Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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Note: in English dated 6.9.1805. Monetary calculations on reverse Good
CONTENTS:

Asking that the bearer be given a ream of blue paper on his account.




262

PENLEY
FIRST NAME/S: Aaron Edwin
DATES: 1807 - 1870
OCCUPATION: Water Colour Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

First appears as a contributor to the Royal Academy Exhibition in 1835. He began with portraits but became better known for his landscapes. He was a lecturer in drawing and published several elaborate treatises on the subject throughout his life.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.253 (FILM 46: 10)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.57
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Sheffield 6.7.1848 Good
CONTENTS: He has traced the picture “Early Morning - Low Water” required by Townshend. It was in Bristol and still not sold. It will be sent directly to him in a fortnight.


263

PENN
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1644 - 1718
OCCUPATION: Quaker Founder of Pennsylvania
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Sent down from Oxford for refusing to conform to the restored Anglican Church, he joined the Quakers in 1666. He was imprisoned for his writings in 1668 and while in the Tower wrote the most popular of his books No Cross, No Crown. In 1682 he sailed for America and governed his colony there for 2 years. After his return he supported James II and worked for religious tolerance. In 1699 he visited Pennsylvania where alterations were needed to the original constitution. After a permanent charter was agreed in 1701 he returned to England until his death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.254 (FILM 47: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI. 44
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Signature and Seal cut from a? Deed [dated 4.7.1681] Document ruined/

Signature preserved

CONTENTS:

Signature only.



264

LA PEROUSE
FIRST NAME/S: Jean François, Galaup, Comte de
DATES: 1741 - 1789
OCCUPATION: Navigator
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown man
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Distinguished himself in the naval war against Britain (1778-83) by destroying the forts of the Hudson Bay Company. He visited the NW coast of America and explored the NE coast of Asia sailing through the straits between Sakhalin and Yezo. In 1788 he sailed from Botany Bay but his 2 ships were wrecked north of the New Hebrides.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.255 (FILM 47: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.57
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Page of a Letter: in French dated at Paris 5.5.1783 Torn

(Folder says “two pages”)


CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




265

PHILLIPS
FIRST NAME/S: Henry
DATES: 1801 - 1876
OCCUPATION: Vocalist and Composer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown Gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A clever and versatile musician and a good actor. Was an initial failure at Covent Garden. Took a leading role in provincial music festivals and much engaged in theatre and concert work. Toured in the USA. Retired in 1863 after which he taught.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.256
FORMER REFERENCE: V.45
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Hart Street 7.2.1823 Good
CONTENTS:

Desires the orchestral parts for 2 songs.




266

PINKERTON
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1758 - 1826
OCCUPATION:
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Cadell Davies, Booksellers, Strand
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

CHT and the auctioneer - whose catalogue described him as a Geographer - seem to have been confused as to the identity of this man. John Pinkerton who was born in 1758 and died in 1826 was in fact a Scottish Historian and poet of no great quality and unpleasant temper - See DNB. Which also states John Pinkerton spent his last years in Paris. This letter was addressed from Paris but 23 years before he died.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.257
FORMER REFERENCE: II.56
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Paris 20.3.1803 Stained
CONTENTS:

He has received no reply to the two letters he has written and requests to be informed whether they were received.



267

PIOZZI (Mrs. Thrale; Mrs. Lynch)
FIRST NAME/S: Hester
DATES: 1741 - 1821
OCCUPATION: Friend and Landlady of Dr. Johnson
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: The Rev. and Miss Jesse of Melton Mowbray
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born Hester Salusbury she was an only daughter .When her father died when she was 21 she consented to a marriage to Henry Thrale the son of a rich brewer which had been arranged by their parents and which she had refused for some time previously. He treated her well and she helped him with his business. The famous intimacy with Johnson began at the end of 1764. He settled with the family at Streatham for over 10 years, accompanying them to Wales and France. Thrale died in 1780, four years before Johnson. In this same year Hester became acquainted with Gabriel Piozzi a gifted Italian musician. Having first rejected him but married him in 1784, the year of Johnson’s death. In 1788 she published Johnson’s Letters. Piozzi died in 1809 but she lived an active life till her death in 1821.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.258 (FILM 14: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.54
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Bath 21.3.1801 Stained and Repaired
CONTENTS:

Her slowness at corresponding has been caused by her preoccupation with “Mr Lowth’s verses” from which she has “learnt nothing.” This expressed in flowery terms with much literary allusion. She will return to Wales the next week unpersuaded of the advantages of living at the centre of where the action takes place. She finishes by using clever phrases which, however, convey little true affection to her recipients.




268

PLANCHÉ
FIRST NAME/S: James Robinson
DATES: 1796 - 1880
OCCUPATION: Dramatist and Somerset Herald
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

At 22 he had a burlesque produced at Drury Lane Theatre. He wrote prolifically throughout his life for most of London’s theatres with few failures. He paid great attention to costume and its correctness to detail and was the first to create authentic dress for the stage. He published The History of British Costume which went into several editions. He co-operated with Mde. Vestris for many years and produced the first of several Christmas and Easter pieces in 1843 in which Priscilla Horton played the leading lady. He was highly intelligent and erudite in other matters outside the Theatre becoming a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and a member of the College of Heralds. He made reports for the war office on the state of the Armoury in the Tower of London and rearranged it chronologically.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.259 (FILM 14: 4-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.46
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Poem: 10 eight line stanzas with corrections Good/marked


CONTENTS:

A Song for the Season. The bleak clouds of pollution and November fogs are cheered by the coming season of Christmas.


