Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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242

MÜLLER
FIRST NAME/S: William John
DATES: 1812 - 1845
OCCUPATION: Landscape Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. W. Wethered
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He had an early taste for natural history and botany. He was a member of the Bristol Sketching Club. He travelled abroad and painted and on his return found a ready market for his paintings in London where he settled from 1839. He became known for the rapidity and simplicity of his work. He exhibited at the Royal Academy every year till his death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.234 (FILM 45: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.53
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 9.5.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

Written 4 months before he died when he was suffering greatly from ill health. Thanks the recipient for his kindness and promises to follow his advice. His picture was fought over at the Royal Academy and he received a commission from its purchaser. He does not seem pleased and vows to paint with more care and enthusiasm in the future.




243

MÜLLER
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1805 - 1898
OCCUPATION: Evangelist and Philanthropist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His concern for the huge numbers of children abandoned on the streets of Bristol led him to open orphanages. His lack of financial support meant his proceeding in faith to fulfil what he believed he had been called to do. He was successful in rescuing hundreds of children.


REFERENCE: WISFM.1948.26 (FILM 44: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.38
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Bristol 28.1.1854 Good

(Not part of the CHT Collection. Given to the Wisbech and

Fenland Museum by Mrs Burgher of Peterborough in February 1948.)
CONTENTS:

Regrets his inability to help a boy who has nevertheless been registered on the list of 560 orphans waiting for admission to his Orphan House which he intends to build.




244

MURAT
FIRST NAME/S: Joachim
DATES: 1767- -1815
OCCUPATION: French Marshal and King of Naples
NAME OF RECIPIENT: His Cousin
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He joined Napoleon’s forces on the eve of the revolution and married Napoleon’s sister Caroline. He failed to gain the Spanish crown in 1808 but was proclaimed king of the two Sicilies. He was captured and executed at Pizzo, Calabria.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.235.1 (FILM 11: 10; FILM 12: 1); (FILM 45: 2-3)

235.2
FORMER REFERENCE: II.50


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Venice 7.12.1809. Good

2. Transcription in French of the above. Bought with the letter Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




245

MURCHISON
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Roderick Impey
DATES: 1792 - 1871
OCCUPATION: Geologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

After leaving the army in 1816 he devoted himself to geology, establishing the Silurian system in 1835, and with Adam Sedgwick the Devonian system. He carried out a geological survey of the Russian empire. Struck with the resemblance between the Ural Mountains and the Australian ranges he predicted the discovery of gold in Australia. In 1855 he was made director general of the Geological Survey and director of the Royal School of Mines.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.236 (FILM 45: 4-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated Good
CONTENTS:

A request that his recipient would accompany him the next day to a Literary Fund Dinner where he had quite forgotten it was his turn to be a steward. He asks because of his patronage to literature and his “own distinction therein” while he feels an ignorance of the literary world.




246

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
FIRST NAME/S: Napoleon
DATES: 1767 - 1821
OCCUPATION: Emperor of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 4. Charles IV King of Spain

5. Le Prince de la Paix


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Corsica. Attended the Ecole Militaire in Paris in 1784 and was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the artillery. He was promoted to commander of the army of Italy in 1794 and the army of the interior in 1795 and then back to Italy. He won their loyalty for his concern for his previously ill equipped soldiers. Concluded a treaty with Austria in 1797. By the following year only Britain remained at war with France. Not seeing an attack on Britain as feasible he attacked British interests elsewhere. He lost his fleet to Nelson at the battle of the Nile in 1798 and the Royal Navy penned the French army into Egypt by a naval blockade. Escaping, Napoleon abandoned his troops and returned alone to Paris. There he assisted in a coup and assumed the role of First Consul. He reorganised French Law with his Napoleonic Code and restored economic stability. He was proclaimed Emperor in 1804 and placed the crown on his own head in Notre Dame Cathedral. Britain organised a European coalition against France but under Napoleon the Austrians were defeated at Ulm and with the Russians as allies they were defeated at Austerlitz (1805) - Napoleon’s greatest victory. However the same year the British defeated the French navy at Trafalgar. In Europe the French Emperor appointed his brothers king over his conquered territories. Peninsula wars began in 1808 when the French occupied Spain and Portugal. Wellesley defeated the French in Iberia and in the East Napoleon was forced into a costly retreat from Moscow. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and the Bourbons under Louis XVIII were reinstated. Napoleon aged 44 was exiled to Elba. He escaped and landed in France with 1500 men. and entered Paris in triumph in March 1815. Louis XVIII took refuge in Holland. He was decisively defeated by Wellington at Waterloo on 18th June 1815. He was exiled to the British Atlantic island of St. Helena where he died a few years later.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.237.1 - 4.a+b.5.a+b.1./2. (FILM 12: 2-10)

