Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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220

MARTINEAU
FIRST NAME/S: Harriet
DATES: 1802 - 1876
OCCUPATION: Miscellaneous Writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She began her writing career with religious subjects. Later she became interested in economics and used her fiction to illustrate her theories and advance her ideas for social reform. She travelled in America and wrote against the slave trade. She wrote 2 novels and much journalism in the “Daily News” and “Edinburgh Review.” Of all her writing her Autobiography is most valued today. Her chronic ill health and deafness led to her interest in Mesmerism and Hypnosis.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.212
FORMER REFERENCE: III.46
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Ambleside 11.11.18? Good
CONTENTS:

Encloses a note from Mrs. Partridge, the wife of a Birmingham surgeon both of whom are practising mesmerists. With regard to the latter subject she mentions a Prof. Gregory and his “mesmeric wonders.”




221

MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS
FIRST NAME/S: Mary Stuart
DATES: 1542 - 1587
OCCUPATION: Queen of Scotland and mother of James I of England
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Philip II, King of Spain
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Became Queen of Scotland at a week old when her father James V died. Educated in France she married the dauphin, Francis II, but was widowed at the age of 18. She returned to France where power was in the hands of the Protestant Lords. She was married to and estranged from Lord Darnley who was murdered by the Earl of Bothwell whom the Queen pardoned and then married. The Protestants forced her to abdicate in favour of her son crowned as James VI. She escaped and when captured placed herself under the protection of Elizabeth I. The latter imprisoned her in England where she plotted to seize the throne. She was beheaded by order of Elizabeth I


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.213.1 (FILM 11: 4-5)

213.2 (FILM 43: 2)

213.3

FORMER REFERENCE: I.28


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION

1. Letter: in French dated at Sheffield 12.10. 15? Very Fragile/damaged

2. Envelope or document cover Fragile

3. Sheet of paper Good

See file for Supplementary documents
CONTENTS:

1. The Queen of Scots grants her permission to the Spanish King to send the Duchess of Feria to her. She recalls the service and devotion rendered to her by the Duke his heir and all the Royal Household Lot 184 Puttick and Simpson 8.7.1847, £8.

2. Marked HH and addressed: Letter of Mary Stuart with note in? Spanish.

3. Synopsis of the above Letter in French by “Turner.”




222

MATURIN

FIRST NAME/S: Charles Robert


DATES: 1782 - 1824
OCCUPATION: Novelist/Dramatist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born of Irish Huguenot descent. Graduated from Trinity College, Dublin and entered the Anglican Church. In financial trouble he wrote 3 novels and a play “Bertram”. The latter was introduced to Kean by Byron and successfully staged at Drury Lane in 1816 but his next two plays failed and he returned to novel writing. He was known for his extreme portrayals rather than the quality of his work. His last years were a struggle with ill health and embarrassment


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.214 (FILM 43: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 26.7.? Good
CONTENTS:

Seeking financial help from a friend who had advised him on a sale of articles he had written, which came to nothing.




223

MAURICE
FIRST NAME/S: Frederick Dennison
DATES: 1805 - 1872
OCCUPATION: Theologian
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born into a family full of religious controversy. Studied law at Cambridge but left without a degree. Wrote a novel and edited the “Athenaeum” He went to Oxford and took orders in the Church of England. In 1866 became Prof. of Moral Philosophy at Cambridge and with Kingsley and Thomas Hughes founded the Christian Socialism movement.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.215a & b
FORMER REFERENCE: III.50
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: + envelope dated 1.1.1851 Good
CONTENTS:

Thank-you note for the volume of poetry received.




224

MAYO
FIRST NAME/S: Herbert
DATES: 1796 - 1852
OCCUPATION: Physiologist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Entered Middlesex Hospital as a surgical pupil in 1814. He was a pupil of Sir Chas. Bell. Graduated DM from Leyden University. He had a bitter and drawn out controversy with Bell concerning being the first to discover the functions of the facial nerves. He was a gifted teacher of anatomy and physiology and was listed among the first fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1843. Rheumatic gout reduced him to a state of helplessness. He found relief in hydropathy and became physician to an establishment offering treatment by this method in Boppart in Germany. He also sought relief in mesmerism writing Truths contained in Popular Superstitions about the cause of mesmeric and similar phenomena.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.216 (FILM 43: 4)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.38
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Boppart on the Rhine 3.6.1850 Good
CONTENTS:

A letter carried by hand to Dr. Elliotson from Mayo by Dr.Ennemoser as a means of introduction. Mayo describes him as many years a professor at Bonn where he published a work on Magnetism. He has a desire to meet with Elliotson personally.