269

DE POITIER
FIRST NAME/S: Diane, Duchesse de Valentinois
DATES: 1500 - 1566
OCCUPATION: Mistress to Henri II, King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. de Basse-Fontaine
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She was married at 13 and left a widow at 32. She won the affections of the boy dauphin already wedded to Catherine de Medici. She had great influence during the King’s reign but after his death retired to her chateau.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.260.1 (FILM 14: 6)

260.2


260.3

FORMER REFERENCE: I.38


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated 15 ? Good

2. Auctioneer’s document cover Good

3. Print of an engraving Good


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 79 Puttick and Simpson, 7.8.1847.

3. Diane de Poitier by Casenave after Leonardo da Vinci.




270

POOLE
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1786? - 1872
OCCUPATION: Dramatist and author of Paul Pry
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Taylor and Hessey, publishers
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He wrote successful farces and historical pieces for Drury Lane from 1813 to 1829 during which time many of his comedies were staged at Covent Garden. His most successful comedies were produced at the Haymarket which include Paul Pry and ‘Twixt the Cup and the Lip. In mid-century he lived in Paris. Through the influence of Dickens he obtained a pension. For the last 20 years of his life he dropped entirely out of recognition. He was also for many years a contributor to the “New Monthly Magazine”.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.261
FORMER REFERENCE: V.47
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated Good
CONTENTS:

Having just arrived in town he wishes to call on them that evening but asks that they keep this appointment secret.




271

POPE
FIRST NAME/S: Alexander
DATES: 1688 - 1744
OCCUPATION: Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Rev. Dr. Holmes
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Debarred from university because he was a Roman Catholic, he was largely self-taught. He suffered very poor health and retardation of growth which resulted in verbal abuse from his critics and those who became the butt of his satirical poetry. He found a supporter and protector in Lady Mary Wortley Montague.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.262 (FILM 14: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.58
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Twickenham 28.3.1742 Good
CONTENTS:

An introduction and guarantee of character of the son of Mr. Hooke, author of an history of Rome, given to the Rev. Dr. Holmes.




272

PORTER A.M.
FIRST NAME/S: Anna Maria
DATES: 1780 - 1832
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Having failed with a play dramatised at Covent Garden in 1803 she produced her first successful novel in 1807. The Hungarian Brothers went into serval editions and was translated into French. Thereafter came a string of popular works. She died at the age of 52 of typhus while visiting her brother in Bristol.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.263 (FILM 14: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.56
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Esher? 1828. Paper watermarked 1825 Good
CONTENTS:

Written by Anna Maria in reply to CHT’s enquiries about the vacant curacy in the Esher church. She gives details about the duties, remuneration and the parishioners who are of good character, with the name of the present incumbent to whom his friend should directly apply.




273

PORTER J.
FIRST NAME/S: Jane, sister of the above
DATES: 1776 - 1850
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Similarly to her sister she wrote many popular novels but came to writing plays later in life. Like her sister these were a complete failure. In 1844 she received a gift of a chair from a number of authors and publishers in the USA. Her most successful work was The Scottish Chiefs (1810) about the fortunes of William Wallace.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.264
FORMER REFERENCE: III.57
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Esher 2.2.1827 Good
CONTENTS:

Jane regrets that she had missed the previous visit of CHT and confirms that she, her mother and sister will be at home to him the following Tuesday.



274

PORTEUS
FIRST NAME/S: Beilby
DATES: 1731 - 1808
OCCUPATION: bishop of Chester and London
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Of evangelical persuasion, Porteus promoted the work of Hannah Moore and as bishop of London became vice president of the British and Foreign Bible Society. He was active in raising the stipends and living standards of the poorer clergy. He was vigorous in his defence of Sabbath observance for which he was bitterly attacked. “Porteus was a pleasing and effective preacher and writer” (DNB).


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.265 (FILM 15: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.55
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Fulham House 20.6.1798 Good/Faded
CONTENTS:

He has read the pamphlet written by his recipient and raises points of theological discussion from it. He also agrees with his opinion that candidates for the clergy are in need of continual Theological study. Inspiration alone without learning can never be compensated for by enthusiasm or eminence. He thanks him for his kind remarks regarding his endeavours to serve his country and his religion through his lectures [at St. James, Piccadilly, on Friday evenings during Lent] which he intends to continue the following winter.




275

POUSSIN
FIRST NAME/S: Nicolas
DATES: 1594 - 1665
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: The Abbé Cavore
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Born in France. A master of French Classical Art, deeply influenced by Raphael. He went to Rome in1624 and settled there for the rest of his life apart from 2 years 1640-42 during which time he returned to Paris. This letter was written during this period.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.266.1 (FILM 15: 3)

266.2


FORMER REFERENCE: 1.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in Italian dated at Paris 30.5.1642 Good

2. Auctioneer’s document cover
CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 225, Puttick and Simpson, 8.7.1847.


276

POWER
FIRST NAME/S: Marguerite
DATES: ?1815 - ?1872
OCCUPATION: Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Niece of the countess of Blessington. Editor of “The Keepsake” from 1851-57. She wrote several novels and poems and a Memoir of her aunt.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.267a & b
FORMER REFERENCE: V.48
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter + envelope: dated at London 5.5.1860 Good
CONTENTS:

Acceptance of an invitation to join his party the following day.




277

PRAED
FIRST NAME/S: Winthrop Mackworth
DATES: 1802 - 1839
OCCUPATION: Young Politician with Literary potential
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Showed his literary gifts at Eton where he edited the predecessor of “The Etonian.” Went on to Trinity College, Cambridge at the same time as CHT. He read classics with Macaulay. Won medals for poetry. He was called to the bar in 1829. He gained a parliamentary seat for the Conservatives in 1834 but his career was inconspicuous. He died of a rapid consumption in 1838


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.268
FORMER REFERENCE: III.58
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated at Manchester Square 21.6.18? Good
CONTENTS:

To rearrange a day and time of meeting.




