Wisbech & Fenland Museum Museum Square Tel 01945 583817 Wisbech



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197

LEECH
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1817 - 1864
OCCUPATION: Humorist /Artist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. C. H. Townshend

2.&3. Elliotson


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

A friend of Thackeray from his youth. Illustrated for “Bell’s Life in London” and “Bentley’s Miscellany” but made his name through his succession of sketches done for “Punch”. Sketches of Life and Character 1854-1869. He illustrated many other books among them Dickens’s Christmas Stories.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.190.1

190.2 (FILM 41: 6-7)

190.3
FORMER REFERENCE: III.42
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated at Brunswick Square, 16.7.1861 Good

2. & 3. Two Notes: one undated from Notting Hill,

The second dated near Chatsworth 10.8.1851 Good


CONTENTS:

1. Acceptance of an invitation to him and his wife to dine with CHT and Chas. Dickens

2. & 3. Both accepting invitations to dinner and both refer to Joseph Paxton from whom Elliotson has received no answer. Leech defends Paxton as a man of character who would never show rudeness. He has sent on Elliotson’s note to Paxton at Chatsworth.


198

LEESON
FIRST NAME/S: William
DATES: Unknown
OCCUPATION: Student
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Mrs Farish (See V.23)
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Unknown
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.191
FORMER REFERENCE: III.43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated on paper watermarked 1820 Good

Transferred from III.43 (Lockhart) where it had apparently been misplaced.


CONTENTS:

An invitation, from William Leeson of Clare Hall to the professor’s wife to bring her husband and Miss Milner to tea and to persuade Mr. Townshend, his friend and her son to join them.


199

LELAND
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1691 - 1766
OCCUPATION: Dissenting Theologian
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Dr. Dodderidge
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He became known for his polemics against the Deists, written in the form of letters to a friend. The latter was Dr. Thos Wilson, rector of St. Stephens, Walbrook who published the work at his own expense.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.192 (FILM 10: 2-3)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.45
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter dated at Dublin 29.3.1742
CONTENTS:

He is glad to keep up his correspondence with Dodderidge and to hear from him the state of the Dissenting cause in England. He requests that he be sent a recent pamphlet written by Dodderidge in answer to [Dodwell’s] Christianity not founded on Argument [later commented on by Leland himself].



200

LEONI
FIRST NAME/S: Michele
DATES:
OCCUPATION: Translator
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Baron Auguste de Stael, son of Mde de Stael, Novelist.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.193 (FILM 10: 4-5)
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.50
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in Italian dated at Florence 25.4.1818 Good

Supplementary poor translation: of the above letter into poor English Good
CONTENTS:

He requests baron de Stael that all the papers which had belonged to his mother be sent to him. And that they are brought to him by the marquis Brignole. All Italy is waiting for the last part of his mother’s work to be translated into their language. All arrangements have been made with the printer. He gives a list of other translations he has done from the English. He wants to send both him and Mr. Schlegel examples of his work and wishes to have the address to which they should be sent. Is the baron going to America? How he would like to accompany him. His mother is truly missed.



201

LESLIE
FIRST NAME/S: Charles Robert
DATES: 1794 - 1859
OCCUPATION: Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: W. Wethered esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Though born in London he spent his childhood in Philadelphia. The firm of publishers to whom he was apprenticed raised the money for him to study art in England where he arrived in1811. He was kindly received by Benjamin West and admitted as a student at the Academy. He found congenial company among other Americans in London especially Washington Irving. John Constable also became an intimate friend and Leslie wrote his Life in 1843. He went with Landseer to Visit Sir Walter Scott, who had already shown an interest in his work. He painted Scott’s portrait in Scotland. After his marriage an attempt to settle in America failed His return to England secured his popularity and fame. He painted several portraits of Queen Victoria


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.194 (FILM 41: 8-9)
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.40
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at London 16.5.1845 Good
CONTENTS:

He refers to his picture from The Vicar of Wakefield which the recipient has bought and offers to improve the background and accessories if the picture could be sent to him.