225

MCNEILE
FIRST NAME/S: Hugh
DATES: 1795 - 1879
OCCUPATION: Dean of Ripon
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

When this letter was written McNeile was rector of Albury in Surrey where he had been introduced by Henry Drummond MP, friend and mentor of Edward Irving. While at Albury McNeile, an evangelical, strongly opposed and preached against the Irvingites. He also preached from the pulpit against mesmeric phenomena. He became Dean of Ripon in 1860 from where he later resigned retiring to Bournemouth until his death.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.217 (FILM 43: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: V.36
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Albury, Surrey 27.8.1830 Good

This letter appears to have been sent home by CHT from Wales where it was directed to him without his having opened it. Various personal remarks are written on the outside about news from friends abroad whom he had received. Etc.


CONTENTS:

Requesting a character reference for a servant recently in Townshend’s employ.




226

MEDICI
FIRST NAME/S: Catherine de
DATES: 1519 - 1589
OCCUPATION: Queen of Heny II of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT: M. de Rambouillet
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Married at 14 she was slighted in the French Court but during the minority of her sons, Francis II 1559-60 and Charles IX 1560-63 she assumed political influence which she maintained as Queen Mother until 1588. Her desire for national unity was overcome by dynastic ambitions and she was drawn into the infamous massacre of St. Bartholomew’s Eve.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.218 (FILM 11: 6-7)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.31
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French, dated at Chenonceaux 27.1.1581 Good

With a 5 line postscript in her own hand + signature

Lot 188 of Puttick & Simpson 8.7.1847
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



227

MELANCTHON
FIRST NAME/S: Philip
DATES: 1497 - 1560
OCCUPATION: Protestant Reformer and colleague of Martin Luther
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Burgomaster von Torga
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

In 1516 became professor of Greek at Wittenburg and Luther’s fellow worker. His Loci Communes (1512) is the first great work on Protestant theology. He also composed the Confession of Augsburg.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.219.1 (FILM 22: 1-2)

219.2


FORMER REFERENCE: I.32
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in German dated 10.9.1549 Good

2. Auctioneer’s document cover in French Good

Supplementary transcription


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 193 Puttick & Simpson 8.7.1847


228

MEREDITH
FIRST NAME/S: George
DATES: 1828 - 1909
OCCUPATION: Novelist and Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was educated privately and in Germany. He rejected a career in law. He enjoyed the friendship of Peacock, Swinburne and Rossetti. Although he produced his best known novel in 1859 he was forced to eke out a living as a manuscript reader. He wrote poetry and prose but made no financial gain till the end of his life when his talent was finally recognised and he was awarded the Order of Merit.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.220a & b
FORMER REFERENCE: V.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: + envelope dated at Esher 14.5.1850 Good
CONTENTS:

Acceptance of an invitation to meet Townshend for the first time.




229

MEYERBEER
FIRST NAME/S: Jakob Liebmann
DATES: 1791 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Operatic Composer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Chas. Dickens
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Berlin, studied in Italy and wrote operas after the style of Rossini. His French operas in the 1830s were also successful


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.221 (FILM 43: 7-8)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.54 (Found in this folder but not previously listed)
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated at Albermarle Street 15.5.1862 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




230

MILNER- GIBSON
FIRST NAME/S: Thomas
DATES: 1806 - 1884
OCCUPATION: Statesman
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Richard Monckton Milnes

2. Unknown

3. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

After graduating from Trinity Coll. Cambridge he became conservative MP for Ipswich. He resigned 2 years later becoming a friend of Cobden and a supporter of free trade. He won a seat in parliament for Manchester in 1841. He became president of the board of trade from 1859 to 1866. He retired to live on his yacht on the Mediterranean. He was the best known amateur yachtsman of his day. His wife, a leader in society, was an advocate of mesmerism and spiritualism and held literary salons open to foreign exiles and celebrities of the day notably Dickens. She stood sponsor for one of his sons


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.222.1

222.2
FORMER REFERENCE: V.40 & 41 (Found in this folder. Not previously listed)


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Cumberland Gate 20.5.18? Good

2. Note: undated Good

3. Letter: + envelope dated 3.7.18? Good


CONTENTS:

1. He had arranged for a séance in his home to which CHT and Monckton Milne were invited. He had long wished to meet the former.

2. From Mrs.Milner-Gibson inviting CHT to a séance in her home in order to meet Mr. Home [i.e. Daniel Home the mesmerist/spiritualist].