278

PRIOR
FIRST NAME/S: Matthew
DATES: 1664 - 1721
OCCUPATION: Diplomat and Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Dorset he studied at St John’s College Cambridge. He became an MP in 1700 and carried out diplomatic work in Holland and was involved in establishing the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. He was made a Gentleman of the King’s Bedchamber by William III. He wrote several political and philosophical poems but is best known for his light occasional verse.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.269 (FILM 15: 4-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.40
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at The Hague 28.9.1697 Good
CONTENTS:

He had gone to England and back within a week and had just returned. He includes this letter with an express he is sending to England for the Lord Justices.




279

PROCTOR
FIRST NAME/S: Bryan Waller also known as Barry Cornwall
DATES: 1787 - 1874
OCCUPATION: Writer/ Commissioner in Lunacy
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dominic Colnaghi
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Educated at Harrow with Lord Byron. Became a successful lawyer in London and a Commissioner in Lunacy. Began to contribute to the Literary Gazette in 1815 and continued throughout his life. His work was popular in his lifetime.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.270 (FILM 47: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.58
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: written at Southampton Row, undated Good
CONTENTS:

He reports a conversation the previous evening with W. Kemble about restoring Colnaghi and his father [d.1833] to the free list. He has promised to lay the matter before the Proprietors at their next meeting. Proctor emphasised that he had taken up this matter entirely of his own accord.



280

PROUT
FIRST NAME/S: Samuel
DATES: 1783 - 1852
OCCUPATION: Water Colour Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dominic Colnaghi, art dealer
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Knew Benjamin Haydon and drew with him while at school in Devon. He joined the Water Colour Society. Met John Britton and contributed drawings engraved in his Beauties of England and Wales. He wrote a number of educational books on drawing and painting. In 1818-19 he visited France for the first time and found his niche in painting continental village street scenes developing a whole new genre for himself before modern architecture and costume seriously impaired the charm of such scenes.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.271 (FILM 47: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.59
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Buxton 31.7.18? Good
CONTENTS:

He has discovered still in the portfolio a “little beauty” of a saint and will send it to join its companion.




281

QUILLINAN
FIRST NAME/S: Dora (Dorothy)
DATES: 1804 - 1847
OCCUPATION: Daughter of William Wordsworth
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown Gentleman
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Lived with her parents at Rydal Mount in the Lake District until in 1841 she married Edward Quillinan a retired soldier, minor poet and translator from Portuguese. Dora travelled with her husband in Portugal and Spain in1847. Just before her death a few months later, she successfully published a Journal of their visit.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.272 (FILM 47: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.59
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 9.8.1843 Good
CONTENTS:

He and his party had arranged to come to tea to meet her parents. The latter will now no longer be coming but he is welcome to keep to the original plan or cancel as he wishes.




282

QUINET
FIRST NAME/S: Edgar
DATES: 1803 - 1875
OCCUPATION: French Poet/ Historian/ Politician.
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His reputation was established with the epic poem Ahasvérus in 1833. His lectures on foreign literate caused so much excitement that the government suppressed them in 1846. After the coup he was exiled. He wrote several major historical works.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.273
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.45
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: in French dated 2.5.18 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



283

RÉAUMUR
FIRST NAME/S: René Antoine Ferchault de
DATES: 1683 - 1757
OCCUPATION: Polymath
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He carried out research into metallurgy and glass making and produced a major work on entomology. His spirit thermometer has 80 degrees between the freezing and boiling points.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.274.1 (FILM 15: 6-7)

274.2
FORMER REFERENCE: I.41


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Paris 16.11.1736. Stained

2. Auctioneer’s document cover. Good
CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 228 Puttick and Simpson 8.7.1847

284

REDGRAVE
FIRST NAME/S: Richard
DATES: 1804 - 1888
OCCUPATION: Subject Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Dunscombe
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Inspector general of art schools from 1857. He was much involved in the circle of Sir Henry Cole and edited the “Journal of Design and Manufactures.” With his brother Samuel he wrote in 1866 A Century of English Painters and Samuel wrote in 1874 A Dictionaries of Artists of the English School.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.275.1

275.2


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.60
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT CONDITION:

1. Note: dated 27.5.1859 Good

2. Calling Card Good
CONTENTS:

1. A request to have copies printed of the enclosed and sent to Mr. Burchett and the Female School

2. Printed name and address. On the reverse a note in pencil: He called to see the Upas Tree [painting]. Would like to know the lake. Thinks it is in Llyn Idwal in N. Wales.


285

REGONDI
FIRST NAME/S: Guilio
DATES: 1822 - 1872
OCCUPATION: Guitarist & Concertina player
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 2. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Forced by his father to play the guitar daily for 5 hours he was then taken around all the principal courts of Europe to perform before he was 10 years old. Mrs. Hemans met him in Ireland and wrote a poem about him in1834. He toured twice in Europe after that and then settled in England for the rest of his life. He wrote two concertos for the Concertino and arranged many other pieces of music for it and wrote text books on the technique of playing.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.276.1 (FILM 48: 1-2)

276.2. a + b

FORMER REFERENCE: VI.46
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Good

2. Letter + envelope: dated at Bryanstone Square. Good
CONTENTS:

1. Asking for the promised introduction to Prince Lichtenstein.

2. Accepting an invitation to his party. He will as before bring his accompanist. May he send a piano tuner in advance?


286

RICHARDSON
FIRST NAME/S:Samuel
DATES: 1687 - 1761
OCCUPATION: Novelist/ Printer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Henry Lintot. esq. of Horsham, Sussex