202

LEYS
FIRST NAME/S: Baron, Hendrik
DATES: 1815 - 1869
OCCUPATION: Belgian Artist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Antwerp where he studied at the Academy under F. de Braekeleer. By 1833 he was exhibiting historical subjects. He visited Paris in 1835 and 1839 and toured in Germany in 1852 where his admiration for Dutch 17th century masters (particularly Rembrandt and de Hooch) was supplanted by the discovery of the German sixteenth-century masters, Cranach, Holbein, Massys and Durer. His work consistently illustrated Flemish history (he painted series of episodes for the Antwerp town hall 1860-68). Alma-Tadema became his pupil in 1859. He was made chevalier (1840), officer (1851) and commandeur (1855)of the Order of Leopold, was created baron in 1862.

(SOURCE: www.wallace collection.org).
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.195
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.33
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Anvers 6.1.1836 Good
CONTENTS:

He sends him with pleasure the enclosed volumes of Victor Hugo.




203

LIND
FIRST NAME/S: Johanna Maria/ “Jenny”

Otto Goldschmidt, her husband/ Conductor


DATES: 1820 - 1887
OCCUPATION: Singer
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 2, 3 & 4 C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

She entered the Royal Theatre School in Stockholm, the city of her birth when she was 10. Twelve years later she had learnt all that any singing master could teach her and that same year (1842) she sang in the Grand Opera in Paris. She met Mendelssohn in Leipzig and was on intimate terms till his death. It was not till April 1847 that she made her first appearance in London in “Roberto.” A feverish enthusiasm for her sprang up instantly. In a prolonged withdrawal from her stage career between the years 1848 to1852 she donated hundreds of thousands of pounds to charity both in Britain and in Sweden establishing many musical scholarships. She toured on the continent and then finally in America. In 1852 she married Otto Goldschmidt who had been her conductor. In 1859 they became British Subjects and made their home in Malvern.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.196.1 (FILM 41: 10)

196.2


196.3 (FILM 42: 1-3)

196.4
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.41; IV.42


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 4
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Musical Score with words signed and dated at München 3.11.1846 Good

2. Letter: in German dated at Clairville 19.8.1847 Good

3. Letter dated at Vevey 9.10.1855 Good

4. Letter undated from Putney Good
CONTENTS:

1. Song in Swedish

2. Awaiting translation.

3. She offers the services of her husband and herself for a concert, given by themselves alone in Lausanne where Townshend is staying in aid of sufferers from an earthquake.

Her husband will call on Saturday morning 13th and until then will he tell no one of their plans.

4. From Otto Goldschmidt. With thanks for the hospitality his family received. He encloses the gift of a volume of Riehl’s poetry.




204

LINDSAY
FIRST NAME/S: Alexander William, Earl of Crawford
DATES: 1812 - 1880
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Francis Fry
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

The 25th Earl of Crawford and 8th Earl of Balcarns. He wrote Lives of the Lindsays and Sketches of the History of Christian Art


REFERENCE: WISFM. 1942.10
FORMER REFERENCE: VI.34
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: undated Good

Presented to the Wisbech and Fenland Museum by the Hon. Alexandrina

Peckover in January 1942.
CONTENTS:

He will return his? Note tomorrow and comment on matters mentioned.




205

LINNELL
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1792 – 1882
OCCUPATION: Portrait and Landscape Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: W. Wethered esq.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

From his boyhood he frequented Christie’s auction rooms and made sketches from works on the wall. In 1807 he exhibited at the Academy for the first time. He was one of the young artists who enjoyed the patronage of Dr. Thos. Munro. His principal sources of income became teaching and portrait painting. He engraved the latter himself. It was this that drew him into close friendship with William Blake. He also knew William Godwin and gave lessons to his daughter. He painted many miniatures of the aristocracy. He was a keen walker and sportsman. After 1847 he painted no more portraits but stuck exclusively to landscapes. He remained to the end of his days without academical honours. His 3 sons became artists and his daughter married Samuel Palmer the water colourist.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.197
FORMER REFERENCE: IV. 43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated at Bayswater 12.3.1847 Good
CONTENTS:

Advising that the work of the late Mr Collins will be sold early in June by Messrs Christie & Menton and nothing before that date.




