theatre was banned or ‘proscribed’ by the state?

  2. Discuss when, why and how the Singaporean government changed its policy toward Forum Theatre?

  3. Discuss the specific examples of how the content and method of Forum Theatre performances changed.

  4. What were the audience reactions? What is Tan’s view?

Bailey, Sophia

Kraar, Louis. (2015) Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore, the Country Run Like a Corporation (1974). Fortune International, March 23, Access online”

  1. Does the Kraar article support or challenge Tan’s description of the Singaporean city-state as a capitalist authoritarian regime?

  2. Did Singapore become less authoritarian when it changed its policy with respect to support for Forum Theatre? Explain/discuss.

  3. How does the authoritarianism of Lee Kuan Yew’s 30 year rule compare with that of the regimes deposed in the Arab Spring?

  4. How does the authoritarianism of Yew’s government compare with the early years of the Trump administration?

  5. What methods did the theatre companies use to subvert and resist state authority?


Prepare for these Films to be discussed 12.2:

Klayman, Alison (Director). (2012). Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry. Expressions United Media. (1 hr. 30 min.) View on Netflix

Walker, Lucy. (Director). (2010). WasteLand. Arthouse Films, Access on NETFLIX,, or possibly YouTube



C. Social, Participatory and Political Art: Culture Jamming
Check Blackboard
Definition: “Culture jamming” 

A grass-roots campaigning movement that attacks consumerist culture through the subversive use of its own mass-marketing tools and techniques, or through creative acts of civil disobedience. 
--Watson, J. 1. A., & Hill, A. A. (2015). Dictionary of media and communication studies (9th;Ninth;9; ed.). New York : Gordonsville: Bloomsbury AcademicMacmillan [Distributor].

Kraemer, C. H. (2013). Culture jamming. In R. Chapman, & J. Ciment (Eds.), Culture wars in America: An encyclopedia of issues, viewpoints, and voices (2nd ed.). London, UK: Routledge.

Skim/Review: Carroll and Hacket (2006) – on digital media jamming - Lecture 6.1
View together:

Bichlbaum, Andy and Mike Bonanno. (Directors). (2009). The Yes Men Fix the World. (1 hr. 30 min.)

December 3, 1984: Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal, India (3:06 min.)


Reilly, I. (2013). From critique to mobilization: the Yes Men and the Utopian politics of satirical fake news. International journal of communication [Online], 1243+. Retrieved from


Oppenheimer, M. (2010, September 4). A niche of the unreal in a world of credulity. New York Times, p. A13(L). Retrieved from


Robinson, N. W., & Bell, G. C. (2013). Effectiveness of culture jamming in agenda building: An analysis of the Yes Men's Bhopal Disaster prank. The Southern Communication Journal, 78(4), 352-368. doi:10.1080/1041794X.2013.815267

Optional: Visit/Explore: Adbusters

Prepare: View 2 Films to be discussed 12.2:

Klayman, Alison (Director). (2012). Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry. Expressions United Media. (1 hr. 30 min.) View on Netflix

Walker, Lucy. (Director). (2010). WasteLand. Arthouse Films, Access on NETFLIX,, or possibly YouTube



D. Social and Participatory Art – Collaboration, Cooperation



Social democracy

Check Blackboard
Read 2 chapters:

Ebook available through USC Library Finkelpearl, T., (2013). What we made: Conversations on art and social cooperation. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Introduction: The Art of Social Cooperation

Conclusion: Pragmatism and Social Cooperation

Paul Ramirez, Key to the City,


Christof Schlingensief, Please Love Austria

Visit/Participate/Show what you drew or wrote:

Ai Wei Wei and Olafur Eliasson, Moon

View 2 Films:

Klayman, Alison (Director). (2012). Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry. Expressions United Media. (1 hr. 30 min.) View on Netflix

Walker, Lucy. (Director). (2010). WasteLand. Arthouse Films, Access on NETFLIX,, or possibly YouTube



D. Occupational Reconstruction: Collaboration, Creativity, Transactional Change
The Power of Occupation

Corporeal Engagement

Mind-Body Practice

Check Blackboard

View 2 Films:

Fine, Sean and Andrea Nix (Directors). (2008). War/Dance. Velocity/ThinkFilm. (107 min.)

Briski, Dana and Ross Kauffman. (2009). Born into Brothels: Calcutta’s Red Light Kids.
Read /Reread – Lecture 1.2:

Wilcock, A. A. (1999) .Reflections on Doing, Being and Becoming. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal 46, 1–11


Thibeault, R. (2011). Rebuilding Lives and Societies through Occupation in Post-Conflict Areas and Highly Marginalized Settings. In Frank Kronenberg, Nick Pollard, Dikaios Sakellariou (eds). Occupational Therapies Without Borders, 2. pp. 155-162. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston.


Frank, Frank, G. (2016 ). Collective occupations and social transformations: A Mad Hot Curriculum. In N. Pollard, D. Sakellariou. Occupational Therapy without Borders, II. Elsevier Press.



E. Charity, and Philanthropy: Non-Governmental (NGO) and Non-Profit (NPO) Organizations and the Question of Local Participation

Civil Society

Check Blackboard
Take a Look:

WHO Social Determinants of Health

Health is an outcome of many societal factors beyond biological ones. This is proved by the fact that despite the availability of modern medical interventions, very often diseases persist ravaging populations.