(In 1760 he bought half the patent of ‘law printer to his majesty’ and carried on the business in partnership with Miss. Catherine Lintot)


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was apprenticed to a printer and married his master’s daughter and set up business for himself in London. There he developed a wide circle of friends. Novels were generally disapproved of but he helped to develop the genre by presenting them in the epistolary form. His best known works were Pamela, Clarissa, (7 volumes) and Sir Charles Grandison.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.277.1 – 6 (FILM 48: 3, 4-5, 6) [1,2,5]
FORMER REFERENCE: I.42; I.43; II.62
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 6
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: ?Copy dated at Chiswick 10.10.1736 Damaged and Fragile

Part of Lot 249, Puttick & Simpson, Oct. 1847, £2

2. Letter and receipt for a bill, dated at London 10.7.1759 Torn

3 Print of an engraving mounted on card Good

4. Print of an engraving. Good

5. Exchequer Receipt Good

6. Print of engraving Stained


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting transcription.

2. Formal business letter of thanks to an honoured customer for purchase of Card and Paper and for printing. His nephew and a selected compositor took especial care of the work done for her. They were successful but no more than they ought to have been as trained by him. There was no need for any sort of tip as he pays them good wages. He did pass on her ladyship’s complimentary remarks and his nephew expressed suitable thanks.

3. Richardson’s country house at North End, Hammersmith

Was printed as the frontispiece to the fourth volume of his Correspondence.

4. Portrait, marked in pencil on the reverse as Samuel Richardson, wearing a small turban

5. Receipt for 14% annuities for 3 months. Witnesses: John Poumies, Samuel Richardson [nephew]


287

RICHLIEU
FIRST NAME/S: Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Duc de,
DATES: 1585 - 1642
OCCUPATION: Cardinal/ French Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Cardinal de Lavalette
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A protégé of the queen-mother Marie de Medici. From 1624 to 1642 as chief minister he became effective ruler of France and a protector to the Bourbon monarchy. By his military operations his major achievement was to check Habsburg power.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.278.1 (FILM 48: 7)

278.2


FORMER REFERENCE: I.44
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Condé 1.6.1635 Stained

2. Auctioneer’s documents cover Good
CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 232, Puttick and Simpson, 8.7.1847


288

RICHMOND
FIRST NAME/S: Legh
DATES: 1772 - 1827
OCCUPATION: Evangelical Preacher & Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Graduate of Trinity College Cambridge in 1799. He was curate at Brading and then Yaverling on the Isle of Wight. In 1805 he became Chaplain to the Lock Hospital in London. After 6 months he was inducted into the rectory of Turvey in Bedfordshire where he remained until his early death in 1827 after two of his sons had tragically predeceased him. His writings for the Religious Tract Society under the title Annals of the Poor became famous worldwide. Copies in the English language alone reached a million during his lifetime.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.279 (FILM 48: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.49
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated. [Between 1821 and 1824] Good
CONTENTS:

Invitation to CHT to attend a meeting, chiefly of undergraduates, in support of the Jewish Association.




289

ROBERTS
FIRST NAME/S: David
DATES: 1796 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: W. Wethered esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Apprenticed as a house painter and decorator he moved on to scene painting. He was on the permanent staff of the Theatre Royal in Edinburgh from whence he moved to London and worked both at Drury Lane and Covent Garden Theatres. He travelled in Normandy and returned with sketches of Gothic Churches. In 1824 he became a member of the Society of British Artists which he resigned in 1836 and in 1841 was elected to the Royal Academy. According to the DNB his most pleasing works were those painted before 1840.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.280
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.61
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Fitzroy Street 4.1. 1846 Good
CONTENTS:

A request that Wethered will send him his picture and allow it to be exhibited at the British Institution.




290

ROCHEJAQUELIN
FIRST NAME/S: Comtesse de la
DATES: unknown
OCCUPATION: unknown
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. Monnoir of Geneva
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.281.1 (FILM 48: 9)

281.2 (FILM 15: 8-9)

281.3 (FILM 48: 10); (FILM 49: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.61
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French, undated at Lausanne Good

2. Letter: in French dated at Lausanne 30.3.1838 Good

3. Draft MS: in French, undated. Good


CONTENTS:

On the reverse is written “Fragment d’un manuscrit de ma mère. D. Ctesse de la Rochejaquelin.”



291

ROGERS
FIRST NAME/S: Samuel
DATES: 1763 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Poet and patron of literature
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He succeeded to his father’s fortune made in banking. This gave him the leisure to indulge his fancy for writing poetry first in the style of the 18th century and, with Jacqueline in 1814, following in the train of the Romantic school. He is remembered chiefly as a friend of Byron and a generous patron at whose breakfast table the cultured elite of London were always welcome.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.282
FORMER REFERENCE: V.50
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note, undated Good
CONTENTS:

Concerning transporting a parcel to Ramsgate either alone or travelling together.




292

ROGET
FIRST NAME/S: Peter Mark
DATES: 1779 - 1869
OCCUPATION: Physician and Savant
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. H. Mayo

2. Dr Elliotson


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Child of Swiss parents and nephew to Sir Samuel Romilly he studied medicine at Edinburgh and became in 1804 physician to the Manchester infirmary. He helped establish the Northern Dispensary in London and became Fullerian professor of physiology at the Royal Institution 1833-36. He is best known for his Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases which he compiled after his retirement from medical practice.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.283.1 (FILM 49: 2)

283.2


FORMER REFERENCE: V.51
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Bernard Street 7.6.1838 Good

2. Letter: dated at Bernard Street 9.6.1838 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Desires to postpone till the following week a meeting at his house to carry out planned Mesmeric Experiments.