206

LOCKHART
FIRST NAME/S: John Gibson
DATES: 1794 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Biographer of Sir Walter Scott
NAME OF RECIPIENT: William Jerdan
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Son of a Scottish minister he was sent to the University of Glasgow at the age of 12 where his knowledge of Greek won him an exhibition to Balliol College, Oxford. He was a first class classical scholar and also read French, Italian and Spanish. He studied law in Edinburgh and became an advocate in 1816. His strong literary tastes led him to visit Goethe which led to Scott’s invitation to him to Abbotsford. Two years later Lockhart married Scott’s daughter and they settled on Scott’s estate. There he wrote novels and contributed regularly to Blackwoods magazine. In 1825 he accepted from Murray the editorship of the “Quarterly Review” and thereafter settled in London. His life of Scott was published in 7 vols. in 1838, one of the greatest biographies in the English language.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.198
FORMER REFERENCE: III.43
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1

A second letter found in this folder is now No. 198 LEESON, under the assumption that it was originally misplaced


TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Note: undated Good

Pencilled on the note is the name W. Lockhart and the folder also ascribed

the letter to him though it is altered in pencil to “John Gibson Lockhart.”
CONTENTS:

Sent with a sketch of Col. Napier for an issue of the Literary Gazette. On the back is written “J.G. Lockhart Critique on Napier.”




207

LOUIS XV
FIRST NAME/S: Louis
DATES: 1710 - 1774
OCCUPATION: King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Succeeded his great grandfather at the age of five. Phillipe d’Orléans acted as regent and the Duc de Bourbon arranged his marriage. When the king was 16 Bourbon was deposed by the King’s elderly tutor Fleury, who until his death 18 years later in 1744 skilfully guided the affairs of State. Thereafter factions among his ministers led the King into secret diplomacy and obscured foreign policy resulting in 3 continental wars and the loss of French territories in America and India. Royal authority declined.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.199
FORMER REFERENCE: I.27
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Four page handwritten questionnaire in French Good


CONTENTS:

Questions regarding the Royal visit to lay the foundation stone of the church of St Geneviève, whether he will be going alone, the route he will take etc. He has answered, in his own hand only partially and in a strange manner




208

LOUIS XVI
FIRST NAME/S: Louis
DATES: 1754 - 1793
OCCUPATION: King of France
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Grandson of Louis XV. He failed to give support to his reforming ministers in regard to finances and outmoded social structures. He allowed France’s involvement with the American war of Independence. The Queen, Marie Antoinette, discredited the monarchy by her scandalous conduct. He agreed to summon the States General in 1789. Resisted reforms and was taken hostage with his family by the revolutionary movement. Their attempt to flee brought a charge of treason and although he signed the amended constitution an insurrection suspended the monarchy and he was tried and guillotined.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.200 (FILM 10: 6)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.39
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Document: dated at Paris 23.10.1789 Stained and Damaged
CONTENTS:

Treasury order, signed by the King and on the back by Joseph Duruey, Counsellor.




209

LUDWIG I
FIRST NAME/S: Ludwig
DATES: 1786 - 1868
OCCUPATION: King of Bavaria
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He was King of Bavaria from 1825-1848. He was responsible for turning Munich into one of the handsomest capitals of Europe and a centre for the Arts. He was liberal at first and popular but his liaison with Lola Montez brought him into disfavour. The 1848 revolution forced him to abdicate in favour of his son.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.201.1a & b

201.2 (FILM 42: 4)


FORMER REFERENCE: VI.35
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter + envelope: dated at Munich 5.5.1848 Good

Envelope: With complete unbroken seal of the Bavarian coat of arms

2. Paper: with signed quotation, dated 21.1.1848


CONTENTS:

1. Addressed to “Mr. Chauncy Hare Townshend at Munic.”

2. Lines from To Pompeyi

3. Thanks to Mr. Townshend for his English translation of the poetical lines with which the King addressed the Bavarian painters and artists.