FORMER REFERENCE: I.35; II.51; II.52


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 5

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Four Foolscap pages, stitched together (the fourth page is blank) Good

2. Auctioneer’s document cover Good

3. Lithograph Portrait Good

4. Letter + envelope: in French dated at Fontainebleu 12.10.1807 Good

5. Letter + envelope: 2 pages (6 folios) in French with seal

Dated at Bayonne 16.4.1808 Good


CONTENTS:

1. A portion of Napoleon’s Memoires written by Las Casas in St Helena and corrected by Napoleon. From the private collection of W.Upcott. See his privately printed catalogue p.19.

2. Lot 205 Puttick and Simpson, 8.7.1847, £10 10s.

3. Head and shoulders of Napoleon in uniform- signed

4. The Russian Emperor and himself have united to take vengeance on the English and to chase them off the continent. He is counting on his Spanish majesty to exert his energies in this same matter in order to bring peace to the world.

5. Awaiting translation.



247

NECKER
FIRST NAME/S: Jacques
DATES: 1732 - 1804
OCCUPATION: Statesman and Financier
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Prof. Picot of Geneva

2. M. Fevrière of Geneva


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Geneva he moved to Paris in 1762 where he founded a bank. In 1776-7 he was director of the French treasury and director-general of finances. He was dismissed for attempting to finance French involvement in the American war of Independence and incurring large debts. He was recalled to manage the financial crisis of 1788. His proposals for reform aroused royal disapproval and he was again dismissed After the storming of the Bastille he was again recalled but resigned after one year. He was the father of Mde de Stael, writer and novelist.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.238.1

238.2 (FILM 45: 6-7)


FORMER REFERENCE: II.53
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated 27.8. ? Good

2. Letter: in French dated 20.3.1801 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Awaiting translation.

248

NELSON
FIRST NAME/S: Viscount Horatio
DATES: 1758 - 1805
OCCUPATION: Admiral
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Lieut. Edmund Waller of HMS Superb
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Joined the Royal Navy at the age of 12. Became Captain of a frigate at 20 and served in the American war of Independence. Leaving the French army stranded in Egypt. He was bold and decisive which sometimes incurred the displeasure of the navy and by the time he was 40 had lost an eye and an arm. He defeated Napoleon’s fleet at the Battle of the Nile. His advice to send an army to recapture Rome resulted in humiliating defeat. In 1800 he resigned his position and returned to Britain. In social and financial difficulties he applied for active service and was appointed vice admiral. In a skirmish with the Danish fleet Nelson ignored orders to withdraw by putting his telescope to his blind eye. He was made Admiral of the fleet and died a hero at the battle of Trafalgar 21st Oct.1805.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.239 (FILM 13: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.36
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated on the Victory, 13.10.1803 Stained and Damaged

See Supplementary File.


CONTENTS:

1. Discouraging reply to Lieut. Waller on HMS Superb who had written requesting that he be transferred to the Victory.



249

NIEBUHR
FIRST NAME/S: Barthold George
DATES: 1776 - 1831
OCCUPATION: Historian/ Linguist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. J. du Pan, States Councillor in Geneva
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Copenhagen he became Prussian ambassador at the Vatican and on his return in 1823 lectured in Bonn. His main work 1811-1832, a History of Rome, based on the constructive analysis of source material marked him as a founder of the 19th century school of German Historical Scholarship.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.240 (FILM 13: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.53
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, dated in Rome 2.1.1823
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




250

NORTON
FIRST NAME/S: The Hon. Mrs. Caroline
DATES: 1808 - 1877
OCCUPATION: Poetess and Campaigner
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Rev. C. B. Taylor of Long Ditton

2. C. H. Townshend


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born Caroline Sheridan, she was the granddaughter of the playwright. She married the Hon C.G. Norton in 1827 and in 1829 published poems which were well received. She divorced Norton when he sued her for her earnings as a writer. The success in getting the much overdue Married Women’s Property Act successfully into law, was largely due to Mrs Norton’s efforts and is what she is remembered for.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.241.1

241.2a & b


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.54; IV.55
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Good

2. Letter + envelope: dated at Mayfair 15.8.1839 Good
CONTENTS:

1. She hopes when she next visits him and his wife she may be introduced to the author whose work he has sent her for perusal even though he may think his work unimportant.