2. He asks if there is any objection to Elizabeth O’ Key attending his house next week to verify the simple facts exhibited by her under mesmeric influence. There would be only about 5 present one of which he hopes will be [Dr.William] Lawrence.


293

RONGÉ
FIRST NAME/S: Johannes
DATES: unknown
OCCUPATION: Leader of a religious movement in Germany
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: unknown
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.284
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.47
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in German dated at Frankfort on Maine 10.11.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

“I have received with your esteemed favour of today’s date the remitted contribution for the German Catholic Parish and handed it over to the same. The board of directors thanks you very much for that.”




294

ROSCOE W.
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1753 - 1831
OCCUPATION: Historian and Banker
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Messrs. Cadell and Davies, booksellers.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Largely self-taught especially in French and Italian. Apprenticed to an attorney and admitted to the court of the King’s Bench in 1774. Wrote verse throughout his life. Collected rare books. Wrote anti-slave trade pamphlets. He was called to the rescue of the Bank of Messrs Clarke and he went bankrupt in 1816. His major work which went into many editions was the Life of Lorenzo de Medicii Retired from his profession to Allerton Hall near Liverpool. He wrote the Life of Leo X in 1805.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.285 (FILM 15: 10; FILM 16: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.52
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Allerton, Liverpool 9.2.1800 Good
CONTENTS:

Cadell and Davies bought the copyright of the 1st edition of the Life of Lorenzo de Medicii in 1796 and they produced two further editions. This letter is about their production of the 3rd edition in 1800. Roscoe has been thrown into confusion by very suddenly having to take over control of a bank. He has kept copies of The Nurse a poem Cadell and Davies are including in a volume for him. He hopes soon to be able to return to his own studies.



295

ROSCOE T.
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1791 - 1871
OCCUPATION: Author and translator
NAME OF RECIPIENT: William Jerdan
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Fifth son of William Roscoe of Liverpool - see previous folder.

He began to write in local magazines and journals about 1816 and continued to follow literature as a profession to the end of his active life. He also translated many works including Italian, German and Spanish novels. He edited and annotated new editions of book collections, including those of his father.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.286 (FILM 16: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.60
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Camden Town 12.12.1825 Good
CONTENTS:

He vouches for the truth of the character, background and family status of the author of the book Austria who is at present in America. This information is correct however unfavourable an impression the contents of the book may make.




296

ROSSETTI C.
FIRST NAME/S: Christina Georgina
DATES: 1830 - 1894
OCCUPATION: Poetess
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 2. Miss L. Newsham
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Daughter of an Italian family living in London She was educated at home by her mother. She wrote collections of poems from the age of 12. She contributed to the magazine of the Pre-Raphaelite movement “The Germ.” Goblin Market and other Poems was her first published collection in 1862 which was followed by many more, some, published posthumously. They remain popular today. Some have a Christian devotional theme. She wrote the carol In the bleak mid-winter.


REFERENCE: WISFM 1889.12 (FILM 49: 3-4)

1890.6
FORMER REFERENCE: V.53


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Torrington Square 10.3.18? Good

2. Postcard: from London, undated Good

CONTENTS:

1. The black edge to her letter is for her Aunt who died 2 months ago. She congratulates the recipient on the success her poems. She promises to send one of her own books and encloses the autograph of John Philip Kemble for the Townsend collection in Wisbech about which she had been told.

2. Expressing her thanks for her visit to Wisbech.



297

ROSETTI D. G.
FIRST NAME/S: Dante Gabriel Charles
DATES: 1828 - 1882
OCCUPATION: Poet and Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: His Aunt
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He trained at the Royal Academy for a time but shared with a number of others dissatisfaction with their training. They formed themselves (c.1850) into the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood which aimed to return to pre Renaissance art form including vivid colour and detail. The death of his wife (1862) and adverse criticism of his poetry turned him into a recluse. His 1881 Ballads and Sonnets contains some of his best work


REFERENCE: WISFM 1910.4 (FILM 49: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.54
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 5.7.1880 (added later in pencil) Good

CONTENTS:

He explains his Sonnet design in writing he hopes better than he did in words. The main idea is that of “Sonnet as being...” he explains the symbolism in the picture.


298

ROTTMANN
FIRST NAME/S: Karl
DATES:
OCCUPATION: Artist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 2. C. H. Townshend

3. Unknown


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.287.1 (FILM 49: 7)

287.2

287.3


287.4

FORMER REFERENCE: VI.48


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: in German undated with translation Good

2. Note: undated with translation Good

3. Note: undated with translation Good

4. Lines on a piece of paper, in German, unsigned or undated Good
CONTENTS:

1. Would CHT be so kind as to send the sketch he had promised as he wished to work on “Epidauros” out of doors today.

2. Please would CHT return the unsuccessful sketch on which he wants to try out darker paint?

3. Requesting that a document be enlarged.

4. Possibly a quotation? Rottmann’s name is written underneath in pencil.

299

ROUSSEAU
FIRST NAME/S: Jean Jacques
DATES: 1712 - 1778
OCCUPATION: Political Philosopher/ Educationalist/Essayist.
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. M. Jalabert, Professor of Philosophy at Geneva.

3. Mde. D’Houdetot


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Geneva. Largely self-taught. Moved to Paris where in 1741 he met the encyclopédistes He emphasised the natural goodness of human beings and the corrupting influence of institutionalised life He wrote The Social Contract in1762. His work on education Emile was in the form of a novel. He came to England at the invitation of David Hume where he wrote his Confessions. He returned to Paris (1767) but gradually became insane.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.288.1 (FILM 16: 4-5)

288.2


288.3 (FILM 16: 6-7)

288.4
FORMER REFERENCE: II.60; II.59


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Paris 20.11.1755 Fragile/Stained/Damaged

2. Cutting from a catalogue Good

3. Copy of a Letter: dated 4.1.1758 Repaired/Stained/Fragile

4. Cutting from a catalogue Good
CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Jalabert was a noted Genevan Scientist whom Rousseau met in 1754.