231

MILNES
FIRST NAME/S: Richard Monckton, 1st Baron Houghton
DATES: 1809 - 1885
OCCUPATION: Politician/Miscellaneous Writer and Poet/ Promoter of Literature
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend

Dr. Elliotson

Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

MP from 1837-1863 when he entered the Lords. A champion of young writers (he secured Tennyson’s laureateship) and supporter of oppressed nationalities, women’s rights, liberty of conscience and fugitive slaves. Published Life Letters and Remains of Keats. He represented the Royal Geographical Society at the opening of the Suez Canal. He relieved genius in distress. “He knew everyone of note and was present at almost every great social gathering.” (DNB.)


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.223.1a & b

223.2


223.3
FORMER REFERENCE: V.40; V.41
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note + envelope dated 20.5. 18? Good

2. Letter: undated Good

3. Note: undated Good


CONTENTS

1. Enclosing a second letter requiring CHT’s reply and agreeing to meet on Friday.

2. In reply to Elliotson’s enquiry he comments on a press report which he found fair but with a printing error using the word “philosophical” instead of “psychological”

3. He hopes that parliamentary business will not prevent him calling on the recipient next Monday


232

MIRABEAU
FIRST NAME/S: Honoré Gabriel de Riquet, Comte de
DATES: 1749 - 1791
OCCUPATION: Revolutionary politician and orator/author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. M. Michaud

3. M. Pellene


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

While hiding in Amsterdam having eloped with a young married woman he wrote the sensational Essay on Despotism. He was sentenced to death and imprisoned in Vincennes in 1777 for 3 years after which he was elected to the Estates General by the third Estate of Marseilles in1780. He was elected president of the Assembly in1791 but died soon afterwards.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.224.1 (FILM 11: 8-9)

224.2


224.3
FORMER REFERENCE: I.33; II.49
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Amsterdam 8.9.1776 Fragile/damaged

2. Auctioneer’s document covers Good

3. Note: in French unsigned and undated Good


CONTENTS:

1. Awaiting translation.

2. Lot 196 Puttick & Simpson 8.7.1847

3. Congratulations on the birth of a child...




233

MITFORD
FIRST NAME/S: Mary Russell
DATES: 1787 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Essayist and Playwright
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Miss Taylor
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

At the age of 10 she won £20,000 on a lottery which her father subsequently squandered. They had to move to a labourer’s cottage and live off her journalistic earnings. She had a gift for charming sketches of country life. These were gathered together in 5 volumes entitled Our Village. She received a civil list pension from 1837.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.225 (FILM 43: 9-10)

FORMER REFERENCE: III.47


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: from Soho, undated Good


CONTENTS:

1. to an old friend and neighbour whom she hopes to see while in London and promises to visit if her play is a success. If not she will return home not stopping to see anyone. She admits to her nervousness about the play while attending that day’s rehearsal.

Single supplementary Sheet dated 2.11.1949 about dating of the letter (in history file).
234

MOLESWORTH
FIRST NAME/S: Sir William
DATES: 1810 - 1855
OCCUPATION: Politician
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Elliotson
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Voted in as a member for Cornwall in the first reformed parliament. Accepted by J. S. Mill and the Utilitarians. Edited the “London Review” and the “Westminster Review” which he sold to Mill. His special interest was colonial policy and supported self-government. When the philosophical radicals declined, he resigned his Cornish seat, obtaining another in Leeds. He produced an edition of Hobbe’s Works. (16 vols). He became Colonial Secretary in 1855 but his health failed.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.226
FORMER REFERENCE: V.42
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Pencarrow 17.9.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

He is responding to Elliotson’s letter of congratulations at his winning of a seat in the recent elections. He feels a pleasing sense of an honourable victory which the electors of Southwark can share.


235



MONTEZ [Gilbert]
FIRST NAME/S: “Lola”

[Maria Dolores Eliza Rosanna]


DATES: 1818 - 1861
OCCUPATION: Dancer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mme. Cusia
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Ireland. An outstanding beauty she trained to be a Spanish Dancer. Had a scandalous affair with Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (1825-48). Toured the USA and settled in California where she lectured on fashion and beauty, but died in poverty.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.227
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.36
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Scrap of Paper: containing the date 29.6.1847 and a signature Fragile
CONTENTS:

Cut from a letter? The piece of paper is written on both vertically and horizontally in French and contains the words “Toujour Mme Cusia, Lola Montez”




236

MONTGOMERY
FIRST NAME/S: James
DATES: 1771 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Poet and Journalist
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Early orphaned he was brought up in the Moravian settlement at Fulneck near Leeds. He ran away when placed in a bakery to work and successfully sold one of his own poems. After several attempts at employment he became a clerk in the office of Sheffield’s only paper “The Sheffield Register”, later renamed the “Sheffield Iris”. He continued writing poetry with moderate success and became the editor of the paper for many years. He became a reviewer, hymn writer and well-loved philanthropist with a reputation of good character. He never married. He was awarded a pension by Sir Robert Peel.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.228 (FILM 44: 1-2)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.51
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Page: of a MS. Further pages wanting Good
CONTENTS:

The Daisy in India, a poem supposedly addressed to a flower in India by the Baptist missionary William Carey. It sprang up unexpectedly from some English earth which had come to him with something else. The subject was suggested by reading a letter of Carey’s, a quote from which was written on the now lost page.