2. Thanking him for the volume of poetry sent.


251

OEHLENSCHLÄGER
FIRST NAME/S: Adam Gottlieb
DATES: 1779 - 1850
OCCUPATION: Danish Poet and Knight of Danneborg
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Studied law at Copenhagen. Turned to writing and became leader of the Danish Romantic movement. His fame rests on his 24 tragedies based on the life of a Danish hero.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.242 (FILM 45: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.40
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Page: Lot74, Puttick and Simpson, Oct. 1847 Good
CONTENTS:

Poem: In Danish after the style of Goethe with footnote in English by a witness who saw Oehlenschläger write it.




252

OPIE
FIRST NAME/S: Amelia
DATES: 1769 - 1853
OCCUPATION: Novelist/Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2, 3 & 4 Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Her life falls into 3 sections: In 1784 she took charge of her father’s house, in Norwich, and entered local society. Good looking and popular she sang songs of her own composition and recited and organised amateur dramatics. She also moved in London society and her admirers grew numerous. She admired Godwin and was a friend of Mary Wollstonecraft In 1798 she married the painter John Opie who encouraged her to write and she had a series of successful novels and volumes of poetry. After the death of her husband in 1807 she returned to her father’s house. She published tales at intervals till 1822. From 1814 J.J.Gurney became her spiritual adviser and she became a member of the Society of Friends. Her novel writing ceased though she continued writing articles and non-fiction and remained active in society.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.243.1 (FILM 13: 5-6)

243.2 (FILM 45: 9-10)

243.3

WISFM 1942.14


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.56; VI.41
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Poem: dated and signed March 1817 Good

2. Letter: dated at Norwich 26.6.1823 Good

3. Note: dated at St. Clements 28.2. 1818

4. Letter: dated at Lady’s Lane 29.6.1844 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Poem: To Joseph John Gurney. The preface states: On his inviting me to see his spring flowers ...suddenly hidden by a great fall of snow

2. She congratulates her recipient on his recent engagement to be married. She has received a volume of poets from him with a request to review them but has remained silent for some time waiting till she felt she’d given them full attention. She can no longer delay and gives her detailed opinion.
3. Apology that she did not meet him in the garden but her father did not approve. She did not feel at liberty to profit by his invitation.

253

ORRERY [BOYLE]
FIRST NAME/S: John, the 5th Earl of
DATES: 1701 - 1762
OCCUPATION: First Biographer of Swift
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Rev. Dr. Holmes
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A bond of sympathy existed between Swift and Orrery in a common hatred of Walpole’s government. Accused by his father, the 4th earl, of lacking literary taste he determined to write and prove him wrong. His Remarks on Swift published in 1751attracted attention and high sales, being the first published attempt at a Life of the dean. His work was full of “rancour and grudging criticism” (DNB).His feeble opinion of Swift’s worth showed only the paucity of Orrery’s own talents.

REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.244 (FILM 13: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.55
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Westminster 27.3.1742 Good
CONTENTS: Introducing the son of Dr. Hooke to the Rev. Dr. Holmes


254

OUSELEY
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Gore
DATES: 1770 - 1844
OCCUPATION: Diplomatist and Oriental Scholar
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was born in Ireland and went to India at the age of 17 where he engaged in commercial pursuits. He studied Persian, Bengali and Hindi. He returned to England in 1805 and was created a baronet for his promotion of understanding between the State of Oude and the British power. In 1809 he was appointed Ambassador to the Persian Court. A treaty between Britain and Persia was agreed in 1812. He then went on to act as a facilitator between Persia and Russia and the treaty of Gulistan was signed in 1813 which brought the war between them to an end. Ouseley returned to England in 1815. He became a member of the Privy Council. He had protected and assisted the missionary Henry Martin the translator of the New Testament into Persian.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.245 (FILM 46: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.44
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Bruton Street 15.7.1823 Good
CONTENTS:

Information about a candidate named Papfield who lost the vote to Lucas who now leaves a vacancy for an “Extra Student” that Papfield can fill if he, the recipient will reply to Ouseley via the Foreign Office.




255

OWEN
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Richard
DATES: 1804 - 1892
OCCUPATION: Comparative Anatomist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: James Farrish
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Apprenticed in Lancaster where he was brought up Owen went on to study at Edinburgh Medical School and at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. He gave up private practice for research into comparative anatomy. He became assistant conservator of the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons. There he also met Cuvier who invited him to Paris where he researched at the Jardin des Plantes. He secured an influential position in society and he also had intimate associates among literary and artistic men. By 1856 when at the zenith of his powers he moved to become head of the natural history dept. of the British Museum. He lectured across the country and abroad and published volumes of scientific papers and books on many subjects as well as campaigning for a new improved Museum of Natural History. He retired in 1883.