3. See document 4

4. The letter belongs to a period when Rousseau’s infatuation had cooled and he suspected rightly that Mde. Houdetot was tactically withdrawing.

300

RUBENS
FIRST NAME/S: Peter Paul
DATES: 1577 - 1640
OCCUPATION: Flemish Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. du Puy of Paris
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Germany and educated in Antwerp. In Venice in 1600 he entered the service of the Duke of Manta and was sent as ambassador to Spain. There he executed many portraits and works of historical subjects. He travelled and painted in Italy and in 1608 became court painter in Antwerp. He was commissioned by Marie de Medici in France where he painted 21 large portraits depicting her life. He painted some 40 works in Spain in 1628. He was sent on an envoy to Charles I in England where he did some major paintings. In 1631 he retired and engaged in landscape painting.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.289.1 (FILM 21: 7-8)

289.2


FORMER REFERENCE: I.45
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in Italian dated at Brussells 7.7.1627 Good

2. Auctioneer’s Document Cover. Good
CONTENTS:

1. Rubens sends the current news and rumours to a friend and his brother

he mentions the Infanta’s trip to the new canal, the English ambassador’s visit to confer the order of The Garter on the prince of Orange, the capture of 20 laden ships off Brazil. He has read a letter from the Comte de Chapelles, a man condemned to death but determined to be brave. They fear nothing in Holland from the English fleet.

2. Lot 236, Puttick and Simpson, 8.7.1847, £3 17s 6d.

Supplementary transcription and translation of the above letter done in 1954


301

ST. PIÉRRE
FIRST NAME/S: Bernadin de
DATES: 1737 - 1814
OCCUPATION: Author of Paul & Virginie
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Garat, Minister of the Interior
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.290 (FILM 49: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.63
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Paris 20.4.1793 Good
CONTENTS:

Written during the French Revolution to the minister of the interior of the Revolutionary Regime...



302

SAND” (DUDEVANT née DUPIN)

FIRST NAME/S: “George” Armandine
DATES: 1804 - 1876
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Possibly Mrs. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Paris she left her husband and family in1831 to take up literature becoming companion to several poets, artists and philosophers. The most notorious was with Chopin. In 1848 she settled in Nohant and spent the rest of her life there in literary activity. She wrote over 100 books, plays, letters and autobiographical works.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.291 (FILM 49: 10); (FILM 50: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.49
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: in French undated Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




303

SCOTT W.
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Walter
DATES: 1771 - 1832
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Sir Pultenay Malcolm

2. William Jerdan


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Trained as a lawyer (1792) but began to write ballads which were very popular and then turned to historical novels. His writing can be divided into three periods, those set to the background of Scottish history 1814 -1819, themes from the middle Ages and Reformation1819-1825, and his remaining works from 1826 until his death. His last years were a labour of hack editorial work for his publishers in a fruitless attempt to clear debts incurred by bankruptcy in 1826 after ill-advised publishing ventures. Over work led to illness and death. He was created a baronet in 1820.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.292.1 (FILM 50: 2)

292.2


292.3
FORMER REFERENCE: III.61
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: from Piccadilly undated Good

2. Note: on a slip of paper in the hand of CHT.

3. Letter: undated from Sussex Place


CONTENTS:

1. Approves of the volume of poetry sent him by his recipient. The young poet [CHT] in his opinion has a “great deal of genius”

2. Refers to the above quotation “‘The young poet’ was Chauncey Hare Townshend”

3. Refusal of an invitation to a public meeting due to the shortness of his stay and other family arrangements.

Supplementary cutting from the “Wisbech Advertiser”, 28.9.1932. Article marking the centenary of Scott’s death refers to letters from or about Scott in the Townsend collection. A picture is shown of the sketch of Scott found on a letter in .IV.39. (Lawrence) (see history file).


304

SCOTT J.
FIRST NAME/S: John, 1st Earl of Eldon
DATES: 1751 - 1838
OCCUPATION: Lord Chancellor
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.293
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.62
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Section of Parchment: cut from a document dated 22.3.1810 Stained
CONTENTS:

Confirmation of a certificate of? Bankruptcy




305

SCRIBE
FIRST NAME/S: Eugène
DATES: 1791 - 1861
OCCUPATION: French Playwright
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: The master of the “well-made” play. After 1816 his productions were so popular that he developed a theatre workshop where a team of collaborateurs worked under his supervision tuning out mass produced plays. He also wrote novels and the libretti of 60 operas.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.294
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.50
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Paris 13.1.1856 Good
CONTENTS:

Thanks for your kind acceptance. Next Thursday, a week today I will therefore have the pleasure of receiving you and your famille.




306

SEDGEWICK
FIRST NAME/S: George Adam
DATES: 1785 - 1873
OCCUPATION: Geologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He became a professor of geology at Cambridge in 1818. He calculated the stratigraphic succession of fossil bearing rocks in North Wales naming the oldest of them the Cambrian period. His best known work in 1854 was on British Paleozoic Fossils. He studied the Alps and the Lake District and identified the Devonian system in England. He was a colleague of Sir Roderick Murchison - see V.43.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.295 (FILM 50: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.62
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated. (Folder dated in hand of CHT: c.1830) Good
CONTENTS:

Apologies that he will not be travelling by Keswick and cannot meet with CHT. He will be returning via the west in order to see a geological site at Black Combe.