237

MORE
FIRST NAME/S: Hannah
DATES: 1745 - 1833
OCCUPATION: Playwright and religious writer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Jilted by her fiancé she went to London in 1774 where she joined the “Blue Stocking” coterie of Elizabeth Montagu. She wrote 2 tragedies for David Garrick. Her religious convictions caused her to withdraw from society and involved her in work for the poor. Her writings for the poor led to the founding of The Religious Tract Society.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.229 (FILM 44: 3-4)
FORMER REFERENCE: III.48
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Barley Wood 1.12. ? Good
CONTENTS:

She writes to someone whose daughter she once knew on behalf of a friend the Rev Simpson Rister about a Chapel in her correspondent’s gift, which is greatly desired by a Mr. Cawood whom he knows though she herself has never met him. She adds that she is now a complete invalid.




238

MORGAN
FIRST NAME/S: Sydney, Lady
DATES: 1783? - 1859
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Sydney Owenson was born and educated in Dublin. She attracted attention by her wit and spirits and dancing and singing abilities she published songs and verses before she was twenty. Her early novels were superficial but immensely popular running into many editions. She became a permanent member of the Duke of Abercorn’s household where her accomplishments were welcomed by fashionable society. Here she met and married her patron’s surgeon Thomas Charles Morgan. Her books based on Irish life as she saw it and on Irish history as she heard it were controversial but made her fortune. She travelled abroad and chronicled her observations. She was awarded a civil pension in 1837, the first given to a woman.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.230
FORMER REFERENCE: III.49
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: undated from Grosvenor Place Good


CONTENTS:

1. Acceptance of an invitation to a soirée.

Supplementary information regarding the date of the above letter.


239

MORGHEN
FIRST NAME/S: Raffaello
DATES: 1758 - 1833
OCCUPATION: Engraver
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Sigr. Colnaghi of Pall Mall
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Engraver and etcher born in Naples. He studied under his father and uncle and then went to Rome where he married his instructor’s daughter in 1781. In 1793 he was called to Florence to work for the Dukes of Tuscany and remained there for the rest of his life.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.231 (FILM 44: 5-6)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.37
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in Italian dated at Florence 1794 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




240

MOULTRIE
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1799 - 1874
OCCUPATION: Clergyman/Poet
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Went to Eton in 1811 and distinguished himself as a cricketer, actor, poet and school wit. Contributed his best verses to “The Etonian” during 1820-21.After graduating from Trinity College he took orders. He took up his duties as the rector of Rugby parish almost simultaneously with Thomas Arnold’s commencement as head of the school. The two became lifelong friends and collaborators for good in that community. He issued a poetry collection in 1837 which was well reviewed. His autobiographical verse Dream of Life in 1843 presents pictures of his contemporaries including CHT. In 1854 he wrote The Three Minstrels, verse portraying Wordsworth, Coleridge and Tennyson. His early writing was his best.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.232
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.52
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Poem: undated Good


CONTENTS:

Poem entitled Sonnet.




241

MOZART, L.
FIRST NAME/S: Leopold
DATES: 1719 - 1787
OCCUPATION: Composer/Violinist/ Father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Breitkopf, bookseller of Leipzig
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart but composer in his own right. From 1743 Leopold was violinist in the orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg. He is remembered for his early book on violin technique (1756). He composed concertos, symphonies, chamber music and songs He was keen to exhibit his son’s musical genius along with those of his gifted pianist daughter, and Maria Anna began a series of tours across Europe with them when Wolfgang was 6 years old. Between 1770 to72 father and son travelled extensively in Italy.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.233.1 (FILM 44: 7-8)

233.2


FORMER REFERENCE: I.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in German dated at Salzburg 13.12.1776 Stained

(When W.A.Mozart was 20)

2. Auctioneer’s document cover Good


CONTENTS:

1. He requests certain musical instruments needed for the “royal concert.”

2. Lot 201, Puttick and Simpson, 8.7.1847

(It was originally marked with the name Wolfgang Mozart but has been corrected)




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