Words of latin and greek origin in the scientific prose style



Download 0.89 Mb.
Page1/7
Date30.01.2017
Size0.89 Mb.
#9491
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7
WORDS OF LATIN AND GREEK ORIGIN IN THE SCIENTIFIC PROSE STYLE (THE FIELD OF HISTORY)
Diplomová práca

LUCIA STRUHÁROVÁ

ŽILINSKÁ UNIVERZITA V ŽILINE

FAKULTA PRÍRODNÝCH VIED


Vedúci diplomovej práce : Mgr.Zdenka Kráľová, PhD.

Konzultant : PaedDr. Marta Kadorová

Komisia pre obhajoby : Katedra anglického jazyka a literatúry


Stupeň odbornej kvalifikácie: magister

Dátum odovzdania práce: 2006-04-15

ŽILINA 2006



CONTENTS

Introduction……………………………………………………………………..4


  1. AN OUTLINE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE………………………………………………………………..6

    1. Pre-history period………………………………………………………..6

    2. Old English Period……………………………………………………….7

    3. Middle English Period…………………………………………………...9

    4. Modern English Period…………………………………………………11

  2. THE INFLUENCE OF CLASSICAL LANGUAGES ON THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY……………………………………………....15

    1. New words of classical origin in English ...……………………………15

2.1.2 Affixes…………………………………………………………...15

2.1.3 Compounds ……………………………………………………..16

    1. Greek and the Greek alphabet…………………………………………..17

      1. Greek affixes …………………………………………………...17

      2. Greek numerals…………………………………………………19

    2. Latin and the Latin alphabet …………………………………………...21

      1. Latin affixes ……………………………………………………21

      2. Latin numerals …………………………………………………23

      3. Latin abbrevations……………………………………………...24

    3. Mythology and religion ………………………………………………..26

  1. THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY………………………………………..29

    1. Basic lexicological units of speech …………………………………….30

  2. STYLE OF LANGUAGE……..…………………………………………..32

    1. Functional styles ……………………………………………………….32

      1. Scientific prose style……………………………………………34

    2. Science …………………………………………………………………37

      1. Medicine………………………………………………………...37

      2. Botany ………………………………………………………….38

      3. Zoology…………………………………………………………39

      4. Astronomy………………………………………………………39

      5. Pharmaceutics and Chemistry………………………………….40




  1. INTERFERENCE OF GREEK AND LATIN IN THE FIELD OF HISTORY………………………………………………….………………41

    1. The investigation ……………………………………………………….41

5.1.2 Words from the period of Antiquity…………………………….45

5.1.2.1 Semantic aspect …………………………………………..45

5.1.2.2 Morphological aspect …………………………………….48

5.1.2.3 Shift of meaning ………………………………………….50

5.1.2.4 Lexicological aspect ……………………………………...52

5.1.2.5 Etymological aspect ……………………………………...54



    1. Interpretation of particular results ……………………………………...55

Conclusion ….………………..………………………………………………..57

Résumé………….…………………………..………………………………….59


Bibliography…………………………………………………………………...61

Appendix ...…………………………………………………………………….63

Introduction

A language presents the highest form of communication and its value is obvious. The history and wealth of different nations has remained in great works from such fields as literature, history, art, music, science and many other spheres of human life.

English speaking countries had and still possess the great power in the world and therefore English has spread to all the continents, especially in the last several hundred years.

By reason that a language is a dynamic system, various languages have influenced each other during their historical development. The English language is not an exception. The greatest changes have been made in its vocabulary system that has accepted a lot of new words from other languages. On the other hand, English has also enriched word-stock of many different languages through English borrowings.

Two main languages that have played an important role within the English language development are Greek and Latin. Consequently this work pays attention to these classical languages and is divided into the following five main chapters:
1. An outline of the development of the English language

2. The influence of classical languages on the English vocabulary

3. The English vocabulary

4. Style of language

5. Interference of Greek and Latin in the field of history
The first chapter indicates the English language development with the emphasis on Latin and Greek and their interference on the English vocabulary. As English has absorbed words from these classical languages through all its existence and development, there is applied the influence of classical languages, and partly of other languages, from the very beginning i.e. from the times of the first civilisations to today’s Modern period.

The following second chapter deals with classical affixes and bases as they also helped the English language to extend. Moreover, several Latin abbreviations are presented as they are extensively used in the written form of English.

The work continues with the composition of layers of the English vocabulary. Because this chapter also deals with the problem of lexical units named words and terms, the distinction between them is implied.

A list of functional styles and their descriptions, particularly of the scientific prose style is presented in the fourth chapter. The examples of terms of Greek and Latin origin are present within more fields of science.

The last fifth chapter deals with the main concern of this work - the study of words of Latin and Greek origin in the scientific prose style in the field of history.

At first the investigative method will be applied for revealing the origin of English words. Moreover, there will be implied several approaches for categorizing of words of classical origin as comparative, etymological, morphological and lexicological. A sample of words covering the ten pages will serve as a basis for futher statistics that will be used to see the influence of Latin and Greek within the period of Antiquity. Its particular results can be observed from corresponding graphs. Moreover, graphical illustrations can also be found in the chapters 5.1.2.3 Shift of meaning and 5.1.2.4 Lexicological aspect.





Download 0.89 Mb.

Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2023
send message

    Main page