307

SHELLEY M. W.
FIRST NAME/S: Mary Wollstonecraft
DATES: 1797 – 1851
OCCUPATION: Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Taylor & Hessey, publishers
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She eloped with the poet Percy Shelly in 1814 and married him two years later. She wrote Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus in 1818 and some travel books. She edited Shelley’s works after his death in 1822.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.296
FORMER REFERENCE: V.55
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at London 14.10. 18 ? Good
CONTENTS:

Written in the 3rd person and unsigned. Requesting her enclosed tale be included in the next number of the “London Magazine.” Mr. Lamb had encouraged her to submit it.



308

SHERWOOD
FIRST NAME/S: Mary Martha
DATES: 1775 - 1851
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mrs. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She spent the early years of her marriage (1803) in India. Her husband was a captain in the 53rd foot. She later wrote The Indian Pilgrim based on Bunyan’s work, translated into Hindustani in 1815. The Sherwoods returned to England and settled with a family of 5 and 3 orphans at Wick between Worcester and Malvern. In her lifetime she wrote over 95 stories and tracts mainly addressed to young people. Many were translated into French German and Italian. An edition of her works was published in 16 volumes in New York in 1855.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.297
FORMER REFERENCE: V.56
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated, probably delivered by hand. Good
CONTENTS:

She thanks her for the books and for the loan of her donkey carriage and cloak which delights the young people who are off to Dudley and back before dinner.




309

SIAMESE TWINS
FIRST NAME/S: Chang & Eng
DATES:
OCCUPATION:
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.298.1a & b (FILM 50: 4)

298.2 (FILM 50: 5-6)

FORMER REFERENCE: IV.63
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letters: two similar, of the same date. Written from Antwerp 5.4.1836 Good
CONTENTS:

Mrs. Townshend has read CHT’s letter to them and they thank them both for their kindness. As with everyone they meet they have to soon move on and wish they could have known them for longer. They send with Mrs. Townshend the braided chain they have made for him. Their portrait is almost complete and they think it good. It is Chang who has written the address and Eng the body of the letter.




310

SIMEON
FIRST NAME/S: Charles
DATES: 1759 - 1836
OCCUPATION: Evangelical Clergyman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend at Cowes, Isle of Wight
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A fellow of Kings College, Cambridge. He was appointed perpetual curate there (1783-1836). He was a renowned preacher and one of the founders of the Church Missionary Society.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.299 (FILM 16: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.63
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Kings College 13.10.1819 Good
CONTENTS:

In response to a request from CHT Simeon is here recommending a Curate for West Bromwich but with the advice to keep his stipend at £100 pa. £80 would not be sufficient on which to live.




311

SLOANE
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Hans
DATES: 1660 - 1753
OCCUPATION: Physician and Naturalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Ireland he studied in London and France then settled in London. He spent 1685-6 in Jamaica collecting a herbarium of 800 species. His museum and library of 50,000 volumes and 3,560 manuscripts formed the nucleus of the British Museum.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.300 (FILM 16: 10; FILM 17: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.64
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated 30.12.1725 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




312

SMITH
FIRST NAME/S: Charlotte
DATES: 1749 - 1806
OCCUPATION: Writer and poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Charlotte Turner in London at the age of 16 she married a merchant in the West Indian trade. In 1782 he went bankrupt and was imprisoned for debt. Charlotte Smith earned a living by writing, and translating but became known as a novelist. She wrote ten very successful romances and in her day was praised for her poetry.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.301.1.1/2 (FILM 17: 2-5)

301.2


301.3

301.4
FORMER REFERENCE: II.65; III.64


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Brighthelmstone 24.10.1791 (2 pages) Good

2. Printed portrait: dated 15.5.1791 probably taken from the front Good

of a book .

3. One Page: undated Good

4. One Page: undated Stained/repaired


CONTENTS:

1. After many years of publishing her novels Messrs Cadell and Davies are now refusing her the advancement she needs for her present work. She is, therefore, attempting to sell it to her unnamed recipient. She has in mind W. Dilly esq. to whom she will offer her work if her recipient is unwilling to agree to a contract she proposes for her work.

2. Portrait with a 3 line quotation.

3. Poem untitled of 2 stanzas of 6 lines each beginning “When first Philander took a wife ...”

No signature. Charlotte Smith written above in a different hand.

4. Poem entitled “Hope - a Parody on Lord Strangford‘s Love.” Two stanzas of 4 lines and a third of 3.

Initialled. Charlotte Smith written above in a different hand.

313

SMITH S.
FIRST NAME/S: Sydney
DATES: 1771 - 1845
OCCUPATION: Canon of St. Paul’s. Joint founder of the Edinburgh Review
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Fellow of New College, Oxford. He was ordained in Edinburgh in1794 where he helped to found the “Edinburgh Review” in 1802. Later in London he lectured on Moral Philosophy at the Royal Institution. He became Canon of St Pauls in 1831. His writings include several collections of articles and pamphlets on a wide variety of subjects.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.302
FORMER REFERENCE: V.57
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated 13.6.1844 Good
CONTENTS:

Invitation to dinner the following week.




314

SMUTS
FIRST NAME/S: General, Jan Christiaan
DATES: 1870 - 1950
OCCUPATION: South African soldier, politician and prime minister.
NAME OF RECIPIENT: J. Rouse esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He studied at Cambridge and became a lawyer. Was a member of the Imperial War Cabinet in WWI. He was a significant figure at Versailles and a founder of the League of Nations. He had two terms as prime minister 1919 to 1924 and 1939 to 1948.


REFERENCE: WISFM 1917.7
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.51
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at the Savoy Hotel, London 20.4.1917 Good

Donated anonymously to the Museum


CONTENTS:

Appreciated the sentiments expressed in his recipient’s letter.