210

BULWER-LYTTON
FIRST NAME/S: Edward George, 1st Baron
DATES: 1803 - 1873
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His first marriage alienated him from his mother and resulted in a reduced income. He was forced to concentrate on writing at which he successfully persisted until the day he died. He also enjoyed a successful political career as MP for St Ives and Lincoln and becoming Secretary for the Colonies. He became a peer in 1866. His collected works ran to 43 volumes 10 years before he died and his plays were produced everywhere in the English speaking world


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.202.1 (FILM 10: 7-8)

202.2 (FILM 42: 5)


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.44; IV.45
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2

TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: undated Good

2. Letter: undated from Pall Mall East Good


CONTENTS:

1. A detailed and highly complimentary critique of Townshend’s first published volume of poems which the latter had sent him. His admiration comes “nowhere but from the heart.” More complimentary than constructive.

2. An invitation to him, his wife and female guests to visit his cottage in Fulham the following Saturday evening where a group will be waiting to “witness your marvels”

211



MACAULAY

FIRST NAME/S: Thomas Babington 1st Baron


DATES: 1800 - 1859
OCCUPATION: Historian & MP
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. & 2. C. H. Townshend
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Called to the bar in 1826 he left his profession for literature and also became an MP in 1830. Renown for his oratory in the Reform Bill debates. Became secretary for war. He is famous for his History of England from the Accession of James II.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.203.1 (FILM 42: 6-7)

203.2
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.46; IV.47


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 + envelope
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated July 1848 Good

2. Letter: dated at Great Ormond Street, 16.2.1827 Faded
CONTENTS:

1. Cannot make any fixed date to dine with Townshend and Coleridge in the next fortnight but will come when he can.

2. Cannot accept his invitation to dine until March.


212

MACLISE
FIRST NAME/S: Daniel
DATES: 1806 - 1870
OCCUPATION: Historical Portrait Painter
NAMES OF RECIPIENTS: 1. Chas. Dickens

2. W. Wethered


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Born in Ireland he trained at the Cork School of Art and the School of the Royal Academy in London. Noted for his frescoes of the House of Lords. Illustrated books for Dickens and Tennyson.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.204.1

204.2a & b


FORMER REFERENCE: IV.48
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated, addressed to Devonshire Terrace Good

2. Letter + envelope: dated 24.7.1847 Good
CONTENTS:

1. Suggesting Dickens accompany him on a day’s outing the following day.

2. Although the exhibition closes that day the dinner will be held in the presence of the exhibits and thus the pictures cannot be removed until the following Thursday and packed and sent on the Friday.


213

MACREADY
FIRST NAME/S: William Charles
DATES: 1793 - 1873
OCCUPATION: Actor and Theatre Manager
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. Mr. Cobbe

2. Chas. Dickens.


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

His acting had a major influence on modern stagecraft and, as manager of Covent Garden (1837-1839), on production technique. He played in Paris and the USA where his feud with the American actor Edwin Forrest caused riots in which 22 people died.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.205.1 (missing)

205.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III.44; VI.39


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2 (1 MISSING)
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Note: undated Unknown

2. Note: undated Good
CONTENTS:

1. Breaking an engagement with Mr.Cobbe. Written in the 3rd person.

2. Enquiring whether the next day will be convenient to visit “the Jenny.” Let him know and how they will travel.

214

MAZARIN
FIRST NAME/S:
DATES: 1602 - 1661
OCCUPATION: Minister of Anne of Austria
NAME OF RECIPIENT: le Mareschal de Brezé
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Anne of Austria, Queen of France and mother of Louis XIV ruled as regent from 1643-1651with the help of her Prime Minister Mazarin.
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.206.1 (FILM 10: 9-10)

206.2 (FILM 11: 1-2)

206.3 (FILM 42: 8)
FORMER REFERENCE: I.29; I.30
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 3
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: in French dated at Paris 10.8.1643, with seals Good

2. Letter: in French dated at Sédan 29.9.1643 Fragile/Stained

3. Letter: in French dated at Paris 10.8.1653 Good/ Stained


CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.