REFERENCE: WISFM.2003.35.246 (FILM 13: 9-10)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.51
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at the College of Surgeons 15.6.1847 Good
CONTENTS:

Thanks for sending a copy of the Sydney Newspaper with the article on the new “Beast.” He had already seen sketches of the skull brought by a man from Port Phillip, who said the originals were on their way to England. Lyell’s opinion after his investigation 6 months previously is given.




256

ORLÉANS
FIRST NAME/S: 1. Louis Philippe d’, Le Duc de Châtre et de Paris

2. Robert d’,?son of the above

3. Queen Marie Amélie

DATES: 1. 1773 - 1850


OCCUPATION: 1.King of France

2.


3. Queen of France
NAME OF RECIPIENTS: 1. C. H. Townshend

2. Marianne

3. Marrianne

4. Lady Acton

5. Lady Acton
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

1. Louis-Philippe was known as The Citizen King and was King of the French from1830 - 1848. Along with his father, the Duke of Orleans he renounced his title at the Revolution. He fought in the army of the North before deserting to the Austrians. He lived in Switzerland, England, the USA and Sicily until the abdication of Charles X when he was elected lieutenant-general of the kingdom in 1830. When the Paris mob rose in 1848 he abdicated and escaped to England.

2. Unknown

3. Daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Sicily married Louis-Philippe in 1809.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.247.1 – 5 (FILM 46: 3-4) [4]
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.42 Listed formerly under ‘Paris’.
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 5
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Paper: dated at Sestre on reverse 30.3.1857 in CHT’s hand. Good

2. Letter: in French dated at Neuilly 26.8.1842 Good

3. Letter: in French dated 27.7.1849 Good

4. Letter: in French dated at Neuilly 7.7.1827 Good

5. Letter: in French dated 6.8.1845 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Contains signatures of Louis Philippe and Robert

Remainder awaiting translation.


257

PALEY
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: 1743 - 1805
OCCUPATION: Clergyman and Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Fellow and tutor of Christ’s College Cambridge 1768-76. He became archdeacon of Carlisle in 1782 and sub dean of Lincoln in 1795. In 1802 he published his most popular work Natural Theology, or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of Deity.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.248 (FILM 46: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.52
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

One Page of a Document: in the hand of Paley, dated at Dalston Stained/Fragile

1787 & 1791 - no signature Badly Repaired


CONTENTS: Illegible

258

PASCAL
FIRST NAME/S: Blaise
DATES: 1623 - 1662
OCCUPATION: Mathematician/Physicist/Theologian/Man of Letters
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He invented a calculating machine, barometer, the hydraulic press and the syringe. In 1654 he joined his sister at a Jansenist convent at Port- Royal, outside Paris where he defended the Jansenist against the Jesuits in Lettres Provinciales (1856-7). Fragments jotted down for a case book of Christianity were published after his death as Pensées.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.249 (FILM 14: 1)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:



Letter: in Latin mounted on card, dated? Signed on the top Stained/Fragile
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.

Lot 216, Puttick & Simpson, 8.7.1847 - £3 18s

259

PAXTON
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Joseph
DATES: 1801 - 1865
OCCUPATION: Gardner & Architect
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was the working gardener to the Duke of Devonshire at Chiswick and Chatsworth He designed a revolutionary building of prefabricated sections of cast iron and Glass for the Great Exhibition in 1851. Which he re-erected at Sydenham in 1854. Nicknamed the Crystal Palace it was destroyed by fire in 1936.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.250 (FILM 46: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.53
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Sydenham 16.4.1858 Good
CONTENTS:

He encloses a list of flowers for planting which were delivered to Dickens’ house the day before He has been overwhelmed with business and the death of his ?son and has not been well but hopes to see him soon.




260

PEEL
FIRST NAME/S: Sir Robert
DATES: 1788 - 1850
OCCUPATION: Prime Minister
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became a Tory MP in 1809. Was Prime Minister from 1834-5 and 1841-6. His decision to repeal the Corn Laws split his party and led to his resignation. He was killed in a riding accident.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.251
FORMER REFERENCE: III.1 Found in this folder with Alison
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Strip of Paper: Good
CONTENTS:

Signature only beneath the words “The Queen.”




261

PELTIER
FIRST NAME/S: Jean Charles Athanase
DATES: 1785 - 1845
OCCUPATION: French Scientist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mr. Byfield
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Originally a clock maker he retired at 30 and devoted himself to scientific matters. He discovered the thermoelectric reduction in temperature now known as the Peltier effect later used by Heinrich Lenz as a method of freezing water.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.252 (FILM 46: 9)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

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