315

SMYTHE
FIRST NAME/S: Percy Clinton Sydney 6th Viscount Strangford, 1st baron Penshurst.
DATES: 1780 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Diplomat and writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Byfield, stationers of Charring Cross
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His diplomatic career stretched from 1808 as envoy extraordinary to the Portuguese court until 1828 when his career closed with a special mission to Brazil though he remained an active Tory politician to the end of his life. His taste for literature remained and he was a frequent guest at Roger’s table. He wrote articles and he published in Portuguese, French and English Letter of a Portuguese Nobleman on the Execution of Anne Boleyn.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.303
FORMER REFERENCE: V.58
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: dated 4.12.1829 Good

CONTENTS:

Instructions as to where his newspapers should be sent over the coming few days


316

SOMMERVILLE
FIRST NAME/S: Mrs Mary and Dr. William
DATES: 1780 - 1872 (Mary)
OCCUPATION: Scientific Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Unknown

2. C. H. Townshend


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Mary Sommerville moved in intellectual and scientific circles in London from 1816. She corresponded with foreign scientists. In 1831 she published The Mechanism of the Heavens, an account for the general reader of La Place’s Méchanique Céleste (see II.44), which was very successful. She was a supporter of the education and emancipation of women. Her husband an Army doctor for many years; a man of considerable gifts, shared the scientific tastes of his wife and shared in her social success. He submerged all personal ambition in the interest of her brilliant career.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.304.1

304.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III. 65 & 66


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: dated at Chelsea 26.4. ? Good

2. Letter: dated at Chalk Farm 15.1.1852 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Returning the enclosed interesting letter with thanks.

2. He thanks CHT for his Sermons in Sonnets which had been waiting for him at Mr. Galpini’s for some time. Not only will he read them himself but he anticipates quoting from them in the provincial papers with which he corresponds.

317

SOUBISE
FIRST NAME/S: Charles, The Prince de Rohan,
DATES: 1715 - 1787
OCCUPATION: Marshal of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Favourite of Louis XV and Mde Pompadour. Accompanied the King in the campaign of 1744-48 and obtained military rank which owed more to his courtiership than his generalship.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.305 (FILM 50: 7)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.67
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Paris 29.12.1743 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



318

SOUTHEY C. C.

FIRST NAME/S: Charles Cuthbert


DATES: 1819 - 1888
OCCUPATION: Clergyman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Son of Robert Southey the Poet. A graduate of the Queen’s College, Oxford, he took orders and died the vicar of Askham in Cumbria.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.306
FORMER REFERENCE: III.67
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: on mourning paper, dated at Cockermouth 16.4.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

He writes to inform CHT of his father’s death which he saw as a happy release. His correspondence is to be published by his father’s literary executor Mr. Henry Taylor. He asks that CHT would entrust to him any letters he may have from the poet and which he may be willing to allow to be published. He includes news of family members.




319

SOUTHEY C. (née Bowles)
FIRST NAME/S: Caroline
DATES: 1786 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Poetess and second wife of Robert Southey
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Her first connection with the poet was when she sent him a poem to review and he put it into the hands of John Murray. It was later published by Longman. Southey and Caroline corresponded for 20 years. After a visit to him in Keswick she published her most well-known work, a series of tales. Chapters on Churchyards. Her reputation will always rest on Southey whom she married in 1839. Three months later he began his drift into senility and died in 1843. She wrote no more.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.307a & b
FORMER REFERENCE: V.59
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 23.7.1840 Good
CONTENTS:

She writes on behalf of her husband and thanks him for the volume received that morning. She comments on the preface and preliminary chapter. She knows little of “Mesmeric faith” but confesses to a belief in water divining which she has seen demonstrated.



320

SOUTHEY R.
FIRST NAME/S: Robert
DATES: 1774 - 1843
OCCUPATION: Poet Laureate
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied at Oxford but left without a degree. He then studied law and settled in Keswick where he associated with Wordsworth and Coleridge. Originally a radical in politics his views mellowed. His Literary output was large and his short poems became familiar to most people. Although made laureate in 1813 his prose became more widely known than his poetry and included a life of Nelson, a naval history and his letters.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.308.1

308.2


308.3 (FILM 50: 8-9)

308.4
FORMER REFERENCE: V.60


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3 + 1 object
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Notebook of 10 pages + cover of black and red design Fragile

2. Letter dated at Anne Street, London, 9.4.1817 Good

3. Notes made on a piece of letter addressed to Southey. Written Fragile

horizontally and vertically in a small cramped hand covering the whole

surface of the paper on both sides.

4. The folder also contains a carefully cut quill pen Good
CONTENTS:

1. The 1st page states “Verses intended to be the dedication of a Tale of Paraguay. R.S.”

and is dated at Keswick, 31.10.1818. The rest is filled by a poem entitled “To Edith May Southey, 1814” written on her tenth birthday. She was Southey’s first surviving daughter. Written in a careful and minute hand.

2. A warm and affectionate note from the poet to CHT inviting him to come to London and see him any time in the following week. He congratulates him on his success at Cambridge with his prize poem in which he can find virtually nothing to criticise.

3. Illegible

321

DE STAEL
FIRST NAME/S: Anne Louise Germaine
DATES: 1766 - 1817
OCCUPATION: Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Paris, daughter of the financier Jacque Necker (see II.53). Both before and after the revolution her salon became a centre of political discussion. In 1803 she visited Weimar, Berlin and Vienna. She wrote novels, plays, essays, historical and critical works and political memoirs. She achieved European wide fame for her novel Corrine (1807). Her major work De l’Allemagne was published in Britain in 1813.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.309
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.52
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:


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