--World Health Organization
Then Visit/Explore:

Now go here:

Now here:

Now use this calculator. What is your excess carbon measured in trees?

Now go here to offset your excess carbon by planting trees in Kenya:

Now go here to find the link to Wangari Maathai and the Green Belt Movement:

Review – Lecture 9.2


Finlay, G. (2011).  Madonna's Adoptions: Celebrity Activism, Justice and Civil Society in the Global South.  In Transnational Celebrity Activism in Global Politics : Changing the World? Tsaliki, L., Frangonikolopoulos, C. A., and Huliaras, A. , eds., pp. 195-210. Bristol, GBR: Intellect Ltd.
Sharma, Yojana. Gates Foundation Reviews Funding Focus after Criticism

Lancet (2009). Editorial. What has the Gates Foundation done for Global Health?



UNIT III. Alternative Capitalism and Soft Capitalism
Check Blackboard
A. Microfinance and Social Entrepreneurship

Mohammed Yunis – Grameshaen Bank

Community Development, Eliminating Poverty

Women’s collective action and empowerment

Review- Lecture 8.1-United Nations (2013). Inequality Matters:

Visit – The Grameen Bank – Dr. Muhammad Yunis:

Read carefully the following short pages:

FYI-Forbes Magazine: The 50 Top Microfinance Institutions (2007):

Visit- Half the Sky Movement: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide

Go to:



About/Nicholas and Sheryl


About/Team – Scroll through the faces and bios. Stop to read Ross Kauffman. Where have we encountered his work earlier in this course?

Then go to and Read:

Issues/Economic Empowerment

Click on: Zainab Salbi

Click on: Mary Ellen Iskenderian

Then scroll to bottom to link with Partner (click on “here”)

Then Go to Women’s World Banking Network Member CECM in Burundi:

And Then the Video, Peace through Posterity:

Back to Half the Sky-Go to:

Media/Women and Girls in the Film – Slide show
Explore Half the Sky site, such as the following Tools/Resources to answer this question for class discussion:

List 5 or more ways that the Half the Sky Movement website dynamizes and engages participation. How does is act not merely as a source of information but as a hub of occupational (mind/body) engagement?

Visit Skoll Foundation – See full assignment on Blackboard


Roger L. Martin and Sally R. Osberg, Introduction, (2015), Getting Beyond Better: How Social Entrepreneurship Works. Harvard Business Review Press.

Free download available



B. Corporate Philanthropy
Check Blackboard
Martin, R. L. (2002) The Virtue Matrix, The Harvard Business Review, March

Porter, M.E. and Kramer, M. R. (2002) The Competitive Advantage of Corporate Philanthropy, The Harvard Business Review. December.

Public Relations

Cause Marketing

Corporate Philanthropy




Social Transformation

Check Blackboard
Read :

Maathai used the traditional African three-legged stool as a metaphor for what she views as the three essential components of a stable society: sustainable environmental management, democratic governance, and a culture of peace. … "If we don't have these three legs, no matter who comes, and with whatever [loans or aid], we shall never develop."


The Challenge for Africa: A Conversation with Wangari Maathai, Wilson Center, Environmental Change and Security Program, Washington D.C., April 13, 2009


What is democracy?

What is authoritarianism?

How is empowerment related to the economic system?

What is social justice?

What is power? Legitimate authority?

What is participation?

What is ‘transformation?’







Final Exam - In class 2 pm – Bring your fully charged laptop

Final Paper - Turnitin - Blackboard by 2 pm.

GESM 131. Making Better Worlds- Occupational Reconstruction Framework -Worksheet

Instructor: Gelya Frank, PhD.
Name:_______________________ Topic___________________ Date:_______

You may change the orientation of this page or size of the write-in areas. Write by hand or type.

Content (Film, etc.):__________________________________________

Characteristic elements

Examples - Be specific – Note and describe scenes and moments

  1. Participation in collective occupation for a shared purpose.

  1. Problem solving in order to ameliorate a situation.

  1. Engaged experience through mind-body practices.

  1. ‘Event structure’ organization in time and space

  1. Opportunities for making congruence between personal and collective stories

  1. Creative experiment opens spaces for discovery, extraordinary way of doing things

  1. Hope and risk, with no guarantee of success

Directory: soc -> syllabus -> 20171
20171 -> Course instructor
syllabus -> Ver. 101512 syllabus for ppd 461 Sustainable Communities, Policy and Planning
syllabus -> Interpersonal Relations Psychology 359 – Section 52561R – 4 Units
syllabus -> office phone) M/W 2-3: 20 in thh 213 Spring Semester 2015 Office Hours: M/W 11 am 12 pm in thh 402e texts
20171 -> Gesm 120 (35371): Century City: a hundred Years of Los Angeles Stories
20171 -> Mor 566 Environmental Sustainability and Competitive Advantage Spring 2017
20171 -> Science, Knowledge, and Objectivity
20171 -> Danc 231 Improvisation and Composition IV: Advanced Spring 2017
20171 -> Mor 566 Environmental Sustainability and Competitive Advantage Spring 2017
20171 -> Core 112: Writing Seminar II (Section 63546) The Genius of the System? The Culture Industry and Its Discontents

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