215

MARCET
FIRST NAME/S: Mrs. Jane
DATES: 1769-1858
OCCUPATION: Non-Fiction writer for the young
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Daughter of a Swiss merchant established in London. Wrote textbooks on Chemistry and Natural Philosophy for girls and Political Economy for the very young which were internationally popular. She became a friend of Harriet Martineau. The latter based her own work on Political Economy on Mrs. Marcet’s work.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.207.1 (FILM 42: 9)

207.2
FORMER REFERENCE: III.45


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Single Page: partly cut away Damaged

2. Slip of Paper Good
CONTENTS:

1. Part of a collection of quotations and opinions on Trade and international relations with a reference to the work of Adam Smith.

2. Signature only.


216

MARIE-ANTOINETTE
FIRST NAME/S: Marie-Antoinette
DATES: 1755 - 1793
OCCUPATION: Queen of France/ wife of Louis XVI
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Daughter of Francis I of Austria. She was married to the Dauphin who became Louis XVI of France. She was criticised for her extravagance, disregard for convention and support for Austrian interests. She rejected constitutional advice and alienated the monarchy from the people. When she attempted to escape with her husband to Austria, she, and like him was guillotined


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.208 (FILM 11: 3)
FORMER REFERENCE: II.48
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Document: in French on vellum, dated 20.11.1789 Good
CONTENTS: Letter of Validation


217

MARMONTEL
FIRST NAME/S: Jean François
DATES: 1723 - 1799
OCCUPATION: Author
NAME OF RECIPIENT:
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: Author of Contes Moraux and Belisaire
REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.209
FORMER REFERENCE: II.47
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: in French dated 12.12.1797 Good
CONTENTS:

Awaiting translation.



218

MARRYAT
FIRST NAME/S: Captain Frederick
DATES: 1792 - 1848
OCCUPATION: Novelist
NAME OF RECIPIENT: Unknown
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Served in the navy from 1806 - 1830 after which he began to write. He is best remembered for his books for young people, most notably Children of the New Forrest.


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.210
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.49
NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 1
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

Letter: dated 3.8.? Good
Pasted to the back of the letter are 2 press cuttings announcing the death of Capt. Marryat, in Langham, Norfolk.
CONTENTS:

He expresses his pleasure at the invitation to meet Dr. Elliotson and to see Miss Crutchley “perform again.”




219

MARTIN
FIRST NAME/S: John
DATES: 1789 - 1854
OCCUPATION: Historical and Landscape Painter
NAME OF RECIPIENT: 1. William Jerdan

2. Dr. Elliotson


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

He worked in his youth under a china painter in Newcastle on Tyne, who first took him to London in 1806. He supported himself while studying. In 1812 he admitted two pictures to the Royal Academy one of which sold well. He continued to send pictures and to sell them. While drawing landscapes of the hills round London he devised schemes for Supplying the metropolis with water. He was actively interested in the docks and sewers of London. He engraved many of his own works and with Westall illustrated Milton’s Paradise Lost. For this he received £2000. His most famous painting is Belshazzar’s Feast


REFERENCE: WISFM 2003.35.211.1 (FILM 42: 10; FILM 43: 1)

211.2
FORMER REFERENCE: IV.50


NO. OF DOCUMENTS: 2
TYPE OF DOCUMENT/S: CONDITION:

1. Letter: dated 22.4.1828 Good

2. Letter: dated 28.4.1828 Damaged
CONTENTS:

1. He forwards to Jerdan his plan for watering and improving the West End of London. He also informs him of the completion of his large picture of The Fall of Nineveh which had that day been previewed by the press and invites him to see it himself as soon as convenient.

2. He encloses a description of his two paintings on the Deluge not included in the Academy Catalogue.


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